Webster's Dictionary, 1913
, plural of Goose .
[ Confer LG. geest
land, sandy, dry and, OFries. gēst
lond, from Fries. gāst
barren. Confer Geason
.] Alluvial matter on the surface of land, not of recent origin. R. Jameson.
[ See Jet
[ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Geez noun The original native name for the ancient Ethiopic language or people. See Ethiopic .
[ Dial. corrupt. of Guiser
a mummer.] A queer old fellow; an old chap; an old woman.
[ Contemptuous, Slang or Dial.]
[ Latin Gehenna
, Greek Ge`enna
, Hebrew Gē Hinnōm
.] (Jewish Hist.) The valley of Hinnom, near Jerusalem, where some of the Israelites sacrificed their children to Moloch, which, on this account, was afterward regarded as a place of abomination, and made a receptacle for all the refuse of the city, perpetual fires being kept up in order to prevent pestilential effluvia. In the New Testament the name is transferred, by an easy metaphor, to Hell .
The pleasant valley of Hinnom. Tophet thence Milton.
And black Gehenna called, the type of Hell.
[ Greek ... earth.] (Chemistry) Pertaining to, or derived from, earthy or vegetable mold. Geic acid
. (Chemistry) See Humin .
[ Greek ... earth.] (Chemistry) See Humin .
; plural Geisha
(- shȧz). [ Jap.] A Japanese singing and dancing girl.
Geissler tube (Electricity) A glass tube provided with platinum electrodes, and containing some gas under very low tension, which becomes luminous when an electrical discharge is passed through it; -- so called from the name of a noted maker in germany. It is called also Plücker tube , from the German physicist who devised it.
Geitonogamy noun [ Greek ... neighbor + ... marriage.] (Botany) Fertilization of flowers by pollen from other flowers on the same plant.
[ Latin gelare
to congeal: confer French gelable
. See Geal
.] Capable of being congealed; capable of being converted into jelly.
Gelada noun (Zoology) A baboon ( Gelada Ruppelli ) of Abyssinia, remarkable for the length of the hair on the neck and shoulders of the adult male.
Gelastic adjective [ Greek ... inclined to laugh, from ... to laugh.] Pertaining to laughter; used in laughing. " Gelastic muscles." Sir T. Browne.
+ Latin -ficare
. (in comp.) to make. See - fy
.] (Physiol. Chem.) The formation of gelatin.
Gelatigenous noun [ Gelatin + -genous .] (Physiol. Chem.) Producing, or yielding, gelatin; gelatiniferous; as, the gelatigeneous tissues.
Gelatin, Gelatine noun
[ French gélatine
, from Latin gelare
to congeal. See Geal
.] (Chemistry) Animal jelly; glutinous material obtained from animal tissues by prolonged boiling. Specifically (Physiol. Chem.) , a nitrogeneous colloid, not existing as such in the animal body, but formed by the hydrating action of boiling water on the collagen of various kinds of connective tissue (as tendons, bones, ligaments, etc.). Its distinguishing character is that of dissolving in hot water, and forming a jelly on cooling. It is an important ingredient of calf's- foot jelly, isinglass, glue, etc. It is used as food, but its nutritious qualities are of a low order.
» Both spellings, gela tin
and gela tine
, are in good use, but the tendency of writers on physiological chemistry favors the form in - in
, as in the United States Dispensatory, the United States Pharmacopœia, Fownes' Watts' Chemistry, Brande & Cox's Dictionary. Blasting gelatin
, an explosive, containing about ninety-five parts of nitroglycerin and five of collodion.
-- Gelatin process
, a name applied to a number of processes in the arts, involving the use of gelatin.
Especially: (a) (Photog.) A dry-plate process in which gelatin is used as a substitute for collodion as the sensitized material. This is the dry-plate process in general use, and plates of extreme sensitiveness are produced by it. (b) (Print.) A method of producing photographic copies of drawings, engravings, printed pages, etc., and also of photographic pictures, which can be printed from in a press with ink, or (in some applications of the process) which can be used as the molds of stereotype or electrotype plates. (c) (Print. or Copying) A method of producing facsimile copies of an original, written or drawn in aniline ink upon paper, thence transferred to a cake of gelatin softened with glycerin, from which impressions are taken upon ordinary paper.
-- Vegetable gelatin
. See Gliadin .
Gelatinate transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Gelatinated
; present participle & verbal noun Gelatinating
.] To convert into gelatin, or into a substance resembling jelly.
Gelatinate intransitive verb To be converted into gelatin, or into a substance like jelly.
Lapis lazuli, if calcined, does not effervesce, but gelatinates with the mineral acids. Kirwan.
Gelatination noun The act of process of converting into gelatin, or a substance like jelly.
Gelatiniferous adjective [ Gelatin + -ferous .] (Physiol. Chem.) Yielding gelatin on boiling with water; capable of gelatination.
Gelatiniform adjective Having the form of gelatin.
Gelatinize transitive verb 1. To convert into gelatin or jelly. Same as Gelatinate , transitive verb 2. (Photog.) To coat, or otherwise treat, with gelatin.
Gelatinize intransitive verb Same as Gelatinate , intransitive verb
Gelatinous adjective [ Confer French gélatineux .] Of the nature and consistence of gelatin or the jelly; resembling jelly; viscous.
Gelation noun [ Latin gelatio a freezing, from gelare to freeze.] (Astron.) The process of becoming solid by cooling; a cooling and solidifying.
[ Anglo-Saxon gild
, tribute, payment, from gieldan
to pay, render. See Yield
.] Money; tribute; compensation; ransom.
[ Obsolete] » This word occurs in old law books in composition, as in dane geld
, or dane gelt
, a tax imposed by the Danes; were geld
, compensation for the life of a man, etc.
Geld transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Gelded
or Gelt ; present participle & verbal noun Gelding
.] [ Icelandic gelda
to castrate; akin to Danish gilde
, Swedish gälla
, and confer Anglo-Saxon gilte
a young sow, Old High German galt
dry, not giving milk, German gelt
, Goth. gilpa
siclke.] 1. To castrate; to emasculate. 2. To deprive of anything essential.
Bereft and gelded of his patrimony. Shak. 3. To deprive of anything exceptionable; as, to geld a book, or a story; to expurgate.
[ Obsolete] Dryden.
Geldable adjective Capable of being gelded.
[ From Geld
money.] Liable to taxation.
[ Obsolete] Burrill.
Gelder noun One who gelds or castrates.
[ Icelandic gelding
a gelding, akin to geldingr
wether, eunuch, Swedish gälling
gelding, Danish gilding
eunuch. See Geld
, transitive verb
] A castrated animal; -- usually applied to a horse, but formerly used also of the human male.
They went down both into the water, Philip and the gelding , and Philip baptized him. Wyclif (Acts viii. 38).
Gelding present participle, adjective , & verbal noun from Geld , transitive verb
[ Latin gelidus
, from gelu
frost, cold. See Cold
, and confer Congeal
.] Cold; very cold; frozen.
Gelidity noun The state of being gelid.
Gelidly adverb In a gelid manner; coldly.
Gelidness noun The state of being gelid; gelidity.
Gelly (jĕl"lȳ) noun Jelly. [ Obsolete] Spenser.
Geloscopy noun [ Greek ... to laugh + -scopy .] Divination by means of laughter.
[ See Gelatin
.] (Chemistry) An amorphous, gummy carbohydrate, found in Gelidium , agar-agar, and other seaweeds.
Gelsemic adjective Gelseminic.
Gelsemine noun (Chemistry) An alkaloid obtained from the yellow jasmine ( Gelsemium sempervirens ), as a bitter white semicrystalline substance; -- called also gelsemia .
Gelseminic noun (Chemistry) Pertaining to, or derived from, the yellow jasmine ( Gelsemium sempervirens ); as, gelseminic acid, a white crystalline substance resembling esculin.
Gelsemium noun [ New Latin , from Italian gelsomino jasmine.]
1. (Botany) A genus of climbing plants. The yellow (false) jasmine ( Gelsemium sempervirens ) is a native of the Southern United States. It has showy and deliciously fragrant flowers. 2. (Medicine) The root of the yellow jasmine, used in malarial fevers, etc.
[ See 1st Geld
.] Trubute, tax.
All these the king granted unto them . . . free from all gelts and payments, in a most full and ample manner. Fuller.
[ See Gelt
, transitive verb
] A gelding.
[ Obsolete] Mortimer.
Gelt noun Gilding; tinsel. [ Obsolete] Spenser.