Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Gluish adjective Somewhat gluey. Sherwood.
[ See Gloom
[ Obsolete] Skelton.
Glum adjective Moody; silent; sullen.
I frighten people by my glun face. Thackeray.
Glum intransitive verb To look sullen; to be of a sour countenance; to be glum. [ Obsolete] Hawes.
[ Confer French glumancé
. See Glume
.] Having glumes; consisting of glumes.
Glumal adjective (Botany) Characterized by a glume, or having the nature of a glume.
Glume (glūm) noun [ Latin gluma hull, husk, from glubere to bark or peel: confer French glume or gloume .] (Botany) The bracteal covering of the flowers or seeds of grain and grasses; esp., an outer husk or bract of a spikelet. Gray.
Glumella, Glumelle noun [ French glumelle , dim. of glume .] (Botany) One of the palets or inner chaffy scales of the flowers or spikelets of grasses.
Glumly adverb In a glum manner; sullenly; moodily.
[ See Gloom
.] Dark; gloomy; dismal.
Glumness noun Moodiness; sullenness.
(glŭmp) intransitive verb
[ See Glum
.] To manifest sullenness; to sulk.
Glumpy (glŭmp"ȳ) adjective Glum; sullen; sulky. [ Colloq.] "He was glumpy enough." T. Hook.
[ Confer Glump
.] Frowning; sulky; sullen. Sir W. Scott.
-- noun A sullen, angry look; a look of disdain or dislike.
[ Prov. Eng. & Scot.]
(glŭt) transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Glutted
; present participle & verbal noun Glutting
.] [ Middle English glotten
, from Old French glotir
, Latin glutire
; confer Greek ... to eat, Sanskrit gar
. Confer Gluttion
.] 1. To swallow, or to swallow greedlly; to gorge.
Though every drop of water swear against it, Shak. 2. To fill to satiety; to satisfy fully the desire or craving of; to satiate; to sate; to cloy.
And gape at widest to glut him.
His faithful heart, a bloody sacrifice, Dryden.
Torn from his breast, to glut the tyrant's eyes.
The realms of nature and of art were ransacked to glut the wonder, lust, and ferocity of a degraded populace. C. Kingsley. To glut the market
, to furnish an oversupply of any article of trade, so that there is no sale for it.
Glut intransitive verb To eat gluttonously or to satiety.
Like three horses that have broken fence, Tennyson.
And glutted all night long breast-deep in corn.
Glut noun 1. That which is swallowed. Milton 2. Plenty, to satiety or repletion; a full supply; hence, often, a supply beyond sufficiency or to loathing; over abundance; as, a glut of the market.
A glut of those talents which raise men to eminence. Macaulay. 3. Something that fills up an opening; a clog. 4. (a) A wooden wedge used in splitting blocks.
[ Prov. Eng.] (b) (Mining) A piece of wood used to fill up behind cribbing or tubbing. Raymond
. (c) (Bricklaying) A bat, or small piece of brick, used to fill out a course. Knight. (d) (Architecture) An arched opening to the ashpit of a kiln. (e) A block used for a fulcrum. 5. (Zoology) The broad-nosed eel ( Anguilla latirostris ), found in Europe, Asia, the West Indies, etc.
Glutaconic adjective [ Glut aric + acon itic.] (Chemistry) Pertaining to, or derived from, an acid intermediate between glutaric and aconitic acids.
Glutamic adjective [ Glut en + -amic .] (Chemistry) Of or pertaining to gluten. Glutamic acid , a nitrogenous organic acid obtained from certain albuminoids, as gluten; -- called also amido-glutaric acid .
Glutaric adjective [ Glut amic + tart aric .] (Chemistry) Of, pertaining to, or designating, an acid so called; as, glutaric ethers. Glutaric acid , an organic acid obtained as a white crystalline substance, isomeric with pyrotartaric acid; -- called also normal pyrotartaric acid .
Glutazine noun (Chemistry) A nitrogenous substance, forming a heavy, sandy powder, white or nearly so. It is a derivative of pyridine.
Gluteal adjective [ G. ... rump, plural, the buttocks.] (Anat.) Pertaining to, or in the region of, the glutæus.
[ Latin , glue: confer French gluten
. See Glue
.] (Chemistry) The viscid, tenacious substance which gives adhesiveness to dough.
is a complex and variable mixture of glutin or gliadin, vegetable fibrin, vegetable casein, oily material, etc., and is a very nutritious element of food. It may be separated from the flour of grain by subjecting this to a current of water, the starch and other soluble matters being thus washed out. Gluten bread
, bread containing a large proportion of gluten; -- used in cases of diabetes.
-- Gluten casein (Chemistry)
, a vegetable proteid found in the seeds of grasses, and extracted as a dark, amorphous, earthy mass.
-- Gluten fibrin (Chemistry)
, a vegetable proteid found in the cereal grains, and extracted as an amorphous, brownish yellow substance.
[ New Latin ] (Anat.) Same as Glutæus .
[ See Gluten
.] (Chemistry) 1. Same as Gliadin . 2. Sometimes synonymous with Gelatin .
Glutinate transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Glutinated
; present participle & verbal noun Glutinating
.] [ Latin glutinatus
, past participle of glutinare
to glue, from gluten
glue.] To unite with glue; to cement; to stick together. Bailey.
Glutination noun [ Latin glutinatio : confer French glutination .] The act of uniting with glue; sticking together.
Glutinative adjective [ Latin glutinativus : confer French glutinatif .] Having the quality of cementing; tenacious; viscous; glutinous.
Glutinosity noun [ Confer French glutinosité .] The quality of being glutinous; viscousness. [ R.]
[ Latin glutinosus
, from gluten
glue: confer French glutineux
. See Gluten
.] 1. Of the nature of glue; resembling glue; viscous; viscid; adhesive; gluey. 2. (Botany) Havig a moist and adhesive or sticky surface, as a leaf or gland.
Glutinousness noun The quality of being glutinous.
[ Middle English glotoun
, French glouton
, from Latin gluto
. See Glut
.] 1. One who eats voraciously, or to excess; a gormandizer. 2. Fig.: One who gluts himself.
Gluttons in murder, wanton to destroy. Granville. 3. (Zoology) A carnivorous mammal ( Gulo luscus ), of the family Mustelidæ , about the size of a large badger. It was formerly believed to be inordinately voracious, whence the name; the wolverene. It is a native of the northern parts of America, Europe, and Asia. Glutton bird (Zoology)
, the giant fulmar ( Ossifraga gigantea ); -- called also Mother Carey's goose , and mollymawk .
Glutton adjective Gluttonous; greedy; gormandizing.
A glutton monastery in former ages makes a hungry ministry in our days. Fuller.
Glutton transitive verb & i. To glut; to eat voraciously.
Gluttoned at last, return at home to pine. Lovelace.
Whereon in Egypt gluttoning they fed. Drayton.
Gluttonish adjective Gluttonous; greedy. Sir P. Sidney.
Gluttonize intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Gluttonized
; present participle & verbal noun Gluttonizing
.] To eat to excess; to eat voraciously; to gormandize. Hallywell.
Gluttonous adjective Given to gluttony; eating to excess; indulging the appetite; voracious; as, a gluttonous age. -- Glut"ton*ous*ly , adverb -- Glut"ton*ous*ness , noun
; plural Gluttonies
. [ Middle English glotonie
, Old French glotonie
.] Excess in eating; extravagant indulgence of the appetite for food; voracity.
Their sumptuous gluttonies , and gorgeous feasts. Milton.
[ New Latin See Gluteal
.] (Anat.) The great muscle of the buttock in man and most mammals, and the corresponding muscle in many lower animals.
» In man, the glutæus
is composed of three distinct parts, which extend and abduct the thigh, and help support the body in standing.
Glycerate noun (Chemistry) A salt of glyceric acid.
Glyceric adjective (Chemistry) Pertaining to, or derived from, glycerin. Glyceric acid (Chemistry) , an organic acid, obtained by the partial oxidation of glycerin, as a thick liquid. It is a hydroxyl derivative of propionic acid, and has both acid and alcoholic properties.
[ See Glycerin
.] (Chemistry) A compound ether (formed from glycerin ). Some glycerides exist ready formed as natural fats, others are produced artificially.
Glycerin, Glycerine noun
[ French glycérine
, from Greek glykero`s
, sweet. Confer Glucose
.] (Chemistry) An oily, viscous liquid, C 3 H 5 (OH) 3 , colorless and odorless, and with a hot, sweetish taste, existing in the natural fats and oils as the base, combined with various acids, as oleic, margaric, stearic, and palmitic. It is a triatomic alcohol, and hence is also called glycerol . See Note under Gelatin .
» It is obtained from fats by saponification, or, on a large scale, by the action of superheated steam. It is used as an ointment, as a solvent and vehicle for medicines, and as an adulterant in wine, beer, etc.
Glycerite noun (Medicine) A medicinal preparation made by mixing or dissolving a substance in glycerin.
Glycerol noun (Chemistry) Same as Glycerin .
[ French glycérolé
.] (Medicine) Same as Glycerite .
Glyceryl noun [ Glycer in + -yl .] (Chemistry) A compound radical, C 3 H 5 , regarded as the essential radical of glycerin. It is metameric with allyl. Called also propenyl .
Glycide noun [ Glyc eric + anhydr ide .] (Chemistry) A colorless liquid, obtained from certain derivatives of glycerin, and regarded as a partially dehydrated glycerin; -- called also glycidic alcohol .
Glycidic adjective (Chemistry) Pertaining to, or derived from, glycide; as, glycidic acid.
[ Greek glyky`s
sweet.] (Physiol. Chem.) Same as Glycocoll .