Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Extra-ocular adjective (Zoology) Inserted exterior to the eyes; -- said of the antennæ of certain insects.
Extra-official adjective Not prescribed by official duty.
Extra-uterine adjective (Anat. & Med.) Outside of the uterus, or womb. Extra-uterine pregnancy (Medicine) , a condition of pregnancy in which the fetus is not in the uterus, but in the Fallopian tube or in the abdominal cavity.
Extract transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Extracted
; present participle & verbal noun Extracting
.] [ Latin extractus
, past participle of extrahere
to extract; ex
out + trahere
to draw. See Trace
, and confer Estreat
.] 1. To draw out or forth; to pull out; to remove forcibly from a fixed position, as by traction or suction, etc.; as, to extract a tooth from its socket, a stump from the earth, a splinter from the finger.
The bee Milton. 2. To withdraw by expression, distillation, or other mechanical or chemical process; as, to extract an essence. Confer Abstract , transitive verb , 6.
Sits on the bloom extracting liquid sweet.
Sunbeams may be extracted from cucumbers, but the process is tedious. 3. To take by selection; to choose out; to cite or quote, as a passage from a book.
I have extracted out of that pamphlet a few notorious falsehoods. Swift. To extract the root (Math.)
, to ascertain the root of a number or quantity.
Extract noun 1. That which is extracted or drawn out. 2. A portion of a book or document, separately transcribed; a citation; a quotation. 3. A decoction, solution, or infusion made by drawing out from any substance that which gives it its essential and characteristic virtue; essence; as, extract of beef; extract of dandelion; also, any substance so extracted, and characteristic of that from which it is obtained; as, quinine is the most important extract of Peruvian bark. 4. (Medicine) A solid preparation obtained by evaporating a solution of a drug, etc., or the fresh juice of a plant; -- distinguished from an abstract . See Abstract , noun , 4. 5. (Old Chem.) A peculiar principle once erroneously supposed to form the basis of all vegetable extracts; -- called also the extractive principle .
[ Obsolete] 6. Extraction; descent.
[ Obsolete] South. 7. (Scots Law) A draught or copy of writing; certified copy of the proceedings in an action and the judgement therein, with an order for execution. Tomlins. Fluid extract (Medicine)
, a concentrated liquid preparation, containing a definite proportion of the active principles of a medicinal substance. At present a fluid gram of extract should represent a gram of the crude drug.
Extractable, Extractible adjective Capable of being extracted.
Extractiform adjective (Chemistry) Having the form, appearance, or nature, of an extract.
[ Confer French extraction
.] 1. The act of extracting, or drawing out; as, the extraction of a tooth, of a bone or an arrow from the body, of a stump from earth, of a passage from a book, of an essence or tincture. 2. Derivation from a stock or family; lineage; descent; birth; the stock from which one has descended.
"A family of ancient extraction
." Clarendon. 3. That which is extracted; extract; essence.
They [ books] do preserve as in a vial the purest efficacy and extraction of that living intellect that bred them. Milton. The extraction of roots
. (Math.) (a) The operation of finding the root of a given number or quantity. (b) The method or rule by which the operation is performed; evolution.
[ Confer French extractif
.] 1. Capable of being extracted.
"Thirty grains of extractive
matter." Kirwan. 2. Tending or serving to extract or draw out.
Certain branches of industry are conveniently designated extractive : e.g. , agriculture, pastoral and mining pursuits, cutting of lumber, etc. Cairnes.
Extractive noun 1. Anything extracted; an extract.
Extractives , of which the most constant are urea, kreatin, and grape sugar. H. N. Martin. 2. (Chemistry) (a) A chemical principle once supposed to exist in all extracts.
[ Obsolete] (b) Any one of a large class of substances obtained by extraction, and consisting largely of nitrogenous hydrocarbons, such as xanthin, hypoxanthin, and creatin extractives from muscle tissue.
Extractor noun One who, or that which, extracts ; as: (a) (Surg.) A forceps or instrument for extracting substances. (b) (Breech-loading Firearms) A device for withdrawing a cartridge or spent cartridge shell from the chamber of the barrel.
1. A centrifugal drying machine. 2. (Apiculture) A machine for clearing combs of honey; also, a device for rendering wax.
[ Prefix extra-
+ Latin dictio
a saying. See Diction
.] Consisting not in words, but in realities.
Of these extradictionary and real fallacies, Aristotle and logicians make in number six. Sir T. Browne.
1. Subject, or liable, to extradition, as a fugitive from justice. 2. Making liable to extradition; as, extraditable offenses.
Extradite transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Extradited
; present participle & verbal noun Extraditing
.] To deliver up by one government to another, as a fugitive from justice. See Extradition .
[ Latin ex
out + traditio
a delivering up: confer French extradition
. See Tradition
.] The surrender or delivery of an alleged criminal by one State or sovereignty to another having jurisdiction to try charge.
[ F.; prefix extra-
outside + dos
) the back.] (Architecture) The exterior curve of an arch; esp., the upper curved face of the whole body of voussoirs. See Intrados .
Extradotal adjective [ Prefix extra- + dotal .] Forming no part of the dowry; as, extradotal property.
Extrafoliaceous adjective [ Prefix extra + foliaceous .] (Botany) Away from the leaves, or inserted in a different place from them; as, extrafoliaceous prickles. Loudon.
Extraforaneous adjective [ Prefix extra- + Latin foras out of doors.] Pertaining to that which is out of doors. " Extraforaneous occupations." Cowper.
Extrageneous adjective [ Prefix extra- + Latin genus race.] Belonging to another race or kind.
Extrajudicial adjective Out of or beyond the proper authority of a court or judge; beyond jurisdiction; not legally required. "An extrajudicial opinion." Hallam. -- Ex`tra*ju*di"cial*ly , adverb
Extrajudicial conveyance (Law) A conveyance, as by deed, effected by the act of the parties and not involving, as in the fine and recovery, judicial proceedings.
Extralimitary adjective Being beyond the limit or bounds; as, extraliminary land. Mitford.
Extralogical adjective Lying outside of the domain of logic. -- Ex`tra*log"ic*al*ly , adverb
Extramission noun A sending out; emission. [ Obsolete] Sir T. Browne.
Extramundane adjective [ Latin extramundanus ; extra + mundus world.] Beyond the material world. "An extramundane being." Bp. Warburton.
Extramural adjective Outside of the walls, as of a fortified or walled city.
Extraneity noun State of being without or beyond a thing; foreignness. [ Obsolete]
[ Latin extraneus
, from extra
. See Extra-
.] Not belonging to, or dependent upon, a thing; without or beyond a thing; not essential or intrinsic; foreign; as, to separate gold from extraneous matter.
Nothing is admitted extraneous from the indictment. Landor.
Extraordinarily adverb In an extraordinary manner or degree.
Extraordinariness noun The quality of being extraordinary. [ R.] Gov. of the Tongue.
[ Latin extraordinarius
on the outside + ordinarius
: confer French extraordinaire
. See Ordinary
.] 1. Beyond or out of the common order or method; not usual, customary, regular, or ordinary; as, extraordinary evils; extraordinary remedies.
Which dispose Milton. 2. Exceeding the common degree, measure. or condition; hence, remarkable; uncommon; rare; wonderful; as, extraordinary talents or grandeur. 3. Employed or sent upon an unusual or special service; as, an ambassador extraordinary .
To something extraordinary my thoughts.
; plural Extraordinaries That which is extraordinary; -- used especially in the plural; as, extraordinaries excepted, there is nothing to prevent success.
Their extraordinary did consist especially in the matter of prayers and devotions. Jer. Taylor.
Extraparochial adjective Beyond the limits of a parish. -- Ex`tra*pa*ro"chi*al*ly , adverb
Extraphysical adjective Not subject to physical laws or methods.
Extraprofessional adjective Foreign to a profession; not within the ordinary limits of professional duty or business.
Extraprovincial adjective Not within of pertaining to the same province or jurisdiction. Ayliffe.
Extraregular adjective Not comprehended within a rule or rules. Jer. Taylor.
Extrastapedial adjective (Anat.) Pertaining to a part of the columella of the ear, which, in many animals, projects beyond the connection with the stapes. -- noun The extrastapedial part of columella.
Extraterritorial adjective Beyond the limits of a territory or particular jurisdiction; exterritorial. -- Ex`tra*ter`ri*to"ri*al*ly adverb
Extraterritoriality noun The state of being beyond the limits of a particular territory ; esp. (Internat. Law) , A fiction by which a public minister, though actually in a foreign country, is supposed still to remain within the territory of his own sovereign or nation. Wheaton.
Extratropical adjective Beyond or outside of the tropics. Whewell.
Extraught past participle
. [ Confer Distraught
.] Extracted; descended.
Knowing whence thou art extraught Shak.
[ Confer French extravagance
. See Extravagant
, and confer Extravaganza
.] 1. A wandering beyond proper limits; an excursion or sally from the usual way, course, or limit. 2. The state of being extravagant, wild, or prodigal beyond bounds of propriety or duty; want of moderation; excess; especially, undue expenditure of money; vaid and superfluous expense; prodigality; as, extravagance of anger, love, expression, imagination, demands.
Some verses of my own, Maximin and Almanzor, cry vengeance on me for their extravagance . Dryden.
The income of three dukes was enough to supply her extravagance . Arbuthnot. Syn.
-- Wildness; irregularity; excess; prodigality; profusion; waste; lavishness; unreasonableness; recklessness.
; plural Extravagancies Extravagance.
[ French extravagant
, from Latin extra
on the outside + vagans
, present participle of vagari
to wander, from vagus
wandering, vague. See Vague
.] 1. Wandering beyond one's bounds; roving; hence, foreign.
The extravagant and erring spirit hies Shak. 2. Exceeding due bounds; wild; excessive; unrestrained; as, extravagant acts, wishes, praise, abuse.
To his confine.
There appears something nobly wild and extravagant in great natural geniuses. Addison. 3. Profuse in expenditure; prodigal; wasteful; as, an extravagant man.
1. One who is confined to no general rule. L'Estrange. 2. plural (Eccl. Hist.) Certain constitutions or decretal epistles, not at first included with others, but subsequently made a part of the canon law.
Extravagantly adverb In an extravagant manner; wildly; excessively; profusely.
Extravagantness noun The state of being extravagant or in excess; excess; extravagance.