Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Gesticulation noun [ Latin gesticulatio : confer French gesticulation .]
1. The act of gesticulating, or making gestures to express passion or enforce sentiments.

2. A gesture; a motion of the body or limbs in speaking, or in representing action or passion, and enforcing arguments and sentiments. Macaulay.

3. Antic tricks or motions. B. Jonson.

Gesticulator noun [ Latin ] One who gesticulates.

Gesticulatory adjective Representing by, or belonging to, gestures. T. Warton.

Gestour noun [ See Gest a deed.] A reciter of gests or legendary tales; a story- teller. [ Obsolete]

Minstrels and gestours for to tell tales.
Chaucer.

Gestural adjective Relating to gesture.

Gesture noun [ Late Latin gestura mode of action, from Latin gerere , gestum , to bear, behave, perform, act. See Gest a deed.]
1. Manner of carrying the body; position of the body or limbs; posture. [ Obsolete]

Accubation, or lying down at meals, was a gesture used by many nations.
Sir T. Browne.

2. A motion of the body or limbs expressive of sentiment or passion; any action or posture intended to express an idea or a passion, or to enforce or emphasize an argument, assertion, or opinion.

Humble and reverent gestures .
Hooker.

Grace was in all her steps, heaven in her eye,
In every gesture dignity and love.
Milton.

Gesture transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Gestured ; present participle & verbal noun Gesturing .] To accompany or illustrate with gesture or action; to gesticulate.

It is not orderly read, nor gestured as beseemeth.
Hooker.

Gesture intransitive verb To make gestures; to gesticulate.

The players . . . gestured not undecently withal.
Holland.

Gestureless adjective Free from gestures.

Gesturement noun Act of making gestures; gesturing. [ Obsolete] Bp. Hall.

Get noun Jet, the mineral. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.

Get noun [ Old French get .]
1. Fashion; manner; custom. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.

2. Artifice; contrivance. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.

Get (gĕt) transitive verb [ imperfect Got (gŏt) (Obsolete Gat (găt)); past participle Got (Obsolescent Gotten (gŏt"t'n)); present participle & verbal noun Getting .] [ Middle English geten , Anglo-Saxon gitan , gietan (in comp.); akin to Icelandic geta , Goth. bi gitan to find, Latin pre hendere to seize, take, Greek chanda`nein to hold, contain. Confer Comprehend , Enterprise , Forget , Impregnable , Prehensile .]
1. To procure; to obtain; to gain possession of; to acquire; to earn; to obtain as a price or reward; to come by; to win, by almost any means; as, to get favor by kindness; to get wealth by industry and economy; to get land by purchase, etc.

2. Hence, with have and had , to come into or be in possession of; to have. Johnson.

Thou hast got the face of man.
Herbert.

3. To beget; to procreate; to generate.

I had rather to adopt a child than get it.
Shak.

4. To obtain mental possession of; to learn; to commit to memory; to memorize; as to get a lesson; also with out ; as, to get out one's Greek lesson.

It being harder with him to get one sermon by heart, than to pen twenty.
Bp. Fell.

5. To prevail on; to induce; to persuade.

Get him to say his prayers.
Shak.

6. To procure to be, or to cause to be in any state or condition; -- with a following participle.

Those things I bid you do; get them dispatched.
Shak.

7. To betake; to remove; -- in a reflexive use.

Get thee out from this land.
Gen. xxxi. 13.

He . . . got himself . . . to the strong town of Mega.
Knolles.

» Get , as a transitive verb, is combined with adverbs implying motion, to express the causing to, or the effecting in, the object of the verb, of the kind of motion indicated by the preposition; thus, to get in , to cause to enter, to bring under shelter; as, to get in the hay; to get out , to make come forth, to extract; to get off , to take off, to remove; to get together , to cause to come together, to collect.

To get by heart , to commit to memory. - - To get the better of , To get the best of , to obtain an advantage over; to surpass; to subdue. -- To get up , to cause to be established or to exit; to prepare; to arrange; to construct; to invent; as, to get up a celebration, a machine, a book, an agitation.

Syn. -- To obtain; gain; win; acquire. See Obtain .

Get (gĕt) intransitive verb
1. To make acquisition; to gain; to profit; to receive accessions; to be increased.

We mourn, France smiles; we lose, they daily get .
Shak.

2. To arrive at, or bring one's self into, a state, condition, or position; to come to be; to become; -- with a following adjective or past participle belonging to the subject of the verb; as, to get sober; to get awake; to get beaten; to get elected.

To get rid of fools and scoundrels.
Pope.

His chariot wheels get hot by driving fast.
Coleridge.

» It [ get ] gives to the English language a middle voice, or a power of verbal expression which is neither active nor passive. Thus we say to get acquitted, beaten, confused, dressed. Earle.

» Get , as an intransitive verb, is used with a following preposition, or adverb of motion, to indicate, on the part of the subject of the act, movement or action of the kind signified by the preposition or adverb; or, in the general sense, to move, to stir, to make one's way, to advance, to arrive, etc.; as, to get away , to leave, to escape; to disengage one's self from; to get down , to descend, esp. with effort, as from a literal or figurative elevation; to get along , to make progress; hence, to prosper, succeed, or fare; to get in , to enter; to get out , to extricate one's self, to escape; to get through , to traverse; also, to finish, to be done; to get to , to arrive at, to reach; to get off , to alight, to descend from, to dismount; also, to escape, to come off clear; to get together , to assemble, to convene.

To get ahead , to advance; to prosper. - - To get along , to proceed; to advance; to prosper. -- To get a mile (or other distance), to pass over it in traveling. -- To get among , to go or come into the company of; to become one of a number. -- To get asleep , to fall asleep. -- To get astray , to wander out of the right way. -- To get at , to reach; to make way to. To get away with , to carry off; to capture; hence, to get the better of; to defeat. -- To get back , to arrive at the place from which one departed; to return. -- To get before , to arrive in front, or more forward. -- To get behind , to fall in the rear; to lag. -- To get between , to arrive between. -- To get beyond , to pass or go further than; to exceed; to surpass. "Three score and ten is the age of man, a few get beyond it." Thackeray. -- To get clear , to disengage one's self; to be released, as from confinement, obligation, or burden; also, to be freed from danger or embarrassment. -- To get drunk , to become intoxicated. -- To get forward , to proceed; to advance; also, to prosper; to advance in wealth. -- To get home , to arrive at one's dwelling, goal, or aim. -- To get into . (a) To enter, as, "she prepared to get into the coach." Dickens. (b) To pass into, or reach; as, " a language has got into the inflated state." Keary. -- To get loose or free , to disengage one's self; to be released from confinement. -- To get near , to approach within a small distance. -- To get on , to proceed; to advance; to prosper. -- To get over . (a) To pass over, surmount, or overcome, as an obstacle or difficulty. (b) To recover from, as an injury, a calamity. -- To get through . (a) To pass through something. (b) To finish what one was doing. -- To get up . (a) To rise; to arise, as from a bed, chair, etc. (b) To ascend; to climb, as a hill, a tree, a flight of stairs, etc.

Get noun Offspring; progeny; as, the get of a stallion.

Get-penny noun Something which gets or gains money; a successful affair. [ Colloq.] Chapman.

Get-up noun General composition or structure; manner in which the parts of a thing are combined; make-up; style of dress, etc. [ Colloq.] H. Kingsley.

Geten obsolete past participle of Get . Chaucer.

Geth the original third pers. sing. present of Go . [ Obsolete] Chaucer.

Gettable adjective That may be obtained. [ R.]

Getter noun One who gets, gains, obtains, acquires, begets, or procreates.

Getterup noun One who contrives, makes, or arranges for, anything, as a book, a machine, etc. [ Colloq.]

A diligent getter-up of miscellaneous works.
W. Irving.

Getting noun
1. The act of obtaining or acquiring; acquisition.

With all thy getting , get understanding.
Prov. iv. 7.

2. That which is got or obtained; gain; profit.

Geusdism (gĕd"ĭz'm) noun The Marxian socialism and programme of reform through revolution as advocated by the French political leader Jules Basile Guesde ( pron. gĕd) (1845- ). -- Guesd"ist noun & adjective

Gewgaw noun [ Middle English gigawe , gugawe , gewgaude , probably the same word as Middle English givegove gewgaw, apparently a reduplicated form from Anglo-Saxon gifan to give; confer also French joujou plaything, and English gaud , noun See Give , and confer Giffgaff .] A showy trifle; a toy; a splendid plaything; a pretty but worthless bauble.

A heavy gewgaw called a crown.
Dryden.

Gewgaw adjective Showy; unreal; pretentious.

Seeing his gewgaw castle shine.
Tennyson.

Geyser noun [ Icelandic geysir , from geysa to rush furiously, from gjōsa to gush. Confer Gush .] A boiling spring which throws forth at frequent intervals jets of water, mud, etc., driven up by the expansive power of steam.

» Geysers were first known in Iceland, and later in New Zealand. In the Yellowstone region in the United States they are numerous, and some of them very powerful, throwing jets of boiling water and steam to a height of 200 feet. They are grouped in several areas called geyser basins . The mineral matter, or geyserite , with which geyser water is charged, forms geyser cones about the orifice, often of great size and beauty.

Geyserite noun [ From Geyser .] (Min.) A loose hydrated form of silica, a variety of opal, deposited in concretionary cauliflowerlike masses, around some hot springs and geysers.

Gharry noun [ Hind. gā...i .] Any wheeled cart or carriage. [ India]

Ghast transitive verb [ Middle English gasten . See Ghastly , adjective ] To strike aghast; to affright. [ Obsolete]

Ghasted by the noise I made.
Full suddenly he fled.
Shak.

Ghastful adjective [ See Ghastly , adjective ] Fit to make one aghast; dismal. [ Obsolete] -- Ghast"ful*ly , adverb

Ghastliness noun The state of being ghastly; a deathlike look.

Ghastly adjective [ Compar. Ghastlier ; superl. Ghastliest .] [ Middle English gastlich , gastli , fearful, causing fear, from gasten to terrify, Anglo-Saxon gæstan . Confer Aghast , Gast , Gaze , Ghostly .]
1. Like a ghost in appearance; deathlike; pale; pallid; dismal.

Each turned his face with a ghastly pang.
Coleridge.

His face was so ghastly that it could scarcely be recognized.
Macaulay.

2. Horrible; shocking; dreadful; hideous.

Mangled with ghastly wounds through plate and mail.
Milton.

Ghastly adverb In a ghastly manner; hideously.

Staring full ghastly like a strangled man.
Shak.

Ghastness noun Ghastliness. [ Obsolete] Shak.

Ghat, Ghaut noun [ Hind. ghāt .]


1. A pass through a mountain. [ India] J. D. Hooker.

2. A range of mountains. Balfour (Cyc. of Ind. ).

3. Stairs descending to a river; a landing place; a wharf. [ India] Malcom.

Ghawazi noun plural [ Etymol. uncertain.] Egyptian dancing girls, of a lower sort than the almeh.

Ghazal Ghaz"el noun [ Arabic ghazal .] A kind of Oriental lyric, and usually erotic, poetry, written in recurring rhymes.

Ghazi noun [ Arabic ghāzī .] Among Mohammedans, a warrior champion or veteran, esp. in the destruction of infidels.

Gheber Ghebre noun [ Pers. ghebr : confer French Guèbre . Confer Giaour .] A worshiper of fire; a Zoroastrian; a Parsee.

Ghee (gē) noun [ Hind. ghī clarified butter, Sanskrit ghrta .] Butter clarified by boiling, and thus converted into a kind of oil. [ India] Malcom.

Gherkin (gẽr"kĭn) noun [ Dutch agurkje , a dim. akin to German gurke , Danish agurke ; confer Pol. ogórek , Bohem. okurka , LGr. 'aggoy`rion watermelon, Arabic al-khiyār , Persian khiyār .]


1. (Botany) A kind of small, prickly cucumber, much used for pickles.

2. (Zoology) See Sea gherkin .

Ghess transitive verb & i. See Guess . [ Obsolete]

Ghetto noun [ Italian ] The Jews'quarter in an Italian town or city.

I went to the Ghetto , where the Jews dwell.
Evelyn.

Ghetto noun A quarter of a city where Jews live in greatest numbers.

Ghibelline noun [ Italian Ghibellino ; of German origin.] (It. Hist.) One of a faction in Italy, in the 12th and 13th centuries, which favored the German emperors, and opposed the Guelfs, or adherents of the poses. Brande & C.

Ghole noun See Ghoul .

Ghost noun [ Middle English gast , gost , soul, spirit, Anglo-Saxon gāst breath, spirit, soul; akin to Old Saxon g...st spirit, soul, Dutch geest , German geist , and probably to English gaze , ghastly .]


1. The spirit; the soul of man. [ Obsolete]

Then gives her grieved ghost thus to lament.
Spenser.

2. The disembodied soul; the soul or spirit of a deceased person; a spirit appearing after death; an apparition; a specter.

The mighty ghosts of our great Harrys rose.
Shak.

I thought that I had died in sleep,
And was a blessed ghost .
Coleridge.

3. Any faint shadowy semblance; an unsubstantial image; a phantom; a glimmering; as, not a ghost of a chance; the ghost of an idea.

Each separate dying ember wrought its ghost upon the floor.
Poe.

4. A false image formed in a telescope by reflection from the surfaces of one or more lenses.

Ghost moth (Zoology) , a large European moth (Hepialus humuli) ; so called from the white color of the male, and the peculiar hovering flight; -- called also great swift . -- Holy Ghost , the Holy Spirit; the Paraclete; the Comforter; (Theol.) the third person in the Trinity. -- To give up or yield up the ghost , to die; to expire.

And he gave up the ghost full softly.
Chaucer.

Jacob . . . yielded up the ghost , and was gathered unto his people
. Gen. xlix. 33.

Ghost intransitive verb To die; to expire. [ Obsolete] Sir P. Sidney.

Ghost transitive verb To appear to or haunt in the form of an apparition. [ Obsolete] Shak.