Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Gloom (glōm) noun [ Anglo-Saxon glōm twilight, from the root of English glow . See Glow , and confer Glum , Gloam .]


1. Partial or total darkness; thick shade; obscurity; as, the gloom of a forest, or of midnight.

2. A shady, gloomy, or dark place or grove.

Before a gloom of stubborn-shafted oaks.
Tennyson .

3. Cloudiness or heaviness of mind; melancholy; aspect of sorrow; low spirits; dullness.

A sullen gloom and furious disorder prevailed by fits.
Burke.

4. In gunpowder manufacture, the drying oven.

Syn. -- Darkness; dimness; obscurity; heaviness; dullness; depression; melancholy; dejection; sadness. See Darkness .

Gloom intransitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Gloomed ; present participle & verbal noun Glooming .]
1. To shine or appear obscurely or imperfectly; to glimmer.

2. To become dark or dim; to be or appear dismal, gloomy, or sad; to come to the evening twilight.

The black gibbet glooms beside the way.
Goldsmith.

[ This weary day] . . . at last I see it gloom .
Spenser.

Gloom transitive verb
1. To render gloomy or dark; to obscure; to darken.

A bow window . . . gloomed with limes.
Walpole.

A black yew gloomed the stagnant air.
Tennyson.

2. To fill with gloom; to make sad, dismal, or sullen.

Such a mood as that which lately gloomed
Your fancy.
Tennison.

What sorrows gloomed that parting day.
Goldsmith.

Gloomily adverb In a gloomy manner.

Gloominess noun State of being gloomy. Addison.

Glooming noun [ Confer Gloaming .] Twilight (of morning or evening); the gloaming.

When the faint glooming in the sky
First lightened into day.
Trench.

The balmy glooming , crescent-lit.
Tennyson.

Gloomth noun Gloom. [ R.] Walpole.

Gloomy adjective [ Compar. Gloomier ; superl. Gloomiest .]
1. Imperfectly illuminated; dismal through obscurity or darkness; dusky; dim; clouded; as, the cavern was gloomy . "Though hid in gloomiest shade." Milton.

2. Affected with, or expressing, gloom; melancholy; dejected; as, a gloomy temper or countenance.

Syn. -- Dark; dim; dusky; dismal; cloudy; moody; sullen; morose; melancholy; sad; downcast; depressed; dejected; disheartened.

Gloppen (glŏp"p e n) transitive verb & i. [ Middle English glopnen to be frightened, frighten: confer Icelandic glūpna to look downcast.] To surprise or astonish; to be startled or astonished. [ Prov. Eng.] Halliwell.

Glore intransitive verb [ See Gloar .] To glare; to glower. [ Obsolete] Halliwell.

Gloria noun [ Latin , glory.] (Eccl.) (a) A doxology (beginning Gloria Patri , Glory be to the Father), sung or said at the end of the Psalms in the service of the Roman Catholic and other churches. (b) A portion of the Mass ( Gloria in Excelsis Deo , Glory be to God on high), and also of the communion service in some churches. In the Episcopal Church the version in English is used. (c) The musical setting of a gloria.

Gloriation noun [ Latin gloriatio , from gloriari to glory, boast, from gloria glory. See Glory , noun ] Boast; a triumphing. [ Obsolete] Bp. Richardson.

Internal gloriation or triumph of the mind.
Hobbes.

Gloried adjective [ See Glory .] Illustrious; honorable; noble. [ Obsolete] Milton.

Glorification noun [ Latin glorificatio : confer French glorification . See Glorify .]
1. The act of glorifying or of giving glory to. Jer. Taylor.

2. The state of being glorifed; as, the glorification of Christ after his resurrection.

Glorify transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Glorified ; present participle & verbal noun Glorifying .] [ French glorifier , Latin glorificare ; gloria glory + -ficare (in comp.) to make. See - fy .]


1. To make glorious by bestowing glory upon; to confer honor and distinction upon; to elevate to power or happiness, or to celestial glory.

Jesus was not yet glorified .
John vii. 39.

2. To make glorious in thought or with the heart, by ascribing glory to; to acknowledge the excellence of; to render homage to; to magnify in worship; to adore.

That we for thee may glorify the Lord.
Shak.

Gloriole noun [ Latin gloriola a small glory, dim. of gloria glory.] An aureole. [ R.] Msr. Browning.

Gloriosa noun [ Nl., from Latin gloriosus . See Glorious .] (Botany) A genus of climbing plants with very showy lilylike blossoms, natives of India.

Glorioser noun [ From Latin gloriosus boastful.] A boaster. [ Obsolete] Greene.

Glorioso noun [ Italian ] A boaster. [ Obsolete] Fuller.

Glorious adjective [ Old French glorios , glorious , French glorieux , from Latin gloriosus . See Glory , noun ]


1. Exhibiting attributes, qualities, or acts that are worthy of or receive glory; noble; praiseworthy; excellent; splendid; illustrious; inspiring admiration; as, glorious deeds.

These are thy glorious works, Parent of good !
Milton.

2. Eager for glory or distinction; haughty; boastful; ostentatious; vainglorious. [ Obsolete]

Most miserable
Is the desire that's glorious .
Shak.

3. Ecstatic; hilarious; elated with drink. [ Colloq.]

kings may be blest, but Tam was glorious ,
O'er all the ills of life victorious.
Burns.

During his office treason was no crime,
The sons of Belial had a glorious time.
Dryden.

Syn. -- Eniment; noble; excellent; renowned; illustrious; celebrated; magnificent; grand; splendid.

-- Glo"ri*ous*ly , adverb -- Glo"ri*ous*ness , noun Udall.

Sing ye to the Lord, for he hath triumphed gloriously .
Ex. xv. 21.

I speak it not gloriously , nor out of affectation.
B. Jonson.

Glory (glō"rȳ; 111) noun [ Middle English glorie , Old French glorie , gloire , French gloire , from Latin gloria ; probably akin to Greek kle`os , Sanskrit çravas glory, praise, çru to hear. See Loud .]


1. Praise, honor, admiration, or distinction, accorded by common consent to a person or thing; high reputation; honorable fame; renown.

Glory to God in the highest.
Luke ii. 14.

Spread his glory through all countries wide.
Spenser.

2. That quality in a person or thing which secures general praise or honor; that which brings or gives renown; an object of pride or boast; the occasion of praise; excellency; brilliancy; splendor.

Think it no glory to swell in tyranny.
Sir P. Sidney.

Jewels lose their glory if neglected.
Shak.

Your sex's glory 't is to shine unknown.
Young.

3. Pride; boastfulness; arrogance.

In glory of thy fortunes.
Chapman.

4. The presence of the Divine Being; the manifestations of the divine nature and favor to the blessed in heaven; celestial honor; heaven.

Thou shalt guide me with thy counsel, and afterward receive me to glory .
Ps. lxxiii. 24.

5. An emanation of light supposed to proceed from beings of peculiar sanctity. It is represented in art by rays of gold, or the like, proceeding from the head or body, or by a disk, or a mere line.

» This is the general term; when confined to the head it is properly called nimbus ; when encircling the whole body, aureola or aureole .

Glory hole , an opening in the wall of a glass furnace, exposing the brilliant white light of the interior. Knight. -- Glory pea (Botany) , the name of two leguminous plants ( Clianthus Dampieri and C. puniceus ) of Australia and New Zeland. They have showy scarlet or crimson flowers. -- Glory tree (Botany) , a name given to several species of the verbenaceous genus Clerodendron , showy flowering shrubs of tropical regions.

Glory intransitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Gloried ; present participle & verbal noun Glorying .] [ Middle English glorien , Old French glorier , from Latin gloriari , from gloria glory. See Glory , noun ]


1. To exult with joy; to rejoice.

Glory ye in his holy name.
Ps. cv....

2. To boast; to be proud.

God forbid that I should glory , save in the cross of our Lord Jesus Christ.
Gal. vi. 14

No one . . . should glory in his prosperity.
Richardson.

Glose noun & v. See Gloze . Chaucer.

Gloser noun See Glosser .

Gloss (glŏs) noun [ Confer Icelandic glossi a blaze, glys finery, Middle High German glosen to glow, German glosten to glimmer; perhaps akin to English glass .]
1. Brightness or luster of a body proceeding from a smooth surface; polish; as, the gloss of silk; cloth is calendered to give it a gloss .

It is no part . . . to set on the face of this cause any fairer gloss than the naked truth doth afford.
Hooker.

2. A specious appearance; superficial quality or show.

To me more dear, congenial to my heart,
One native charm than all the gloss of art.
Goldsmith.

Gloss transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Glossed ; present participle & verbal noun Glossing .] To give a superficial luster or gloss to; to make smooth and shining; as, to gloss cloth.

The glossed and gleamy wave.
J. R. Drake.

Gloss noun [ Middle English glose , French glose , Latin glossa a difficult word needing explanation, from Greek ... tongue, language, word needing explanation. Confer Gloze , Glossary , Glottis .]


1. A foreign, archaic, technical, or other uncommon word requiring explanation. [ Obsolete]

2. An interpretation, consisting of one or more words, interlinear or marginal; an explanatory note or comment; a running commentary.

All this, without a gloss or comment,
He would unriddle in a moment.
Hudibras.

Explaining the text in short glosses .
T. Baker.

3. A false or specious explanation. Dryden.

Gloss (glŏs) transitive verb
1. To render clear and evident by comments; to illustrate; to explain; to annotate.

2. To give a specious appearance to; to render specious and plausible; to palliate by specious explanation.

You have the art to gloss the foulest cause.
Philips.

Gloss intransitive verb
1. To make comments; to comment; to explain. Dryden.

2. To make sly remarks, or insinuations. Prior.

Glossa noun ; plural Glossæ . [ New Latin , from Greek ... the tongue.] (Zoology) The tongue, or lingua, of an insect. See Hymenoptera .

Glossal adjective Of or pertaining to the tongue; lingual.

Glossanthrax noun [ Greek ... tongue + English anthrax : confer French glossanthrax .] A disease of horses and cattle accompanied by carbuncles in the mouth and on the tongue.

Glossarial adjective Of or pertaining to glosses or to a glossary; containing a glossary.

Glossarially adverb In the manner of a glossary.

Glossarist noun A writer of glosses or of a glossary; a commentator; a scholiast. Tyrwhitt.

Glossary noun ; plural Gossaries . [ Latin glossarium , from glossa : confer French glossaire . See 3d Gloss .] A collection of glosses or explanations of words and passages of a work or author; a partial dictionary of a work, an author, a dialect, art, or science, explaining archaic, technical, or other uncommon words.

Glossata noun plural [ New Latin See Glossa .] (Zoology) The Lepidoptera.

Glossator noun [ Late Latin See 3d Gloss .] A writer of glosses or comments; a commentator. [ R.] "The . . . glossators of Aristotle." Milman.

Glosser noun [ See lst Gloss .] A polisher; one who gives a luster.

Glosser noun [ See 3d Gloss .] A writer of glosses; a scholiast; a commentator. Latin Addison.

Glossic (glŏs"sĭk) noun [ Latin glossa a word requiring a gloss. See 3d Gloss .] A system of phonetic spelling based upon the present values of English letters, but invariably using one symbol to represent one sound only.

Ingglish Glosik konvai·z hwotev·er proanusiai·shon iz inten·ded bei dhi reiter.
A. J. Ellis.

Glossily adverb In a glossy manner.

Glossiness noun [ From Glossy .] The condition or quality of being glossy; the luster or brightness of a smooth surface. Boyle.

Glossist noun A writer of comments. [ Obsolete] Milton.

Glossitis noun [ New Latin , from Greek ... tongue + -itis .] (Medicine) Inflammation of the tongue.

Glossly adverb Like gloss; specious. Cowley.

Glossocomon noun [ New Latin , from Greek ... a kind of case.] A kind of hoisting winch.

Glossoepiglottic adjective [ Greek ... tongue + English epiglottic .] (Anat.) Pertaining to both tongue and epiglottis; as, glossoepiglottic folds.

Glossographer noun [ Greek ...; ... tongue + ... to write. See 3d Gloss .] A writer of a glossary; a commentator; a scholiast. Hayward.

Glossographical adjective Of or pertaining to glossography.