Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Excito-motory adjective (Physiol.) Exciting motion; -- said of that portion of the nervous system concerned in reflex actions, by which impressions are transmitted to a nerve center and then reflected back so as to produce muscular contraction without sensation or volition.
Excito-nutrient a (Physiol.) Exciting nutrition; said of the reflex influence by which the nutritional processes are either excited or modified.
Excito-secretory adjective (Physiol.) Exciting secretion; -- said of the influence exerted by reflex action on the function of secretion, by which the various glands are excited to action.
Exclaim transitive verb & i.
[ imperfect & past participle Exclaimed
; present participle & verbal noun Exclaiming
.] [ Latin exclamare
to cry out; confer Old French exclamer
. See Clam
.] To cry out from earnestness or passion; to utter with vehemence; to call out or declare loudly; to protest vehemently; to vociferate; to shout; as, to exclaim against oppression with wonder or astonishment; "The field is won!" he exclaimed .
Exclaim noun Outcry; clamor.
Cursing cries and deep exclaims . Shak.
Exclaimer noun One who exclaims.
[ Latin exclamatio
: confer French exclamation
.] 1. A loud calling or crying out; outcry; loud or emphatic utterance; vehement vociferation; clamor; that which is cried out, as an expression of feeling; sudden expression of sound or words indicative of emotion, as in surprise, pain, grief, joy, anger, etc.
Exclamations against abuses in the church. Hooker.
Thus will I drown your exclamations . Shak.
A festive exclamation not unsuited to the occasion. Trench. 2. (Rhet.) A word expressing outcry; an interjection; a word expressing passion, as wonder, fear, or grief. 3. (Print.) A mark or sign by which outcry or emphatic utterance is marked; thus [ !]; -- called also exclamation point .
Exclamative adjective [ Confer French exclamatif .] Exclamatory. Earle. -- Ex*clam"a*tive*ly , adverb
Exclamatory adjective Containing, expressing, or using exclamation; as, an exclamatory phrase or speaker. South. -- Ex*clam"a*to*ti*ly adverb
Exclave noun [ Formed from enclave by substitution of ex- for en- ] A portion of a country which is separated from the main part and surrounded by politically alien territory. [ Recent.] » The same territory is an enclave in respect to the surrounding country and an exclave with respect to the country to which it is politically attached.
Exclude transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Excluded
; present participle & verbal noun Excluding
.] [ Latin excludere
out + claudere
to shut. See Close
.] 1. To shut out; to hinder from entrance or admission; to debar from participation or enjoyment; to deprive of; to except; -- the opposite to admit ; as, to exclude a crowd from a room or house; to exclude the light; to exclude one nation from the ports of another; to exclude a taxpayer from the privilege of voting.
And none but such, from mercy I exclude . Milton. 2. To thrust out or eject; to expel; as, to exclude young animals from the womb or from eggs. Excluded middle
. (logic) The name given to the third of the "three logical axioms," so-called, namely, to that one which is expressed by the formula: "Everything is either A or Not-A." no third state or condition being involved or allowed. See Principle of contradiction , under Contradiction .
[ Latin exclusio
: confer French exclusion
. See Exclude
.] 1. The act of excluding, or of shutting out, whether by thrusting out or by preventing admission; a debarring; rejection; prohibition; the state of being excluded.
His sad exclusion from the doors of bliss. Milton.
The exclusion of the duke from the crown of England and Ireland. Hume. 2. (Physiol.) The act of expelling or ejecting a fetus or an egg from the womb. 3. Thing emitted. Sir T. Browne.
Exclusionary adjective Tending to exclude; causing exclusion; exclusive.
Exclusionism noun The character, manner, or principles of an exclusionist.
Exclusionist noun One who would exclude another from some right or privilege; esp., one of the anti- popish politicians of the time of Charles II.
Exclusive adjective [ Confer French exclusif .]
1. Having the power of preventing entrance; debarring from participation or enjoyment; possessed and enjoyed to the exclusion of others; as, exclusive bars; exclusive privilege; exclusive circles of society. 2. Not taking into the account; excluding from consideration; -- opposed to inclusive ; as, five thousand troops, exclusive of artillery.
Exclusive noun One of a coterie who exclude others; one who from real of affected fastidiousness limits his acquaintance to a select few.
Exclusiveness noun Quality of being exclusive.
Exclusivism noun The act or practice of excluding being exclusive; exclusiveness.
Exclusivist noun One who favor or practices any from of exclusiveness or exclusivism.
The field of Greek mythology . . . the favorite sporting ground of the exclusivists of the solar theory. Gladstone.
Exclusory adjective [ Latin exclusorius .] Able to exclude; excluding; serving to exclude.
Excoct transitive verb
[ Latin excoctus
, past participle of excoquere
to excoct. See 3d Cook
.] To boil out; to produce by boiling.
[ Obsolete] Bacon.
Excoction [ Latin excoctio .] The act of excocting or boiling out. [ Obsolete] Bacon.
Excogitate transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Excogitated
; present participle & verbal noun
.] [ Latin excogitatus
, past participle of excogitare
to excogitate; ex
out + cogitare
to think. See Cogitate
.] To think out; to find out or discover by thinking; to devise; to contrive.
strange arts." Stirling.
This evidence . . . thus excogitated out of the general theory. Whewell.
Excogitate intransitive verb To cogitate. [ R.] Bacon.
Excogitation noun [ Latin excogitatio : confer French excogitation .] The act of excogitating; a devising in the thoughts; invention; contrivance.
Excommune transitive verb
[ Confer French excommuier
. See Excommunicate
.] To exclude from participation in; to excommunicate.
Poets . . . were excommuned Plato's common wealth Gayton.
[ See Excommunicate
.] Liable or deserving to be excommunicated; making excommunication possible or proper.
." Bp. Hall.
What offenses are excommunicable ? Kenle.
Excommunicant noun One who has been excommunicated.
[ Latin excommunicatus
, past participle of communicare
to excommunicate; ex out + communicare
. See Communicate
.] Excommunicated; interdicted from the rites of the church.
-- noun One excommunicated.
Thou shalt stand cursed and excommunicate . Shak.
Excommunicate transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Excommunicated
; present participle & verbal noun Excommunicating
.] 1. To put out of communion; especially, to cut off, or shut out, from communion with the church, by an ecclesiastical sentence. 2. To lay under the ban of the church; to interdict.
Martin the Fifth . . . was the first that excommunicated the reading of heretical books. Miltin.
Excommunication noun [ Latin excommunicatio : confer French excommunication .] The act of communicating or ejecting; esp., an ecclesiastical censure whereby the person against whom it is pronounced is, for the time, cast out of the communication of the church; exclusion from fellowship in things spiritual. » excommunication is of two kinds, the lesser and the greater ; the lesser excommunication is a separation or suspension from partaking of the Eucharist; the greater is an absolute execution of the offender from the church and all its rights and advantages, even from social intercourse with the faithful.
Excommunicator noun [ Confer Late Latin excommunicator .] One who excommunicates.
Excommunion A shutting out from communion; excommunication.
Excommunication is the utmost of ecclesiastical judicature. Milton.
Excoriable Capable of being excoriated.
The scaly covering of fishes, . . . even in such as are excoriatable . Sir T. Browne.
Excoriate transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Excoriated
; present participle & verbal noun excoriating
.] [ Latin excoriare
out + corium
hide. confer Scourge
; see Cuirass
.] To strip or wear off the skin of; to abrade; to gall; to break and remove the cuticle of, in any manner, as by rubbing, beating, or by the action of acrid substances.
[ Confer French excoriation
.] 1. The act of excoriating or flaying, or state of being excoriated, or stripped of the skin; abrasion. 2. Stripping of possession; spoliation.
A pitiful excoriation of the poorer sort. Howell.
Excorticate transitive verb [ Latin ex out, from + cortex , corticis , bark.] To strip of bark or skin; to decorticate. [ Obsolete] " Excorticate the tree." Evelyn.
Excortication noun [ Confer French excortication .] The act of stripping off bark, or the state of being thus stripped; decortication.
[ Latin excreabilis
, from exscreare
. See Excreate
.] Capable of being discharged by spitting.
[ Obsolete] Swift.
Excreate transitive verb [ Latin excreare , exsreare ; ex out + screare to hawk.] To spit out; to discharge from the throat by hawking and spitting. [ Obsolete] Cockeram.
Excreation noun [ Latin excreatio , exscreatio .] Act of spitting out. [ Obsolete] Cockeram.
[ Latin excrementum
, from excernere
, to skin out, discharge: confer French excrément
. See Excrete
.] Matter excreted and ejected; that which is excreted or cast out of the animal body by any of the natural emunctories; especially, alvine, discharges; dung; ordure.
Excremental adjective Of or pertaining to excrement.
Excrementitial, Excrementitious adjective (Physiol.) Pertaining to, or consisting of, excrement; of the nature of excrement.
Excrementive adjective Serving to excrete; connected with excretion or excrement. [ R.] "The excrementive parts." Felthman.
Excrementize intransitive verb To void excrement. [ R.] Life of A. Wood ....
[ French excrescence
, Latin excrescentia
excrescences, neut. plural of present participle of excrescere
. See Excrescent
.] An excrescent appendage, as, a wart or tumor; anything growing out unnaturally from anything else; a preternatural or morbid development; hence, a troublesome superfluity; an incumbrance; as, an excrescence on the body, or on a plant.
of joy." Jer. Taylor.
The excrescences of the Spanish monarchy. Addison.
Excrescency noun Excrescence. [ Obsolete]