Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Glandulous adjective [ Latin glandulosus : confer French glanduleux .] Containing glands; consisting of glands; pertaining to glands; resembling glands.

Glans noun ; plural Glandes . [ Latin See Gland .]


1. (Anat.) The vascular body which forms the apex of the penis, and the extremity of the clitoris.

2. (Botany) The acorn or mast of the oak and similar fruits. Gray.

3. (Medicine) (a) Goiter. (b) A pessary. [ Obsolete]

Glare (glâr) intransitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Glared ; present participle & verbal noun Glaring .] [ Middle English glaren , gloren ; confer Anglo-Saxon glær amber, LG. glaren to glow or burn like coals, Dutch gloren to glimmer; probably akin to English glass .]


1. To shine with a bright, dazzling light.

The cavern glares with new-admitted light.
Dryden.

2. To look with fierce, piercing eyes; to stare earnestly, angrily, or fiercely.

And eye that scorcheth all it glares upon.
Byron.

3. To be bright and intense, as certain colors; to be ostentatiously splendid or gay.

She glares in balls, front boxes, and the ring.
Pope.

Glare transitive verb To shoot out, or emit, as a dazzling light.

Every eye
Glared lightning, and shot forth pernicious fire.
Milton.

Glare noun
1. A bright, dazzling light; splendor that dazzles the eyes; a confusing and bewildering light.

The frame of burnished steel that cast a glare .
Dryden.

2. A fierce, piercing look or stare.

About them round,
A lion now he stalks with fiery glare .
Milton.

3. A viscous, transparent substance. See Glair .

4. A smooth, bright, glassy surface; as, a glare of ice. [ U. S. ]

Glare adjective [ See Glary , and Glare , noun ] Smooth and bright or translucent; -- used almost exclusively of ice; as, skating on glare ice. [ U. S.]

Glareous (glâr"e*ŭs) adjective [ Confer French glaireux . See Glair .] Glairy. John Gregory (1766).

Glariness, Glaringness noun A dazzling luster or brilliancy.

Glaring adjective Clear; notorious; open and bold; barefaced; as, a glaring crime; a glaring mistake. -- Glar"ing*ly , adverb

Glary adjective Of a dazzling luster; glaring; bright; shining; smooth.

Bright, crystal glass is glary .
Boyle.

Glass (glȧs) noun [ Middle English glas , gles , Anglo-Saxon glæs ; akin to D., G., Dan., & Swedish glas , Icelandic glas , gler , Danish glar ; confer Anglo-Saxon glær amber, Latin glaesum . Confer Glare , noun , Glaze , transitive verb ]


1. A hard, brittle, translucent, and commonly transparent substance, white or colored, having a conchoidal fracture, and made by fusing together sand or silica with lime, potash, soda, or lead oxide. It is used for window panes and mirrors, for articles of table and culinary use, for lenses, and various articles of ornament.

» Glass is variously colored by the metallic oxides; thus, manganese colors it violet; copper (cuprous), red, or (cupric) green; cobalt, blue; uranium, yellowish green or canary yellow; iron, green or brown; gold, purple or red; tin, opaque white; chromium, emerald green; antimony, yellow.

2. (Chemistry) Any substance having a peculiar glassy appearance, and a conchoidal fracture, and usually produced by fusion.

3. Anything made of glass. Especially: (a) A looking-glass; a mirror. (b) A vessel filled with running sand for measuring time; an hourglass; and hence, the time in which such a vessel is exhausted of its sand.

She would not live
The running of one glass .
Shak.

(c) A drinking vessel; a tumbler; a goblet; hence, the contents of such a vessel; especially; spirituous liquors; as, he took a glass at dinner. (d) An optical glass; a lens; a spyglass; -- in the plural, spectacles; as, a pair of glasses ; he wears glasses . (e) A weatherglass; a barometer.

» Glass is much used adjectively or in combination; as, glass maker, or glass maker; glass making or glass making; glass blower or glass blower, etc.

Bohemian glass , Cut glass , etc. See under Bohemian , Cut , etc. -- Crown glass , a variety of glass, used for making the finest plate or window glass, and consisting essentially of silicate of soda or potash and lime, with no admixture of lead; the convex half of an achromatic lens is composed of crown glass; -- so called from a crownlike shape given it in the process of blowing. -- Crystal glass , or Flint glass . See Flint glass , in the Vocabulary. -- Cylinder glass , sheet glass made by blowing the glass in the form of a cylinder which is then split longitudinally, opened out, and flattened. -- Glass of antimony , a vitreous oxide of antimony mixed with sulphide. -- Glass blower , one whose occupation is to blow and fashion glass. -- Glass blowing , the art of shaping glass, when reduced by heat to a viscid state, by inflating it through a tube. -- Glass cloth , a woven fabric formed of glass fibers. -- Glass coach , a coach superior to a hackney-coach, hired for the day, or any short period, as a private carriage; -- so called because originally private carriages alone had glass windows. [ Eng.] Smart.

Glass coaches are [ allowed in English parks from which ordinary hacks are excluded], meaning by this term, which is never used in America, hired carriages that do not go on stands.
J. F. Cooper.

-- Glass cutter . (a) One who cuts sheets of glass into sizes for window panes, ets. (b) One who shapes the surface of glass by grinding and polishing. (c) A tool, usually with a diamond at the point, for cutting glass. -- Glass cutting . (a) The act or process of dividing glass, as sheets of glass into panes with a diamond. (b) The act or process of shaping the surface of glass by appylying it to revolving wheels, upon which sand, emery, and, afterwards, polishing powder, are applied; especially of glass which is shaped into facets, tooth ornaments, and the like. Glass having ornamental scrolls, etc., cut upon it, is said to be engraved . -- Glass metal , the fused material for making glass. -- Glass painting , the art or process of producing decorative effects in glass by painting it with enamel colors and combining the pieces together with slender sash bars of lead or other metal. In common parlance, glass painting and glass staining (see Glass staining , below) are used indifferently for all colored decorative work in windows, and the like. -- Glass paper , paper faced with pulvirezed glass, and used for abrasive purposes. -- Glass silk , fine threads of glass, wound, when in fusion, on rapidly rotating heated cylinders. -- Glass silvering , the process of transforming plate glass into mirrors by coating it with a reflecting surface, a deposit of silver, or a mercury amalgam. - - Glass soap , or Glassmaker's soap , the black oxide of manganese or other substances used by glass makers to take away color from the materials for glass. -- Glass staining , the art or practice of coloring glass in its whole substance, or, in the case of certain colors, in a superficial film only; also, decorative work in glass. Confer Glass painting . -- Glass tears . See Rupert's drop . -- Glass works , an establishment where glass is made. -- Heavy glass , a heavy optical glass, consisting essentially of a borosilicate of potash. -- Millefiore glass . See Millefiore . -- Plate glass , a fine kind of glass, cast in thick plates, and flattened by heavy rollers, -- used for mirrors and the best windows. -- Pressed glass , glass articles formed in molds by pressure when hot. -- Soluble glass (Chemistry) , a silicate of sodium or potassium, found in commerce as a white, glassy mass, a stony powder, or dissolved as a viscous, sirupy liquid; -- used for rendering fabrics incombustible, for hardening artificial stone, etc.; -- called also water glass . -- Spun glass , glass drawn into a thread while liquid. -- Toughened glass , Tempered glass , glass finely tempered or annealed, by a peculiar method of sudden cooling by plunging while hot into oil, melted wax, or paraffine, etc.; -- called also, from the name of the inventor of the process, Bastie glass . -- Water glass . (Chemistry) See Soluble glass , above. -- Window glass , glass in panes suitable for windows.

Glass transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Glassed ; present participle & verbal noun Glassing .]
1. To reflect, as in a mirror; to mirror; -- used reflexively.

Happy to glass themselves in such a mirror.
Motley.

Where the Almighty's form glasses itself in tempests.
Byron.

2. To case in glass. [ R.] Shak.

3. To cover or furnish with glass; to glaze. Boyle.

4. To smooth or polish anything, as leater, by rubbing it with a glass burnisher.

Glass maker, Glassmaker noun One who makes, or manufactures, glass. -- Glass" mak`ing , or Glass"mak`ing , noun

Glass-crab noun (Zoology) The larval state ( Phyllosoma ) of the genus Palinurus and allied genera. It is remarkable for its strange outlines, thinness, and transparency. See Phyllosoma .

Glass-faced adjective Mirror- faced; reflecting the sentiments of another. [ R.] "The glass-faced flatterer." Shak.

Glass-gazing adjective Given to viewing one's self in a glass or mirror; finical. [ Poetic] Shak.

Glass-rope noun (Zoology) A remarkable vitreous sponge, of the genus Hyalonema , first brought from Japan. It has a long stem, consisting of a bundle of long and large, glassy, siliceous fibers, twisted together.

Glass-snail noun (Zoology) A small, transparent, land snail, of the genus Vitrina .

Glass-snake noun (Zoology) A long, footless lizard ( Ophiosaurus ventralis ), of the Southern United States; -- so called from its fragility, the tail easily breaking into small pieces. It grows to the length of three feet. The name is applied also to similar species found in the Old World.

Glass-sponge noun (Zoology) A siliceous sponge, of the genus Hyalonema , and allied genera; -- so called from their glassy fibers or spicules; -- called also vitreous sponge . See Glass-rope , and Euplectella .

Glassen adjective Glassy; glazed. [ Obsolete]

And pursues the dice with glassen eyes.
B. Jonson.

Glasseye noun
1. (Zoology) A fish of the great lakes; the wall-eyed pike.

2. (Far.) A species of blindness in horses in which the eye is bright and the pupil dilated; a sort of amaurosis. Youatt.

Glassful noun ; plural Glassfuls The contents of a glass; as much of anything as a glass will hold.

Glassful adjective Glassy; shining like glass. [ Obsolete] "Minerva's glassful shield." Marston.

Glasshouse noun A house where glass is made; a commercial house that deals in glassware.

Glassily adverb So as to resemble glass.

Glassiness noun The quality of being glassy.

Glassite noun A member of a Scottish sect, founded in the 18th century by John Glass , a minister of the Established Church of Scotland, who taught that justifying faith is "no more than a simple assent to the divine testimone passively recived by the understanding." The English and American adherents of this faith are called Sandemanians , after Robert Sandeman , the son-in-law and disciple of Glass.

Glassware noun Ware, or articles collectively, made of glass.

Glasswork noun Manufacture of glass; articles or ornamentation made of glass.

Glasswort noun (Botany) A seashore plant of the Spinach family ( Salicornia herbacea ), with succulent jointed stems; also, a prickly plant of the same family ( Salsola Kali ), both formerly burned for the sake of the ashes, which yield soda for making glass and soap.

Glassy adjective
1. Made of glass; vitreous; as, a glassy substance. Bacon.

2. Resembling glass in its properties, as in smoothness, brittleness, or transparency; as, a glassy stream; a glassy surface; the glassy deep.

3. Dull; wanting life or fire; lackluster; -- said of the eyes. "In his glassy eye." Byron.

Glassy feldspar (Min.) , a variety of orthoclase; sanidine.

Glastonbury thorn (Botany) A variety of the common hawthorn. Loudon.

Glasynge noun Glazing or glass. [ Obsolete]

Glauber's salt, Glauber's salts [ German glaubersalz , from Glauber , a German chemist who discovered it. See Glauberite .] Sulphate of soda, a well- known cathartic. It is a white crystalline substance, with a cooling, slightly bitter taste, and is commonly called " salts ."

» It occurs naturally and abundantly in some mineral springs, and in many salt deposits, as the mineral mirabilite . It is manufactured in large quantities as an intermediate step in the "soda process," and also for use in glass making.

Glauberite noun [ From Glauber , a German chemist, died 1668: confer French glaubérite , German glauberit .] (Min.) A mineral, consisting of the sulphates of soda and lime.

Glaucescent adjective [ See Glaucous .] Having a somewhat glaucous appearance or nature; becoming glaucous.

Glaucic adjective (Chemistry) Of or pertaining to the Glaucium or horned poppy; -- formerly applied to an acid derived from it, now known to be fumaric acid.

Glaucine adjective Glaucous or glaucescent.

Glaucine noun (Chemistry) An alkaloid obtained from the plant Glaucium , as a bitter, white, crystalline substance.

Glaucodot noun [ Greek glayko`s silvery, gray + dido`nai to give.] (Min.) A metallic mineral having a grayish tin-white color, and containing cobalt and iron, with sulphur and arsenic.

Glaucoma noun [ Latin , from Greek glay`kwma , from glayko`s light gray, blue gray.] (Medicine) Dimness or abolition of sight, with a diminution of transparency, a bluish or greenish tinge of the refracting media of the eye, and a hard inelastic condition of the eyeball, with marked increase of tension within the eyeball.

Glaucomatous adjective Having the nature of glaucoma.

Glaucometer noun See Gleucometer .

Glauconite noun [ Confer French glauconite , glauconie , from Latin glaucus . See Glaucous .] (Min.) The green mineral characteristic of the greensand of the chalk and other formations. It is a hydrous silicate of iron and potash. See Greensand .

Glaucophane noun [ Greek glayko`s silvery, gray + fai`nesqai to appear.] (Min.) A mineral of a dark bluish color, related to amphibole. It is characteristic of certain crystalline rocks.

Glaucosis noun [ New Latin , from Greek glay`kwsis .] (Medicine) Same as Glaucoma .

Glaucous (gla"kŭs) adjective [ Latin glaucus , Greek glayko`s .]
1. Of a sea-green color; of a dull green passing into grayish blue. Lindley.

2. (Botany) Covered with a fine bloom or fine white powder easily rubbed off, as that on a blue plum, or on a cabbage leaf. Gray.

Glaucus noun [ Latin , sea green.] (Zoology) A genus of nudibranchiate mollusks, found in the warmer latitudes, swimming in the open sea. These mollusks are beautifully colored with blue and silvery white.

Glaum intransitive verb [ Etymol. uncertain.] To grope with the hands, as in the dark. [ Scot.]

To glaum at , to grasp or snatch at; to aspire to.

Wha glaum'd at kingdoms three.
Burns.