Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Extemporiness noun The quality of being done or devised extempore [ Obsolete] Johnson.
Extemporization noun The act of extemporizing; the act of doing anything extempore.
Extemporize intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Extemporized
; present participle & verbal noun Extemporizing
.] To speak extempore; especially, to discourse without special preparation; to make an offhand address.
Extemporize transitive verb To do, make, or utter extempore or off-hand; to prepare in great haste, under urgent necessity, or with scanty or unsuitable materials; as, to extemporize a dinner, a costume, etc.
Themistocles . . . was of all men the best able to extemporize the right thing to be done. Jowett (Thucyd. ).
Pitt, of whom it was said that he could extemporize a Queen's speech Lord Campbell.
Extemporizer noun One who extemporizes.
(ĕks*tĕnd") transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Extended
; present participle & verbal noun Extending
.] [ Latin extendere
out + tendere
to stretch. See Trend
.] 1. To stretch out; to prolong in space; to carry forward or continue in length; as, to extend a line in surveying; to extend a cord across the street.
Few extend their thoughts toward universal knowledge. Locke. 2. To enlarge, as a surface or volume; to expand; to spread; to amplify; as, to extend metal plates by hammering or rolling them. 3. To enlarge; to widen; to carry out further; as, to extend the capacities, the sphere of usefulness, or commerce; to extend power or influence; to continue, as time; to lengthen; to prolong; as, to extend the time of payment or a season of trial. 4. To hold out or reach forth, as the arm or hand.
His helpless hand extend . Dryden. 5. To bestow; to offer; to impart; to apply; as, to extend sympathy to the suffering. 6. To increase in quantity by weakening or adulterating additions; as, to extend liquors. G. P. Burnham. 7. (Eng. Law) To value, as lands taken by a writ of extent in satisfaction of a debt; to assign by writ of extent. Extended letter (Typog.)
, a letter, or style of type, having a broader face than is usual for a letter or type of the same height.
» This is extended type. Syn.
-- To increase; enlarge; expand; widen; diffuse. See Increase
Extendant adjective (Her.) Displaced. Ogilvie.
Extendedly adverb In an extended manner.
Extender noun One who, or that which, extends or stretches anything.
1. Capable of being extended, susceptible of being stretched, extended, enlarged, widened, or expanded. 2. (Law) Liable to be taken by a writ of extent.
Extendlessness noun Unlimited extension.
An . . . extendlessness of excursions. Sir. M. Hale.
[ Latin extensus
, past participle See Extend
, transitive verb
] Outreaching; expansive; extended, superficially or otherwise.
Men and gods are too extense ; Emerson.
Could you slacken and condense?
Extensibility noun The quality of being extensible; the capacity of being extended; as, the extensibility of a fiber, or of a plate of metal.
[ Confer French extensible
. See Extend
.] Capable of being extended, whether in length or breadth; susceptible of enlargement; extensible; extendible; -- the opposite of contractible or compressible .
Extensibleness noun Extensibility.
Extensile adjective Suited for, or capable of, extension; extensible. Owen.
[ Latin extensio
: confer French extension
. See Extend
, transitive verb
] 1. The act of extending or the state of being extended; a stretching out; enlargement in breadth or continuation of length; increase; augmentation; expansion. 2. (Physics) That property of a body by which it occupies a portion of space. 3. (Logic & Metaph.) Capacity of a concept or general term to include a greater or smaller number of objects; -- correlative of intension .
The law is that the intension of our knowledge is in the inverse ratio of its extension . Sir W. Hamilton.
The extension of [ the term] plant is greater than that of geranium, because it includes more objects. Abp. Thomson. 4. (Surg.) The operation of stretching a broken bone so as to bring the fragments into the same straight line. 5. (Physiol.) The straightening of a limb, in distinction from flexion . 6. (Com.) A written engagement on the part of a creditor, allowing a debtor further time to pay a debt. Counter extension
. (Surg.) See under Counter .
-- Extension table
, a table so constructed as to be readily extended or contracted in length.
Extensional adjective Having great extent.
Extensionist noun One who favors or advocates extension.
[ Latin extensivus
: confer French extensif
. See Extend
.] 1. Having wide extent; of much superficial extent; expanded; large; broad; wide; comprehensive; as, an extensive farm; an extensive lake; an extensive sphere of operations; extensive benevolence; extensive greatness. 2. Capable of being extended.
Silver beaters choose the finest coin, as that which is most extensive under the hammer. Boyle.
Extensively adverb To a great extent; widely; largely; as, a story is extensively circulated.
Extensiveness noun The state of being extensive; wideness; largeness; extent; diffusiveness.
Extensometer noun [ Extens ion + -meter .] An instrument for measuring the extension of a body, especially for measuring the elongation of bars of iron, steel, or other material, when subjected to a tensile force.
[ Latin , one who stretches. See Extend
.] (Anat.) A muscle which serves to extend or straighten any part of the body, as an arm or a finger; -- opposed to flexor .
Extensure noun Extension. [ R.] Drayton.
[ Latin extentus
, past participle of extendere
. See Extend
[ Obsolete] Spenser.
[ Latin extentus
, from extendere
. See Extend
.] 1. Space or degree to which a thing is extended; hence, superficies; compass; bulk; size; length; as, an extent of country or of line; extent of information or of charity.
Life in its large extent is scare a span. Cotton. 2. Degree; measure; proportion.
to which we can make ourselves what we wish to be." Lubbock. 3. (Eng. Law) (a) A peculiar species of execution upon debts due to the crown, under which the lands and goods of the debtor may be seized to secure payment. (b) A process of execution by which the lands and goods of a debtor are valued and delivered to the creditor.
Extenuate transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Extenuated
; present participle & verbal noun Extenuating
.] [ Latin extenuatus
, past participle of extenuare
to make thin, loosen, weaken; ex
out + tenuare
to make thin, tenuis
thin. See Tenuity
.] 1. To make thin or slender; to draw out so as to lessen the thickness.
His body behind the head becomes broad, from whence it is again extenuated all the way to the tail. Grew. 2. To lessen; to palliate; to lessen or weaken the force of; to diminish the conception of, as crime, guilt, faults, ills, accusations, etc.; -- opposed to aggravate .
But fortune there extenuates the crime. Dryden.
Let us extenuate , conceal, adorn the unpleasing reality. I. Taylor. 3. To lower or degrade; to detract from.
Who can extenuate thee? Milton. Syn.
-- To palliate; to mitigate. See Palliate
Extenuate intransitive verb To become thinner; to make excuses; to advance palliating considerations. Burke.
Extenuate adjective [ Latin extenuatus , past participle ] Thin; slender. [ Obsolete] Huloet.
[ Latin extenuatio
: confer French exténuation
.] The act of axtenuating or the state of being extenuated; the act of making thin, slender, or lean, or of palliating; diminishing, or lessening; palliation, as of a crime; mitigation, as of punishment.
To listen . . . to every extenuation of what is evil. I. Taylor.
Extenuator noun One who extenuates.
Extenuatory adjective [ Confer Latin extenuatorius attenuating.] Tending to extenuate or palliate. Croker.
[ Latin exterior
, compar. of exter
on the outside, outward, foreign, strange, a compar. from ex
: confer French extérieur
. See Ex...
, and confer Extreme
.] 1. External; outward; pertaining to that which is external; -- opposed to interior ; as, the exterior part of a sphere.
Sith nor the exterior nor the inward man Shak. 2. External; on the outside; without the limits of; extrinsic; as, an object exterior to a man, opposed to what is within, or in his mind.
Resemble that it was.
Without exterior help sustained. Milton. 3. Relating to foreign nations; foreign; as, the exterior relations of a state or kingdom. Exterior angle (Geom.)
, the angle included between any side of a triangle or polygon and the prolongation of the adjacent side; also, an angle included between a line crossing two parallel lines and either of the latter on the outside.
-- Exterior side (Fort.)
, the side of the polygon upon which a front of fortification is formed. Wilhelm.
1. The outward surface or part of a thing; that which is external; outside. 2. Outward or external deportment, form, or ceremony; visible act; as, the exteriors of religion.
Exteriority noun [ Confer French extériorité .] Surface; superficies; externality.
Exteriorly adverb Outwardly; externally; on the exterior. Shak.
They are exteriorly lifelike. J. H. Morse.
Exterminate transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Exterminated
; present participle & verbal noun Exterminating
.] [ Latin exterminatus
, past participle of exterminare
to abolish, destroy, drive out or away; ex
out + terminus
boundary, limit. See Term
.] 1. To drive out or away; to expel.
They deposed, exterminated , and deprived him of communion. Barrow. 2. To destroy utterly; to cut off; to extirpate; to annihilate; to root out; as, to exterminate a colony, a tribe, or a nation; to exterminate error or vice.
To explode and exterminate rank atheism. Bentley. 3. (Math.) To eliminate, as unknown quantities.
Extermination noun [ Confer French extermination .]
1. The act of exterminating; total destruction; eradication; excision; as, the extermination of inhabitants or tribes, of error or vice, or of weeds from a field. 2. (Math.) Elimination. [ R.]
Exterminator noun [ Latin ] One who, or that which, exterminates. Buckle.
Exterminatory adjective Of or pertaining to extermination; tending to exterminate. " Exterminatory war." Burke.
Extermine transitive verb [ French exterminer .] To exterminate; to destroy. [ Obsolete] Shak.
[ Confer French externe
. See External
.] External; outward; not inherent.
[ Obsolete] Shak.
Extern noun [ Confer French externe .]
1. A pupil in a seminary who lives without its walls; a day scholar. 2. Outward form or part; exterior. [ R.]
[ Latin externus
, from exter
, on the outside, outward. See Exterior
.] 1. Outward; exterior; relating to the outside, as of a body; being without; acting from without; -- opposed to internal ; as, the external form or surface of a body.
Of all external things, . . . Milton. 2. Outside of or separate from ourselves; (Metaph.) separate from the perceiving mind. 3. Outwardly perceptible; visible; physical or corporeal, as distinguished from mental or moral.
She [ Fancy] forms imaginations, aery shapes.
Her virtues graced with external gifts. Shak. 4. Not intrinsic nor essential; accidental; accompanying; superficial.
The external circumstances are greatly different. Trench. 5. Foreign; relating to or connected with foreign nations; as, external trade or commerce; the external relations of a state or kingdom. 6. (Anat.) Away from the mesial plane of the body; lateral. External angles
. (Geom.) See under Angle .
External noun Something external or without; outward part; that which makes a show, rather than that which is intrinsic; visible form; -- usually in the plural.
Adam was then no less glorious in his externals South.
God in externals could not place content. Pope.
Externalism noun 1. The quality of being manifest to the senses; external acts or appearances; regard for externals.
This externalism gave Catholicism a great advantage on all sides. E. Eggleston. 2. (Metaph.) That philosophy or doctrine which recognizes or deals only with externals, or objects of sense perception; positivism; phenomenalism.
Externalistic adjective Pertaining to externalism. North Am. Rev.
Externality noun State of being external; exteriority
; (Metaph.) separation from the perceiving mind.
Pressure or resistance necessarily supposes externality in the thing which presses or resists. A. Smith.
Externalize transitive verb To make external; to manifest by outward form.
Thought externalizes itself in language. Soyce.