Encyclo - Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913)

Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Executer noun One who performs or carries into effect. See Executor .

Execution noun [ French exécution , Latin executio , exsecutio .]
1. The act of executing; a carrying into effect or to completion; performance; achievement; consummation; as, the execution of a plan, a work, etc.

The excellence of the subject contributed much to the happiness of the execution .
Dryden.

2. A putting to death as a legal penalty; death lawfully inflicted; as, the execution of a murderer.

A warrant for his execution .
Shak.

3. The act of the mode of performing a work of art, of performing on an instrument, of engraving, etc.; as, the execution of a statue, painting, or piece of music.

The first quality of execution is truth.
Ruskin.

4. (Law) (a) The carrying into effect the judgment given in a court of law. (b) A judicial writ by which an officer is empowered to carry a judgment into effect; final process. (c) The act of signing, and delivering a legal instrument, or giving it the forms required to render it valid; as, the execution of a deed, or a will.

5. That which is executed or accomplished; effect; effective work; -- usually with do .

To do some fatal execution .
Shak.

6. The act of sacking a town. [ Obsolete] Beau. & FL.

Executioner noun
1. One who executes; an executer. Bacon.

2. One who puts to death in conformity to legal warrant, as a hangman.

Executive adjective [ Confer F. exécutif .] Designed or fitted for execution, or carrying into effect; as, executive talent; qualifying for, concerned with, or pertaining to, the execution of the laws or the conduct of affairs; as, executive power or authority; executive duties, officer, department, etc.

» In government, executive is distinguished from legislative and judicial ; legislative being applied to the organ or organs of government which make the laws; judicial , to that which interprets and applies the laws; executive , to that which carries them into effect or secures their due performance.

Executive noun An impersonal title of the chief magistrate or officer who administers the government, whether king, president, or governor; the governing person or body.

Executively adverb In the way of executing or performing.

Executor noun [ Latin executor , exsecutor : confer French exécuteur . Confer Executer .]
1. One who executes or performs; a doer; as, an executor of baseness. Shak.

2. An executioner. [ Obsolete]

Delivering o'er to executors paw...
The lazy, yawning drone.
Shak.

3. (Law) The person appointed by a testator to execute his will, or to see its provisions carried into effect, after his decease.

Executorial adjective [ Late Latin executorialis .] Of or pertaining to an executive.

Executorship noun The office of an executor.

Executory adjective [ Late Latin executorius , Latin exsecutorius : confer French exécutoire .]
1. Pertaining to administration, or putting the laws in force; executive.

The official and executory duties of government.
Burke.

2. (Law) Designed to be executed or carried into effect in time to come, or to take effect on a future contingency; as, an executory devise, reminder, or estate; an executory contract. Blackstone.

Executress noun [ Confer F. exécutrice .] An executrix.

Executrix noun [ Late Latin ] (Law) A woman exercising the functions of an executor.

Exedent adjective [ Latin exedent , -entis , present participle of exedere . See Exesion .] Eating out; consuming. [ R.]

Exedra (ĕks"e*drȧ) noun ; plural Exedræ (- drē). [ Latin , from Gr 'exe`dra ; 'ex out + "e`dra seat.]
1. (Class. Antiq.) A room in a public building, furnished with seats.

2. (Architecture) (a) The projection of any part of a building in a rounded form. (b) Any out-of-door seat in stone, large enough for several persons; esp., one of curved form.

Exegesis noun ; plural Exegeses . [ New Latin , from Greek ...,fr. ... to explain, interpret; ... out + ... to guide, lead, akin, to ... to lead. See Agent .]
1. Exposition; explanation; especially, a critical explanation of a text or portion of Scripture.

2. (Math.) The process of finding the roots of an equation. [ Obsolete]

Exegete noun [ Greek ...: confer French exégète . See Exegesis .] An exegetist.

Exegetic, Exegetical adjective [ Greek ...: confer French exégétique .] Pertaining to exegesis; tending to unfold or illustrate; explanatory; expository. Walker. Ex`e*get"ic*al*ly , adverb

Exegetics noun The science of interpretation or exegesis.

Exegetist noun One versed in the science of exegesis or interpretation; -- also called exegete .

Exemplar noun [ Latin exemplar , exemplum : confer French exemplaire . See Example , and confer Examper , Sampler .]
1. A model, original, or pattern, to be copied or imitated; a specimen; sometimes; an ideal model or type, as that which an artist conceives.

Such grand exemplar as make their own abilities the sole measure of what is fit or unfit.
South.

2. A copy of a book or writing. [ Obsolete] Udall.

Exemplar adjective Exemplary. [ Obsolete]

The exemplar piety of the father of a family.
Jer. Taylor.

Exemplarily adverb In a manner fitted or designed to be an example for imitation or for warning; by way of example.

She is exemplarily loyal.
Howell.

Some he punisheth exemplarily .
Hakewill.

Exemplariness noun The state or quality of being exemplary; fitness to be an example.

Exemplarity noun [ Confer Late Latin exemplaritas .] Exemplariness. [ R.]

The exemplarity of Christ's life.
Abp. Sharp.

Exemplary adjective [ Latin exemplaris , from exemplar : confer French exemplaire . See Exemplar .]
1. Serving as a pattern; deserving to be proposed for imitation; commendable; as, an exemplary person; exemplary conduct.

[ Bishops'] lives and doctrines ought to be exemplary .
Bacon.

2. Serving as a warning; monitory; as, exemplary justice, punishment, or damages.

3. Illustrating as the proof of a thing. Fuller.

Exemplary damages . (Law) See under Damage .

Exemplary noun An exemplar; also, a copy of a book or writing. [ Obsolete] Donne.

Exemplifiable adjective That can be exemplified.

Exemplification noun
1. The act of exemplifying; a showing or illustrating by example.

2. That which exemplifies; a case in point; example.

3. (Law) A copy or transcript attested to be correct by the seal of an officer having custody of the original.

Exemplifier noun One who exemplifies by following a pattern.

Exemplify transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Exemplified ; present participle &. verbal noun Exemplifying .] [ Latin exemplum example + - fy : confer Late Latin exemplificare to copy, serve as an example.]
1. To show or illustrate by example.

He did but . . . exemplify the principles in which he had been brought up.
Cowper.

2. To copy; to transcribe; to make an attested copy or transcript of, under seal, as of a record. Holland.

3. To prove or show by an attested copy.

Exempt adjective [ French exempt , Latin exemptus , past participle of eximere to take out, remove, free; ex out + emere to buy, take. Confer Exon , Redeem .]
1. Cut off; set apart. [ Obsolete]

Corrupted, and exempt from ancient gentry.
Shak.

2. Extraordinary; exceptional. [ Obsolete] Chapman.

3. Free, or released, from some liability to which others are subject; excepted from the operation or burden of some law; released; free; clear; privileged; -- (with from ): not subject to; not liable to; as, goods exempt from execution; a person exempt from jury service.

True nobility is exempt from fear.
Shak.

T is laid on all, not any one exempt .
Dryden.

Exempt noun
1. One exempted or freed from duty; one not subject.

2. One of four officers of the Yeomen of the Royal Guard, having the rank of corporal; an Exon. [ Eng.]

Exempt transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Exempted ; present participle & verbal noun Exempting .] [ French exempter . See Exempt , adjective ]
1. To remove; to set apart. [ Obsolete] Holland.

2. To release or deliver from some liability which others are subject to; to except or excuse from he operation of a law; to grant immunity to; to free from obligation; to release; as, to exempt from military duty, or from jury service; to exempt from fear or pain.

Death
So snatched will not exempt us from the pain
We are by doom to pay.
Milton.

Exemptible adjective That may be exempted.

Exemption noun [ Latin exenptio a removing: confer French exemption exemption.] The act of exempting; the state of being exempt; freedom from any charge, burden, evil, etc., to which others are subject; immunity; privilege; as, exemption of certain articles from seizure; exemption from military service; exemption from anxiety, suffering, etc.

Exemptitious adjective Separable. [ Obsolete] " Exemptitious from matter." Dr. H. More.

Exenterate transitive verb [ Latin exenteratus , past participle of exenterare ; confer Greek ...; ... out + ... intestine.] To take out the bowels or entrails of; to disembowel; to eviscerate; as, exenterated fishes. [ R.]

Exenterated rule-mongers and eviscerated logicians.
Hare.

Exenteration noun [ Late Latin exenteratio .] Act of exenterating. [ R.]

Exequatur noun [ Latin , 3d pers. sing. present subjunctive of exequi , exsequi , to perform, execute.]
1. A written official recognition of a consul or commercial agent, issued by the government to which he is accredited, and authorizing him to exercise his powers in the place to which he is assigned.

2. Official recognition or permission. Prescott.

Exequial adjective [ Latin exequialis , exsequialis , from exsequiae exequies.] Of or pertaining to funerals; funereal.

Exequious adjective Funereal. [ Obsolete] Drayton.

Exequy noun ; plural Exequies . [ Latin exequiae , exsequiae , a funeral procession, from exsequi to follow out: confer Old French exeques . See Exequte .] A funeral rite (usually in the plural); the ceremonies of burial; obsequies; funeral procession.

But see his exequies fulfilled in Rouen.
Shak.

Exercent adjective [ Latin exercents , -entis , present participle of exercere . See Exercise .] Practicing; professional. [ Obsolete] "Every exercent advocate." Ayliffe.

Exercisable adjective That may be exercised, used, or exerted.

Exercise noun [ French exercice , Latin exercitium , from exercere , exercitum , to drive on, keep, busy, probably orig., to thrust or drive out of the inclosure; ex out + arcere to shut up, inclose. See Ark .]
1. The act of exercising; a setting in action or practicing; employment in the proper mode of activity; exertion; application; use; habitual activity; occupation, in general; practice.

exercise of the important function confided by the constitution to the legislature.
Jefferson.

O we will walk this world,
Yoked in all exercise of noble end.
Tennyson.

2. Exertion for the sake of training or improvement whether physical, intellectual, or moral; practice to acquire skill, knowledge, virtue, perfectness, grace, etc. "Desire of knightly exercise ." Spenser.

An exercise of the eyes and memory.
Locke.

3. Bodily exertion for the sake of keeping the organs and functions in a healthy state; hygienic activity; as, to take exercise on horseback.

The wise for cure on exercise depend.
Dryden.

4. The performance of an office, a ceremony, or a religious duty.

Lewis refused even those of the church of England . . . the public exercise of their religion.
Addison.

To draw him from his holy exercise .
Shak.

5. That which is done for the sake of exercising, practicing, training, or promoting skill, health, mental, improvement, moral discipline, etc.; that which is assigned or prescribed for such ends; hence, a disquisition; a lesson; a task; as, military or naval exercises ; musical exercises ; an exercise in composition.

The clumsy exercises of the European tourney.
Prescott.

He seems to have taken a degree, and performed public exercises in Cambridge, in 1565.
Brydges.

6. That which gives practice; a trial; a test.

Patience is more oft the exercise
Of saints, the trial of their fortitude.
Milton.

Exercise bone (Medicine) , a deposit of bony matter in the soft tissues, produced by pressure or exertion.

Exercise transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Exercised ; present participle & verbal noun Exercising .]
1. To set in action; to cause to act, move, or make exertion; to give employment to; to put in action habitually or constantly; to school or train; to exert repeatedly; to busy.

Herein do I Exercise myself, to have always a conscience void of offence.
Acts xxiv. 16.

2. To exert for the sake of training or improvement; to practice in order to develop; hence, also, to improve by practice; to discipline, and to use or to for the purpose of training; as, to exercise arms; to exercise one's self in music; to exercise troops.

About him exercised heroic games
The unarmed youth.
Milton.

3. To occupy the attention and effort of; to task; to tax, especially in a painful or vexatious manner; harass; to vex; to worry or make anxious; to affect; to discipline; as, exercised with pain.

Where pain of unextinguishable fire
Must exercise us without hope of end.
Milton.

4. To put in practice; to carry out in action; to perform the duties of; to use; to employ; to practice; as, to exercise authority; to exercise an office.

I am the Lord which exercise loving-kindness, judgment, and righteousness in the earth.
Jer. ix. 24.

The people of the land have used oppression and exercised robbery.
Ezek. xxii. 29.

Exercise intransitive verb To exercise one's self, as under military training; to drill; to take exercise; to use action or exertion; to practice gymnastics; as, to exercise for health or amusement.

I wear my trusty sword,
When I do exercise .
Cowper.

Exerciser noun One who exercises.

Exercisible adjective Capable of being exercised, employed, or enforced; as, the authority of a magistrate is exercisible within his jurisdiction.

Exercitation noun [ Latin exercitatio , from exercitare , intense., from exercere to exercise: Confer f. exercitation .] exercise; practice; use. [ R.] Sir T. Browne.