Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Exhort transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Exhorted
; present participle & verbal noun Exhorting
.] [ Latin exhortari
out + hortari
to incite, encourage; confer French exhorter
. See Hortative
.] To incite by words or advice; to animate or urge by arguments, as to a good deed or laudable conduct; to address exhortation to; to urge strongly; hence, to advise, warn, or caution.
Examples gross as earth exhort me. Shak.
Let me exhort you to take care of yourself. J. D. Forbes.
Exhort intransitive verb To deliver exhortation; to use words or arguments to incite to good deeds.
With many other words did he testify and exhort . Acts ii. 40.
Exhort noun Exhortation. [ Obsolete] Pope.
[ Latin exhortatio
: confer French exhortation
.] 1. The act of practice of exhorting; the act of inciting to laudable deeds; incitement to that which is good or commendable. 2. Language intended to incite and encourage; advice; counsel; admonition.
I'll end my exhortation after dinner. Shak.
Exhortative adjective [ Latin exhortativus : confer French exhortatif .] Serving to exhort; exhortatory; hortative. Barrow.
Exhortatory adjective [ Latin exhortatorius : confer French exhortatoire .] Of or pertaining to exhortation; hortatory. Holinshed.
Exhorter noun One who exhorts or incites.
Exhumated adjective Disinterred. [ Obsolete]
Exhumation noun [ Confer Late Latin exhumatio , French exhumation .] The act of exhuming that which has been buried; as, the exhumation of a body.
Exhume transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Exhumed present participle & verbal noun
.] [ Late Latin exhumare
; Latin ex
out + humus
ground, soil: confer French exhumer
. See Humble
.] To dig out of the ground; to take out of a place of burial; to disinter. Mantell.
Exiccate transitive verb See Exsiccate .
[ Obsolete] Holland.
Exigence noun [ French] Exigency. Hooker.
; plural Exigencies
. [ Late Latin exigentia
: confer French exigence
.] The state of being exigent; urgent or exacting want; pressing necessity or distress; need; a case demanding immediate action, supply, or remedy; as, an unforeseen exigency .
"The present exigency
of his affairs." Ludlow. Syn.
-- Demand; urgency; distress; pressure; emergency; necessity; crisis.
[ Latin exigens
, - entis
, present participle of exigere
to drive out or forth, require, exact. See Exact
.] Exacting or requiring immediate aid or action; pressing; critical.
"At this exigent
Exigent noun 1. Exigency; pressing necessity; decisive moment.
Why do you cross me in this exigent ? Shak. 2. (o. Eng. Law) The name of a writ in proceedings before outlawry. Abbott.
Exigenter noun (O. Eng. Law) An officer in the Court of King's Bench and Common Pleas whose duty it was to make out exigents. The office is now abolished. Cowell.
[ Confer French exigible
. See Exigent
.] That may be exacted; repairable.
[ R.] A. Smith.
Exiguity noun [ Latin exiguitas , from exiguus small: confer French exiguité .] Scantiness; smallness; thinness. [ R.] Boyle.
Exiguous adjective [ Latin exiguus .] Scanty; small; slender; diminutive. [ R.] " Exiguous resources." Carlyle. -- Ex*ig"uous*ness , noun [ R.]
[ Middle English exil
, from Latin exilium
, from exsuil
one who quits, or is banished from, his native soil; ex
out + solum
ground, land, soil, or perhaps from the root of salire
to leap, spring; confer French exil
. Confer Sole
of the foot, Saltation
.] 1. Forced separation from one's native country; expulsion from one's home by the civil authority; banishment; sometimes, voluntary separation from one's native country.
Let them be recalled from their exile . Shak. 2. The person expelled from his country by authority; also, one who separates himself from his home.
Thou art in exile , and thou must not stay. Shak. Syn.
-- Banishment; proscription; expulsion.
Exile transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Exiled
; present participle & verbal noun Exiling
.] To banish or expel from one's own country or home; to drive away.
from eternal God." Tennyson.
Calling home our exiled friends abroad. Shak. Syn.
-- See Banish
Exile adjective [ Latin exilis .] Small; slender; thin; fine. [ Obsolete] "An exile sound." Bacon.
Exilement noun [ Confer Old French exilement .] Banishment. [ R.] Sir. H. Wotton.
Exilic adjective Pertaining to exile or banishment, esp. to that of the Jews in Babylon. Encyc. Dict.
Exilition noun [ Latin exsilire to spring from; ex out + salire to spring, leap.] A sudden springing or leaping out. [ Obsolete] Sir T. Browne.
[ Latin exilitas
: confer French exilité
. See Exile
] Smallness; meagerness; slenderness; fineness, thinness.
[ R.] Paley.
[ Latin eximius
taken out, i. e.
select, from eximere
to take out. See Exempt
.] Select; choice; hence, extraordinary, excellent.
The eximious and arcane science of physic. Fuller.
Exinanite transitive verb [ Latin exinanitus , past participle of exinanire ; ex out (intens.) + inanire to make empty, inanis , empty.] To make empty; to render of no effect; to humble. [ Obsolete] Bp. Pearson.
[ Latin exinanitio
.] An emptying; an enfeebling; exhaustion; humiliation.
Fastings to the exinanition of spirits. Jer. Taylor.
Exist intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Existed
; present participle & verbal noun Existing
.] [ Latin existere
, to step out or forth, emerge, appear, exist; ex
out + sistere
to cause to stand, to set, put, place, stand still, from stare
to stand: confer French exister
. See Stand
.] 1. To be as a fact and not as a mode; to have an actual or real being, whether material or spiritual.
Who now, alas! no more is missed Swift.
Than if he never did exist .
To conceive the world . . . to have existed from eternity. South. 2. To be manifest in any manner; to continue to be; as, great evils existed in his reign. 3. To live; to have life or the functions of vitality; as, men can not exist in water, nor fishes on land. Syn.
-- See Be
[ Confer French existence
.] 1. The state of existing or being; actual possession of being; continuance in being; as, the existence of body and of soul in union; the separate existence of the soul; immortal existence .
The main object of our existence . Lubbock. 2. Continued or repeated manifestation; occurrence, as of events of any kind; as, the existence of a calamity or of a state of war.
The existence therefore, of a phenomenon, is but another word for its being perceived, or for the inferred possibility of perceiving it. J. S. Mill. 3. That which exists; a being; a creature; an entity; as, living existences .
Existency noun Existence. [ R.] Sir M. Hale.
[ Latin existens
, present participle of existere
. See Exist
.] Having being or existence; existing; being; occurring now; taking place.
The eyes and mind are fastened on objects which have no real being, as if they were truly existent . Dryden.
Existential adjective Having existence.
[ Archaic] Bp. Barlow.
Existentially as well as essentially intelligent. Colerige.
Exister noun One who exists.
Existible adjective Capable of existence. Grew.
[ Latin existimatio
judgment, opinion, from existimare
to estimate. See Estimate
.] Esteem; opinion; reputation.
[ Obsolete] Steele.
[ Latin , 3d pers. sing. present of exire
to go out. See Exeunt
.] He (or she ) goes out, or retires from view; as, exit Macbeth.
» The Latin words exit
(he or she goes out), and exeunt
( they go out), are used in dramatic writings to indicate the time of withdrawal from the stage of one or more of the actors.
[ See 1st Exit
.] 1. The departure of a player from the stage, when he has performed his part.
They have their exits and their entrances. Shak. 2. Any departure; the act of quitting the stage of action or of life; death; as, to make one's exit .
Sighs for his exit , vulgarly called death. Cowper. 3. A way of departure; passage out of a place; egress; way out.
Forcing the water forth through its ordinary exits . Woodward.
Exitial, Exitious adjective [ Latin exitialis , exitious , from exitium a going out, a going to naught, i. e. , ruin, from exire to go out: confer French exitial .] Destructive; fatal. [ Obsolete] " Exitial fevers." Harvey.
Exmoor noun [ From Exmoor , a district in Somersetshire and Devonshire.]
1. One of a breed of horned sheep of Devonshire, England, having white legs and face and black nostrils. They are esp. valuable for mutton. 2. A breed of ponies native to the Exmoor district.
[ Greek ... out of, outside, from ... out. See Ex-
.] A prefix signifying out of, outside; as in exo carp, exo gen, exo skeleton.
Exocardiac, Exocardial adjective [ Exo- + Greek kardi`a heart.] (Anat.) Situated or arising outside of the heart; as, exocardial murmurs; -- opposed to endocardiac .
+ Greek ... fruit.] (Botany) The outer portion of a fruit, as the flesh of a peach or the rind of an orange. See Illust. of Drupe .
Exoccipital adjective [ Prefix ex- + occipital .] (Anat.) Pertaining to a bone or region on each side of the great foremen of the skull. -- noun The exoccipital bone, which often forms a part of the occipital in the adult, but is usually distinct in the young.
(? or ?), Ex`ocœ"tus noun [ New Latin exocetus , Latin exocoetus a fish that sleeps on the shore, Greek 'exw`koitos , lit., sleeping out; 'e`xw outside of + koi`th bed.] (Zoöl) A genus of fishes, including the common flying fishes. See Flying fish .
Exoculate transitive verb [ Latin exoculatus , past participle of exoculare to exoculate; ex out + oculus an eye.] To deprive of eyes. [ R.] W. C. Hazlitt.
[ Latin exodium
, Greek ... (sc. ... song) from ... belonging to an exit, or to the finale of a tragedy, from ...: confer French exode
. See Exodus
.] 1. Departure; exodus; esp., the exodus of the Israelites from Egypt.
[ Obsolete] Latin Coleman. Bolingbroke. 2. (Gr. Drama) The final chorus; the catastrophe. 3. (Rom. Antiq.) An afterpiece of a comic description, either a farce or a travesty.