Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Gold-beating noun The art or process of reducing gold to extremely thin leaves, by beating with a hammer. Ure.

Gold-bound adjective Encompassed with gold.

Gold-hammer noun The yellow- hammer.

Goldcrest noun (Zoology) The European golden-crested kinglet ( Regulus cristatus , or R. regulus ); -- called also golden-crested wren , and golden wren . The name is also sometimes applied to the American golden-crested kinglet. See Kinglet .

Goldcup noun (Botany) The cuckoobud.

Golden adjective [ Middle English golden ; confer Middle English gulden , Anglo-Saxon gylden , from gold . See Gold , and confer Guilder .]


1. Made of gold; consisting of gold.

2. Having the color of gold; as, the golden grain.

3. Very precious; highly valuable; excellent; eminently auspicious; as, golden opinions.

Golden age . (a) The fabulous age of primeval simplicity and purity of manners in rural employments, followed by the silver , bronze , and iron ages . Dryden. (b) (Roman Literature) The best part ( B. C. 81 -- A. D. 14) of the classical period of Latinity; the time when Cicero, Cæsar, Virgil, etc., wrote . Hence: (c) That period in the history of a literature, etc., when it flourishes in its greatest purity or attains its greatest glory; as, the Elizabethan age has been considered the golden age of English literature. -- Golden balls , three gilt balls used as a sign of a pawnbroker's office or shop; -- originally taken from the coat of arms of Lombardy, the first money lenders in London having been Lombards. -- Golden bull . See under Bull , an edict. -- Golden chain (Botany) , the shrub Cytisus Laburnum , so named from its long clusters of yellow blossoms. -- Golden club (Botany) , an aquatic plant ( Orontium aquaticum ), bearing a thick spike of minute yellow flowers. -- Golden cup (Botany) , the buttercup. -- Golden eagle (Zoology) , a large and powerful eagle ( Aquila Chrysaëtos ) inhabiting Europe, Asia, and North America. It is so called from the brownish yellow tips of the feathers on the head and neck. A dark variety is called the royal eagle ; the young in the second year is the ring-tailed eagle . -- Golden fleece . (a) (Mythol.) The fleece of gold fabled to have been taken from the ram that bore Phryxus through the air to Colchis, and in quest of which Jason undertook the Argonautic expedition. (b) (Her.) An order of knighthood instituted in 1429 by Philip the Good, Duke of Burgundy; - - called also Toison d'Or . -- Golden grease , a bribe; a fee. [ Slang] -- Golden hair (Botany) , a South African shrubby composite plant with golden yellow flowers, the Chrysocoma Coma- aurea . -- Golden Horde (Hist.) , a tribe of Mongolian Tartars who overran and settled in Southern Russia early in the 18th century. -- Golden Legend , a hagiology (the " Aurea Legenda ") written by James de Voragine, Archbishop of Genoa, in the 13th century, translated and printed by Caxton in 1483, and partially paraphrased by Longfellow in a poem thus entitled. -- Golden marcasite tin. [ Obsolete] -- Golden mean , the way of wisdom and safety between extremes; sufficiency without excess; moderation.

Angels guard him in the golden mean .
Pope.

-- Golden mole (Zoöl) , one of several South African Insectivora of the family Chrysochloridæ , resembling moles in form and habits. The fur is tinted with green, purple, and gold. -- Golden number (Chronol.) , a number showing the year of the lunar or Metonic cycle. It is reckoned from 1 to 19, and is so called from having formerly been written in the calendar in gold. -- Golden oriole . (Zoology) See Oriole . -- Golden pheasant . See under Pheasant . -- Golden pippin , a kind of apple, of a bright yellow color. -- Golden plover (Zoology) , one of several species of plovers, of the genus Charadrius , esp. the European ( C. apricarius, or pluvialis ; -- called also yellow, black-breasted, hill, & whistling, plover . The common American species ( C. dominicus ) is also called frostbird , and bullhead . -- Golden robin . (Zoology) See Baltimore oriole , in Vocab. -- Golden rose (R. C. Ch.) , a gold or gilded rose blessed by the pope on the fourth Sunday in Lent, and sent to some church or person in recognition of special services rendered to the Holy See. -- Golden rule . (a) The rule of doing as we would have others do to us. Confer Luke vi. 31. (b) The rule of proportion, or rule of three. -- Golden samphire (Botany) , a composite plant ( Inula crithmoides ), found on the seashore of Europe. -- Golden saxifrage (Botany) , a low herb with yellow flowers ( Chrysosplenium oppositifolium ), blossoming in wet places in early spring. - - Golden seal (Botany) , a perennial ranunculaceous herb ( Hydrastis Canadensis ), with a thick knotted rootstock and large rounded leaves. -- Golden sulphide, or sulphuret , of antimony (Chemistry) , the pentasulphide of antimony, a golden or orange yellow powder. -- Golden warbler (Zoology) , a common American wood warbler ( Dendroica æstiva ); -- called also blue-eyed yellow warbler , garden warbler , and summer yellow bird . -- Golden wasp (Zoology) , a bright- colored hymenopterous insect, of the family Chrysididæ . The colors are golden, blue, and green. -- Golden wedding . See under Wedding .

Golden State California; -- a nickname alluding to its rich gold deposits.

Golden-eye noun (Zoology) A duck ( Glaucionetta clangula ), found in Northern Europe, Asia, and America. The American variety (var. Americana ) is larger. Called whistler , garrot , gowdy , pied widgeon , whiteside , curre , and doucker . Barrow's golden-eye of America ( G. Islandica ) is less common.

Golden-rod noun (Botany) A tall herb ( Solidago Virga-aurea ), bearing yellow flowers in a graceful elongated cluster. The name is common to all the species of the genus Solidago .

Golden-rod tree (Botany) , a shrub ( Bosea Yervamora ), a native of the Canary Isles.

Goldfinch noun [ Anglo-Saxon goldfinc . See Gold , and Finch .] (Zoology) (a) A beautiful bright- colored European finch ( Carduelis elegans ). The name refers to the large patch of yellow on the wings. The front of the head and throat are bright red; the nape, with part of the wings and tail, black; -- called also goldspink , goldie , fool's coat , drawbird , draw-water , thistle finch , and sweet William . (b) The yellow- hammer. (c) A small American finch ( Spinus tristis ); the thistle bird.

» The name is also applied to other yellow finches, esp. to several additional American species of Spinus .

Goldfinny noun (Zoology) One of two or more species of European labroid fishes ( Crenilabrus melops , and Ctenolabrus rupestris ); -- called also goldsinny , and goldney .

Goldfish noun (Zoology) (a) A small domesticated cyprinoid fish ( Carassius auratus ); -- so named from its color. It is a native of China, and is said to have been introduced into Europe in 1691. It is often kept as an ornament, in small ponds or glass globes. Many varieties are known. Called also golden fish , and golden carp . See Telescope fish , under Telescope . (b) A California marine fish of an orange or red color; the garibaldi.

Goldie noun [ From Gold .] (Zoology) (a) The European goldfinch. (b) The yellow- hammer.

Goldilocks noun Same as Goldylocks .

Goldin, Golding noun (Botany) [ From the golden color of the blossoms.] A conspicuous yellow flower, commonly the corn marigold ( Chrysanthemum segetum ). [ This word is variously corrupted into gouland , gools , gowan , etc.]

Goldless adjective Destitute of gold.

Goldney noun (Zoology) See Gilthead .

Goldseed noun (Botany) Dog's-tail grass.

Goldsinny noun (Zoology) See Goldfinny .

Goldsmith noun [ Anglo-Saxon goldsmi.... See Gold ., and Smith .]
1. An artisan who manufactures vessels and ornaments, etc., of gold.

2. A banker. [ Obsolete]

» The goldsmiths of London formerly received money on deposit because they were prepared to keep it safely.

Goldsmith beetle (Zoology) , a large, bright yellow, American beetle ( Cotalpa lanigera ), of the family Scarabæidæ

Goldtit noun (Zoology) See Verdin .

Goldylocks noun (Botany) A plant of several species of the genus Chrysocoma ; -- so called from the tufts of yellow flowers which terminate the stems; also, the Ranunculus auricomus , a kind of buttercup.

Golet noun The gullet. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.

Golet noun (Zoology) A California trout. See Malma .

Golf noun [ Dutch kolf club or bat, also a Dutch game played in an inclosed area with clubs and balls; akin to German kolben club, but end, Icelandic k...lfr tongue of a bell. bolt, Swedish kolf bolt, dart, but end, Danish kolv bolt, arrow. Confer Club , Globe .] A game played with a small ball and a bat or club crooked at the lower end. He who drives the ball into each of a series of small holes in the ground and brings it into the last hole with the fewest strokes is the winner. [ Scot.] Strutt.

Golf intransitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Golfed ; present participle & verbal noun Golfing .] To play at golf.

Last mystery of all, he learned to golf .
Kipling.

Golfer noun One who plays golf. [ Scot.]

Golgotha noun Calvary. See the Note under Calvary .

Goliard (gōl"yẽrd) noun [ From Old French goliart glutton, buffoon, riotous student, Goliard, Late Latin goliardus , probably from Latin gula throat. Confer Gules .] A buffoon in the Middle Ages, who attended rich men's tables to make sport for the guests by ribald stories and songs.

Goliardery noun The satirical or ribald poetry of the Goliards. Milman.

Goliath beetle [ From Goliath , the Philistine giant.] (Zoology) Any species of Goliathus , a genus of very large and handsome African beetles.

Goll noun [ Etymol. uncertain.] A hand, paw, or claw. [ Obsolete] Sir P. Sidney. B. Jonson.

Goloe-shoe noun A galoche.

Golore noun See Galore .

Goloshe noun See Galoche .

Goltschut noun
1. A small ingot of gold.

2. A silver ingot, used in Japan as money.

Golyardeys noun A buffoon. See Goliard . [ Obsolete] Chaucer.

Goman noun [ Prob. from good man ; but confer also Anglo-Saxon gumman a man, Old High German gomman man, husband.] A husband; a master of a family. [ Obsolete]

Gomarist, Gomarite noun (Eccl.-Hist.) One of the followers of Francis Gomar or Gomarus , a Dutch disciple of Calvin in the 17th century, who strongly opposed the Arminians.

Gombo noun See Gumbo .

Gome noun [ Anglo-Saxon guma ; akin to Goth. guma , Latin homo . See Bridegroom .] A man. [ Obsolete] P. Plowman.

Gome noun [ Confer Icelandic gormr ooze, mud.] The black grease on the axle of a cart or wagon wheel; -- called also gorm . See Gorm . [ Prov. Eng.]

Gomer noun A Hebrew measure. See Homer .

Gomer noun (Gun.) A conical chamber at the breech of the bore in heavy ordnance, especially in mortars; -- named after the inventor.

Gommelin noun [ French gommeline , from gomme gum.] (Chemistry) See Dextrin .

Gomphiasis noun [ New Latin , from Greek ... toothache or gnashing of teeth, from ... a grinder tooth, from ... a bolt.] (Medicine) A disease of the teeth, which causes them to loosen and fall out of their sockets.

Gomphosis noun [ New Latin , from Greek ..., prop., a bolting together, from ... to fasten with bolts or nails, ... bolt, nail: confer French gomphose .] (Anat.) A form of union or immovable articulation where a hard part is received into the cavity of a bone, as the teeth into the jaws.

Gomuti noun [ Malayan gumuti .] A black, fibrous substance resembling horsehair, obtained from the leafstalks of two kinds of palms, Metroxylon Sagu , and Arenga saccharifera , of the Indian islands. It is used for making cordage. Called also ejoo .

Gon imperfect & past participle of Go . [ Obsolete] Chaucer.

Gonad noun ; plural Gonads . [ Greek ... that which generates.] (Anat.) One of the masses of generative tissue primitively alike in both sexes, but giving rise to either an ovary or a testis; a generative gland; a germ gland. Wiedersheim.