Extemporize Ex·tem"po·rize intransitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Extemporized; present participle & verbal noun Extemporizing.] To speak extempore; especially, to discourse without special preparation; to make an offhand address.
Extemporize Ex·tem"po·rize transitive verb To do, make, or utter extempore or off-hand; to prepare in great haste, under urgent necessity, or with scanty or unsuitable materials; as, to extemporize a dinner, a costume, etc.
Themistocles . . . was of all men the best able to extemporize the right thing to be done. Jowett (Thucyd. ).
Pitt, of whom it was said that he could extemporize a Queen's speech Lord Campbell.
Extemporizer Ex·tem"po·ri`zer noun One who extemporizes.
(ĕks*tĕnd") transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Extended
; present participle & verbal noun Extending
.] [ Latin extendere
out + tendere
to stretch. See Trend
.] 1. To stretch out; to prolong in space; to carry forward or continue in length; as, to extend a line in surveying; to extend a cord across the street.
Few extend their thoughts toward universal knowledge. Locke. 2. To enlarge, as a surface or volume; to expand; to spread; to amplify; as, to extend metal plates by hammering or rolling them. 3. To enlarge; to widen; to carry out further; as, to extend the capacities, the sphere of usefulness, or commerce; to extend power or influence; to continue, as time; to lengthen; to prolong; as, to extend the time of payment or a season of trial. 4. To hold out or reach forth, as the arm or hand.
His helpless hand extend . Dryden. 5. To bestow; to offer; to impart; to apply; as, to extend sympathy to the suffering. 6. To increase in quantity by weakening or adulterating additions; as, to extend liquors. G. P. Burnham. 7. (Eng. Law) To value, as lands taken by a writ of extent in satisfaction of a debt; to assign by writ of extent. Extended letter (Typog.)
, a letter, or style of type, having a broader face than is usual for a letter or type of the same height.
» This is extended type. Syn.
-- To increase; enlarge; expand; widen; diffuse. See Increase
Extendant Ex·tend"ant adjective (Her.) Displaced. Ogilvie.
Extendedly Ex·tend"ed·ly adverb In an extended manner.
Extender Ex·tend"er noun One who, or that which, extends or stretches anything.
Extendible Ex·tend"i·ble adjective 1. Capable of being extended, susceptible of being stretched, extended, enlarged, widened, or expanded. 2. (Law) Liable to be taken by a writ of extent.
Extendlessness Ex·tend"less·ness noun Unlimited extension.
An . . . extendlessness of excursions. Sir. M. Hale.
Extense Ex·tense" adjective
[ Latin extensus
, past participle See Extend
, transitive verb
] Outreaching; expansive; extended, superficially or otherwise.
Men and gods are too extense ; Emerson.
Could you slacken and condense?
Extensibility Ex·ten`si·bil"i·ty noun The quality of being extensible; the capacity of being extended; as, the extensibility of a fiber, or of a plate of metal.
Extensible Ex·ten"si·ble adjective [ Confer French extensible . See Extend .] Capable of being extended, whether in length or breadth; susceptible of enlargement; extensible; extendible; -- the opposite of contractible or compressible . "An extensible membrane" Holder.
Extensibleness Ex·ten"si·ble·ness noun Extensibility.
Extensile Ex·ten"sile adjective Suited for, or capable of, extension; extensible. Owen.
Extension Ex·ten"sion noun
[ Latin extensio
: confer French extension
. See Extend
, transitive verb
] 1. The act of extending or the state of being extended; a stretching out; enlargement in breadth or continuation of length; increase; augmentation; expansion. 2. (Physics) That property of a body by which it occupies a portion of space. 3. (Logic & Metaph.) Capacity of a concept or general term to include a greater or smaller number of objects; -- correlative of intension .
The law is that the intension of our knowledge is in the inverse ratio of its extension . Sir W. Hamilton.
The extension of [ the term] plant is greater than that of geranium, because it includes more objects. Abp. Thomson. 4. (Surg.) The operation of stretching a broken bone so as to bring the fragments into the same straight line. 5. (Physiol.) The straightening of a limb, in distinction from flexion . 6. (Com.) A written engagement on the part of a creditor, allowing a debtor further time to pay a debt. Counter extension
. (Surg.) See under Counter .
-- Extension table
, a table so constructed as to be readily extended or contracted in length.
Extensional Ex·ten"sion·al adjective Having great extent.
Extensionist Ex·ten"sion·ist noun One who favors or advocates extension.
Extensive Ex·ten"sive adjective
[ Latin extensivus
: confer French extensif
. See Extend
.] 1. Having wide extent; of much superficial extent; expanded; large; broad; wide; comprehensive; as, an extensive farm; an extensive lake; an extensive sphere of operations; extensive benevolence; extensive greatness. 2. Capable of being extended.
Silver beaters choose the finest coin, as that which is most extensive under the hammer. Boyle.
Extensively Ex·ten"sive·ly adverb To a great extent; widely; largely; as, a story is extensively circulated.
Extensiveness Ex·ten"sive·ness noun The state of being extensive; wideness; largeness; extent; diffusiveness.
Extensometer Ex`ten·som"e·ter noun [ Extens ion + -meter .] An instrument for measuring the extension of a body, especially for measuring the elongation of bars of iron, steel, or other material, when subjected to a tensile force.
Extensor Ex·ten"sor noun [ Latin , one who stretches. See Extend .] (Anat.) A muscle which serves to extend or straighten any part of the body, as an arm or a finger; -- opposed to flexor .
Extensure Ex·ten"sure noun Extension. [ R.] Drayton.
Extent Ex·tent" adjective [ Latin extentus , past participle of extendere . See Extend .] Extended. [ Obsolete] Spenser.
Extent Ex·tent" noun
[ Latin extentus
, from extendere
. See Extend
.] 1. Space or degree to which a thing is extended; hence, superficies; compass; bulk; size; length; as, an extent of country or of line; extent of information or of charity.
Life in its large extent is scare a span. Cotton. 2. Degree; measure; proportion.
to which we can make ourselves what we wish to be." Lubbock. 3. (Eng. Law) (a) A peculiar species of execution upon debts due to the crown, under which the lands and goods of the debtor may be seized to secure payment. (b) A process of execution by which the lands and goods of a debtor are valued and delivered to the creditor.
Extenuate Ex·ten"u·ate transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Extenuated
; present participle & verbal noun Extenuating
.] [ Latin extenuatus
, past participle of extenuare
to make thin, loosen, weaken; ex
out + tenuare
to make thin, tenuis
thin. See Tenuity
.] 1. To make thin or slender; to draw out so as to lessen the thickness.
His body behind the head becomes broad, from whence it is again extenuated all the way to the tail. Grew. 2. To lessen; to palliate; to lessen or weaken the force of; to diminish the conception of, as crime, guilt, faults, ills, accusations, etc.; -- opposed to aggravate .
But fortune there extenuates the crime. Dryden.
Let us extenuate , conceal, adorn the unpleasing reality. I. Taylor. 3. To lower or degrade; to detract from.
Who can extenuate thee? Milton. Syn.
-- To palliate; to mitigate. See Palliate
Extenuate Ex·ten"u·ate intransitive verb To become thinner; to make excuses; to advance palliating considerations. Burke.
Extenuate Ex·ten"u·ate adjective [ Latin extenuatus , past participle ] Thin; slender. [ Obsolete] Huloet.
Extenuation Ex·ten`u·a"tion noun
[ Latin extenuatio
: confer French exténuation
.] The act of axtenuating or the state of being extenuated; the act of making thin, slender, or lean, or of palliating; diminishing, or lessening; palliation, as of a crime; mitigation, as of punishment.
To listen . . . to every extenuation of what is evil. I. Taylor.
Extenuator Ex·ten"u·a`tor noun One who extenuates.
Extenuatory Ex·ten"u·a·to·ry adjective [ Confer Latin extenuatorius attenuating.] Tending to extenuate or palliate. Croker.
Exterior Ex·te"ri·or adjective
[ Latin exterior
, compar. of exter
on the outside, outward, foreign, strange, a compar. from ex
: confer French extérieur
. See Ex...
, and confer Extreme
.] 1. External; outward; pertaining to that which is external; -- opposed to interior ; as, the exterior part of a sphere.
Sith nor the exterior nor the inward man Shak. 2. External; on the outside; without the limits of; extrinsic; as, an object exterior to a man, opposed to what is within, or in his mind.
Resemble that it was.
Without exterior help sustained. Milton. 3. Relating to foreign nations; foreign; as, the exterior relations of a state or kingdom. Exterior angle (Geom.)
, the angle included between any side of a triangle or polygon and the prolongation of the adjacent side; also, an angle included between a line crossing two parallel lines and either of the latter on the outside.
-- Exterior side (Fort.)
, the side of the polygon upon which a front of fortification is formed. Wilhelm.
Exterior Ex·te"ri·or noun 1. The outward surface or part of a thing; that which is external; outside. 2. Outward or external deportment, form, or ceremony; visible act; as, the exteriors of religion.
Exteriority Ex·te`ri·or"i·ty noun [ Confer French extériorité .] Surface; superficies; externality.
Exteriorly Ex·te"ri·or·ly adverb Outwardly; externally; on the exterior. Shak.
They are exteriorly lifelike. J. H. Morse.
Exterminate Ex·ter"mi·nate transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Exterminated
; present participle & verbal noun Exterminating
.] [ Latin exterminatus
, past participle of exterminare
to abolish, destroy, drive out or away; ex
out + terminus
boundary, limit. See Term
.] 1. To drive out or away; to expel.
They deposed, exterminated , and deprived him of communion. Barrow. 2. To destroy utterly; to cut off; to extirpate; to annihilate; to root out; as, to exterminate a colony, a tribe, or a nation; to exterminate error or vice.
To explode and exterminate rank atheism. Bentley. 3. (Math.) To eliminate, as unknown quantities.
Extermination Ex·ter`mi·na"tion noun [ Confer French extermination .] 1. The act of exterminating; total destruction; eradication; excision; as, the extermination of inhabitants or tribes, of error or vice, or of weeds from a field. 2. (Math.) Elimination. [ R.]
Exterminator Ex·ter"mi·na`tor noun [ Latin ] One who, or that which, exterminates. Buckle.
Exterminatory Ex·ter"mi·na·to·ry adjective Of or pertaining to extermination; tending to exterminate. " Exterminatory war." Burke.
Extermine Ex·ter"mine transitive verb [ French exterminer .] To exterminate; to destroy. [ Obsolete] Shak.
Extern Ex·tern" adjective [ Confer French externe . See External .] External; outward; not inherent. [ Obsolete] Shak.
Extern Ex·tern" noun [ Confer French externe .] 1. A pupil in a seminary who lives without its walls; a day scholar. 2. Outward form or part; exterior. [ R.]
External Ex·ter"nal adjective
[ Latin externus
, from exter
, on the outside, outward. See Exterior
.] 1. Outward; exterior; relating to the outside, as of a body; being without; acting from without; -- opposed to internal ; as, the external form or surface of a body.
Of all external things, . . . Milton. 2. Outside of or separate from ourselves; (Metaph.) separate from the perceiving mind. 3. Outwardly perceptible; visible; physical or corporeal, as distinguished from mental or moral.
She [ Fancy] forms imaginations, aery shapes.
Her virtues graced with external gifts. Shak. 4. Not intrinsic nor essential; accidental; accompanying; superficial.
The external circumstances are greatly different. Trench. 5. Foreign; relating to or connected with foreign nations; as, external trade or commerce; the external relations of a state or kingdom. 6. (Anat.) Away from the mesial plane of the body; lateral. External angles
. (Geom.) See under Angle .
External Ex·ter"nal noun Something external or without; outward part; that which makes a show, rather than that which is intrinsic; visible form; -- usually in the plural.
Adam was then no less glorious in his externals South.
God in externals could not place content. Pope.
Externalism Ex·ter"nal·ism noun 1. The quality of being manifest to the senses; external acts or appearances; regard for externals.
This externalism gave Catholicism a great advantage on all sides. E. Eggleston. 2. (Metaph.) That philosophy or doctrine which recognizes or deals only with externals, or objects of sense perception; positivism; phenomenalism.
Externalistic Ex·ter`nal·is"tic adjective Pertaining to externalism. North Am. Rev.
Externality Ex`ter·nal"i·ty noun State of being external; exteriority
; (Metaph.) separation from the perceiving mind.
Pressure or resistance necessarily supposes externality in the thing which presses or resists. A. Smith.
Externalize Ex·ter"nal·ize transitive verb To make external; to manifest by outward form.
Thought externalizes itself in language. Soyce.
Externally Ex·ter"nal·ly adverb In an external manner; outwardly; on the outside; in appearance; visibly.
Externe Ex`terne" noun [ French Confer Extern .] (med.) An officer in attendance upon a hospital, but not residing in it; esp., one who cares for the out- patients.
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