Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Excernent adjective [ See Excern .] (Physiol.) Connected with, or pertaining to, excretion.

Excerp transitive verb [ Latin excerpere , excerptum ; ex out + carpere to pick, gather. See Harvest , and confer Scarce , adjective ] To pick out. [ Obsolete] Hales.

Excerpt transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Excerpted ; present participle & verbal noun Excerpting .] [ From Latin excerptus , past participle See Excerp .] To select; to extract; to cite; to quote.

Out of which we have excerpted the following particulars.
Fuller.

Excerpt -277 noun An extract; a passage selected or copied from a book or record.

Excerption noun [ Latin excerptio .]
1. The act of excerpting or selecting. [ R.]

2. That which is selected or gleaned; an extract. [ R.]

His excerptions out of the Fathers.
Fuller.

Excerptive adjective That excerpts, selects, or chooses. D. Latin Mackenzie.

Excerptor noun One who makes excerpts; a picker; a culler.

Excess noun [ Middle English exces , excess , ecstasy, Latin excessus a going out, loss of self- possession, from excedere , excessum , to go out, go beyond: confer French excès . See Exceed .]
1. The state of surpassing or going beyond limits; the being of a measure beyond sufficiency, necessity, or duty; that which exceeds what is usual or proper; immoderateness; superfluity; superabundance; extravagance; as, an excess of provisions or of light.

To gild refined gold, to paint the lily,
To throw a perfume on the violet, . . .
Is wasteful and ridiculous excess .
Shak.

That kills me with excess of grief, this with excess of joy.
Walsh.

2. An undue indulgence of the appetite; transgression of proper moderation in natural gratifications; intemperance; dissipation.

Be not drunk with wine, wherein is excess .
Eph. v. 18.

Thy desire . . . leads to no excess
That reaches blame .
Milton.

3. The degree or amount by which one thing or number exceeds another; remainder; as, the difference between two numbers is the excess of one over the other.

Spherical excess (Geom.) , the amount by which the sum of the three angles of a spherical triangle exceeds two right angles. The spherical excess is proportional to the area of the triangle.

Excessive (ĕk*sĕs"ĭv) adjective [ Confer French excessif .] Characterized by, or exhibiting, excess; overmuch.

Excessive grief [ is] the enemy to the living.
Shak.

Syn. -- Undue; exorbitant; extreme; overmuch; enormous; immoderate; monstrous; intemperate; unreasonable. See Enormous

-- Ex*cess*ive*ly , adverb - Ex*cess"ive*ness , noun

Exchange (ĕks*chānj") noun [ Middle English eschange , eschaunge , Old French eschange , from eschangier , French échanger , to exchange; prefix ex- out + French changer . See Change , and confer Excamb .]
1. The act of giving or taking one thing in return for another which is regarded as an equivalent; as, an exchange of cattle for grain.

2. The act of substituting one thing in the place of another; as, an exchange of grief for joy, or of a scepter for a sword, and the like; also, the act of giving and receiving reciprocally; as, an exchange of civilities or views.

3. The thing given or received in return; esp., a publication exchanged for another. Shak.

4. (Com.) The process of setting accounts or debts between parties residing at a distance from each other, without the intervention of money, by exchanging orders or drafts, called bills of exchange . These may be drawn in one country and payable in another, in which case they are called foreign bills ; or they may be drawn and made payable in the same country, in which case they are called inland bills . The term bill of exchange is often abbreviated into exchange ; as, to buy or sell exchange .

» A in London is creditor to B in New York, and C in London owes D in New York a like sum. A in London draws a bill of exchange on B in New York; C in London purchases the bill, by which A receives his debt due from B in New York. C transmits the bill to D in New York, who receives the amount from B.

5. (Law) A mutual grant of equal interests, the one in consideration of the other. Estates exchanged must be equal in quantity, as fee simple for fee simple. Blackstone.

6. The place where the merchants, brokers, and bankers of a city meet at certain hours, to transact business. In this sense often contracted to 'Change .

Arbitration of exchange . See under Arbitration . -- Bill of exchange . See under Bill . -- Exchange broker . See under Broker . -- Par of exchange , the established value of the coin or standard of value of one country when expressed in the coin or standard of another, as the value of the pound sterling in the currency of France or the United States. The par of exchange rarely varies, and serves as a measure for the rise and fall of exchange that is affected by the demand and supply. Exchange is at par when, for example, a bill in New York, for the payment of one hundred pounds sterling in London, can be purchased for the sum. Exchange is in favor of a place when it can be purchased there at or above par . -- Telephone exchange , a central office in which the wires of any two telephones or telephone stations may be connected to permit conversation.

Syn. -- Barter; dealing; trade; traffic; interchange.

Exchange transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Exchanged ; present participle & verbal noun Exchanging .] [ Confer OF. eschangier , French échanger . See Exchange , noun ]
1. To part with give, or transfer to another in consideration of something received as an equivalent; -- usually followed by for before the thing received.

Exchange his sheep for shells, or wool for a sparking pebble or a diamond.
Locke.

2. To part with for a substitute; to lay aside, quit, or resign (something being received in place of the thing parted with); as, to exchange a palace for cell.

And death for life exchanged foolishly.
Spenser.

To shift his being
Is to exchange one misery with another.
Shak.

3. To give and receive reciprocally, as things of the same kind; to barter; to swap; as, to exchange horses with a neighbor; to exchange houses or hats.

Exchange forgiveness with me, noble Hamlet.
Shak.

Syn. -- To barter; change; commute; interchange; bargain; truck; swap; traffic.

Exchange intransitive verb To be changed or received in exchange for; to pass in exchange; as, dollar exchanges for ten dimes.

Exchange editor An editor who inspects, and culls from, periodicals, or exchanges, for his own publication.

Exchangeability noun The quality or state of being exchangeable.

The law ought not be contravened by an express article admitting the exchangeability of such persons.
Washington.

Exchangeable adjective [ Confer F. échangeable .]
1. Capable of being exchanged; fit or proper to be exchanged.

The officers captured with Burgoyne were exchangeable within the powers of General Howe.
Marshall.

2. Available for making exchanges; ratable. "An exchangeable value." J. S. Mill.

Exchangeably adverb By way of exchange.

Exchanger noun One who exchanges; one who practices exchange. Matt. xxv. 27.

Excheat noun See Escheat . [ Obsolete] Spenser.

Excheator noun See Escheator . [ Obsolete]

Exchequer noun [ Middle English escheker , Old French eichekier , from Late Latin scaccarium . See Checker , Chess , Check .]
1. One of the superior courts of law; -- so called from a checkered cloth, which covers, or formerly covered, the table. [ Eng.]

» The exchequer was a court of law and equity. In the revenue department, it had jurisdiction over the proprietary rights of the crown against subjects; in the common law department, it administered justice in personal actions between subject and subject. A person proceeding against another in the revenue department was said to exchequer him. The judges of this court were one chief and four puisne barons, so styled. The Court of Exchequer Chamber sat as court of error in which the judgments of each of the superior courts of common law, in England, were subject to revision by the judges of the other two sitting collectively. Causes involving difficult questions of law were sometimes after argument, adjourned into this court from the other courts, for debate before judgment in the court below. Recent legislation in England (1880) has abolished the Court of Exchequer and the Court of Exchequer Chamber, as distinct tribunals, a single board of judiciary, the High Court of Justice, being established for the trial of all classes of civil cases. Wharton.

2. The department of state having charge of the collection and management of the royal revenue. [ Eng.] Hence, the treasury; and, colloquially, pecuniary possessions in general; as, the company's exchequer is low.

Barons of the exchequer . See under Baron . -- Chancellor of the exchequer . See under Chancellor . -- Exchequer bills or bonds (Eng.) , bills of money, or promissory bills, issued from the exchequer by authority of Parliament; a species of paper currency emitted under the authority of the government, and bearing interest.

Exchequer transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Exchequered ; present participle & verbal noun Exchequering .] To institute a process against (any one) in the Court of Exchequer.

Excide transitive verb [ Latin excidere , excisum ; ex out + caedere to cut. See Concise , and confer Excise to cut off.] To cut off. [ R.]

Excipient adjective [ Latin excipients , -entis , present participle of exipere . See Except , transitive verb ] Taking an exception.

Excipient noun
1. An exceptor. [ R.]

2. (Medicine) An inert or slightly active substance used in preparing remedies as a vehicle or medium of administration for the medicinal agents. Chambers.

Exciple Ex*cip"u*lum noun [ New Latin excipulum , from Latin excipere . See Except .] (Botany) The outer part of the fructification of most lichens.

Excisable adjective Liable or subject to excise; as, tobacco in an excisable commodity.

Excise noun [ Apparently from Latin excisum cut off, from excidere to cut out or off; ex out, off + caedere to cut; or, as the word was formerly written accise , from French accise , Late Latin accisia , as if from Latin accidere , accisum , to cut into; ad + caedere to cut; but probably transformed from Old French assise , Late Latin assisa , assisia , assize. See Assize , Concise .]
1. In inland duty or impost operating as an indirect tax on the consumer, levied upon certain specified articles, as, tobacco, ale, spirits, etc., grown or manufactured in the country. It is also levied to pursue certain trades and deal in certain commodities. Certain direct taxes (as, in England, those on carriages, servants, plate, armorial bearings, etc.), are included in the excise. Often used adjectively; as, excise duties; excise law; excise system.

The English excise system corresponds to the internal revenue system in the United States.
Abbot.

An excise . . . is a fixed, absolute, and direct charge laid on merchandise, products, or commodities.
11 Allen's (Mass. ) Rpts.

2. That department or bureau of the public service charged with the collection of the excise taxes. [ Eng.]

Excise transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Excised ; present participle & verbal noun Excising .]
1. To lay or impose an excise upon.

2. To impose upon; to overcharge. [ Prov. Eng.]

Excise transitive verb [ See Excide .] To cut out or off; to separate and remove; as, to excise a tumor.

Exciseman noun ; plural Excisemen An officer who inspects and rates articles liable to excise duty. Macaulay.

Excision noun [ Latin excisio : confer French excision . See Excide .]
1. The act of excising or cutting out or off; extirpation; destruction.

Such conquerors are the instruments of vengeance on those nations that have . . . grown ripe for excision .
Atterbury.

2. (Eccl.) The act of cutting off from the church; excommunication.

3. (Surg.) The removal, especially of small parts, with a cutting instrument. Dunglison.

Excitability noun [ Confer French excitabilité .]
1. The quality of being readily excited; proneness to be affected by exciting causes.

2. (Physiol.) The property manifested by living organisms, and the elements and tissues of which they are constituted, of responding to the action of stimulants; irritability; as, nervous excitability .

Excitable adjective [ Latin excitabilis inciting: confer French excitable .] Capable of being excited, or roused into action; susceptible of excitement; easily stirred up, or stimulated.

Excitant adjective [ Latin excitans , -antis , present participle of excitare : confer French excitant .] Tending to excite; exciting.

Excitant noun (Physiol.) An agent or influence which arouses vital activity, or produces increased action, in a living organism or in any of its tissues or parts; a stimulant.

Excitate transitive verb [ Latin excitatus , past participle of excitare . See Excite .] To excite. [ Obsolete] Bacon.

Excitation noun [ Latin excitatio : confer French excitation .]
1. The act of exciting or putting in motion; the act of rousing up or awakening. Bacon.

2. (Physiol.) The act of producing excitement (stimulation); also, the excitement produced.

Excitative adjective [ Confer French excitatif .] Having power to excite; tending or serving to excite; excitatory. Barrow.

Excitator noun [ Latin , one who rouses.] (Electricity) A kind of discarder.

Excitatory adjective [ Confer French excitatoire .] Tending to excite; containing excitement; excitative.

Excite transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Excited ; present participle & verbal noun exciting .] [ Latin excitare ; ex out + citare to move rapidly, to rouse: confer Old French esciter , exciter , French exciter . See Cite .]
1. To call to activity in any way; to rouse to feeling; to kindle to passionate emotion; to stir up to combined or general activity; as, to excite a person, the spirits, the passions; to excite a mutiny or insurrection; to excite heat by friction.

2. (Physiol.) To call forth or increase the vital activity of an organism, or any of its parts.

Syn. -- To incite; awaken; animate; rouse or arouse; stimulate; inflame; irritate; provoke. -- To Excite , Incite . When we excite we rouse into action feelings which were less strong; when we incite we spur on or urge forward to a specific act or end. Demosthenes excited the passions of the Athenians against Philip, and thus incited the whole nation to unite in the war against him. Antony, by his speech over the body of Cæsar, so excited the feelings of the populace, that Brutus and his companions were compelled to flee from Rome; many however, were incited to join their standard, not only by love of liberty, but hopes of plunder.

Excite transitive verb (Electricity) To energize (an electro-magnet); to produce a magnetic field in; as, to excite a dynamo.

Exciteful noun Full of exciting qualities; as, an exciteful story; exciteful players. Chapman.

Excitement noun [ Confer Old French excitement , escitement .]
1. The act of exciting, or the state of being roused into action, or of having increased action; impulsion; agitation; as, an excitement of the people.

2. That which excites or rouses; that which moves, stirs, or induces action; a motive.

The cares and excitements of a season of transition and struggle.
Talfowrd.

3. (Physiol.) A state of aroused or increased vital activity in an organism, or any of its organs or tissues.

Exciter noun One who, or that which, excites.

Hope is the grand exciter of industry.
Dr. H. More.

Exciting adjective Calling or rousing into action; producing excitement; as, exciting events; an exciting story. -- Ex*cit"ing*ly , adverb

Exciting causes (Medicine) , those which immediately produce disease, or those which excite the action of predisposing causes.

Excitive adjective Serving or tending to excite; excitative. [ R.] Bamfield.

Excitive noun That which excites; an excitant. [ R.]

Excito-motion noun (Physiol.) Motion excited by reflex nerves. See Excito-motory .

Excito-motor adjective (Physiol.) Excito-motory; as, excito-motor power or causes.