Webster's Dictionary, 1913
[ Latin excresens
, present participle of excrescere
to grow out ; ex
out + crescere
to grow. See Crescent
.] Growing out in an abnormal or morbid manner or as a superfluity.
Expunge the whole, or lip the excrescent parts. Pope. Excrescent letter (Philol.)
, a letter which has been added to a root; as, the d in alder (AS. alr ) is an excrescent letter .
Excrescential adjective Pertaining to, or resembling, an excrescence. [ R.] Hawthorne.
Excreta noun plural [ Latin ] Matters to be excreted.
Excrete transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Excreted
; present participle & verbal noun Excreting
.] [ Latin excretus
, past participle of excernere
to sift out, discharge; ex
out + cernere
to sift, separate. See Crisis
.] To separate and throw off; to excrete urine.
"The mucus thus excreted
[ From Excrete
.] (physiol. Chem.) A nonnitrogenous, crystalline body, present in small quantity in human fæces.
[ Confer French excrétion
.] 1. The act of excreting.
To promote secretion and excretion . Pereira. 2. That which is excreted; excrement. Bacon.
Excretive adjective Having the power of excreting, or promoting excretion. Harvey.
Excretory adjective [ Confer French excrétoire .] Having the quality of excreting, or throwing off excrementitious matter.
Excruciable adjective [ Latin excruciabilis .] Liable to torment. [ R.] Bailey.
[ Latin excruciatus
, past participle of excruciare
to excruciate; ex
out + cruciare
to put to death on a cross, to torment. See Cruciate
.] Excruciated; tortured.
And here my heart long time excruciate . Chapman.
Excruciate transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Excruciated
; present participle & verbal noun Excruciating
.] To inflict agonizing pain upon; to torture; to torment greatly; to rack; as, to excruciate the heart or the body.
Their thoughts, like devils, them excruciate . Drayton.
Excruciating Torturing; racking. " Excruciating pain." V. Knox. " Excruciating fears." Bentley -- Ex*cru"ci*a`ting*ly , adverb
Excruciation noun [ Latin excruciatio .] The act of inflicting agonizing pain, or the state of being thus afflicted; that which excruciates; torture. Feltham.
Excubation noun [ Latin excubatio , from excubare to lie out on guard; ex out on guard; ex out + cubare to lie down.] A keeping watch. [ Obsolete] Bailey.
Excubitorium noun [ Late Latin excubitorium ; ex out + cubare , cubitum , to lie.] (Eccl. Antiq.) A gallery in a church, where persons watched all night.
Exculpable Capable of being exculpated; deserving exculpation. Sir G. Buck.
Exculpate transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Exculpated
, present participle & verbal noun
] [ Latin ex
out + culpatus
, past participle of culpare
to find fault with, to blame, culpa
fault. See Culpable
.] To clear from alleged fault or guilt; to prove to be guiltless; to relieve of blame; to acquit.
He exculpated himself from being the author of the heroic epistle. Mason.
I exculpate him further for his writing against me. Milman. Syn.
-- To exonerate; absolve; clear; acquit; excuse; vindicate; justify.
[ Confer Late Latin exculpatio
.] The act of exculpating from alleged fault or crime; that which exculpates; excuse.
These robbers, however, were men who might have made out a strong case in exculpation of themselves. Southey.
Exculpatory Clearing, or tending to clear, from alleged fault or guilt; excusing. "An exculpatory letter." Johnson.
Excur intransitive verb
[ Latin excurrere
. See Excurrent
.] To run out or forth; to extend.
[ Obsolete] Harvey.
[ Latin excurrens
, past participle of excurrere, excursum, to run out; ex
out + currere
to run. See Current
.] 1. Running or flowing out
; as: (Botany) Running or extending out; as, an excurrent midrib, one which projects beyond the apex of a leaf; an excurrent steam or trunk, one which continues to the top. 2. (Zoöl) Characterized by a current which flows outward; as, an excurrent orifice or tube.
Excurse transitive verb
[ See excurrent
.] To journey or pass thought.
[ Latin excursio
: confer French excursion
. See Excurrent
.] 1. A running or going out or forth; an expedition; a sally.
Far on excursion toward the gates of hell. Milton.
They would make excursions and waste the country. Holland. 2. A journey chiefly for recreation; a pleasure trip; a brief tour; as, an excursion into the country. 3. A wandering from a subject; digression.
I am not in a scribbling mood, and shall therefore make no excursions . Cowper. 4. (Machinery) Length of stroke, as of a piston; stroke. [ An awkward use of the word.] Syn.
-- Journey; tour; ramble; jaunt. See Journey
Excursionist noun One who goes on an excursion, or pleasure trip.
Excursive adjective Prone to make excursions; wandering; roving; exploring; as, an excursive fancy.
The course of excursive . . . understandings. I. Taylor.
, , noun
[ Latin , from excurrere
. See Excurrent
.] A dissertation or digression appended to a work, and containing a more extended exposition of some important point or topic.
[ Latin excusabilis
: confer French excusable
. See Excuse
.] That may be excused, forgiven, justified, or acquitted of blame; pardonable; as, the man is excusable ; an excusable action.
The excusableness of my dissatisfaction. Boyle.
Excusation noun [ Latin excusatio : confer French excusation .] Excuse; apology. [ Obsolete] Bacon.
Excusator noun [ Latin ] One who makes, or is authorized to make, an excuse; an apologist. [ Obsolete] Hume.
Excusatory adjective Making or containing excuse or apology; apologetical; as, an excusatory plea.
Excuse transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Excused
; present participle & verbal noun Excusing
.] [ Middle English escusen
, Old French escuser
, French excuser
, from Latin excusare
out + causa
to plead. See Cause
.] 1. To free from accusation, or the imputation of fault or blame; to clear from guilt; to release from a charge; to justify by extenuating a fault; to exculpate; to absolve; to acquit.
A man's persuasion that a thing is duty, will not excuse him from guilt in practicing it, if really and indeed it be against Gog's law. Abp. Sharp. 2. To pardon, as a fault; to forgive entirely, or to admit to be little censurable, and to overlook; as, we excuse irregular conduct, when extraordinary circumstances appear to justify it.
I must excuse what can not be amended. Shak. 3. To regard with indulgence; to view leniently or to overlook; to pardon.
And in our own ( excuse some courtly stains.) Pope. 4. To free from an impending obligation or duty; hence, to disengage; to dispense with; to release by favor; also, to remit by favor; not to exact; as, to excuse a forfeiture.
No whiter page than Addison remains.
I pray thee have me excused . xiv. 19. 5. To relieve of an imputation by apology or defense; to make apology for as not seriously evil; to ask pardon or indulgence for.
Think ye that we excuse ourselves to you? 2 Cor. xii. 19. Syn.
-- To vindicate; exculpate; absolve; acquit. - To Pardon
. A superior pardons
as an act of mercy or generosity; either a superior or an equal excuses
. A crime, great fault, or a grave offence, as one against law or morals, may be pardoned
; a small fault, such as a failure in social or conventional obligations, slight omissions or neglects may be excused
relates to offenses against one's self, and punishment foregone; as, to forgive
injuries or one who has injured us; to pardon
grave offenses, crimes, and criminals; to excuse
an act of forgetfulness, an unintentional offense. Pardon
is also a word of courtesy employed in the sense of excuse
[ Confer French excuse
. See Excuse
, transitive verb
] 1. The act of excusing, apologizing, exculpating, pardoning, releasing, and the like; acquittal; release; absolution; justification; extenuation.
Pleading so wisely in excuse of it. Shak. 2. That which is offered as a reason for being excused; a plea offered in extenuation of a fault or irregular deportment; apology; as, an excuse for neglect of duty; excuses for delay of payment.
Hence with denial vain and coy excuse . Milton. 3. That which excuses; that which extenuates or justifies a fault.
"It hath the excuse
of youth." Shak.
If eyes were made for seeing. Emerson. Syn.
Then beauty is its own excuse for being.
-- See Apology
Excuseless adjective Having no excuse; not admitting of excuse or apology. Whillock.
Excusement noun [ Confer Old French excusement .] Excuse. [ Obsolete] Gower.
1. One who offers excuses or pleads in extenuation of the fault of another. Swift. 2. One who excuses or forgives another. Shelton.
Excuss transitive verb
[ Latin excussus
. past participle of excutere
to shake off; ex
out, from + quatere
to shake. Confer Quash
.] 1. To shake off; to discard.
To excuss the notation of a Geity out of their minds. Bp. Stillingfleet. 2. To inspect; to investigate; to decipher.
To take some pains in excusing some old monuments. F. Junius (1654). 3. To seize and detain by law, as goods.
[ Obsolete] Ayliffe.
Excussion noun [ Latin excussio a shaking down; Late Latin , a threshing of corn: confer French excussion .] The act of excusing; seizure by law. [ Obsolete] Ayliffe.
Exeat noun [ Latin , let him go forth.]
1. A license for absence from a college or a religious house. [ Eng.] Shipley. 2. A permission which a bishop grants to a priest to go out of his diocese. Wharton.
[ Latin execrabilis
: confer French exécrable
. See Execrate
.] Deserving to be execrated; accursed; damnable; detestable; abominable; as, an execrable wretch.
Execrate transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Execrated
; present participle & verbal noun Execrating
.] [ Latin execratus
, past participle of execrare
, to execrate; ex
out + sacer
holy, sacred. See Sacred
.] To denounce evil against, or to imprecate evil upon; to curse; to protest against as unholy or detestable; hence, to detest utterly; to abhor; to abominate.
"They . . . execrate
their lct." Cowper.
[ Latin execratio
: confer French exécration
.] 1. The act of cursing; a curse dictated by violent feelings of hatred; imprecation; utter detestation expressed.
Cease, gentle, queen, these execrations . Shak. 2. That which is execrated; a detested thing.
Ye shall be an execration and . . . a curse. Jer. xlii. 18. Syn.
-- See Malediction
Execrative adjective Cursing; imprecatory; vilifying. Carlyle. -- Ex"e*cra*tive*ly , adverb
Execrative noun A word used for cursing; an imprecatory word or expression. Earle.
Execratory adjective Of the nature of execration; imprecatory; denunciatory. C. Kingsley. -- noun A formulary of execrations. Latin Addison.
Exect transitive verb
[ See Exsect
.] To cut off or out. [ Obsolete] See Exsect . Harvey.
Executable adjective Capable of being executed; feasible; as, an executable project. [ R.]
Executant noun One who executes or performs; esp., a performer on a musical instrument.
Great executants on the organ. De Quincey.
Execute transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Executed
; present participle & verbal noun Executing
.] [ French exécuter
, Latin executus
, past participle of exequi
to follow to the end, pursue; ex
out + sequi
to follow. See Second
to follow up, and confer Exequy
.] 1. To follow out or through to the end; to carry out into complete effect; to complete; to finish; to effect; to perform.
Why delays Milton. 2. To complete, as a legal instrument; to perform what is required to give validity to, as by signing and perhaps sealing and delivering; as, to execute a deed, lease, mortgage, will, etc. 3. To give effect to; to do what is provided or required by; to perform the requirements or stipulations of; as, to execute a decree, judgment, writ, or process. 4. To infect capital punishment on; to put to death in conformity to a legal sentence; as, to execute a traitor. 5. To put to death illegally; to kill.
His hand to execute what his decree
Fixed on this day?
[ Obsolete] Shak. 6. (Mus.) To perform, as a piece of music, either on an instrument or with the voice; as, to execute a difficult part brilliantly. Syn.
-- To accomplish; effect; fulfill; achieve; consummate; finish; complete. See Accomplish
Execute intransitive verb
1. To do one's work; to act one's part or purpose. [ R.] Hayward. 2. To perform musically.