Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Germanism noun [ Confer French germanisme .]
1. An idiom of the German language. 2. A characteristic of the Germans; a characteristic German mode, doctrine, etc.; rationalism. J. W. Alexander.
Germanium noun [ New Latin , from Latin Germania Germany.] (Chemistry) A rare element, recently discovered (1885), in a silver ore ( argyrodite ) at Freiberg. It is a brittle, silver-white metal, chemically intermediate between the metals and nonmetals, resembles tin, and is in general identical with the predicted ekasilicon . Symbol Ge. Atomic weight 72.3.
Germanization noun The act of Germanizing. M. Arnold.
Germanize transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Germanized
; present participle & verbal noun Germanizing
.] To make German, or like what is distinctively German; as, to Germanize a province, a language, a society.
Germanize intransitive verb To reason or write after the manner of the Germans.
[ New Latin See Germ
.] (Zoology) An organ in which the ova are developed in certain Turbellaria.
, Latin Germina
. [ Latin ] See Germ .
Germicidal (jẽr"mĭ*sī`d a l) adjective Germicide.
Germicide (jẽr"mĭ*sīd) adjective [ Germ + Latin caedere to kill.] (Biol.) Destructive to germs; -- applied to any agent which has a destructive action upon living germs, particularly bacteria, or bacterial germs, which are considered the cause of many infectious diseases. -- noun A germicide agent.
[ See Germ
.] Pertaining or belonging to a germ; as, the germinal vesicle. Germinal layers (Biol.)
, the two layers of cells, the ectoblast and entoblast, which form respectively the outer covering and inner wall of the gastrula. A third layer of cells, the mesoblast, which is formed later and lies between these two, is sometimes included.
-- Germinal membrane
. (Biol.) Same as Blastoderm .
-- Germinal spot (Biol.)
, the nucleolus of the ovum.
-- Germinal vesicle
, (Biol.) , the nucleus of the ovum of animals.
[ French See Germ
.] The seventh month of the French republican calendar [ 1792 -- 1806]. It began March 21 and ended April 19. See VendÉmiaire .
Germinal adjective (Biol.) Of or pertaining to the germ, or germ cells, as distinguished from the somatic cells.
Germinant adjective [ Latin germinans , present participle ] Sprouting; sending forth germs or buds.
Germinate intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Germinated
; present participle & verbal noun Germinating
.] [ Latin germinatus
, past participle of germinare
to sprout, from germen
. See Germ
.] To sprout; to bud; to shoot; to begin to vegetate, as a plant or its seed; to begin to develop, as a germ. Bacon.
Germinate transitive verb To cause to sprout. Price (1610).
Germination noun [ Latin germinatio : confer French germination .] The process of germinating; the beginning of vegetation or growth in a seed or plant; the first development of germs, either animal or vegetable. Germination apparatus , an apparatus for malting grain.
[ Confer French germinatif
.] Pertaining to germination; having power to bud or develop. Germinative spot
, Germinative vesicle
. (Biol.) Same as Germinal spot , Germinal vesicle , under Germinal .
Germiparity noun [ Germ + Latin parere to produce.] (Biol.) Reproduction by means of germs.
Germless adjective Without germs.
Germogen noun [ Germ + - gen .] (Biol.) (a) A polynuclear mass of protoplasm, not divided into separate cells, from which certain ova are developed. Balfour. (b) The primitive cell in certain embryonic forms. Balfour.
Germule noun [ Dim. from germ .] (Biol.) A small germ.
Gern transitive verb
[ See Grin
.] To grin or yawn.
[ Obsolete] "[ /He] gaped like a gulf when he did gern
Gerner noun A garner. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.
[ New Latin ] See Gerocomy .
Gerocomical adjective Pertaining to gerocomy. Dr. John Smith.
Gerocomy noun [ French gérocomie , from Greek ... an old man + ... to take care of.] That part of medicine which treats of regimen for old people.
Gerontes noun plural [ New Latin , from Greek ..., ....] (Gr. Antiq.) Magistrates in Sparta, who with the ephori and kings, constituted the supreme civil authority.
Gerontocracy noun [ Greek ..., ..., an old man + ... to rule.] Government by old men. [ R.] Gladstone.
Geropigia noun [ Portuguese geropiga .] A mixture composed of unfermented grape juice, brandy, sugar, etc., for adulteration of wines. [ Written also jerupigia .]
Gerrymander transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Gerrymandered
; present participle & verbal noun Gerrymandering
.] To divide (a State) into districts for the choice of representatives, in an unnatural and unfair way, with a view to give a political party an advantage over its opponent.
[ Political Cant, U. S.] » This was done in Massachusetts at a time when Elbridge Gerry
was governor, and was attributed to his influence, hence the name; though it is now known that he was opposed to the measure. Bartlett.
[ Latin gerundium
, from gerere
to bear, carry, perform. See Gest
a deed, Jest
.] (Lat. Gram.) 1. A kind of verbal noun, having only the four oblique cases of the singular number, and governing cases like a participle. 2. (AS. Gram.) A verbal noun ending in -e , preceded by to and usually denoting purpose or end ; -- called also the dative infinitive ; as, "Ic hæbbe mete tô etanne " (I have meat to eat .) In Modern English the name has been applied to verbal or participal nouns in -ing denoting a transitive action; e. g. , by throwing a stone.
Gerundial adjective Pertaining to, or resembling, a gerund; as, a gerundial use.
Gerundive adjective [ Latin gerundivus .] Pertaining to, or partaking of, the nature of the gerund; gerundial. -- noun (Lat. Gram.) The future passive participle; as, amandus , i. e. , to be loved.
Gerundively adverb In the manner of a gerund; as, or in place of, a gerund.
[ See Gerful
.] Changeable; fickle.
[ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Gesling noun A gosling. [ Prov. Eng.]
Gesse transitive verb & i. To guess. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Gesso noun [ Italian , chalk, plaster.]
1. Plaster of Paris, or gypsum, esp. as prepared for use in painting, or in making bas-reliefs and the like; by extension, a plasterlike or pasty material spread upon a surface to fit it for painting or gilding, or a surface so prepared. 2. A work of art done in gesso. [ Obsolete]
Gesso duro [ Italian , hard plaster.] A variety of gesso which when dried becomes hard and durable, often used in making bas-relief casts, which are colored and mounted in elaborate frames.
Gest noun A guest. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.
[ Old French geste
exploit. See Jest
.] 1. Something done or achieved; a deed or an action; an adventure.
[ Obsolete] Chaucer. 2. An action represented in sports, plays, or on the stage; show; ceremony.
[ Obsolete] Mede. 3. A tale of achievements or adventures; a stock story.
[ Obsolete] Chaucer. Spenser. 4. Gesture; bearing; deportment.
Through his heroic grace and honorable gest . Spenser.
[ Confer Gist
a resting place.] 1. A stage in traveling; a stop for rest or lodging in a journey or progress; a rest.
[ Obsolete] Kersey. 2. A roll recting the several stages arranged for a royal progress. Many of them are extant in the herald's office.
[ Obsolete] Hanmer.
Gestant adjective [ Latin gestans , present participle of gestare .] Bearing within; laden; burdened; pregnant. [ R.] "Clouds gestant with heat." Mrs. Browning.
[ Latin gestatio
a bearing, carrying, from gestare
to bear, carry, intens. from gerere
, to bear: confer French gestation
. See Gest
.] 1. The act of wearing (clothes or ornaments).
[ Obsolete] 2. The act of carrying young in the womb from conception to delivery; pregnancy. 3. Exercise in which one is borne or carried, as on horseback, or in a carriage, without the exertion of his own powers; passive exercise. Dunglison.
Gestatory adjective [ Latin gestatorius that serves for carrying: confer French gestatoire .]
1. Pertaining to gestation or pregnancy. 2. Capable of being carried or worn. [ Obsolete or R.]
Geste intransitive verb To tell stories or gests. [ Obsolete]
[ See Gest
a deed, Gesture
.] 1. Pertaining to deeds or feats of arms; legendary.
And the gay grandsire, skilled in gestic lore. Goldsmith. 2. Relating to bodily motion; consisting of gestures; -- said especially with reference to dancing.
Carried away by the enthusiasm of the gestic art. Sir W. Scott.
Gesticulate intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Gesticulated
; present participle & verbal noun Gesticulating
.] [ Latin gesticulatus
, past participle of gesticulari
to gesticulate, from gesticulus
a mimic gesture, gesticulation, dim. of gestus
gesture, from gerere
, to bear, carry, peform. See Gestic
.] To make gestures or motions, as in speaking; to use postures. Sir T. Herbert.
Gesticulate transitive verb To represent by gesture; to act. [ R.] B. Jonson.