Webster's Dictionary, 1913
[ Latin excandescens
, present participle of excandescere
to take fire, glow; ex
out (intens.) + candescere
to begin to glisten or glow, from candere
. See Candid
.] White or glowing with heat.
[ R.] Ure.
[ Latin excantare
to charm out. See Ex...
, and Chant
.] Disenchantment by a countercharm.
[ Obsolete] Gayton.
Excarnate transitive verb [ Late Latin excarnatus , past participle of excarnare ; Latin ex out + caro , carnis , flesh.] To deprive or clear of flesh. Grew.
Excarnation noun The act of depriving or divesting of flesh; excarnification; -- opposed to incarnation .
Excarnificate transitive verb
[ Latin ex
out + Late Latin carnificatus
, past participle carnificare
to carnify; confer Latin excarnificare
to tear to pieces, torment. See Carnify
.] To clear of flesh; to excarnate. Dr. H. More.
Excarnification noun The act of excarnificating or of depriving of flesh; excarnation. Johnson.
Excavate transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Excavated
; present participle & verbal noun Excavating
.] [ Latin excavatus
, past participle of excavare
to excavate; ex
out + cavare
to make hollow, cavus
hollow. See Cave
.] 1. To hollow out; to form cavity or hole in; to make hollow by cutting, scooping, or digging; as, to excavate a ball; to excavate the earth. 2. To form by hollowing; to shape, as a cavity, or anything that is hollow; as, to excavate a canoe, a cellar, a channel. 3. (Engineering) To dig out and remove, as earth.
The material excavated was usually sand. E. Latin Corthell. Excavating pump
, a kind of dredging apparatus for excavating under water, in which silt and loose material mixed with water are drawn up by a pump. Knight.
[ Latin excavatio
: confer French excavation
.] 1. The act of excavating, or of making hollow, by cutting, scooping, or digging out a part of a solid mass. 2. A cavity formed by cutting, digging, or scooping.
"A winding excavation
." Glover. 3. (Engineering) (a) An uncovered cutting in the earth, in distinction from a covered cutting or tunnel . (b) The material dug out in making a channel or cavity.
The delivery of the excavations at a distance of 250 feet. E. Latin Corthell.
Excavator noun One who, or that which, excavates or hollows out; a machine, as a dredging machine, or a tool, for excavating.
Excave transitive verb [ Latin excavare .] To excavate. [ Obsolete] Cockeram.
Excecate transitive verb [ Latin excaecatus , past participle of excaecare to blind; ex (intens.) + caecare to blind, caecus blind.] To blind. [ Obsolete] Cockeram.
Excecation noun The act of making blind. [ Obsolete] Bp. Richardson.
[ Latin excedens
, present participle of excedere
. See Exceed
, transitive verb
Exceed transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Exceeded
; present participle & verbal noun Exceeding
.] [ Latin excedere
, to go away or beyond; ex
out + cedere
to go, to pass: confer French excéder
. See Cede
.] To go beyond; to proceed beyond the given or supposed limit or measure of; to outgo; to surpass; -- used both in a good and a bad sense; as, one man exceeds another in bulk, stature, weight, power, skill, etc.; one offender exceeds another in villainy; his rank exceeds yours.
Name the time, but let it not Shak.
Exceed three days.
Observes how much a chintz exceeds mohair. Pope. Syn.
-- To outdo; surpass; excel; transcend; outstrip; outvie; overtop.
Exceed intransitive verb 1. To go too far; to pass the proper bounds or measure.
"In our reverence to whom, we can not possibly exceed
." Jer. Taylor.
Forty stripes he may give him, and not exceed . Deut. xxv. 3. 2. To be more or greater; to be paramount. Shak.
Exceedable adjective Capable of exceeding or surpassing. [ Obsolete] Sherwood.
Exceeder noun One who exceeds. Bp. Montagu.
Exceeding adjective More than usual; extraordinary; more than sufficient; measureless. "The exceeding riches of his grace." Eph. ii. 7. -- Ex*ceed"ing*ness , noun [ Obsolete] Sir P. Sidney.
Exceeding adverb In a very great degree; extremely; exceedingly.
[ Archaic. It is not joined to verbs.] "The voice exceeding
His raiment became shining, exceeding white as snow. Mark ix. 3.
The Genoese were exceeding powerful by sea. Sir W. Raleigh.
Exceedingly adverb To a very great degree; beyond what is usual; surpassingly. It signifies more than very .
Excel transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Excelled
; present participle & verbal noun Excelling
.] [ Latin excellere
out + a root found in culmen
height, top; confer French exceller
. See Culminate
.] 1. To go beyond or surpass in good qualities or laudable deeds; to outdo or outgo, in a good sense.
Excelling others, these were great; Prior.
Thou, greater still, must these excel .
I saw that wisdom excelleth folly, as far as light excelleth darkness. Eccl. ii. 13. 2. To exceed or go beyond; to surpass.
She opened; but to shut Milton.
Excelled her power; the gates wide open stood.
Excel intransitive verb To surpass others in good qualities, laudable actions, or acquirements; to be distinguished by superiority; as, to excel in mathematics, or classics.
Unstable as water, thou shalt not excel . Gen. xlix. 4.
Then peers grew proud in horsemanship t' excel . Pope.
[ French excellence
, Latin excellentia
.] 1. The quality of being excellent; state of possessing good qualities in an eminent degree; exalted merit; superiority in virtue.
Consider first that great Milton. 2. An excellent or valuable quality; that by which any one excels or is eminent; a virtue.
Or bright infers not excellence .
With every excellence refined. Beattie. 3. A title of honor or respect; -- more common in the form excellency .
I do greet your excellence Shak. Syn.
With letters of commission from the king.
-- Superiority; preëminence; perfection; worth; goodness; purity; greatness.
; plural Excellencies 1. Excellence; virtue; dignity; worth; superiority.
His excellency is over Israel. Ps. lxviii. 34.
Extinguish in men the sense of their own excellency . Hooker. 2. A title of honor given to certain high dignitaries, esp. to viceroys, ministers, and ambassadors, to English colonial governors, etc. It was formerly sometimes given to kings and princes.
[ French excellent
, Latin excellens
, present participle of excellere
. See Excel
.] 1. Excelling; surpassing others in some good quality or the sum of qualities; of great worth; eminent, in a good sense; superior; as, an excellent man, artist, citizen, husband, discourse, book, song, etc.; excellent breeding, principles, aims, action.
To love . . . Milton. 2. Superior in kind or degree, irrespective of moral quality; -- used with words of a bad significance.
What I see excellent in good or fair.
[ Obsolete or Ironical] "An excellent
Their sorrows are most excellent . Beau. & Fl. Syn.
-- Worthy; choice; prime; valuable; select; exquisite; transcendent; admirable; worthy.
Excellent adverb Excellently; eminently; exceedingly. [ Obsolete] "This comes off well and excellent ." Shak.
Excellently adverb 1. In an excellent manner; well in a high degree. 2. In a high or superior degree; -- in this literal use, not implying worthiness.
When the whole heart is excellently sorry. J. Fletcher.
[ Latin , compar. of excelsus
elevated, lofty, past participle of excellere
. See Excel
, transitive verb
] More lofty; still higher; ever upward.
Excelsior noun A kind of stuffing for upholstered furniture, mattresses, etc., in which curled shreds of wood are substituted for curled hair.
Excentral adjective [ Prefix ex- + central .] (Botany) Out of the center.
Excentric, Excentrical adjective 1. Same as Eccentric , Eccentrical . 2. (Botany) One-sided; having the normally central portion not in the true center. Gray.
Except transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Excepted
; present participle & verbal noun Excepting
.] [ Latin exceptus
, past participle of excipere
to take or draw out, to except; ex
out + capere
to take: confer French excepter
. See Capable
.] 1. To take or leave out (anything) from a number or a whole as not belonging to it; to exclude; to omit.
Who never touched Milton.
The excepted tree.
Wherein (if we only except the unfitness of the judge) all other things concurred. Bp. Stillingfleet. 2. To object to; to protest against.
[ Obsolete] Shak.
Except intransitive verb To take exception; to object; -- usually followed by to , sometimes by against ; as, to except to a witness or his testimony.
Except thou wilt except against my love. Shak.
[ Originally past participle, or verb in the imperative mode.] With exclusion of; leaving or left out; excepting.
God and his Son except , Milton. Syn.
Created thing naught valued he nor . . . shunned .
, and save
are exclusive. Except
marks exclusion more pointedly. "I have finished all the letters except
one," is more marked than "I have finished all the letters but
is the same as except
, but less used. Save
is chiefly found in poetry. Besides
(lit., by the side of) is in the nature of addition. "There is no one here except
him," means, take him away and there is nobody present. "There is nobody here besides
him," means, he is present and by the side of, or in addition to, him is nobody. "Few ladies, except
her Majesty, could have made themselves heard." In this example, besides
should be used, not except
Except conj. Unless; if it be not so that.
And he said, I will not let thee go, except thou bless me. Gen. xxxii. 26.
But yesterday you never opened lip, Tennyson.
Except , indeed, to drink.
» As a conjunction unless
has mostly taken the place of except
Exceptant adjective Making exception.
Excepting preposition & conj., but properly a participle
. With rejection or exception of; excluding; except.
your worship's presence." Shak.
No one was ever yet made utterly miserable, excepting by himself. Lubbock.
[ Latin exceptio
: confer French exception
.] 1. The act of excepting or excluding; exclusion; restriction by taking out something which would otherwise be included, as in a class, statement, rule. 2. That which is excepted or taken out from others; a person, thing, or case, specified as distinct, or not included; as, almost every general rule has its exceptions .
Such rare exceptions , shining in the dark, Cowper.
Prove, rather than impeach, the just remark.
Often with to
That proud exception to all nature's laws. Pope. 3. (Law) An objection, oral or written, taken, in the course of an action, as to bail or security; or as to the decision of a judge, in the course of a trail, or in his charge to a jury; or as to lapse of time, or scandal, impertinence, or insufficiency in a pleading; also, as in conveyancing, a clause by which the grantor excepts something before granted. Burrill. 4. An objection; cavil; dissent; disapprobation; offense; cause of offense; -- usually followed by to or against .
I will never answer what exceptions they can have against our account [ relation]. Bentley.
He . . . took exception to the place of their burial. Bacon.
She takes exceptions at your person. Shak. Bill of exceptions (Law)
, a statement of exceptions to the decision, or instructions of a judge in the trial of a cause, made for the purpose of putting the points decided on record so as to bring them before a superior court or the full bench for review.
Exceptionable adjective Liable to exception or objection; objectionable.
This passage I look upon to be the most exceptionable in the whole poem. Addison.
[ Confer French exceptionnel
.] Forming an exception; not ordinary; uncommon; rare; hence, better than the average; superior. Lyell.
This particular spot had exceptional advantages. Jowett (Th. )
-- Ex*cep"tion*al*ly adverb
Exceptioner noun One who takes exceptions or makes objections. [ Obsolete] Milton.
Exceptionless adjective Without exception.
A universal, . . . exceptionless disqualification. Bancroft.
Exceptious adjective Disposed or apt to take exceptions, or to object; captious.
At least effectually silence the doubtful and exceptious . South.
[ Obsolete] Barrow.
Exceptive adjective That excepts; including an exception; as, an exceptive proposition. I. Watts.
A particular and exceptive law. Milton.
Exceptless adjective Not exceptional; usual.
My general and exceptless rashness. Shak.
Exceptor noun [ Latin , a scribe.] One who takes exceptions. T. Burnet.
Excerebration noun [ Latin excerebratus deprived of brains; ex out + cerebrum brain.] The act of removing or beating out the brains.
Excern transitive verb
[ Latin excernere
. See Excrete
.] To excrete; to throw off through the pores; as, fluids are excerned in perspiration.
[ R.] Bacon.