Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Gonakie noun (Botany) An African timber tree ( Acacia Adansonii ).

Gonangium noun ; plural Latin Gonangia , English Gonangiums . [ New Latin , from Greek ... offspring + ... vessel.] (Zoology) See Gonotheca .

Gondola noun [ Italian , dim. of gonda a gondola; confer Late Latin gandeia a kind of boat, Greek ... a drinking vessel; said to be a Persian word; confer French gondole gondola, cup.]


1. A long, narrow boat with a high prow and stern, used in the canals of Venice. A gondola is usually propelled by one or two oarsmen who stand facing the prow, or by poling. A gondola for passengers has a small open cabin amidships, for their protection against the sun or rain. A sumptuary law of Venice required that gondolas should be painted black, and they are customarily so painted now.

2. A flat-bottomed boat for freight. [ U. S.]

3. A long platform car, either having no sides or with very low sides, used on railroads. [ U. S.]

Gondola noun (Aëronautics) An elongated car under a dirigible.

Gondolet noun [ Italian gondoletta , dim. of gondola .] A small gondola. T. Moore.

Gondolier noun [ Italian gondoliere : confer French gondolier .] A man who rows a gondola.

Gone past participle of Go .

Goneness noun A state of exhaustion; faintness, especially as resulting from hunger. [ Colloq. U. S.]

Gonfalon, Gonfanon noun [ Middle English gonfanoun , Old French gonfanon , French gonfalon , the same word as French confalon , name of a religious brotherhood, from Old High German gundfano war flag; gund war (used in comp., and akin to Anglo-Saxon gūð ) + fano cloth, flag; akin to English vane ; confer Anglo-Saxon gūðfana . See Vane , and confer Confalon .]
1. The ensign or standard in use by certain princes or states, such as the mediæval republics of Italy, and in more recent times by the pope.

2. A name popularly given to any flag which hangs from a crosspiece or frame instead of from the staff or the mast itself.

Standards and gonfalons , 'twixt van and rear,
Stream in the air.
Milton.

Gonfalonier noun [ French gonfalonier : confer Italian gonfaloniere .] He who bears the gonfalon; a standard bearer ; as: (a) An officer at Rome who bears the standard of the Church. (b) The chief magistrate of any one of several republics in mediæveal Italy. (c) A Turkish general, and standard keeper.

Gong noun [ Anglo-Saxon gong , gang , a going, passage, drain. See Gang .] A privy or jakes. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.

Gong farmer , Gong man , a cleaner of privies. [ Obsolete]

Gong noun
1. [ Malayan (Jav.) gōng .] An instrument, first used in the East, made of an alloy of copper and tin, shaped like a disk with upturned rim, and producing, when struck, a harsh and resounding noise.

O'er distant deserts sounds the Tartar gong .
Longfellow.

2. (Machinery) A flat saucerlike bell, rung by striking it with a small hammer which is connected with it by various mechanical devices; a stationary bell, used to sound calls or alarms; -- called also gong bell .

Gong metal , an alloy (78 parts of copper, 22 of tin), from which Oriental gongs are made.

Gongorism noun An affected elegance or euphuism of style, for which the Spanish poet Gongora y Argote (1561-1627), among others of his time, was noted.

Gongorism , that curious disease of euphuism, that broke out simultaneously in Italy, England, and Spain.
The Critic.

The Renaissance riots itself away in Marinism, Gongorism , Euphuism, and the affectations of the Hôtel Rambouillet.
J. A. Symonds.

Goniatite noun [ Greek ... angle.] (Paleon.) One of an extinct genus of fossil cephalopods, allied to the Ammonites. The earliest forms are found in the Devonian formation, the latest, in the Triassic.

Gonidial adjective (Botany) Pertaining to, or containing, gonidia.

Gonidial adjective (Zoology) Of or pertaining to the angles of the mouth; as, a gonidial groove of an actinian.

Gonidium noun [ New Latin , from Greek ..., dim. of ... angle.] (Zool.) A special groove or furrow at one or both angles of the mouth of many Anthozoa.

Gonidium noun ; plural Gonidia . [ New Latin , from Greek ... that which generates.] (Botany) A component cell of the yellowish green layer in certain lichens.

Gonimia noun plural [ New Latin , from Greek ... productive, from ... that which generates.] (Botany) Bluish green granules which occur in certain lichens, as Collema , Peltigera , etc., and which replace the more usual gonidia.

Gonimous adjective (Botany) Pertaining to, or containing, gonidia or gonimia, as that part of a lichen which contains the green or chlorophyll-bearing cells.

Goniometer noun [ Greek ... angle + -meter : confer French goniomètre .] An instrument for measuring angles, especially the angles of crystals, or the inclination of planes.

Contact, or Hand , goniometer , a goniometer having two movable arms ( ab , cd ), between which (at ab ) the faces of the crystals are placed. These arms turn about a fixed point, which is the center of the graduated circle or semicircle upon which the angle is read off. -- Reflecting goniometer , an instrument for measuring the angles of crystals by determining through what angular space the crystal must be turned so that two rays reflected from two surfaces successively shall have the same direction; -- called also Wollaston's goniometer , from the inventor.

Goniometric, Goniometrical adjective Pertaining to, or determined by means of, a goniometer; trigonometric.

Goniometry noun [ Confer French goniométrie .] (Math.) The art of measuring angles; trigonometry.

Gonoblastid noun [ See Gonoblastidium .] (Zoology) A reproductive bud of a hydroid; a simple gonophore.

Gonoblastidium noun ; plural Gonoblastidia . [ New Latin , from Greek ... offspring + ... to bud.] (Zoology) A blastostyle.

Gonocalyx noun [ Greek ... offspring + English calyx ,] (Zoology) The bell of a sessile gonozooid.

Gonochorism noun [ Greek ... offspring + ... to separate.] (a) Separation of the sexes in different individuals; -- opposed to hermaphroditism . (b) In ontogony, differentiation of male and female individuals from embryos having the same rudimentary sexual organs. (c) In phylogeny, the evolution of distinct sexes in species previously hermaphrodite or sexless.

Gonococcus noun [ New Latin , from Greek ... semen, the genitals + New Latin & English coccus .] (Medicine) A vegetable microörganism of the genus Micrococcus , occurring in the secretion in gonorrhea. It is believed by some to constitute the cause of this disease.

Gonoph noun [ Perh. from Hebrew gannābh thief.] A pickpocket or thief. [ Eng. Slang] Dickens.

Gonophore noun [ Greek ... offspring, seed + ... to bear.]
1. (Zoology) A sexual zooid produced as a medusoid bud upon a hydroid, sometimes becoming a free hydromedusa, sometimes remaining attached. See Hydroidea , and Illusts . of Athecata , Campanularian , and Gonosome .

2. (Botany) A lengthened receptacle, bearing the stamens and carpels in a conspicuous manner.

Gonorrhea, Gonorrhœa noun [ Latin gonorrhoea , Greek ...; ... that which begets, semen, the genitals + ... to flow: confer French gonorrhée .] (Medicine) A contagious inflammatory disease of the genitourinary tract, affecting especially the urethra and vagina, and characterized by a mucopurulent discharge, pain in urination, and chordee; clap.

Gonorrheal, Gonorrhœal adjective (Medicine) Of or pertaining to gonorrhea; as, gonorrheal rheumatism.

Gonosome noun [ Greek ... offspring + -some body.] (Zoology) The reproductive zooids of a hydroid colony, collectively.

Gonotheca noun ; plural Gonothec... . [ New Latin , from Greek ... offspring + ... box.] (Zoology) A capsule developed on certain hydroids ( Thecaphora ), inclosing the blastostyle upon which the medusoid buds or gonophores are developed; -- called also gonangium , and teleophore . See Hydroidea , and Illust. of Campanularian .

Gonozooid noun [ Greek ... offspring + English zooid .] (Zoology) A sexual zooid, or medusoid bud of a hydroid; a gonophore. See Hydroidea , and Illust. of Campanularian .

Gonydial adjective (Zoology) Pertaining to the gonys of a bird's beak.

Gonys noun [ Confer Genys .] (Zoology) The keel or lower outline of a bird's bill, so far as the mandibular rami are united.

Goober noun A peanut. [ Southern U. S.]

Good adjective [ Compar. Better ; superl. Best . These words, though used as the comparative and superlative of good , are from a different root.] [ Anglo-Saxon Gōd , akin to Dutch goed , Old Saxon gōd , Old High German guot , German gut , Icelandic gōðr , Swedish & Danish god , Goth. gōds ; probably orig., fitting, belonging together, and akin to English gather . √29 Confer Gather .]


1. Possessing desirable qualities; adapted to answer the end designed; promoting success, welfare, or happiness; serviceable; useful; fit; excellent; admirable; commendable; not bad, corrupt, evil, noxious, offensive, or troublesome, etc.

And God saw everything that he had made, and behold, it was very good .
Gen. i. 31.

Good company, good wine, good welcome.
Shak.

2. Possessing moral excellence or virtue; virtuous; pious; religious; -- said of persons or actions.

In all things showing thyself a pattern of good works.
Tit. ii. 7.

3. Kind; benevolent; humane; merciful; gracious; polite; propitious; friendly; well-disposed; -- often followed by to or toward , also formerly by unto .

The men were very good unto us.
1 Sam. xxv. 15.

4. Serviceable; suited; adapted; suitable; of use; to be relied upon; -- followed especially by for .

All quality that is good for anything is founded originally in merit.
Collier.

5. Clever; skillful; dexterous; ready; handy; -- followed especially by at .

He . . . is a good workman; a very good tailor.
Shak.

Those are generally good at flattering who are good for nothing else.
South.

6. Adequate; sufficient; competent; sound; not fallacious; valid; in a commercial sense, to be depended on for the discharge of obligations incurred; having pecuniary ability; of unimpaired credit.

My reasons are both good and weighty.
Shak.

My meaning in saying he is a good man is . . . that he is sufficient . . . I think I may take his bond.
Shak.

7. Real; actual; serious; as in the phrases in good earnest ; in good sooth .

Love no man in good earnest.
Shak.

8. Not small, insignificant, or of no account; considerable; esp., in the phrases a good deal , a good way , a good degree , a good share or part , etc.

9. Not lacking or deficient; full; complete.

Good measure, pressed down, and shaken together, and running over.
Luke vi. 38.

10. Not blemished or impeached; fair; honorable; unsullied; as in the phrases a good name , a good report , good repute , etc.

A good name is better than precious ointment
. Eccl. vii. 1.

As good as . See under As . -- For good , or For good and all , completely and finally; fully; truly.

The good woman never died after this, till she came to die for good and all .
L'Estrange.

-- Good breeding , polite or polished manners, formed by education; a polite education.

Distinguished by good humor and good breeding .
Macaulay.

-- Good cheap , literally, good bargain; reasonably cheap.

-- Good consideration (Law) . (a) A consideration of blood or of natural love and affection. Blackstone. (b) A valuable consideration, or one which will sustain a contract. -- Good fellow , a person of companionable qualities. [ Familiar] -- Good folk , or Good people , fairies; brownies; pixies, etc. [ Colloq. Eng. & Scot.] -- Good for nothing . (a) Of no value; useless; worthless. (b) Used substantively, an idle, worthless person.

My father always said I was born to be a good for nothing .
Ld. Lytton.

-- Good Friday , the Friday of Holy Week, kept in some churches as a fast, in memoory of our Savior's passion or suffering; the anniversary of the crucifixion. -- Good humor , or Good-humor , a cheerful or pleasant temper or state of mind. -- Good nature , or Good-nature , habitual kindness or mildness of temper or disposition; amiability; state of being in good humor.

The good nature and generosity which belonged to his character.
Macaulay.

The young count's good nature and easy persuadability were among his best characteristics.
Hawthorne.

-- Good people . See Good folk (above). -- Good speed , good luck; good success; godspeed; -- an old form of wishing success. See Speed . -- Good turn , an act of kidness; a favor. -- Good will . (a) Benevolence; well wishing; kindly feeling. (b) (Law) The custom of any trade or business; the tendency or inclination of persons, old customers and others, to resort to an established place of business; the advantage accruing from tendency or inclination.

The good will of a trade is nothing more than the probability that the old customers will resort to the old place.
Lord Eldon.

-- In good time . (a) Promptly; punctually; opportunely; not too soon nor too late. (b) (Mus.) Correctly; in proper time. -- To hold good , to remain true or valid; to be operative; to remain in force or effect; as, his promise holds good ; the condition still holds good . -- To make good , to fulfill; to establish; to maintain; to supply (a defect or deficiency); to indemmify; to prove or verify (an accusation); to prove to be blameless; to clear; to vindicate.

Each word made good and true.
Shak.

Of no power to make his wishes good .
Shak.

I . . . would by combat make her good .
Shak.

Convenient numbers to make good the city.
Shak.

-- To think good , to approve; to be pleased or satisfied with; to consider expedient or proper.

If ye think good , give me my price; and if not, forbear.
Zech. xi. 12.

» Good , in the sense of wishing well , is much used in greeting and leave-taking; as, good day, good night, good evening, good morning, etc.

Good noun
1. That which possesses desirable qualities, promotes success, welfare, or happiness, is serviceable, fit, excellent, kind, benevolent, etc.; -- opposed to evil .

There be many that say, Who will show us any good ?
Ps. iv. 6.

2. Advancement of interest or happiness; welfare; prosperity; advantage; benefit; -- opposed to harm , etc.

The good of the whole community can be promoted only by advancing the good of each of the members composing it.
Jay.

3. plural Wares; commodities; chattels; - - formerly used in the singular in a collective sense. In law, a comprehensive name for almost all personal property as distinguished from land or real property. Wharton.

He hath made us spend much good .
Chaucer.

Thy lands and goods
Are, by the laws of Venice, confiscate
Unto the state of Venice.
Shak.

Dress goods , Dry goods , etc. See in the Vocabulary. -- Goods engine , a freight locomotive. [ Eng.] -- Goods train , a freight train. [ Eng.] -- Goods wagon , a freight car [ Eng.] See the Note under Car , noun , 2.

Good adverb Well, -- especially in the phrase as good , with a following as expressed or implied; equally well with as much advantage or as little harm as possible.

As good almost kill a man as kill a good book.
Milton.

As good as , in effect; virtually; the same as.

They who counsel ye to such a suppressing, do as good as bid ye suppress yourselves.
Milton.

Good transitive verb
1. To make good; to turn to good. [ Obsolete]

2. To manure; to improve. [ Obsolete] Bp. Hall.

Good now An exclamation of wonder, surprise, or entreaty. [ Obsolete] Shak.

Good-by, Good-bye noun or interj. [ A contraction of God be with ye ( God be wĭ ye , God bw' ye , God bwye ).] Farewell; a form of address used at parting. See the last Note under By , preposition Shak.

Good-den interj. [ Corrupt. of good e'en , for good evening .] A form of salutation. [ Obsolete] Shak.

Good-fellowship noun Agreeable companionship; companionableness.

Good-humored adjective Having a cheerful spirit and demeanor; good-tempered. See Good- natured .

Good-humoredly adverb With a cheerful spirit; in a cheerful or good-tempered manner.

Goodgeon noun (Nautical) Same as Gudgeon , 5.

Goodish adjective Rather good than the contrary; not actually bad; tolerable.

Goodish pictures in rich frames.
Walpole.