Webster's Dictionary, 1913
[ French, from Greek ... out + ... work; lit., out work, i. e.
, accessory work. See Work
.] (Numis.) The small space beneath the base line of a subject engraved on a coin or medal. It usually contains the date, place, engraver's name, etc., or other subsidiary matter. Fairholt.
Exert transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Exerted
; present participle & verbal noun Exerting
.] [ Latin exertus
, past participle of exerere
, to thrust out; ex
out + serere
to join or bind together. See Series
, and confer Exsert
.] 1. To thrust forth; to emit; to push out.
So from the seas exerts his radiant head Dryden. 2. To put force, ability, or anything of the nature of an active faculty; to put in vigorous action; to bring into active operation; as, to exert the strength of the body, limbs, faculties, or imagination; to exert the mind or the voice. 3. To put forth, as the result or exercise of effort; to bring to bear; to do or perform.
The star by whom the lights of heaven are led.
When we will has exerted an act of command on any faculty of the soul or member of the body. South. To exert one's self
, to use efforts or endeavors; to strive; to make an attempt.
Exertion noun The act of exerting, or putting into motion or action; the active exercise of any power or faculty; an effort, esp. a laborious or perceptible effort; as, an exertion of strength or power; an exertion of the limbs or of the mind; it is an exertion for him to move, to-day. Syn.
-- Attempt; endeavor; effort; essay; trial. See Attempt
Exertive adjective Having power or a tendency to exert; using exertion.
Exertment noun Exertion. [ R.]
Exesion noun [ Latin exedere , exesum , to eat up; ex out + edere to eat.] The act of eating out or through. [ Obsolete] Sir T. Browne.
Exestuate intransitive verb
[ Latin exaestuatus
,past participle of exaestuare
to boil up. See Estuate
.] To be agitated; to boil up; to effervesce.
Exestuation noun [ Latin exaestuatio .] A boiling up; effervescence. [ Obsolete] Boyle.
[ Latin , 3d pers. plural present of exire
to go out.] They go out, or retire from the scene; as, exeunt all except Hamlet. See 1st Exit .
Exfetation n [ Prefix ex- + fetation .] (Medicine) Imperfect fetation in some organ exterior to the uterus; extra-uterine fetation. Hoblyn.
Exfoliate intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Exfoliated
; present participle & verbal noun Exfoliating
.] [ Latin exfoliare
to strip of leaves; ex
out, from + folium
leaf.] 1. To separate and come off in scales or laminæ, as pieces of carious bone or of bark. 2. (Min.) To split into scales, especially to become converted into scales at the result of heat or decomposition.
Exfoliate transitive verb To remove scales, laminæ, or splinters from the surface of.
Exfoliation noun [ Confer French exfoliation .] The scaling off of a bone, a rock, or a mineral, etc.; the state of being exfoliated.
Exfoliative adjective [ Confer F. exfoliatif .] Having the power of causing exfoliation. -- noun An exfoliative agent. Wiseman.
Exhalable adjective Capable of being exhaled or evaporated. Boyle.
Exhalant adjective [ Confer French exhalant .] Having the quality of exhaling or evaporating.
[ Latin exhalatio
: confer French exhalaison
.] 1. The act or process of exhaling, or sending forth in the form of steam or vapor; evaporation. 2. That which is exhaled, or which rises in the form of vapor, fume, or steam; effluvium; emanation; as, exhalations from the earth or flowers, decaying matter, etc.
Ye mists and exhalations , that now rise Milton. 3. A bright phenomenon; a meteor.
From hill or steaming lake.
I shall fall Shak.
Like a bright exhalation in the evening.
Exhale transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Exaled
, present participle & verbal noun
.] [ Latin exhalare
out + halare
to breathe; confer French exhaler
. Confer Inhale
.] 1. To breathe out. Hence: To emit, as vapor; to send out, as an odor; to evaporate; as, the earth exhales vapor; marshes exhale noxious effluvia.
Less fragrant scents the unfolding rose exhales . Pope. 2. To draw out; to cause to be emitted in vapor; as, the sun exhales the moisture of the earth.
Exhale intransitive verb To rise or be given off, as vapor; to pass off, or vanish.
Their inspiration exhaled in elegies. Prescott.
Exhalement noun Exhalation. [ Obsolete]
Exhalence noun Exhalation. [ R.]
Exhaust transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Exhausted
; present participle & verbal noun Exhausting
.] [ Latin exhaustus
, past participle of exhaurire
out + haurire
, to draw, esp. water; perhaps akin to Icelandic asua
to sprinkle, pump.] 1. To draw or let out wholly; to drain off completely; as, to exhaust the water of a well; the moisture of the earth is exhausted by evaporation. 2. To empty by drawing or letting out the contents; as, to exhaust a well, or a treasury. 3. To drain, metaphorically; to use or expend wholly, or till the supply comes to an end; to deprive wholly of strength; to use up; to weary or tire out; to wear out; as, to exhaust one's strength, patience, or resources.
A decrepit, exhausted old man at fifty- five. Motley. 4. To bring out or develop completely; to discuss thoroughly; as, to exhaust a subject. 5. (Chemistry) To subject to the action of various solvents in order to remove all soluble substances or extractives; as, to exhaust a drug successively with water, alcohol, and ether. Exhausted receiver
. (Physics) See under Receiver . Syn.
-- To spend; consume; tire out; weary.
Exhaust adjective [ Latin exhaustus , past participle ] Exhaust draught , a forced draught produced by drawing air through a place, as through a furnace, instead of blowing it through. -- Exhaust fan , a fan blower so arranged as to produce an exhaust draught, or to draw air or gas out of a place, as out of a room in ventilating it. -- Exhaust nozzle , Exhaust orifice (Steam Engine) , the blast orifice or nozzle. -- Exhaust pipe (Steam Engine) , the pipe that conveys exhaust steam from the cylinder to the atmosphere or to the condenser. Exhaust port (Steam Engine) , the opening, in the cylinder or valve, by which the exhaust steam escapes. -- Exhaust purifier (Milling) , a machine for sorting grains, or purifying middlings by an exhaust draught. Knight. -- Exhaust steam (Steam Engine) , steam which is allowed to escape from the cylinder after having been employed to produce motion of the piston. -- Exhaust valve (Steam Engine) , a valve that lets exhaust steam escape out of a cylinder.
1. Drained; exhausted; having expended or lost its energy. 2. Pertaining to steam, air, gas, etc., that is released from the cylinder of an engine after having preformed its work.
Exhaust noun (Steam Engine)
1. The steam let out of a cylinder after it has done its work there. 2. The foul air let out of a room through a register or pipe provided for the purpose.
Exhauster noun One who, or that which, exhausts or draws out.
Exhaustibility noun Capability of being exhausted.
I was seriously tormented by the thought of the exhaustibility of musical combinations. J. S. Mill.
Exhaustible adjective Capable of being exhausted, drained off, or expended. Johnson.
Exhausting adjective Producing exhaustion; as, exhausting labors. -- Ex*haust"ing , adverb
Exhaustion noun [ Confer French exhaustion .]
1. The act of draining out or draining off; the act of emptying completely of the contents. 2. The state of being exhausted or emptied; the state of being deprived of strength or spirits. 3. (Math.) An ancient geometrical method in which an exhaustive process was employed. It was nearly equivalent to the modern method of limits. » The method of exhaustions was applied to great variety of propositions, pertaining to rectifications and quadratures, now investigated by the calculus.
Exhaustive adjective Serving or tending to exhaust; exhibiting all the facts or arguments; as, an exhaustive method . Ex*haust"ive*ly , adverb
Exhaustless adjective Not be exhausted; inexhaustible; as, an exhaustless fund or store.
Exhaustment noun Exhaustion; drain. [ Obsolete]
Exhausture noun Exhaustion. Wraxall.
[ New Latin ] See Exedra .
Exheredate transitive verb [ Latin , exheredatus , past participle of exheredare to disinherit; ex out + heres , heredis , heir.] To disinherit. [ R.] Huloet.
Exheredation noun [ Latin , exheredatio : confer French exhérédation .] A disinheriting; disherison. [ R.]
Exhereditation noun [ Late Latin exhereditare , exhereditatum , disinherit.] A disinheriting; disherison. [ R.] E. Waterhouse.
Exhibit transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Exhibited
; present participle & verbal noun Exhibiting
.] [ Latin exhibitus
, past participle of exhibere
to hold forth, to tender, exhibit; ex
out + habere
to have or hold. See Habit
.] 1. To hold forth or present to view; to produce publicly, for inspection; to show, especially in order to attract notice to what is interesting; to display; as, to exhibit commodities in a warehouse, a picture in a gallery.
Exhibiting a miserable example of the weakness of mind and body. Pope. 2. (Law) To submit, as a document, to a court or officer, in course of proceedings; also, to present or offer officially or in legal form; to bring, as a charge.
He suffered his attorney-general to exhibit a charge of high treason against the earl. Clarendon. 3. (Medicine) To administer as a remedy; as, to exhibit calomel. To exhibit a foundation or prize
, to hold it forth or to tender it as a bounty to candidates.
-- To exibit an essay
, to declaim or otherwise present it in public.
1. Any article, or collection of articles, displayed to view, as in an industrial exhibition; a display; as, this exhibit was marked A; the English exhibit . 2. (Law) A document produced and identified in court for future use as evidence.
[ Confer Exhibitor
.] One who exhibits; one who presents a petition, charge or bill. Shak.
[ Latin exhibitio
a delivering: confer French exhibition
.] 1. The act of exhibiting for inspection, or of holding forth to view; manifestation; display. 2. That which is exhibited, held forth, or displayed; also, any public show; a display of works of art, or of feats of skill, or of oratorical or dramatic ability; as, an exhibition of animals; an exhibition of pictures, statues, etc.; an industrial exhibition . 3. Sustenance; maintenance; allowance, esp. for meat and drink; pension. Specifically: (Eng. Univ.) Private benefaction for the maintenance of scholars.
What maintenance he from his friends receives, Shak.
Like exhibition thou shalt have from me.
I have given more exhibitions to scholars, in my days, than to the priests. Tyndale. 4. (Medicine) The act of administering a remedy.
Exhibitioner noun (Eng. Univ.) One who has a pension or allowance granted for support.
A youth who had as an exhibitioner from Christ's Hospital. G. Eliot.
Exhibitive adjective Serving for exhibition; representative; exhibitory. Norris. -- Ex*hib"it*ive*ly , adverb
Exhibitor noun [ Confer Latin exhibitor a giver.] One who exhibits.
Exhibitory adjective [ Latin exhibitorius relating to giving up: confer French exhibitoire exhibiting.] Exhibiting; publicly showing. J. Warton.
[ Latin exhilarans
, present participle See Exhilarate
.] Exciting joy, mirth, or pleasure.
-- noun That which exhilarates.
Exhilarate transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Exhilarated
; present participle & verbal noun Exilarating
.] [ Latin exhilaratus
, past participle of exhilarare
to gladden; ex
out + hilarare
to make merry, hilaris
merry, cheerful. See Hilarious
.] To make merry or jolly; to enliven; to animate; to gladden greatly; to cheer; as, good news exhilarates the mind; wine exhilarates a man.
Exhilarate intransitive verb To become joyous. [ R.] Bacon.
Exhilarating adjective That exhilarates; cheering; gladdening. -- Ex*hil"a*ra`ting*ly , adverb
[ Latin , exhilaratio
.] 1. The act of enlivening the spirits; the act of making glad or cheerful; a gladdening. 2. The state of being enlivened or cheerful.
Exhilaration hath some affinity with joy, though it be a much lighter motion. Bacon. Syn.
-- Animation; joyousness; gladness; cheerfulness; gayety; hilarity; merriment; jollity.