Genethliatic Ge·neth`li·at"ic noun One who calculates nativities. Sir W. Drummond.
Genetic Ge·net"ic (je*nĕt"ĭk) adjective Same as Genetical .
[ See Genesis
.] Pertaining to, concerned with, or determined by, the genesis of anything, or its natural mode of production or development.
This historical, genetical method of viewing prior systems of philosophy. Hare.
Genetically Ge·net"ic·al·ly adverb In a genetical manner.
Geneva Ge·ne"va noun The chief city of Switzerland. Geneva Bible , a translation of the Bible into English, made and published by English refugees in Geneva (Geneva, 1560; London, 1576). It was the first English Bible printed in Roman type instead of the ancient black letter, the first which recognized the division into verses, and the first which omitted the Apocrypha. In form it was a small quarto, and soon superseded the large folio of Cranmer's translation. Called also Genevan Bible . -- Geneva convention (Mil.) , an agreement made by representatives of the great continental powers at Geneva and signed in 1864, establishing new and more humane regulation regarding the treatment of the sick and wounded and the status of those who minister to them in war. Ambulances and military hospitals are made neutral, and this condition affects physicians, chaplains, nurses, and the ambulance corps. Great Britain signed the convention in 1865. -- Geneva cross (Mil.) , a red Greek cross on a white ground; -- the flag and badge adopted in the Geneva convention.
Geneva Ge·ne"va noun [ French genièvre juniper, juniper berry, gin, Old French geneivre juniper, from Latin juniperus the juniper tree: confer Dutch jenever , from French genièvre . See Juniper , and confer Gin a liquor.] A strongly alcoholic liquor, flavored with juniper berries; -- made in Holland; Holland gin; Hollands.
Genevan Ge·ne"van adjective Of or pertaining to Geneva, in Switzerland; Genevese.
Genevan Ge·ne"van noun 1. A native or inhabitant of Geneva. 2. A supported of Genevanism.
Genevanism Ge·ne"van·ism noun [ From Geneva , where Calvin resided.] Strict Calvinism. Bp. Montagu.
Genevese Gen`e·vese" adjective [ Confer Latin Genevensis , French génevois .] Of or pertaining to Geneva, in Switzerland; Genevan. -- noun sing. & plural A native or inhabitant of Geneva; collectively, the inhabitants of Geneva; people of Geneva.
Genial Ge·ni"al adjective (Anat.) Same as Genian .
Genial Gen"ial adjective
[ Latin genialis
: confer Old French genial
. See Genius
.] 1. Contributing to, or concerned in, propagation or production; generative; procreative; productive.
Creator Venus, genial power of love. Dryden. 2. Contributing to, and sympathizing with, the enjoyment of life; sympathetically cheerful and cheering; jovial and inspiring joy or happiness; exciting pleasure and sympathy; enlivening; kindly; as, she was of a cheerful and genial disposition.
So much I feel my genial spirits droop. Milton. 3. Belonging to one's genius or natural character; native; natural; inborn.
Natural incapacity and genial indisposition. Sir T. Browne. 4. Denoting or marked with genius; belonging to the higher nature.
Men of genius have often attached the highest value to their less genial works. Hare. Genial gods (Pagan Mythol.)
, the powers supposed to preside over marriage and generation.
Geniality Ge`ni·al"i·ty noun [ Latin genialitas .] The quality of being genial; sympathetic cheerfulness; warmth of disposition and manners.
Genially Gen"ial·ly adverb 1. By genius or nature; naturally.
Some men are genially disposed to some opinions. Glanvill. 2. Gayly; cheerfully. Johnson.
Genialness Gen"ial·ness noun The quality of being genial.
Genian Ge·ni"an adjective [ Greek ... chin; akin to ... under jaw. Confer Chin .] (Anat.) Of or pertaining to the chin; mental; as, the genian prominence.
Geniculate Ge·nic"u·late adjective [ Latin geniculatus , from geniculum little knee, knot or joint, dim. of genu knee. See Knee .] Bent abruptly at an angle, like the knee when bent; as, a geniculate stem; a geniculate ganglion; a geniculate twin crystal.
Geniculate Ge·nic"u·late transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Geniculated ; present participle & verbal noun Geniculating .] To form joints or knots on. [ R.] Cockeram.
Geniculated Ge·nic"u·la`ted adjective Same as Geniculate .
Geniculation Ge·nic`u·la"tion noun [ Latin geniculatio a kneeling.] 1. The act of kneeling. [ R.] Bp. Hall. 2. The state of being bent abruptly at an angle.
Génie Gé`nie noun [ French] See Genius .
Genio Ge"ni·o noun [ Italian See Genius .] A man of a particular turn of mind. [ R.] Tatler.
Geniohyoid Ge`ni·o·hy"oid adjective [ Greek ... the chin + English hyoid .] (Anat.) Of or pertaining to the chin and hyoid bone; as, the geniohyoid muscle.
Genip Gen"ip noun , or Genip tree 1. Any tree or shrub of the genus Genipa . 2. The West Indian sapindaceous tree Melicocca bijuga , which yields the honeyberry; also, the related trees Exothea paniculata and E. trifoliata .
Genipap Gen"i·pap noun (Botany) The edible fruit of a West Indian tree ( Genipa Americana ) of the order Rubiaceæ . It is oval in shape, as a large as a small orange, of a pale greenish color, and with dark purple juice.
Genista Ge·nis"ta noun [ Latin , broom.] (Botany) A genus of plants including the common broom of Western Europe.
Genital Gen"i·tal adjective [ Latin genitalis , from genere , gignere , to beget: confer French génital . See Gender .] Pertaining to generation, or to the generative organs. Genital cord (Anat.) , a cord developed in the fetus by the union of portions of the Wolffian and Müllerian ducts and giving rise to parts of the urogenital passages in both sexes.
Genitals Gen"i·tals noun plural [ From Genital , adjective : confer Latin genitalia .] The organs of generation; the sexual organs; the private parts.
Geniting Gen"i·ting noun [ See Jenneting .] A species of apple that ripens very early. Bacon.
Genitival Gen`i·ti"val adjective Possessing genitive from; pertaining to, or derived from, the genitive case; as, a genitival adverb. -- Gen`i*ti"val*ly , adverb
Genitive Gen"i·tive adjective [ Latin genitivus , from gignere , genitum , to beget: confer French génitif . See Gender .] (Gram.) Of or pertaining to that case (as the second case of Latin and Greek nouns) which expresses source or possession. It corresponds to the possessive case in English.
Genitive Gen"i·tive noun (Gram.) The genitive case. Genitive absolute , a construction in Greek similar to the ablative absolute in Latin. See Ablative absolute .
Genitocrural Gen`i·to·cru"ral adjective [ Genit al + crural .] (Anat.) Pertaining to the genital organs and the thigh; -- applied especially to one of the lumbar nerves.
Genitor Gen"i·tor noun [ Latin ] 1. One who begets; a generator; an originator. Sheldon. 2. plural The genitals. [ Obsolete] Holland.
Genitourinary Gen`i·to·u"ri·na·ry adjective [ Genit al + urinary .] (Anat.) See Urogenital .
Geniture Gen"i·ture noun [ Latin genitura : confer French géniture .] Generation; procreation; birth. Dryden.
Genius Gen"ius noun
; in sense 1
, Latin Genii
. [ Latin genius
, prop., the superior or divine nature which is innate in everything, the spirit, the tutelar deity or genius of a person or place, taste, talent, genius, from genere
, to beget, bring forth. See Gender
, and confer Engine
.] 1. A good or evil spirit, or demon, supposed by the ancients to preside over a man's destiny in life; a tutelary deity; a supernatural being; a spirit, good or bad. Confer Jinnee .
The unseen genius of the wood. Milton.
We talk of genius still, but with thought how changed! The genius of Augustus was a tutelary demon, to be sworn by and to receive offerings on an altar as a deity. Tylor. 2. The peculiar structure of mind with which each individual is endowed by nature; that disposition or aptitude of mind which is peculiar to each man, and which qualifies him for certain kinds of action or special success in any pursuit; special taste, inclination, or disposition; as, a genius for history, for poetry, or painting. 3. Peculiar character; animating spirit, as of a nation, a religion, a language. 4. Distinguished mental superiority; uncommon intellectual power; especially, superior power of invention or origination of any kind, or of forming new combinations; as, a man of genius .
Genius of the highest kind implies an unusual intensity of the modifying power. Coleridge. 5. A man endowed with uncommon vigor of mind; a man of superior intellectual faculties; as, Shakespeare was a rare genius . Syn.
implies high and peculiar gifts of nature, impelling the mind to certain favorite kinds of mental effort, and producing new combinations of ideas, imagery, etc. Talent
supposes general strength of intellect, with a peculiar aptitude for being molded and directed to specific employments and valuable ends and purposes. Genius
is connected more or less with the exercise of imagination, and reaches its ends by a kind of intuitive power. Talent
depends more on high mental training, and a perfect command of all the faculties, memory, judgment, sagacity, etc. Hence we speak of a genius
for poetry, painting. etc., and a talent
for business or diplomacy. Among English orators, Lord Chatham was distinguished for his genius
; William Pitt for his preëminent talents
, and especially his unrivaled talent
Genoa cake Gen"o·a cake (Cookery) A rich glazed cake, with almonds, pistachios, filberts, or other nuts; also, a rich currant cake with almonds on the top.
Genoese Gen`o·ese" adjective Of or pertaining to Genoa, a city of Italy. -- noun sing. & plural A native or inhabitant of Genoa; collectively, the people of Genoa.
Genouillère Ge·nouil`lère" noun [ French] 1. (Anc. Armor) A metal plate covering the knee. 2. (Fort.) That part of a parapet which lies between the gun platform and the bottom of an embrasure.
Genre Genre (zhäN"r') noun [ French See Gender .] (Fine Arts) A style of painting, sculpture, or other imitative art, which illustrates everyday life and manners.
Genre Gen"re noun Kind; genus; class; form; style, esp. in literature.
French drama was lisping or still inarticulate; the great French genre of the fabliau was hardly born. Saintsbury.
A particular demand . . . that we shall pay special attention to the matter of genres -- that is, to the different forms or categories of literature. W. P. Trent.
; plural Gentes
(jĕn"tēz). [ Latin See Gentle
] (Rom. Hist.) 1. A clan or family connection, embracing several families of the same stock, who had a common name and certain common religious rites; a subdivision of the Roman curia or tribe. 2. (Ethnol.) A minor subdivision of a tribe, among American aborigines. It includes those who have a common descent, and bear the same totem.
Gent Gent adjective
[ Old French gent
, from Latin genitus
born, or (less probably ) from gentilis
. See Genteel
.] 1. Gentle; noble; of gentle birth.
All of a knight [ who] was fair and gent . Chaucer. 2. Neat; pretty; fine; elegant.
[ Obsolete] Spenser.
Her body gent and small. Chaucer.
Genteel Gen·teel" adjective [ French gentil noble, pretty, graceful. See Gentle .] 1. Possessing or exhibiting the qualities popularly regarded as belonging to high birth and breeding; free from vulgarity, or lowness of taste or behavior; adapted to a refined or cultivated taste; polite; well-bred; as, genteel company, manners, address. 2. Graceful in mien or form; elegant in appearance, dress, or manner; as, the lady has a genteel person. Law . 3. Suited to the position of lady or a gentleman; as, to live in a genteel allowance. Syn. -- Polite; well-bred; refined; polished.
Genteelish Gen·teel"ish adjective Somewhat genteel.
Genteelly Gen·teel"ly adverb In a genteel manner.
Genteelness Gen·teel"ness noun The quality of being genteel.
Genterie, Gentrie Gen"ter·ie, Gen"trie noun [ Middle English See Gentry .] Nobility of birth or of character; gentility. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Gentian Gen"tian (jĕn"sh a n or - shĭ* a n) noun [ Middle English genciane , French gentiane , Latin gentiana , from Gentius , an Illyrian king, said to have discovered its properties.] (Botany) Any one of a genus ( Gentiana ) of herbaceous plants with opposite leaves and a tubular four- or five-lobed corolla, usually blue, but sometimes white, yellow, or red. See Illust. of Capsule . » Many species are found on the highest mountains of Europe, Asia, and America, and some are prized for their beauty, as the Alpine ( Gentiana verna , Bavarica , and excisa ), and the American fringed gentians ( G. crinita and G. detonsa ). Several are used as tonics, especially the bitter roots of Gentiana lutea , the officinal gentian of the pharmacopœias. Horse gentian , fever root. -- Yellow gentian (Botany) , the officinal gentian ( Gentiana lutea ). See Bitterwort .
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