Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Geordie noun A name given by miners to George Stephenson's safety lamp. Raymond.

George (jôrj) noun [ French George , or Georges , a proper name, from Greek gewrgo`s husbandman, laborer; ge`a , gh^ , the earth + 'e`rgein to work; akin to English work . See Work .]


1. A figure of St. George (the patron saint of England) on horseback, appended to the collar of the Order of the Garter. See Garter .

2. A kind of brown loaf. [ Obsolete] Dryden.

George noble [ So called from the image of St. George on it.] A gold noble of the time of Henry VIII. See Noble , noun

Georgian adjective
1. Of or pertaining to Georgia, in Asia, or to Georgia, one of the United States.

2. Of or relating to the reigns of the four Georges, kings of Great Britan; as, the Georgian era.

Georgian noun A native of, or dweller in, Georgia.

Georgian adjective Of or pertaining to Georgia, one of the United States.

Georgian architecture British or British colonial architecture of the period of the four Georges, especially that of the period before 1800.

Georgic (-jĭk) noun [ Latin georgicum (sc. carmen ), and georgica , plural, Greek bi`blion gewrgiko`n , and ta~ gewrgika` : confer French géorgiques , plural See Georgic , adjective ] A rural poem; a poetical composition on husbandry, containing rules for cultivating lands, etc.; as, the Georgics of Virgil.

Georgic (jôr"jĭk), Geor"gic*al (-jĭ*k a l) adjective [ Latin georgicus , Greek gewrgiko`s , from gewrgi`a tillage, agriculture: confer French géorgique . See George .] Relating to agriculture and rural affairs.

Georgium Sidus [ New Latin , the star of George (III. of England).] (Astron.) The planet Uranus, so named by its discoverer, Sir W. Herschel.

Geoscopy noun [ Greek ge`a , gh^ , the earth + -scopy : confer French géoscopie .] Knowledge of the earth, ground, or soil, obtained by inspection. Chambers.

Geoselenic adjective [ Greek ge`a , gh^ , the earth + ... moon.] Pertaining to the earth and moon; belonging to the joint action or mutual relations of the earth and moon; as, geoselenic phenomena.

Geostatic adjective [ Greek ge`a , gh^ , earth + English static .] (Civil Engin.) Relating to the pressure exerted by earth or similar substance.

Geostatic arch , an arch having a form adapted to sustain pressure similar to that exerted by earth. Rankine.

Geosynclinal noun [ Greek ge`a , gh^ , the earth + English synclinal .] (Geol.) the downward bend or subsidence of the earth's crust, which allows of the gradual accumulation of sediment, and hence forms the first step in the making of a mountain range; -- opposed to geanticlinal .

Geothermometer noun [ Greek ge`a , gh^ , the earth + English thermometer .] (Physics) A thermometer specially constructed for measuring temperetures at a depth below the surface of the ground.

Geotic adjective [ Greek ge`a , gh^ , the earth.] Belonging to earth; terrestrial. [ Obsolete] Bailey.

Geotropic adjective [ See Geotropism .] (Biol.) Relating to, or showing, geotropism.

Geotropism noun [ Greek ge`a , gh^ , the earth + ... to turn.] (Biol.) A disposition to turn or incline towards the earth; the influence of gravity in determining the direction of growth of an organ.

» In plants, organs which grow towards the center of the earth are said to be positively geotropic , and those growing in the opposite direction negatively geotropic . In animals, geotropism is supposed by some to have an influence either direct or indirect on the plane of division of the ovum.

Gephyrea noun plural [ New Latin , from Greek ... a dam, a bridge.] (Zoology) An order of marine Annelida, in which the body is imperfectly, or not at all, annulated externally, and is mostly without setæ.

Gephyrean adjective (Zoology) Belonging to the Gephyrea. -- noun One of the Gerphyrea.

Gephyreoid adjective & noun [ Gephyrea + -oid .] Gephyrean.

Gepound noun See Gipoun . [ Obsolete] Chaucer.

Gerah noun [ Hebrew g...rah , lit., a bean.] (Jewish Antiq.) A small coin and weight; 1-20th of a shekel.

» The silver gerah is supposed to have been worth about three cents; the gold about fifty-four cents; the weight equivalent to about thirteen grains.

Geraniaceous adjective (Botany) Of or pertaining to a natural order of pants ( Geraniaceæ ) which includes the genera Geranium, Pelargonium, and many others.

Geraniine, Geranine noun [ See Geranium .]


1. (Medicine) A valuable astringent obtained from the root of the Geranium maculatum or crane's- bill.

2. (Chemistry) A liquid terpene, obtained from the crane's-bill ( Geranium maculatum ), and having a peculiar mulberry odor. [ Written also geraniin .]

Geranium (je*rā"nĭ*ŭm) noun [ Latin , from Greek gera`nion , from ge`ranos crane: confer French géranium . See Crane , noun ]


1. (Botany) A genus of plants having a beaklike torus or receptacle, around which the seed capsules are arranged, and membranous projections, or stipules, at the joints. Most of the species have showy flowers and a pungent odor. Called sometimes crane's-bill .

2. (Floriculture) A cultivated pelargonium.

» Many plants referred to the genus Geranium by the earlier botanists are now separated from it under the name of Pelargonium , which includes all the commonly cultivated "geraniums", mostly natives of South Africa.

Gerant noun [ French gérant .] The manager or acting partner of a company, joint-stock association, etc.

Gerbe noun [ French, prop. a sheaf.] (Pyrotechny) A kind of ornamental firework. Farrow.

Gerbil (jẽr"bĭl), Ger`bille" (zhar`bel") noun [ French gerbille . Confer Jerboa .] (Zoology) One of several species of small, jumping, murine rodents, of the genus Gerbillus . In their leaping powers they resemble the jerboa. They inhabit Africa, India, and Southern Europe.

Gerboa noun (Zoology) The jerboa.

Gere noun Gear. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.

Gerent adjective [ Latin gerens , present participle of gerere to bear, manage.] Bearing; carrying. [ Obsolete] Bailey.

Gerfalcon noun (Zoology) See Gyrfalcon .

Gerful adjective [ Confer Old French girer to twirl, English gyrate .] Changeable; capricious. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.

Gerland, Gerlond noun A garland. [ Obsolete]

Gerlind noun (Zoology) A salmon returning from the sea the second time. [ Prov. Eng.]

Germ noun [ French germe , from Latin germen , germinis , sprout, but, germ. Confer Germen , Germane .]
1. (Biol.) That which is to develop a new individual; as, the germ of a fetus, of a plant or flower, and the like; the earliest form under which an organism appears.

In the entire process in which a new being originates . . . two distinct classes of action participate; namely, the act of generation by which the germ is produced; and the act of development, by which that germ is evolved into the complete organism.
Carpenter.

2. That from which anything springs; origin; first principle; as, the germ of civil liberty.

Disease germ (Biol.) , a name applied to certain tiny bacterial organisms or their spores, such as Anthrax bacillus and the Micrococcus of fowl cholera, which have been demonstrated to be the cause of certain diseases. See Germ theory (below). -- Germ cell (Biol.) , the germ, egg, spore, or cell from which the plant or animal arises. At one time a part of the body of the parent, it finally becomes detached,and by a process of multiplication and growth gives rise to a mass of cells, which ultimately form a new individual like the parent. See Ovum . -- Germ gland . (Anat.) See Gonad . -- Germ stock (Zoology) , a special process on which buds are developed in certain animals. See Doliolum . -- Germ theory (Biol.) , the theory that living organisms can be produced only by the evolution or development of living germs or seeds. See Biogenesis , and Abiogenesis . As applied to the origin of disease, the theory claims that the zymotic diseases are due to the rapid development and multiplication of various bacteria, the germs or spores of which are either contained in the organism itself, or transferred through the air or water. See Fermentation theory .

Germ intransitive verb To germinate. [ R.] J. Morley.

Germ noun (Biol.) The germ cells, collectively, as distinguished from the somatic cells, or soma . Germ is often used in place of germinal to form phrases; as, germ area, germ disc, germ membrane, germ nucleus, germ sac, etc.

Germ cell (Biol.) A cell, of either sex, directly concerned in the production of a new organism.

Germ plasm (Biol.) See Plasmogen , and Idioplasm .

Germ theory
1. (Biol.) The theory that living organisms can be produced only by the development of living germs. Confer Biogenesis , Abiogenesis .

2. (Medicine) The theory which attributes contagious and infectious diseases, suppurative lesions, etc., to the agency of germs. The science of bacteriology was developed after this theory had been established.

Germain adjective [ Obsolete] See Germane .

German adjective [ Middle English german , germain , French germain , from Latin germanus full, own (said of brothers and sisters who have the same parents); akin to germen germ. Confer Germ , Germane .] Nearly related; closely akin.

Wert thou a leopard, thou wert german to the lion.
Shak.

Brother german . See Brother german . -- Cousins german . See the Note under Cousin .

German noun ; plural Germans [ Latin Germanus , probably of Celtis origin.]
1. A native or one of the people of Germany.

2. The German language.

3. (a) A round dance, often with a waltz movement, abounding in capriciosly involved figures. (b) A social party at which the german is danced.

High German , the Teutonic dialect of Upper or Southern Germany, -- comprising Old High German , used from the 8th to the 11th century; Middle H. G ., from the 12th to the 15th century; and Modern or New H. G ., the language of Luther's Bible version and of modern German literature. The dialects of Central Germany, the basis of the modern literary language, are often called Middle German , and the Southern German dialects Upper German ; but High German is also used to cover both groups. -- Low German , the language of Northern Germany and the Netherlands, -- including Friesic ; Anglo-Saxon or Saxon ; Old Saxon ; Dutch or Low Dutch , with its dialect, Flemish ; and Plattdeutsch (called also Low German ), spoken in many dialects.

German adjective [ Latin Germanus . See German , noun ] Of or pertaining to Germany.

German Baptists . See Dunker . -- German bit , a wood-boring tool, having a long elliptical pod and a scew point. -- German carp (Zoology) , the crucian carp. -- German millet (Botany) , a kind of millet ( Setaria Italica , var.), whose seed is sometimes used for food. -- German paste , a prepared food for caged birds. -- German process (Metal.) , the process of reducing copper ore in a blast furnace, after roasting, if necessary. Raymond. -- German sarsaparilla , a substitute for sarsaparilla extract. -- German sausage , a polony, or gut stuffed with meat partly cooked. -- German silver (Chemistry) , a silver-white alloy, hard and tough, but malleable and ductile, and quite permanent in the air. It contains nickel, copper, and zinc in varying proportions, and was originally made from old copper slag at Henneberg. A small amount of iron is sometimes added to make it whiter and harder. It is essentially identical with the Chinese alloy packfong . It was formerly much used for tableware, knife handles, frames, cases, bearings of machinery, etc., but is now largely superseded by other white alloys. -- German steel (Metal.) , a metal made from bog iron ore in a forge, with charcoal for fuel. -- German text (Typog.) , a character resembling modern German type, used in English printing for ornamental headings, etc., as in the words,

» This line is German Text.

-- German tinder . See Amadou .

Germander noun [ Middle English germaunder , French germandrée , Italian calamandrea , Latin chamaedrys , from Greek ...; ... on the earth or ground + ... tree. See Humble , and Tree .] (Botany) A plant of the genus Teucrium (esp. Teucrium Chamædrys or wall germander), mintlike herbs and low shrubs.

American germander , Teucrium Canadense . -- Germander chickweed , Veronica agrestis . -- Water germander , Teucrium Scordium . -- Wood germander , Teucrium Scorodonia .

Germane adjective [ See German akin, nearly related.] Literally, near akin; hence, closely allied; appropriate or fitting; relevant.

The phrase would be more germane to the matter.
Shak.

[ An amendment] must be germane .
Barclay (Digest).

Germanic adjective (Chemistry) Pertaining to, or containing, germanium.

Germanic adjective [ Latin Germanicus : confer French germanique . See German , noun ]
1. Of or pertaining to Germany; as, the Germanic confederacy.

2. Teutonic. [ A loose sense]