Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Expectorant adjective [ Latin expectorans , present participle of expectorare to drive from the breast: confer French expectorant .] (Medicine) Tending to facilitate expectoration or to promote discharges of mucus, etc., from the lungs or throat. -- noun An expectorant medicine.
Expectorate transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Expectorated
; present participle & verbal noun Expectorating
.] [ Latin expecrorare
to drive from the breast; ex
out + pectus
, breast. See Pectoral
.] To eject from the trachea or lungs; to discharge, as phlegm or other matter, by coughing, hawking, and spitting; to spit forth.
Expectorate intransitive verb To discharge matter from the lungs or throat by hawking and spitting; to spit.
Expectoration noun [ Confer French expectoration .]
1. The act of ejecting phlegm or mucus from the throat or lungs, by coughing, hawking, and spitting. 2. That which is expectorated, as phlegm or mucus.
Expectorative adjective & noun Same as Expectorant . Harvey.
Expede transitive verb To expedite; to hasten. [ Obsolete]
Expediate transitive verb
[ Confer French expédier
. See Expedite
.] To hasten; to expedite.
[ Obsolete] "To expediate
their business." Sir E. Sandys.
, noun 1. The quality of being expedient or advantageous; fitness or suitableness to effect a purpose intended; adaptedness to self-interest; desirableness; advantage; advisability; -- sometimes contradistinguished from moral rectitude .
Divine wisdom discovers no expediency in vice. Cogan.
To determine concerning the expedience of action. Sharp.
Much declamation may be heard in the present day against expediency , as if it were not the proper object of a deliberative assembly, and as if it were only pursued by the unprincipled. Whately. 2. Expedition; haste; dispatch.
Making hither with all due expedience . Shak. 3. An expedition; enterprise; adventure.
Forwarding this dear expedience . Shak.
[ Latin expediens
, present participle of expedire
to be expedient, release, extricate: confer French expédient
. See Expedite
.] 1. Hastening or forward; hence, tending to further or promote a proposed object; fit or proper under the circumstances; conducive to self-interest; desirable; advisable; advantageous; -- sometimes contradistinguished from right .
It is expedient for you that I go away. John xvi. 7.
Nothing but the right can ever be expedient , since that can never be true expediency which would sacrifice a greater good to a less. Whately. 2. Quick; expeditious.
His marches are expedient to this town. Shak.
Expedient noun 1. That which serves to promote or advance; suitable means to accomplish an end.
What sure expedient than shall Juno find, Philips. 2. Means devised in an exigency; shift. Syn.
To calm her fears and ease her boding mind?
-- Shift; contrivance; resource; substitute.
Expediential Governed by expediency; seeking advantage; as an expediential policy. "Calculating, expediential understanding." Hare. -- Ex*pe`di*en"tial*ly , adverb ....
1. In an expedient manner; fitly; suitably; conveniently. 2. With expedition; quickly. [ Obsolete]
Expediment noun An expedient.
A like expediment to remove discontent. Barrow.
Expeditate transitive verb [ Late Latin expeditatus , past participle of expeditare to expeditate; ex out + pes , pedis , foot.] (Eng. Forest Laws) To deprive of the claws or the balls of the fore feet; as, to expeditate a dog that he may not chase deer.
[ Latin expeditus
, past participle of expedire
to free one caught by the foot, to extricate, set free, bring forward, make ready; ex
out + pes, prdis, t. See Foot
.] 1. Free of impediment; unimpeded.
To make the way plain and expedite . Hooker. 2. Expeditious; quick; speedily; prompt.
Nimble and expedite . . . in its operation. Tollotson.
Speech is a very short and expedite way of conveying their thoughts. Locke.
Expedite transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Expedited
; present participle & verbal noun Expediting
.] 1. To relieve of impediments; to facilitate; to accelerate the process or progress of; to hasten; to quicken; as, to expedite the growth of plants.
To expedite your glorious march. Milton. 2. To despatch; to send forth; to issue officially.
Such charters be expedited of course. Bacon.
Expeditely adverb In expedite manner; expeditiously.
Expediteness noun Quality of being expedite.
[ Latin expeditio
: confer French expédition
.] 1. The quality of being expedite; efficient promptness; haste; dispatch; speed; quickness; as to carry the mail with expedition .
With winged expedition
Swift as the lightning glance . ... 2. A sending forth or setting forth the execution of some object of consequence; progress.
Putting it straight in expedition . ... 3. An important enterprise, implying a change of place; especially, a warlike enterprise; a march or a voyage with martial intentions; an excursion by a body of persons for a valuable end; as, a military, naval, exploring, or scientific expedition ; also, the body of persons making such excursion.
The expedition miserably failed. Prescott.
Narrative of the exploring expedition to the Rocky Mountains. J. C. Fremont.
Expeditionary adjective Of or pertaining to an expedition; as, an expeditionary force.
Expeditionist noun One who goes upon an expedition. [ R].
Expeditious adjective Possessed of, or characterized by, expedition, or efficiency and rapidity in action; performed with, or acting with, expedition; quick; having celerity; speedily; as, an expeditious march or messenger .
, noun Syn.
-- Prompt; ready; speedy; alert. See Prompt
Expeditive adjective [ Confer French expéditif .] Performing with speed. [ Obsolete] Bacon.
Expel transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Expelled
, present participle & verbal noun
.] [ Latin expellere
out + pellere
to drive: confer French expeller
. See Pulse
a beat.] 1. To drive or force out from that within which anything is contained, inclosed, or situated; to eject; as, to expel air from a bellows.
Did not ye . . . expel me out of my father's house? Judg. xi. 7. 2. To drive away from one's country; to banish.
Forewasted all their land, and them expelled . Spenser.
He shall expel them from before you . . . and ye shall possess their land. Josh. xxiii. 5. 3. To cut off from further connection with an institution of learning, a society, and the like; as, to expel a student or member. 4. To keep out, off, or away; to exclude.
the winter's flaw." Shak. 5. To discharge; to shoot.
Then he another and another [ shaft] did expel . Spenser.
-- To banish; exile; eject; drive out. See Banish
Expellable adjective Capable of being expelled or driven out. " Expellable by heat." Kirwan.
Expeller noun One who, or that which, expels.
Expend transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Expended
; present participle & verbal noun Expending
.] [ Latin expendere
, to weigh out, pay out, lay out, lay out; ex
out + pendere
to weigh. See Poise
, and confer Spend
.] To lay out, apply, or employ in any way; to consume by use; to use up or distribute, either in payment or in donations; to spend; as, they expend money for food or in charity; to expend time labor, and thought; to expend hay in feeding cattle, oil in a lamp, water in mechanical operations.
If my death might make this island happy . . . Shak.
I would expend it with all willingness.
Expend intransitive verb 1. To be laid out, used, or consumed. 2. To pay out or disburse money.
They go elsewhere to enjoy and to expend . Macaulay
Expenditor noun [ Late Latin ] (O. Eng. Law) A disburser; especially, one of the disbursers of taxes for the repair of sewers. Mozley & W.
Expenditure noun 1. The act of expending; a laying out, as of money; disbursement.
Our expenditure purchased commerce and conquest. Burke. 2. That which is expended or paid out; expense.
The receipts and expenditures of this extensive country. A. Hamilton.
[ Latin expensa
), or expensum
, from expensus
, past participle of expendere
. See Expend
.] 1. A spending or consuming; disbursement; expenditure.
Husband nature's riches from expense . Shak. 2. That which is expended, laid out, or consumed; cost; outlay; charge; -- sometimes with the notion of loss or damage to those on whom the expense falls; as, the expenses of war; an expense of time.
Courting popularity at his party's expense . Brougham. 3. Loss.
[ Obsolete] Shak.
And moan the expense of many a vanished sight. Spenser. Expense magazine (Mil.)
, a small magazine containing ammunition for immediate use. H. Latin Scott.
Expensefull adjective Full of expense; costly; chargeable. [ R.] Sir H. Wotton. -- Ex*pense"ful*ly , adverb [ R.] -- Ex*pense"ful*ness , noun [ R.]
Expenseless adjective Without cost or expense.
Expensive adjective 1. Occasioning expense; calling for liberal outlay; costly; dear; liberal; as, expensive dress; an expensive house or family.
War is expensive , and peace desirable. Burke. 2. Free in expending; very liberal; especially, in a bad sense: extravagant; lavish.
An active, expensive , indefatigable goodness. Sprat.
The idle and expensive are dangerous. Sir W. Temple. Syn.
-- Costly; dear; high-priced; lavish; extravagant. -- Ex*pen"sive*ly
[ French expérience
, Latin experientia
, tr. experiens
, present participle of experiri
, to try; ex
out + the root of pertus
experienced. See Peril
, and confer Expert
.] 1. Trial, as a test or experiment.
She caused him to make experience Spenser. 2. The effect upon the judgment or feelings produced by any event, whether witnessed or participated in; personal and direct impressions as contrasted with description or fancies; personal acquaintance; actual enjoyment or suffering.
Upon wild beasts.
"Guided by other's experiences
I have but one lamp by which my feet are guided, and that is the lamp of experience . P. Henry
To most men experience is like the stern lights of a ship, which illumine only the track it has passed. Coleridge.
When the consuls . . . came in . . . they knew soon by experience how slenderly guarded against danger the majesty of rulers is where force is wanting. Holland.
Those that undertook the religion of our Savior upon his preaching, had no experience of it. Sharp. 3. An act of knowledge, one or more, by which single facts or general truths are ascertained; experimental or inductive knowledge; hence, implying skill, facility, or practical wisdom gained by personal knowledge, feeling or action; as, a king without experience of war.
Whence hath the mind all the materials of reason and knowledge? To this I answer in one word, from experience . Locke.
Experience may be acquired in two ways; either, first by noticing facts without any attempt to influence the frequency of their occurrence or to vary the circumstances under which they occur; this is observation ; or, secondly, by putting in action causes or agents over which we have control, and purposely varying their combinations, and noticing what effects take place; this is experiment . Sir J. Herschel.
Experience transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Experienced
nst); present participle & verbal noun Experiencing
n-s?ng).] 1. To make practical acquaintance with; to try personally; to prove by use or trial; to have trial of; to have the lot or fortune of; to have befall one; to be affected by; to feel; as, to experience pain or pleasure; to experience poverty; to experience a change of views.
The partial failure and disappointment which he had experienced in India. Thirwall. 2. To exercise; to train by practice.
The youthful sailors thus with early care Harte. To experience religion (Theol.)
Their arms experience , and for sea prepare.
, to become a convert to the doctrines of Christianity; to yield to the power of religious truth.
Experience table (Life Insurance) A table of mortality computed from the experience of one or more life- insurance companies.
nst) past participle & adjective Taught by practice or by repeated observations; skillful or wise by means of trials, use, or observation; as, an experienced physician, workman, soldier; an experienced eye.
The ablest and most experienced statesmen. Bancroft.
1. One who experiences. 2. An experimenter. [ Obsolete] Sir. K. Gigby.
nt) adjective Experienced.
The prince now ripe and full experient . Beau. & Fl.
Experiential adjective Derived from, or pertaining to, experience. Coleridge.
It is called empirical or experiential . . . because it is divan to us by experience or observation, and not obtained as the result of inference or reasoning. Sir. W. Hamiltion.
, adverb DR. H. More.
Experientialism noun (Philos.) The doctrine that experience, either that ourselves or of others, is the test or criterion of general knowledge; -- opposed to intuitionalism .
Experientialism is in short, a philosophical or logical theory, not a psychological one. G. C. Robertson.
Experientialist noun One who accepts the doctrine of experientialism. Also used adjectively.
[ Latin experimentum
, from experiri
to try: confer Old French esperiment
. See Experience
.] 1. A trial or special observation, made to confirm or disprove something doubtful; esp., one under conditions determined by the experimenter; an act or operation undertaken in order to discover some unknown principle or effect, or to test, establish, or illustrate some suggested or known truth; practical test; proof.
A political experiment can not be made in a laboratory, nor determined in a few hours. J. Adams. 2. Experience.
Adam, by sad experiment I know Milton.
How little weight my words with thee can find.
Experiment transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Experimented
; present participle & verbal noun Experinenting
.] To make experiment; to operate by test or trial; -- often with on , upon , or in , referring to the subject of an experiment; with , referring to the instrument ; and by , referring to the means; as, to experiment upon electricity; he experimented in plowing with ponies, or by steam power.
Experiment transitive verb To try; to know, perceive, or prove, by trial or experience. [ Obsolete] Sir T. Herbert.
Experimental adjective [ Confer F. expérimental .]
1. Pertaining to experiment; founded on, or derived from, experiment or trial; as, experimental science; given to, or skilled in, experiment; as, an experimental philosopher. 2. Known by, or derived from, experience; as, experimental religion.
Experimentalist noun One who makes experiments; an experimenter. Whaterly.
Experimentalize intransitive verb To make experiments (upon); to experiment. J. S. Mill.
Experimentally adverb By experiment; by experience or trial. J. S. Mill.