Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Gem noun [ Middle English gemme precious stone, French gemme , from Latin gemma a precious stone, bud.]
1. (Botany) A bud.

From the joints of thy prolific stem
A swelling knot is raised called a gem .
Denham.

2. A precious stone of any kind, as the ruby, emerald, topaz, sapphire, beryl, spinel, etc., especially when cut and polished for ornament; a jewel. Milton.

3. Anything of small size, or expressed within brief limits, which is regarded as a gem on account of its beauty or value, as a small picture, a verse of poetry, a witty or wise saying.

Artificial gem , an imitation of a gem, made of glass colored with metallic oxide. Confer Paste , and Strass .

Gem transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Gemmed ; present participle & verbal noun Gemming ]
1. To put forth in the form of buds. " Gemmed their blossoms." [ R.] Milton.

2. To adorn with gems or precious stones.

3. To embellish or adorn, as with gems; as, a foliage gemmed with dewdrops.

England is . . . gemmed with castles and palaces.
W. Irving.

Gemara noun [ Hebrew ] (Jewish Law) The second part of the Talmud, or the commentary on the Mishna (which forms the first part or text).

Gemaric adjective Pertaining to the Gemara.

Gemarist noun One versed in the Gemara, or adhering to its teachings.

Gemel adjective [ Old French gemel twin, French jumeau , Latin gemellus twin, doubled, dim. of geminus . See Gemini , and confer Gimmal .] (Her.) Coupled; paired.

Bars gemel (Her.) , two barrulets placed near and parallel to each other.

Gemel noun
1. One of the twins. [ Obsolete] Wyclif.

2. (Heb.) One of the barrulets placed parallel and closed to each other. Confer Bars gemel , under Gemel , adjective

Two gemels silver between two griffins passant.
Strype.

Gemel hinge (Locksmithing) , a hinge consisting of an eye or loop and a hook. -- Gemel ring , a ring with two or more links; a gimbal. See Gimbal . -- Gemel window , a window with two bays.

Gemellipa-rous adjective [ Latin gemellipara , fem., gemellus twin + parere to bear, produce.] Producing twins. [ R.] Bailey.

Geminal adjective [ Latin geminus twin.] A pair. [ Obsolete] Drayton.

Geminate adjective [ Latin geminatus , past participle of genimare to double. See Gemini .] (Botany) In pairs or twains; two together; binate; twin; as, geminate flowers. Gray.

Geminate transitive verb To double. [ R.] B. Jonson.

Gemination noun [ Latin geminatio .] A doubling; duplication; repetition. [ R.] Boyle.

Gemini noun plural [ Latin , twins, plural of geminus ; confer Sanskrit j...mi related as brother or sister.] (Astron.) A constellation of the zodiac, containing the two bright stars Castor and Pollux ; also, the third sign of the zodiac, which the sun enters about May 20th.

Geminiflorous adjective [ Latin geminus twin + flos , floris , flower.] (Botany) Having the flowers arranged in pairs.

Geminous adjective [ Latin geminus .] Double; in pairs. Sir T. Browne.

Geminy noun [ See Gemini .] Twins; a pair; a couple. [ Obsolete] Shak.

Gemitores noun plural [ New Latin , from Latin gemere , gemitum , to sign, moan.] (Zoology) A division of birds including the true pigeons.

Gemma noun ; plural Gemmæ . [ Latin , a bud.]
1. (Botany) A leaf bud, as distinguished from a flower bud.

2. (Biol.) A bud spore; one of the small spores or buds in the reproduction of certain Protozoa, which separate one at a time from the parent cell.

Gemmaceous adjective Of or pertaining to gems or to gemmæ; of the nature of, or resembling, gems or gemmæ.

Gemmary adjective [ Latin gemmarius . See Gem .] Of or pertaining to gems.

Gemmary noun A receptacle for jewels or gems; a jewel house; jewels or gems, collectively.

Gemmate adjective [ Latin gemmatus , past participle of gemmare to put forth buds, from gemma bud.] (Botany) Having buds; reproducing by buds.

Gemmated adjective Having buds; adorned with gems or jewels.

Gemmation noun [ Confer French gemmation .]


1. (Biol.) The formation of a new individual, either animal or vegetable, by a process of budding; an asexual method of reproduction; gemmulation; gemmiparity. See Budding .

2. (Botany) The arrangement of buds on the stalk; also, of leaves in the bud.

Gemmeous adjective [ Latin gemmeus . See Gem .] Pertaining to gems; of the nature of gems; resembling gems. Pennant.

Gemmiferous adjective [ Latin gemma bud + -ferous : confer French gemmifère .] Producing gems or buds ; (Biol.) multiplying by buds.

Gemmification noun [ Latin gemma bud + -ficare (in comp.) to make. See - fy .] (Biol.) The production of a bud or gem.

Gemmiflorate adjective [ Latin gemma bud + flos , floris , flower.] (Botany) Having flowers like buds.

Gemminess noun The state or quality of being gemmy; spruceness; smartness.

Gemmipara Gem*mip"a*res noun plural [ New Latin , from Latin gemma bud + parere to produce.] (Zoology) Animals which increase by budding, as hydroids.

Gemmiparity noun (Biol.) Reproduction by budding; gemmation. See Budding .

Gemmiparous adjective [ Confer French gemmipare .] (Biol.) Producing buds; reproducing by buds. See Gemmation , 1.

Gemmosity noun [ Latin gemmosus set with jewels. See Gem .] The quality or characteristics of a gem or jewel. [ Obsolete] Bailey.

Gemmulation noun [ From Latin gemmula , dim. of gemma bud.] (Biol.) See Gemmation .

Gemmule noun [ Latin gemmula , dim. of gemma : confer French gemmule . See Gem .]
1. (Botany) (a) A little leaf bud, as the plumule between the cotyledons. (b) One of the buds of mosses. (c) One of the reproductive spores of algæ. (d) An ovule.

2. (Biol.) (a) A bud produced in generation by gemmation. (b) One of the imaginary granules or atoms which, according to Darwin's hypothesis of pangenesis, are continually being thrown off from every cell or unit, and circulate freely throughout the system, and when supplied with proper nutriment multiply by self-division and ultimately develop into cells like those from which they were derived. They are supposed to be transmitted from the parent to the offspring, but are often transmitted in a dormant state during many generations and are then developed. See Pangenesis .

Gemmuliferous adjective [ Gemmule + -ferous .] Bearing or producing gemmules or buds.

Gemmy adjective [ From Gem , noun ]


1. Full of gems; bright; glittering like a gem.

The gemmy bridle glittered free.
Tennyson.

2. Spruce; smart. [ Colloq. Eng.]

Gemote noun [ As. gem...t an assembly. See Meet , transitive verb ] (AS. Hist.) A meeting; -- used in combination, as, Witena gemote , an assembly of the wise men.

Gems noun [ G.] (Zoology) The chamois.

Gems-horn noun [ G., prop., chamois horn.] (Mus.) An organ stop with conical tin pipes.

Gemsbok noun [ D.; akin to German gemsbock the male or buck of the chamois; gemse chamois, goat of the Alps + bock buck.] (Zoology) A South African antelope ( Oryx Capensis ), having long, sharp, nearly straight horns.

Gemul noun (Zoology) A small South American deer ( Furcifer Chilensis ), with simple forked horns. [ Written also guemul .]

Gena [ Latin , the cheek.] (Zoology) (a) The cheek; the feathered side of the under mandible of a bird. (b) The part of the head to which the jaws of an insect are attached.

Genappe noun [ From Genappe , in Belgium.] A worsted yarn or cord of peculiar smoothness, used in the manufacture of braid, fringe, etc. Simmonds.

Gendarme noun ; plural Gendarmes , or Gens d'armes . [ French]
1. (Mil.) One of a body of heavy cavalry. [ Obsolete] [ France]

2. An armed policeman in France. Thackeray.

Gendarmery noun [ French gendarmerie .] The body of gendarmes.

Gender (jĕn"dẽr) noun [ Old French genre , gendre (with excrescent d .), French genre , from Latin genus , generis , birth, descent, race, kind, gender, from the root of genere , gignere , to beget, in pass., to be born, akin to English kin . See Kin , and confer Generate , Genre , Gentle , Genus .]


1. Kind; sort. [ Obsolete] "One gender of herbs." Shak.

2. Sex, male or female. [ Obsolete or Colloq.]

3. (Gram.) A classification of nouns, primarily according to sex; and secondarily according to some fancied or imputed quality associated with sex.

Gender is a grammatical distinction and applies to words only. Sex is natural distinction and applies to living objects.
R. Morris.

» Adjectives and pronouns are said to vary in gender when the form is varied according to the gender of the words to which they refer.

Gender transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Gendered ; present participle & verbal noun Gendering .] [ Old French gendrer , from Latin generare . See Gender , noun ] To beget; to engender.

Gender intransitive verb To copulate; to breed. [ R.] Shak.

Genderless adjective Having no gender.