Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Gigue (zheg) noun [ French] A piece of lively dance music, in two strains which are repeated; also, the dance.

Gila monster (Zoology) A large tuberculated lizard ( Heloderma suspectum ) native of the dry plains of Arizona, New Mexico, etc. It is the only lizard known to have venomous teeth.

Gild transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Gilded or Gilt ; present participle & verbal noun Gilding .] [ Anglo-Saxon gyldan , from gold gold. √234. See Gold .]
1. To overlay with a thin covering of gold; to cover with a golden color; to cause to look like gold. " Gilded chariots." Pope.

No more the rising sun shall gild the morn.
Pope.

2. To make attractive; to adorn; to brighten.

Let oft good humor, mild and gay,
Gild the calm evening of your day.
Trumbull.

3. To give a fair but deceptive outward appearance to; to embellish; as, to gild a lie. Shak.

4. To make red with drinking. [ Obsolete]

This grand liquior that hath gilded them.
Shak.

Gildale noun [ Anglo-Saxon gilgan to pay + English ale . See Yield , transitive verb , and Ale .] A drinking bout in which every one pays an equal share. [ Obsolete]

Gilden adjective Gilded. Holland.

Gilder noun One who gilds; one whose occupation is to overlay with gold.

Gilder noun A Dutch coin. See Guilder .

Gilding (gĭld"ĭng) noun
1. The art or practice of overlaying or covering with gold leaf; also, a thin coating or wash of gold, or of that which resembles gold.

2. Gold in leaf, powder, or liquid, for application to any surface.

3. Any superficial coating or appearance, as opposed to what is solid and genuine.

Gilding metal , a tough kind of sheet brass from which cartridge shells are made.

Gile noun [ See Guile .] Guile. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.

Gill noun [ Danish giælle , gelle ; akin to Swedish gäl , Icelandic gjölnar gills; confer Anglo-Saxon geagl , geahl , jaw.]
1. (Anat.) An organ for aquatic respiration; a branchia.

Fishes perform respiration under water by the gills .
Ray.

» Gills are usually lamellar or filamentous appendages, through which the blood circulates, and in which it is exposed to the action of the air contained in the water. In vertebrates they are appendages of the visceral arches on either side of the neck. In invertebrates they occupy various situations.

2. plural (Botany) The radiating, gill-shaped plates forming the under surface of a mushroom.

3. (Zoology) The fleshy flap that hangs below the beak of a fowl; a wattle.

4. The flesh under or about the chin. Swift.

5. (Spinning) One of the combs of closely ranged steel pins which divide the ribbons of flax fiber or wool into fewer parallel filaments. [ Prob. so called from French aiguilles , needles. Ure. ]

Gill arches , Gill bars . (Anat.) Same as Branchial arches . -- Gill clefts . (Anat.) Same as Branchial clefts . See under Branchial . -- Gill cover , Gill lid . See Operculum . -- Gill frame , or Gill head (Flax Manuf.) , a spreader; a machine for subjecting flax to the action of gills. Knight. -- Gill net , a flat net so suspended in the water that its meshes allow the heads of fish to pass, but catch in the gills when they seek to extricate themselves. -- Gill opening , or Gill slit (Anat.) , an opening behind and below the head of most fishes, and some amphibians, by which the water from the gills is discharged. In most fishes there is a single opening on each side, but in the sharks and rays there are five, or more, on each side. -- Gill rakes , or Gill rakers (Anat.) , horny filaments, or progresses, on the inside of the branchial arches of fishes, which help to prevent solid substances from being carried into gill cavities.

Gill noun [ Etymol. uncertain.] A two-wheeled frame for transporting timber. [ Prov. Eng.]

Gill noun A leech. [ Also gell .] [ Scot.] Jameison.

Gill noun [ Icelandic gil .] A woody glen; a narrow valley containing a stream. [ Prov. Eng. & Scot.]

Gill noun [ Old French gille , gelle , a sort of measure for wine, Late Latin gillo , gello ., Confer Gallon .] A measure of capacity, containing one fourth of a pint.

Gill noun [ Abbrev. from Gillian .]
1. A young woman; a sweetheart; a flirting or wanton girl. "Each Jack with his Gill ." B. Jonson.

2. (Botany) The ground ivy ( Nepeta Glechoma ); -- called also gill over the ground , and other like names.

3. Malt liquor medicated with ground ivy.

Gill ale . (a) Ale flavored with ground ivy. (b) (Botany) Alehoof.

Gill-flirt noun A thoughtless, giddy girl; a flirt-gill. Sir W. Scott.

Gillhouse noun A shop where gill is sold.

Thee shall each alehouse, thee each gillhouse mourn.
Pope.

Gillian noun [ Middle English Gillian , a woman's name, for Julian , Juliana . Confer Gill a girl.] A girl; esp., a wanton; a gill. [ Obsolete] Beau. & Fl.

Gillie Gilly noun [ Gael. gille , giolla , boy, lad.] A boy or young man; a manservant; a male attendant, in the Scottish Highlands. Sir W. Scott.

Gillyflower noun [ Middle English gilofre , gilofer , clove, Old French girofre , girofle , French girofle : confer French giroflée gillyflower, from girofle , Greek ... clove tree; ... nut + ... leaf, akin to English foliage . Confer Caryophyllus , July- flower .] (Botany)
1. A name given by old writers to the clove pink ( Dianthus Caryophyllus ) but now to the common stock ( Matthiola incana ), a cruciferous plant with showy and fragrant blossoms, usually purplish, but often pink or white.

2. A kind of apple, of a roundish conical shape, purplish red color, and having a large core.

[ Written also gilliflower .]

Clove gillyflower , the clove pink. -- Marsh gillyflower , the ragged robin ( Lychnis Flos-cuculi ). -- Queen's, or Winter , gillyflower , damewort. -- Sea gillyflower , the thrift ( Armeria vulgaris ). -- Wall gillyflower , the wallflower ( Cheiranthus Cheiri ). -- Water gillyflower , the water violet.

Gilour noun [ Old French ] A guiler; deceiver. [ Obsolete]

Gilse noun [ W. gleisiad , from glas blue.] (Zoology) See Grilse .

Gilt noun [ See Geld , transitive verb ] (Zoology) A female pig, when young.

Gilt imperfect & past participle of Gild .

Gilt past participle & adjective Gilded; covered with gold; of the color of gold; golden yellow. " Gilt hair" Chaucer.

Gilt noun
1. Gold, or that which resembles gold, laid on the surface of a thing; gilding. Shak.

2. Money. [ Obsolete] "The gilt of France." Shak.

Gilt-edge, Gilt-edged adjective
1. Having a gilt edge; as, gilt-edged paper.

2. Of the best quality; -- said of negotiable paper, etc. [ Slang, U. S.]

Gilthead noun (Zoology) A marine fish. The name is applied to two species: (a) The Pagrus, or Chrysophrys, auratus , a valuable food fish common in the Mediterranean (so named from its golden-colored head); -- called also giltpoll . (b) The Crenilabrus melops , of the British coasts; -- called also golden maid , conner , sea partridge .

Giltif adjective [ For gilti , by confusion with -if , -ive , in French forms. See Guilty .] Guilty. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.

Gilttail noun A yellow-tailed worm or larva.

Gim adjective [ Confer Gimp , adjective ] Neat; spruce. [ Prov.]

Gimbal, Gimbals noun [ See Gimmal , noun ] A contrivance for permitting a body to incline freely in all directions, or for suspending anything, as a barometer, ship's compass, chronometer, etc., so that it will remain plumb, or level, when its support is tipped, as by the rolling of a ship. It consists of a ring in which the body can turn on an axis through a diameter of the ring, while the ring itself is so pivoted to its support that it can turn about a diameter at right angles to the first.

Gimbal joint (Machinery) , a universal joint embodying the principle of the gimbal. -- Gimbal ring , a single gimbal, as that by which the cockeye of the upper millstone is supported on the spindle.

Gimblet noun & v. See Gimlet .

Gimcrack noun [ Middle English , a spruce and pert pretender, also, a spruce girl, probably from gim + crack lad, boaster.] A trivial mechanism; a device; a toy; a pretty thing. Arbuthnot.

Gimlet noun [ Also written and pronounced gimbled ] [ Old French guimbelet , guibelet , French gibelet , probably from OD. wimpel , weme , a bore, wemelen to bore, to wimble. See Wimble , noun ] A small tool for boring holes. It has a leading screw, a grooved body, and a cross handle.

Gimlet eye , a squint-eye. [ Colloq.] Wright.

Gimlet transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Gimleted ; present participle & verbal noun Gimleting .]
1. To pierce or make with a gimlet.

2. (Nautical) To turn round (an anchor) by the stock, with a motion like turning a gimlet.

Gimmal noun [ Prob. the same word as gemel . See Gemel , and confer Gimbal .]
1. Joined work whose parts move within each other; a pair or series of interlocked rings.

2. A quaint piece of machinery; a gimmer. [ Obsolete]

Gimmal adjective Made or consisting of interlocked rings or links; as, gimmal mail.

In their pale dull mouths the gimmal bit
Lies foul with chewed grass.
Shak.

Gimmal joint . See Gimbal joint , under Gimbal .

Gimmer, Gimmor noun [ Confer Gimmal , noun ] A piece of mechanism; mechanical device or contrivance; a gimcrack. [ Obsolete] Bp. Hall. Shak.

Gimp adjective [ W. gwymp fair, neat, comely.] Smart; spruce; trim; nice. [ Obsolete or Prov. Eng.]

Gimp noun [ Old French guimpe , guimple , a nun's wimple, French guimpe , Old High German wimpal a veil German wimpel pennon, pendant. See Wimple , noun ] A narrow ornamental fabric of silk, woolen, or cotton, often with a metallic wire, or sometimes a coarse cord, running through it; -- used as trimming for dresses, furniture, etc.

Gimp nail, an upholsterer's small nail.

Gimp transitive verb To notch; to indent; to jag.

Gin preposition [ Anglo-Saxon ge á noun See Again .] Against; near by; towards; as, gin night. [ Scot.] A. Ross (1778).

Gin conj. [ See Gin , prep .] If. [ Scotch] Jamieson.

Gin intransitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Gan , Gon or Gun ; present participle & verbal noun Ginning .] [ Middle English ginnen , Anglo-Saxon ginnan (in comp.), probably orig., to open, cut open, confer Old High German in ginnan to begin, open, cut open, and probably akin to Anglo-Saxon gīnan to yawn, and English yawn . ... See Yawn , intransitive verb , and confer Begin .] To begin; -- often followed by an infinitive without to ; as, gan tell. See Gan . [ Obsolete or Archaic] "He gan to pray." Chaucer.

Gin noun [ Contr. from Geneva . See 2d Geneva .] A strong alcoholic liquor, distilled from rye and barley, and flavored with juniper berries; -- also called Hollands and Holland gin , because originally, and still very extensively, manufactured in Holland. Common gin is usually flavored with turpentine.

Gin noun [ A contraction of engine .]


1. Contrivance; artifice; a trap; a snare. Chaucer. Spenser.

2. (a) A machine for raising or moving heavy weights, consisting of a tripod formed of poles united at the top, with a windlass, pulleys, ropes, etc. (b) (Mining) A hoisting drum, usually vertical; a whim.

3. A machine for separating the seeds from cotton; a cotton gin.

» The name is also given to an instrument of torture worked with screws, and to a pump moved by rotary sails.

Gin block , a simple form of tackle block, having one wheel, over which a rope runs; -- called also whip gin , rubbish pulley , and monkey wheel . -- Gin power , a form of horse power for driving a cotton gin. -- Gin race , or Gin ring , the path of the horse when putting a gin in motion. Halliwell. -- Gin saw , a saw used in a cotton gin for drawing the fibers through the grid, leaving the seed in the hopper. -- Gin wheel . (a) In a cotton gin, a wheel for drawing the fiber through the grid; a brush wheel to clean away the lint. (b) (Mining) the drum of a whim.

Gin transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Ginned ; present participle & verbal noun Ginning .]
1. To catch in a trap. [ Obsolete] Beau. & Fl.

2. To clear of seeds by a machine; as, to gin cotton.

Ging noun Same as Gang , noun , 2. [ Obsolete]

There is a knot, a ging , a pack, a conspiracy against me.
Shak.

Gingal noun See Jingal .