Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Gladden transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Gladdened ; present participle & verbal noun Gladdening .] [ See Glad , transitive verb ] To make glad; to cheer; to please; to gratify; to rejoice; to exhilarate.

A secret pleasure gladdened all that saw him.
Addison.

Gladden intransitive verb To be or become glad; to rejoice.

The vast Pacific gladdens with the freight.
Wordsworth.

Gladder noun One who makes glad. Chaucer.

Glade noun [ Prob. of Scand. origin, and akin to glad , adjective ; confer also W. golead , goleuad , a lighting, illumination, from goleu light, clear, bright, goleu fwlch glade, lit., a light or clear defile.]


1. An open passage through a wood; a grassy open or cleared space in a forest.

There interspersed in lawns and opening glades .
Pope.

2. An everglade. [ Local, U. S.]

3. An opening in the ice of rivers or lakes, or a place left unfrozen; also, smooth ice. [ Local, U. S.]

Bottom glade . See under Bottom . -- Glade net , in England, a net used for catching woodcock and other birds in forest glades.

Gladen noun [ Anglo-Saxon glædene , confer Latin gladius a sword. Confer Gladiole .] (Botany) Sword grass; any plant with sword-shaped leaves, esp. the European Iris fœtidissima . [ Written also gladwyn , gladdon , and glader .]

Gladeye noun (Zoology) The European yellow-hammer.

Gladful adjective Full of gladness; joyful; glad. [ R.] -- Glad"ful*ness , noun [ R.] Spenser.

It followed him with gladful glee.
Spenser.

Gladiate adjective [ Latin gladius sword.] (Botany) Sword-shaped; resembling a sword in form, as the leaf of the iris, or of the gladiolus.

Gladiator noun [ Latin , from gladius sword. See Glaive .]
1. Originally, a swordplayer; hence, one who fought with weapons in public, either on the occasion of a funeral ceremony, or in the arena, for public amusement.

2. One who engages in any fierce combat or controversy.

Gladiatorial, Gladiatorian adjective Of or pertaining to gladiators, or to contests or combatants in general.

Gladiatorism noun The art or practice of a gladiator.

Gladiatorship noun Conduct, state, or art, of a gladiator.

Gladiatory adjective [ Latin gladiatorius .] Gladiatorial. [ R.]

Gladiature noun [ Latin gladiatura .] Swordplay; fencing; gladiatorial contest. Gayton.

Gladiole noun [ Latin gladiolus a small sword, the sword lily, dim. of gladius sword. See Glaive .] (Botany) A lilylike plant, of the genus Gladiolus ; -- called also corn flag .

Gladiolus noun ; plural Latin Gladioli , English Gladioluses . [ Latin See Gladiole .]


1. (Botany) A genus of plants having bulbous roots and gladiate leaves, and including many species, some of which are cultivated and valued for the beauty of their flowers; the corn flag; the sword lily.

2. (Anat.) The middle portion of the sternum in some animals; the mesosternum.

Gladius noun ; plural Gladii . [ Latin , a sword.] (Zoology) The internal shell, or pen, of cephalopods like the squids.

Gladly adverb [ From Glad , adjective ]


1. Preferably; by choice. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.

2. With pleasure; joyfully; cheerfully; eagerly.

The common people heard him gladly .
Mark xii. 37.

Gladness noun [ Anglo-Saxon glædnes .] State or quality of being glad; pleasure; joyful satisfaction; cheerfulness.

They . . . did eat their meat with gladness and singleness of heart.
Acts ii. 46.

» Gladness is rarely or never equivalent to mirth , merriment , gayety , and triumph , and it usually expresses less than delight . It sometimes expresses great joy.

The Jews had joy and gladness , a feast and a good day.
Esther viii. 17.

Gladship noun [ Anglo-Saxon glædscipe .] A state of gladness. [ Obsolete] Gower.

Gladsome adjective
1. Pleased; joyful; cheerful.

2. Causing joy, pleasure, or cheerfulness; having the appearance of gayety; pleasing.

Of opening heaven they sung, and gladsome day.
Prior.

-- Glad"some*ly , adverb -- Glad"some*ness , noun

Hours of perfect gladsomeness .
Wordsworth.

Gladstone noun [ Named after Wm. English Gladstone .] A four-wheeled pleasure carriage with two inside seats, calash top, and seats for driver and footman.

Gladwyn noun (Botany) See Gladen .

Glair noun [ French glaire , glaire d'...uf, the glair of an egg, probably from Latin clarus clear, bright. See Clear , adjective ]


1. The white of egg. It is used as a size or a glaze in bookbinding, for pastry, etc.

2. Any viscous, transparent substance, resembling the white of an egg.

3. A broadsword fixed on a pike; a kind of halberd.

Glair transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Glaired ; present participle & verbal noun Glairing .] To smear with the white of an egg.

Glaire noun See Glair .

Glaireous adjective Glairy; covered with glair.

Glairin noun A glairy viscous substance, which forms on the surface of certain mineral waters, or covers the sides of their inclosures; -- called also baregin .

Glairy adjective Like glair, or partaking of its qualities; covered with glair; viscous and transparent; slimy. Wiseman.

Glaive noun [ French glaive , Latin gladius ; probably akin to English claymore . Confer Gladiator .]
1. A weapon formerly used, consisting of a large blade fixed on the end of a pole, whose edge was on the outside curve; also, a light lance with a long sharp- pointed head. Wilhelm.

2. A sword; -- used poetically and loosely.

The glaive which he did wield.
Spenser.

Glama noun [ New Latin ; confer Greek ..., Latin gramiae , Greek ... blear-eyed.] (Medicine) A copious gummy secretion of the humor of the eyelids, in consequence of some disorder; blearedness; lippitude.

Glamour noun [ Scot. glamour , glamer ; confer Icelandic glámeggdr one who is troubled with the glaucoma; or Icelandic glām-sȳni weakness of sight, glamour; glāmr name of the moon, also of a ghost + sȳni sight, akin to English see . Perh., however, a corruption of English gramarye .]


1. A charm affecting the eye, making objects appear different from what they really are.

2. Witchcraft; magic; a spell. Tennyson.

3. A kind of haze in the air, causing things to appear different from what they really are.

The air filled with a strange, pale glamour that seemed to lie over the broad valley.
W. Black.

4. Any artificial interest in, or association with, an object, through which it appears delusively magnified or glorified.

5. A quality of a person which allures and fascinates, usually by good looks and a charming manner; -- of people; as, the glamour of John F. Kennedy..
[ PJC]

6. An attractive quality which provides excitement, adventure, the thrill of unusual activity, or the potential to become famous; -- of activities; as, the glamour of movie stardom.
[ PJC]

Glamour gift , Glamour might , the gift or power of producing a glamour. The former is used figuratively, of the gift of fascination peculiar to women.

It had much of glamour might
To make a lady seem a knight.
Sir W. Scott.

Glamourie noun Glamour. [ Scot.]

Glance noun [ Akin to Dutch glans luster, brightness, German glanz , Swedish glans , Dutch glands brightness, glimpse. Confer Gleen , Glint , Glitter , and Glance a mineral.]


1. A sudden flash of light or splendor.

Swift as the lightning glance .
Milton.

2. A quick cast of the eyes; a quick or a casual look; a swift survey; a glimpse.

Dart not scornful glances from those eyes.
Shak.

3. An incidental or passing thought or allusion.

How fleet is a glance of the mind.
Cowper.

4. (Min.) A name given to some sulphides, mostly dark-colored, which have a brilliant metallic luster, as the sulphide of copper, called copper glance .

Glance coal , anthracite; a mineral composed chiefly of carbon. -- Glance cobalt , cobaltite, or gray cobalt. -- Glance copper , chalcocite. -- Glance wood , a hard wood grown in Cuba, and used for gauging instruments, carpenters' rules, etc. McElrath.

Glance intransitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Glanced ; present participle & verbal noun Glancing .]
1. To shoot or emit a flash of light; to shine; to flash.

From art, from nature, from the schools,
Let random influences glance ,
Like light in many a shivered lance,
That breaks about the dappled pools.
Tennyson.

2. To strike and fly off in an oblique direction; to dart aside. "Your arrow hath glanced ". Shak.

On me the curse aslope
Glanced on the ground.
Milton.

3. To look with a sudden, rapid cast of the eye; to snatch a momentary or hasty view.

The poet's eye, in a fine frenzy rolling,
Doth glance from heaven to earth, from earth to heaven.
Shak.

4. To make an incidental or passing reflection; to allude; to hint; -- often with at .

Wherein obscurely
Cæsar\'b6s ambition shall be glanced at.
Shak.

He glanced at a certain reverend doctor.
Swift.

5. To move quickly, appearing and disappearing rapidly; to be visible only for an instant at a time; to move interruptedly; to twinkle.

And all along the forum and up the sacred seat,
His vulture eye pursued the trip of those small glancing feet.
Macaulay.

Glance transitive verb
1. To shoot or dart suddenly or obliquely; to cast for a moment; as, to glance the eye.

2. To hint at; to touch lightly or briefly. [ Obsolete]

In company I often glanced it.
Shak.

Glancing adjective
1. Shooting, as light.

When through the gancing lightnings fly.
Rowe.

2. Flying off (after striking) in an oblique direction; as, a glancing shot.

Glancingly adverb In a glancing manner; transiently; incidentally; indirectly. Hakewill.

Gland noun [ French glande , Latin glans , glandis , acorn; akin to Greek ... for ..., and ... to cast, throw, the acorn being the dropped fruit. Confer Parable , noun ]


1. (Anat.) (a) An organ for secreting something to be used in, or eliminated from, the body; as, the sebaceous glands of the skin; the salivary glands of the mouth. (b) An organ or part which resembles a secreting, or true, gland, as the ductless, lymphatic, pineal, and pituitary glands , the functions of which are very imperfectly known.

» The true secreting glands are, in principle, narrow pouches of the mucous membranes, or of the integument, lined with a continuation of the epithelium, or of the epidermis, the cells of which produce the secretion from the blood. In the larger glands, the pouches are tubular, greatly elongated, and coiled, as in the sweat glands, or subdivided and branched, making compound and racemose glands, such as the pancreas.

2. (Botany) (a) A special organ of plants, usually minute and globular, which often secretes some kind of resinous, gummy, or aromatic product. (b) Any very small prominence.

3. (Steam Mach.) The movable part of a stuffing box by which the packing is compressed; -- sometimes called a follower . See Illust. of Stuffing box , under Stuffing .

4. (Machinery) The crosspiece of a bayonet clutch.

Glandage noun [ Confer Old French glandage . See Gland .] A feeding on nuts or mast. [ Obsolete] Crabb.

Glandered adjective Affected with glanders; as, a glandered horse. Yu...att.

Glanderous adjective Of or pertaining to glanders; of the nature of glanders. Youatt.

Glanders noun [ From Gland .] (Far.) A highly contagious and very destructive disease of horses, asses, mules, etc., characterized by a constant discharge of sticky matter from the nose, and an enlargement and induration of the glands beneath and within the lower jaw. It may transmitted to dogs, goats, sheep, and to human beings.

Glandiferous adjective [ Latin glandifer ; glans , glandis , acorn + ferre to bear; confer French glandifère .] Bearing acorns or other nuts; as, glandiferous trees.

Glandiform adjective [ Latin glans , glandis , acorn + -form : confer French glandiforme .] Having the form of a gland or nut; resembling a gland.

Glandular adjective [ Confer French glandulaire . See Glandule .] Containing or supporting glands; consisting of glands; pertaining to glands.

Glandulation noun [ Confer French glandulation .] (Botany) The situation and structure of the secretory vessels in plants. Martyn.

Glandulation respects the secretory vessels, which are either glandules, follicles, or utricles.
J. Lee.

Glandule noun [ Latin glandula , dim. of glans , glandis , acorn: confer French glandule . See Gland .] A small gland or secreting vessel.

Glanduliferous adjective [ Latin glandula gland + -ferous ; confer French glandulifère .] Bearing glandules.

Glandulose adjective Same as Glandulous .

Glandulosity noun Quality of being glandulous; a collection of glands. [ R.] Sir T. Browne.