Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Gourmand noun [ French] A greedy or ravenous eater; a glutton. See Gormand .

That great gourmand , fat Apicius
B. Jonson.

Gourmet (gōr`ma") noun [ French] A connoisseur in eating and drinking; an epicure.

Gournet (gûr"nĕt) noun (Zoology) A fish. See Gurnet .

Gout (gout) noun [ French goutte a drop, the gout, the disease being considered as a defluxion, from Latin gutta drop.]


1. A drop; a clot or coagulation.

On thy blade and dudgeon gouts of blood.
Shak.

2. (Medicine) A constitutional disease, occurring by paroxysms. It consists in an inflammation of the fibrous and ligamentous parts of the joints, and almost always attacks first the great toe, next the smaller joints, after which it may attack the greater articulations. It is attended with various sympathetic phenomena, particularly in the digestive organs. It may also attack internal organs, as the stomach, the intestines, etc. Dunglison.

3. A disease of cornstalks. See Corn fly , under Corn .

Gout stones . See Chalkstone , noun , 2.

Goût (gō) noun [ French, from Latin gustus taste. See Gusto .] Taste; relish.

Goutily adverb In a gouty manner.

Goutiness noun The state of being gouty; gout.

Goutweed, Goutwort noun [ So called from having been formerly used in assuaging the pain of the gout.] (Botany) A coarse umbelliferous plant of Europe ( Ægopodium Podagraria ); -- called also bishop's weed , ashweed , and herb gerard .

Gouty adjective
1. Diseased with, or subject to, the gout; as, a gouty person; a gouty joint.

2. Pertaining to the gout. " Gouty matter." Blackmore.

3. Swollen, as if from gout. Derham.

4. Boggy; as, gouty land. [ Obsolete] Spenser.

Gouty bronchitis , bronchitis arising as a secondary disease during the progress of gout. -- Gouty concretions , calculi (urate of sodium) formed in the joints, kidneys, etc., of sufferers from gout. -- Gouty kidney , an affection occurring during the progress of gout, the kidney shriveling and containing concretions of urate of sodium.

Gove (gōv) noun [ Also goaf , goof , goff .] A mow; a rick for hay. [ Obsolete] Tusser.

Govern transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Governed ; present participle & verbal noun Governing .] [ Old French governer , French gouverner , from Latin gubernare to steer, pilot, govern, Greek kyberna^n . Confer Gubernatorial .]
1. To direct and control, as the actions or conduct of men, either by established laws or by arbitrary will; to regulate by authority. "Fit to govern and rule multitudes." Shak.

2. To regulate; to influence; to direct; to restrain; to manage; as, to govern the life; to govern a horse.

Govern well thy appetite.
Milton.

3. (Gram.) To require to be in a particular case; as, a transitive verb governs a noun in the objective case; or to require (a particular case); as, a transitive verb governs the objective case.

Govern intransitive verb To exercise authority; to administer the laws; to have the control. Dryden.

Governability noun Governableness.

Governable adjective [ Confer French gouvernable .] Capable of being governed, or subjected to authority; controllable; manageable; obedient. Locke.

Governableness noun The quality of being governable; manageableness.

Governal, Governail noun [ Confer French gouvernail helm, rudder, Latin gubernaculum .] Management; mastery. [ Obsolete] Chaucer. Spenser.

Governance noun [ French gouvernance.] Exercise of authority; control; government; arrangement. Chaucer. J. H. Newman.

Governante noun [ French gouvernante . See Govern .] A governess. Sir W. Scott.

Governess noun [ Confer Old French governeresse . See Governor .] A female governor; a woman invested with authority to control and direct; especially, one intrusted with the care and instruction of children, -- usually in their homes.

Governing adjective
1. Holding the superiority; prevalent; controlling; as, a governing wind; a governing party in a state. Jay.

2. (Gram.) Requiring a particular case.

Government noun [ French gouvernement . See Govern .]
1. The act of governing; the exercise of authority; the administration of laws; control; direction; regulation; as, civil, church, or family government.

2. The mode of governing; the system of polity in a state; the established form of law.

That free government which we have so dearly purchased, free commonwealth.
Milton.

3. The right or power of governing; authority.

I here resign my government to thee.
Shak.

4. The person or persons authorized to administer the laws; the ruling power; the administration.

When we, in England, speak of the government , we generally understand the ministers of the crown for the time being.
Mozley & W.

5. The body politic governed by one authority; a state; as, the governments of Europe.

6. Management of the limbs or body. Shak.

7. (Gram.) The influence of a word in regard to construction, requiring that another word should be in a particular case.

Governmental adjective [ Confer French gouvernemental .] Pertaining to government; made by government; as, governmental duties.

Governor noun [ Middle English governor , governour , Old French governeor , French gouverneur , from Latin gubernator steersman, ruler, governor. See Govern .]
1. One who governs; especially, one who is invested with the supreme executive authority in a State; a chief ruler or magistrate; as, the governor of Pennsylvania. "The governor of the town." Shak.

2. One who has the care or guardianship of a young man; a tutor; a guardian.

3. (Nautical) A pilot; a steersman. [ R.]

4. (Machinery) A contrivance applied to steam engines, water wheels, and other machinery, to maintain nearly uniform speed when the resistances and motive force are variable.

» The illustration shows a form of governor commonly used for steam engines, in wich a heavy sleeve ( a ) sliding on a rapidly revolving spindle ( b ), driven by the engine, is raised or lowered, when the speed varies, by the changing centrifugal force of two balls ( c c ) to which it is connected by links ( d d ), the balls being attached to arms ( e e ) which are jointed to the top of the spindle. The sleeve is connected with the throttle valve or cut-off through a lever ( f ), and its motion produces a greater supply of steam when the engine runs too slowly and a less supply when too fast.

Governor cut-off (Steam Engine) , a variable cut-off gear in which the governor acts in such a way as to cause the steam to be cut off from entering the cylinder at points of the stroke dependent upon the engine's speed. -- Hydraulic governor (Machinery) , a governor which is operated by the action of a liquid in flowing; a cataract.

Governor general A governor who has lieutenant or deputy governors under him; as, the governor general of Canada, of India.

Governorship noun The office of a governor.

Gowan noun [ Scot., from Gael. gugan bud, flower, daisy.]
1. The daisy, or mountain daisy. [ Scot.]

And pu'd the gowans fine.
Burns.

2. (Min.) Decomposed granite.

Gowany adjective Having, abounding in, or decked with, daisies. [ Scot.]

Sweeter than gowany glens or new-mown hay.
Ramsay.

Gowd noun [ Confer Gold .] Gold; wealth. [ Scot.]

The man's the gowd for a' that.
Burns.

Gowden adjective Golden. [ Scot.]

Gowdie noun (Zoology) See Dragont . [ Scot.]

Gowdnook noun (Zoology) The saury pike; -- called also gofnick.

Gowk transitive verb [ See Gawk .] To make a, booby of one); to stupefy. [ Obsolete] B. Jonson.

Gowk noun [ See Gawk .] (Zoology)
1. The European cuckoo; -- called also gawky.

2. A simpleton; a gawk or gawky.

Gowl intransitive verb [ Middle English gaulen , goulen . Confer Yawl , intransitive verb ] To howl. [ Obsolete] Wyclif.

Gown noun [ Middle English goune , probably from W. gwn gown, loose robe, akin to Ir. gunn , Gael. gün ; confer Old French gone , probably of the same origin.]
1. A loose, flowing upper garment ; especially: (a) The ordinary outer dress of a woman; as, a calico or silk gown . (b) The official robe of certain professional men and scholars, as university students and officers, barristers, judges, etc.; hence, the dress of peace; the dress of civil officers, in distinction from military.

He Mars deposed, and arms to gowns made yield.
Dryden.

(c) A loose wrapper worn by gentlemen within doors; a dressing gown.

2. Any sort of dress or garb.

He comes . . . in the gown of humility.
Shak.

Gowned p. adjective Dressed in a gown; clad.

Gowned in pure white, that fitted to the shape.
Tennyson.

Gownsman, Gownman noun ; plural -men (-men). One whose professional habit is a gown, as a divine or lawyer, and particularly a member of an English university; hence, a civilian, in distinction from a soldier.

Gozzard noun See Gosherd . [ Prov. Eng.]

Graafian adjective (Anat.) Pertaining to, or discovered by, Regnier de Graaf, a Dutch physician.

Graafian follicles or vesicles, small cavities in which the ova are developed in the ovaries of mammals, and by the bursting of which they are discharged.

Graal (grāl) noun See Grail , a dish.

Grab (grăb) noun [ Arabic & Hind. ghurāb crow, raven, a kind of Arab ship.] (Nautical) A vessel used on the Malabar coast, having two or three masts.

Grab (grăb) transitive verb & i. [ imperfect & past participle Grabbed (grăbd); present participle & verbal noun Grabbing .] [ Akin to Swedish grabba to grasp. Confer Grabble , Grapple , Grasp .] To gripe suddenly; to seize; to snatch; to clutch.

Grab noun
1. A sudden grasp or seizure.

2. An instrument for clutching objects for the purpose of raising them; -- specially applied to devices for withdrawing drills, etc., from artesian and other wells that are drilled, bored, or driven.

Grab bag , at fairs, a bag or box holding small articles which are to be drawn, without being seen, on payment of a small sum. [ Colloq.] -- Grab game , a theft committed by grabbing or snatching a purse or other piece of property. [ Colloq.]

Grabber noun One who seizes or grabs.

Grabble intransitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Grabbled ; present participle & verbal noun Grabbling ] [ Freq. of grab ; confer Dutch grabbelen .]
1. To grope; to feel with the hands.

He puts his hands into his pockets, and keeps a grabbling and fumbling.
Selden.

2. To lie prostrate on the belly; to sprawl on the ground; to grovel. Ainsworth.

Grace noun [ French grâce , Latin gratia , from gratus beloved, dear, agreeable; perhaps akin to Greek ... to rejoice, ... favor, grace, Sanskrit hary to desire, and E. yearn. Confer Grateful , Gratis .]
1. The exercise of love, kindness, mercy, favor; disposition to benefit or serve another; favor bestowed or privilege conferred.

To bow and sue for grace
With suppliant knee.
Milton.

2. (Theol.) The divine favor toward man; the mercy of God, as distinguished from His justice; also, any benefits His mercy imparts; divine love or pardon; a state of acceptance with God; enjoyment of the divine favor.

And if by grace , then is it no more of works.
Rom. xi. 6.

My grace is sufficicnt for thee.
2 Cor. xii. 9.

Where sin abounded, grace did much more abound.
Rom. v. 20.

By whom also we have access by faith into this grace wherein we stand.
Rom. v.2

3. (Law) (a) The prerogative of mercy execised by the executive, as pardon. (b) The same prerogative when exercised in the form of equitable relief through chancery.

4. Fortune; luck; -- used commonly with hard or sorry when it means misfortune. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.

5. Inherent excellence; any endowment or characteristic fitted to win favor or confer pleasure or benefit.

He is complete in feature and in mind.
With all good grace to grace a gentleman.
Shak.

I have formerly given the general character of Mr. Addison's style and manner as natural and unaffected, easy and polite, and full of those graces which a flowery imagination diffuses over writing.
Blair.

6. Beauty, physical, intellectual, or moral; loveliness; commonly, easy elegance of manners; perfection of form.

Grace in women gains the affections sooner, and secures them longer, than any thing else.
Hazlitt.

I shall answer and thank you again For the gift and the grace of the gift.
Longfellow.

7. plural (Myth.) Graceful and beautiful females, sister goddesses, represented by ancient writers as the attendants sometimes of Apollo but oftener of Venus. They were commonly mentioned as three in number; namely, Aglaia, Euphrosyne, and Thalia, and were regarded as the inspirers of the qualities which give attractiveness to wisdom, love, and social intercourse.

The Graces love to weave the rose.
Moore.

The Loves delighted, and the Graces played.
Prior.

8. The title of a duke, a duchess, or an archbishop, and formerly of the king of England.

How fares your Grace !
Shak.

9. (Commonly plural) Thanks. [ Obsolete]

Yielding graces and thankings to their lord Melibeus.
Chaucer.

10. A petition for grace; a blessing asked, or thanks rendered, before or after a meal.

11. plural (Mus.) Ornamental notes or short passages, either introduced by the performer, or indicated by the composer, in which case the notation signs are called grace notes , appeggiaturas , turns , etc.

12. (Eng. Universities) An act, vote, or decree of the government of the institution; a degree or privilege conferred by such vote or decree. Walton.

13. plural A play designed to promote or display grace of motion. It consists in throwing a small hoop from one player to another, by means of two sticks in the hands of each. Called also grace hoop or hoops .

Act of grace . See under Act . -- Day of grace (Theol.) , the time of probation, when the offer of divine forgiveness is made and may be accepted.

That day of grace fleets fast away.
I. Watts.

-- Days of grace (Com.) , the days immediately following the day when a bill or note becomes due, which days are allowed to the debtor or payer to make payment in. In Great Britain and the United States, the days of grace are three , but in some countries more, the usages of merchants being different. -- Good graces , favor; friendship. -- Grace cup . (a) A cup or vessel in which a health is drunk after grace. (b) A health drunk after grace has been said.

The grace cup follows to his sovereign's health.
Hing.

-- Grace drink , a drink taken on rising from the table; a grace cup.

To [ Queen Margaret, of Scotland] . . . we owe the custom of the grace drink , she having established it as a rule at her table, that whosoever staid till grace was said was rewarded with a bumper.
Encyc. Brit.

-- Grace hoop , a hoop used in playing graces. See Grace , noun , 13. -- Grace note (Mus.) , an appoggiatura. See Appoggiatura , and def. 11 above. -- Grace stroke , a finishing stoke or touch; a coup de grace. -- Means of grace , means of securing knowledge of God, or favor with God, as the preaching of the gospel, etc. -- To do grace , to reflect credit upon.

Content to do the profession some grace .
Shak.

-- To say grace , to render thanks before or after a meal. -- With a good grace , in a fit and proper manner grace fully; graciously. -- With a bad grace , in a forced, reluctant, or perfunctory manner; ungraciously.

What might have been done with a good grace would at least
be done with a bad grace.
Macaulay.

Syn. -- Elegance; comeliness; charm; favor; kindness; mercy. -- Grace , Mercy . These words, though often interchanged, have each a distinctive and peculiar meaning. Grace , in the strict sense of the term, is spontaneous favor to the guilty or undeserving; mercy is kindness or compassion to the suffering or condemned. It was the grace of God that opened a way for the exercise of mercy toward men. See Elegance .

Grace transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Graced ; present participle & verbal noun Gracing .]
1. To adorn; to decorate; to embellish and dignify.

Great Jove and Phoebus graced his noble line.
Pope.

We are graced with wreaths of victory.
Shak.

2. To dignify or raise by an act of favor; to honor.

He might, at his pleasure, grace or disgrace whom he would
in court.
Knolles.

3. To supply with heavenly grace. Bp. Hall.

4. (Mus.) To add grace notes, cadenzas, etc., to.

Graced adjective Endowed with grace; beautiful; full of graces; honorable. Shak.

Graceful adjective Displaying grace or beauty in form or action; elegant; easy; agreeable in appearance; as, a graceful walk, deportment, speaker, air, act, speech.

High o'er the rest in arms the graceful Turnus rode.
Dryden.

-- Grace"ful*ly , adverb Grace"ful*ness , noun

Graceless adjective
1. Wanting in grace or excellence; departed from, or deprived of, divine grace; hence, depraved; corrupt. "In a graceless age." Milton.

2. Unfortunate. Confer Grace , noun , 4. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.

-- Grace"less*ly , adverb -- Grace"less-ness , noun