Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Ex libris [ Latin ex from + libris books.] An inscription, label, or the like, in a book indicating its ownership; esp., a bookplate.
; plural Ex officiis
. [ Latin ] From office; by virtue, or as a consequence, of an office; officially.
[ Latin See Ex-
, and Part
.] Upon or from one side only; one-sided; partial; as, an ex parte statement. Ex parte application
, one made without notice or opportunity to oppose.
-- Ex parte council
, one that assembles at the request of only one of the parties in dispute.
-- Ex parte hearing or evidence (Law)
, that which is had or taken by one side or party in the absence of the other. Hearings before grand juries, and affidavits, are ex parte . Wharton's Law Dict. Burrill.
Ex post facto or Ex" post`fac"to (ĕks" pōst" făk"to) . [ Latin , from what is done afterwards.] (Law) From or by an after act, or thing done afterward; in consequence of a subsequent act; retrospective. Ex post facto law , a law which operates by after enactment. The phrase is popularly applied to any law, civil or criminal, which is enacted with a retrospective effect, and with intention to produce that effect; but in its true application, as employed in American law, it relates only to crimes, and signifies a law which retroacts, by way of criminal punishment, upon that which was not a crime before its passage, or which raises the grade of an offense, or renders an act punishable in a more severe manner that it was when committed. Ex post facto laws are held to be contrary to the fundamental principles of a free government, and the States are prohibited from passing such laws by the Constitution of the United States. Burrill. Kent.
Exacerbate transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Exacerrated
; present participle & verbal noun Exacerrating
.] [ Latin exacerbatus
, past participle of exacerbare
out (intens.) + acerbare
. See Acerbate
.] To render more violent or bitter; to irritate; to exasperate; to imbitter, as passions or disease. Broughman.
Exacerbation noun [ Confer French exacerbation .]
1. The act rendering more violent or bitter; the state of being exacerbated or intensified in violence or malignity; as, exacerbation of passion. 2. (Medicine) A periodical increase of violence in a disease, as in remittent or continious fever; an increased energy of diseased and painful action.
Exacerbescence noun [ Latin exacerbescens , -entis , present participle of exacerbescere , incho. of exacerbare .] Increase of irritation or violence, particularly the increase of a fever or disease.
[ Latin exacervare
to heap up exceedingly. See Ex-
, and Acervate
.] The act of heaping up.
[ Obsolete] Bailey.
Exacinate transitive verb [ Latin ex out + acinus kernel.] To remove the kernel form.
Exacination noun Removal of the kernel.
[ Latin exactus
precise, accurate, past participle of exigere
to drive out, to demand, enforce, finish, determine, measure; ex
out + agere
to drive; confer French exact
. See Agent
.] 1. Precisely agreeing with a standard, a fact, or the truth; perfectly conforming; neither exceeding nor falling short in any respect; true; correct; precise; as, the clock keeps exact time; he paid the exact debt; an exact copy of a letter; exact accounts.
I took a great pains to make out the exact truth. Jowett (Thucyd. ) 2. Habitually careful to agree with a standard, a rule, or a promise; accurate; methodical; punctual; as, a man exact in observing an appointment; in my doings I was exact .
"I see thou art exact
of taste." Milton. 3. Precisely or definitely conceived or stated; strict.
An exact command, Shak.
Larded with many several sorts of reason.
Exact transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Exacted
; present participle & verbal noun Exacting
.] [ From Latin exactus
, past participle of exigere
; or from Late Latin exactare
: confer Old French exacter
. See Exact
] To demand or require authoritatively or peremptorily, as a right; to enforce the payment of, or a yielding of; to compel to yield or to furnish; hence, to wrest, as a fee or reward when none is due; -- followed by from or of before the one subjected to exaction; as, to exact tribute, fees, obedience, etc., from or of some one.
He said into them, Exact no more than that which is appointed you. Luke. iii. 13.
Years of servise past Dryden.
From grateful souls exact reward at last
My designs Massinger.
Exact me in another place.
Exact intransitive verb To practice exaction.
The anemy shall not exact upon him . Ps. lxxxix. 22.
Exacter noun An exactor. [ R.]
Exacting adjective Oppressive or unreasonably severe in making demands or requiring the exact fulfillment of obligations; harsh; severe. "A temper so exacting ." T. Arnold -- Ex*act"ing*ly , adverb -- Ex*act"ing*ness , noun
[ Latin exactio
: confer French exaction
.] 1. The act of demanding with authority, and compelling to pay or yield; compulsion to give or furnish; a levying by force; a driving to compliance; as, the exaction to tribute or of obedience; hence, extortion.
Take away your exactions from my people. Ezek. xlv. 9.
Daily new exactions are devised. Shak.
Illegal exactions of sheriffs and officials. Bancroft. 2. That which is exacted; a severe tribute; a fee, reward, or contribution, demanded or levied with severity or injustice. Daniel.
Exactitude noun [ Confer French exactitude .] The quality of being exact; exactness.
Exactly adverb In an exact manner; precisely according to a rule, standard, or fact; accurately; strictly; correctly; nicely.
His enemies were pleased, for he had acted exactly as their interests required. Bancroft.
Exactness noun 1. The condition of being exact; accuracy; nicety; precision; regularity; as, exactness of judgement or deportment. 2. Careful observance of method and conformity to truth; as, exactness in accounts or business.
He had . . . that sort of exactness which would have made him a respectable antiquary. Macaulay.
Exactor noun [ Latin : confer French exacteur .] One who exacts or demands by authority or right; hence, an extortioner; also, one unreasonably severe in injunctions or demands. Jer. Taylor.
Exactress noun [ Confer Latin exactrix .] A woman who is an exactor. [ R.] B. Jonson.
Exacuate transitive verb [ Latin exacure ; ex out (intens.) + acuere to make sharp.] To whet or sharpen. [ Obsolete] B. Jonson. -- Ex*ac`u*a"tion noun [ Obsolete]
Exaggerate transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Exaggerated
; present participle & verbal noun Exaggerating
. ] [ Latin exaggeratus
, past participle of exaggerare
to heap up; ex
out + aggerare
to heap up, from agger
to bring to; ad
to + gerere
to bear. See Jest
. ] 1. To heap up; to accumulate.
[ Obsolete] "Earth exaggerated
upon them [ oaks and firs]." Sir M. Hale. 2. To amplify; to magnify; to enlarge beyond bounds or the truth ; to delineate extravagantly ; to overstate the truth concerning.
A friend exaggerates a man's virtues. Addison.
Exaggerated adjective Enlarged beyond bounds or the truth. -- Ex*ag"ger*a`ted*ly , adverb
Exaggerating adjective That exaggerates; enlarging beyond bounds. -- Ex*ag"ger*a`ting*ly , adverb
[ Latin exaggeratio
: confer F. exagération
.] 1. The act of heaping or piling up.
[ Obsolete] " Exaggeration
of sand." Sir M. Hale. 2. The act of exaggerating; the act of doing or representing in an excessive manner; a going beyond the bounds of truth reason, or justice; a hyperbolical representation; hyperbole; overstatement.
No need of an exaggeration of what they saw. I. Taylor. 3. (Paint.) A representation of things beyond natural life, in expression, beauty, power, vigor.
Exaggerative adjective Tending to exaggerate; involving exaggeration. " Exaggerative language." Geddes. " Exaggerative pictures." W. J. Linton. -- Ex*ag"ger*a*tive*ly , adverb Carlyle.
Exaggerator noun [ Latin ] One who exaggerates; one addicted to exaggeration. Latin Horner.
Exaggeratory adjective Containing, or tending to, exaggeration; exaggerative. Johnson.
Exagitate transitive verb
[ Latin exagitatus
, past participle of exagitare
. See Ex-
, and Agitate
.] 1. To stir up; to agitate.
[ Obsolete] Arbuthnot. 2. To satirize; to censure severely.
[ Obsolete] Hooker.
Exagitation noun [ Latin exagitatio : confer Old French exagitation .] Agitation. [ Obsolete] Bailey.
Exalbuminous adjective [ Prefix ex- + albumen .] (Botany) Having no albumen about the embryo; -- said of certain seeds.
Exalt transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Exalted
; present participle & verbal noun Exalting
.] [ Latin exaltare
out (intens.) + altare
to make high, altus
high: confer French exalter
. See Altitude
.] 1. To raise high; to elevate; to lift up.
I will exalt my throne above the stars of God. Is. xiv. 13.
Exalt thy towery head, and lift thine eyes Pope. 2. To elevate in rank, dignity, power, wealth, character, or the like; to dignify; to promote; as, to exalt a prince to the throne, a citizen to the presidency.
Righteousness exalteth a nation. Prov. xiv. 34.
He that humbleth himself shall be exalted . Luke xiv. 11. 3. To elevate by prise or estimation; to magnify; to extol; to glorify.
ye the Lord." Ps. xcix. 5.
In his own grace he doth exalt himself. Shak. 4. To lift up with joy, pride, or success; to inspire with delight or satisfaction; to elate.
They who thought they got whatsoever he lost were mightily exalted . Dryden. 5. To elevate the tone of, as of the voice or a musical instrument. Is. xxxvii. 23.
Now Mars, she said, let Fame exalt her voice. Prior. 6. (Alchem.) To render pure or refined; to intensify or concentrate; as, to exalt the juices of bodies.
With chemic art exalts the mineral powers. Pope.
Exaltate adjective [ Latin exaltatus , past participle of exaltare to exalt.] (Astrol.) Exercising its highest influence; -- said of a planet. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.
[ Latin exaltatio
: confer French exaltation
.] 1. The act of exalting or raising high; also, the state of being exalted; elevation.
Wondering at my flight, and change Milton. 2. (Alchem.) The refinement or subtilization of a body, or the increasing of its virtue or principal property. 3. (Astrol.) That place of a planet in the zodiac in which it was supposed to exert its strongest influence.
To this high exaltation .
Exaltation noun (Medicine) An abnormal sense of personal well-being, power, or importance, - - a symptom observed in various forms of insanity.
Exalted adjective Raised to lofty height; elevated; extolled; refined; dignified; sublime.
Wiser far than Solomon, Milton.
Of more exalted mind.
Time never fails to bring every exalted reputation to a strict scrutiny. Ames.
of some minds." T. Gray.
Exalter noun One who exalts or raises to dignity.
Exaltment noun Exaltation. [ Obsolete] Barrow.
[ Latin , the tongue of a balance, examination; for exagmen
, from exigere
to weigh accurately, to treat: confer French examen
. See Exact
] Examination; inquiry.
[ R.] "A critical examen
of the two pieces." Cowper.
[ New Latin See Hexameter
.] An hexameter.
[ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Examinable adjective Capable of being examined or inquired into. Bacon.
Examinant noun [ Latin examinans , -antis , examining.]
1. One who examines; an examiner. Sir W. Scott. 2. One who is to be examined. [ Obsolete] H. Prideaux.
[ Latin examinatus
, past participle of examinare
. See Examine
. ] A person subjected to examination.
[ Obsolete] Bacon.
[ Latin examinatio
: confer French examination
.] 1. The act of examining, or state of being examined; a careful search, investigation, or inquiry; scrutiny by study or experiment. 2. A process prescribed or assigned for testing qualification; as, the examination of a student, or of a candidate for admission to the bar or the ministry.
He neglected the studies, . . . stood low at the examinations . Macaulay. Examination in chief
, or Direct examination (Law)
, that examination which is made of a witness by a party calling him.
-- Cross- examination
, that made by the opposite party.
, or Re-direct examination
, that made by a party calling a witness, after, and upon matters arising out of, the cross- examination. Syn.
-- Search; inquiry; investigation; research; scrutiny; inquisition; inspection; exploration.
Examinator noun [ Latin : confer French examinateur .] An examiner. [ R.] Sir T. Browne.
Examine transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Examined
; present participle & verbal noun Examining
.] [ Latin examinare
, from examen
: confer French examiner
. See Examen
.] 1. To test by any appropriate method; to inspect carefully with a view to discover the real character or state of; to subject to inquiry or inspection of particulars for the purpose of obtaining a fuller insight into the subject of examination, as a material substance, a fact, a reason, a cause, the truth of a statement; to inquire or search into; to explore; as, to examine a mineral; to examine a ship to know whether she is seaworthy; to examine a proposition, theory, or question.
Examine well your own thoughts. Chaucer.
Examine their counsels and their cares. Shak. 2. To interrogate as in a judicial proceeding; to try or test by question; as, to examine a witness in order to elicit testimony, a student to test his qualifications, a bankrupt touching the state of his property, etc.
The offenders that are to be examined . Shak. Syn.
-- To discuss; debate; scrutinize; search into; investigate; explore. See Discuss
Examinee noun A person examined.
Examiner noun One who examines, tries, or inspects; one who interrogates; an officer or person charged with the duty of making an examination; as, an examiner of students for a degree; an examiner in chancery, in the patent office, etc.
Exæresis noun [ New Latin , from Greek ... a taking away.] (Surg.) In old writers, the operations concerned in the removal of parts of the body.