Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Davit noun [ Confer French davier forceps, davit, cooper's instrument, German david davit; all probably from the proper name David .] (Nautical) (a) A spar formerly used on board of ships, as a crane to hoist the flukes of the anchor to the top of the bow, without injuring the sides of the ship; -- called also the fish davit . (b) plural Curved arms of timber or iron, projecting over a ship's side of stern, having tackle to raise or lower a boat, swing it in on deck, rig it out for lowering, etc.; -- called also boat davits . Totten.
Davy Jones The spirit of the sea; sea devil; -- a term used by sailors.
This same Davy Jones , according to the mythology of sailors, is the fiend that presides over all the evil spirits of the deep, and is seen in various shapes warning the devoted wretch of death and woe. Smollett. Davy Jones's Locker
, the ocean, or bottom of the ocean.
-- Gone to Davy Jones's Locker
, dead, and buried in the sea; thrown overboard.
Davy lamp See Safety lamp , under Lamp .
[ See Davyum
.] (Min.) A variety of nephelite from Vesuvius.
Davyum noun [ Named after Sir Humphry Davy , the English chemist.] (Chemistry) A rare metallic element found in platinum ore. It is a white malleable substance. Symbol Da. Atomic weight 154.
[ Middle English dawe
; akin to Old High German tāha
, Middle High German tāhe
, German dohle
. Confer Caddow
.] (Zoology) A European bird of the Crow family ( Corvus monedula ), often nesting in church towers and ruins; a jackdaw.
The loud daw , his throat Waller.
The whole assembly of his fellow daws .
» The daw
was reckoned as a silly bird, and a daw
meant a simpleton. See in Shakespeare: -- "Then thou dwellest with daws
too." ( Coriolanus iv. 5, 1. 47.
Daw intransitive verb
[ Middle English dawen
. See Dawn
.] To dawn.
[ Obsolete] See Dawn. Drayton.
Daw transitive verb
[ Contr. from Adaw
.] 1. To rouse.
[ Obsolete] 2. To daunt; to terrify.
[ Obsolete] B. Jonson.
(da"d'l) intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Dawdled
; present participle & verbal noun Dawdling
.] [ Confer Daddle
.] To waste time in trifling employment; to trifle; to saunter.
Come some evening and dawdle over a dish of tea with me. Johnson.
We . . . dawdle up and down Pall Mall. Thackeray.
Dawdle transitive verb To waste by trifling; as, to dawdle away a whole morning.
Dawdle noun A dawdler. Colman & Carrick.
Dawdler noun One who wastes time in trifling employments; an idler; a trifler.
[ See Day
[ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Dawish adjective Like a daw.
Dawk transitive verb [ Prov. English dauk to cut or pierce with a jerk; confer Middle English dalk a dimple. Confer Ir. tolch , tollachd , tolladh , a hole, crevice, toll to bore, pierce, W. tyllu .] To cut or mark with an incision; to gash. Moxon.
Dawk noun A hollow, crack, or cut, in timber. Moxon.
Dawn intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Dawned
; present participle & verbal noun Dawning
.] [ Middle English dawnen
, Anglo-Saxon dagian
to become day, to dawn, from dæg
day; akin to Dutch dagen
, German tagen
, Icelandic daga
, Danish dages
, Swedish dagas
. See Day
. √71.] 1. To begin to grow light in the morning; to grow light; to break, or begin to appear; as, the day dawns ; the morning dawns .
In the end of the Sabbath, as it began to dawn toward the first day of the week, came Mary Magdalene . . . to see the sepulcher. Matt. xxviii. 1. 2. To began to give promise; to begin to appear or to expand.
When life awakes, and dawns at every line. Pope.
Dawn on our darkness and lend us thine aid. Heber,
Dawn noun 1. The break of day; the first appearance of light in the morning; show of approaching sunrise.
And oft at dawn , deep noon, or falling eve. Thomson.
No sun, no moon, no morn, no noon, Hood. 2. First opening or expansion; first appearance; beginning; rise.
No dawn , no dusk, no proper time of day.
of time." Thomson.
These tender circumstances diffuse a dawn of serenity over the soul. Pope.
Dawsonite noun [ Named after J. W. Dawson of Montreal.] (Min.) A hydrous carbonate of alumina and soda, occuring in white, bladed crustals.
[ Middle English day
, Anglo-Saxon dæg
; akin to Old Saxon , D., Dan., & Swedish dag
, G, tag
, Icelandic dagr
, Goth. dags
; confer Sanskrit dah
?) to burn. √69. Confer Dawn
.] 1. The time of light, or interval between one night and the next; the time between sunrise and sunset, or from dawn to darkness; hence, the light; sunshine. 2. The period of the earth's revolution on its axis. -- ordinarily divided into twenty-four hours. It is measured by the interval between two successive transits of a celestial body over the same meridian, and takes a specific name from that of the body. Thus, if this is the sun, the day (the interval between two successive transits of the sun's center over the same meridian) is called a solar day ; if it is a star, a sidereal day ; if it is the moon, a lunar day . See Civil day , Sidereal day , below. 3. Those hours, or the daily recurring period, allotted by usage or law for work. 4. A specified time or period; time, considered with reference to the existence or prominence of a person or thing; age; time.
A man who was great among the Hellenes of his day . Jowett (Thucyd. )
If my debtors do not keep their day , . . . Dryden. 5. (Preceded by the ) Some day in particular, as some day of contest, some anniversary, etc.
I must with patience all the terms attend.
The field of Agincourt, Shak.
Fought on the day of Crispin Crispianus.
His name struck fear, his conduct won the day . Roscommon.
is much used in self-explaining compounds; as, day
light, work day
, etc. Anniversary day
. See Anniversary , noun
-- Astronomical day
, a period equal to the mean solar day, but beginning at noon instead of at midnight, its twenty-four hours being numbered from 1 to 24; also, the sidereal day, as that most used by astronomers.
-- Born days
. See under Born .
-- Canicular days
. See Dog day .
-- Civil day
, the mean solar day, used in the ordinary reckoning of time, and among most modern nations beginning at mean midnight; its hours are usually numbered in two series, each from 1 to 12. This is the period recognized by courts as constituting a day. The Babylonians and Hindoos began their day at sunrise, the Athenians and Jews at sunset, the ancient Egyptians and Romans at midnight.
-- Day blindness
. (Medicine) See Nyctalopia .
-- Day by day
, or Day after day
, daily; every day; continually; without intermission of a day. See under By .
" Day by day
we magnify thee." Book of Common Prayer.
-- Days in bank (Eng. Law)
, certain stated days for the return of writs and the appearance of parties; -- so called because originally peculiar to the Court of Common Bench, or Bench ( bank ) as it was formerly termed. Burrill.
- - Day in court
, a day for the appearance of parties in a suit.
-- Days of devotion (R. C. Ch.)
, certain festivals on which devotion leads the faithful to attend mass. Shipley.
-- Days of grace
. See Grace .
-- Days of obligation (R. C. Ch.)
, festival days when it is obligatory on the faithful to attend Mass. Shipley.
-- Day owl
, an owl that flies by day. See Hawk owl .
-- Day rule (Eng. Law)
, an order of court (now abolished) allowing a prisoner, under certain circumstances, to go beyond the prison limits for a single day.
-- Day school
, one which the pupils attend only in daytime, in distinction from a boarding school.
-- Day sight
. (Medicine) See Hemeralopia .
-- Day's work (Nautical)
, the account or reckoning of a ship's course for twenty-four hours, from noon to noon.
-- From day to day
, as time passes; in the course of time; as, he improves from day to day .
-- Jewish day
, the time between sunset and sunset.
-- Mean solar day (Astron.)
, the mean or average of all the apparent solar days of the year.
-- One day
, One of these days
, at an uncertain time, usually of the future, rarely of the past; sooner or later.
"Well, niece, I hope to see you one day
fitted with a husband." Shak.
-- Only from day to day
, without certainty of continuance; temporarily. Bacon.
-- Sidereal day
, the interval between two successive transits of the first point of Aries over the same meridian. The Sidereal day is 23 h. 56 m. 4.09 s. of mean solar time.
-- To win the day
, to gain the victory, to be successful. S. Butler.
-- Week day
, any day of the week except Sunday; a working day.
-- Working day
. (a) A day when work may be legally done, in distinction from Sundays and legal holidays. (b) The number of hours, determined by law or custom, during which a workman, hired at a stated price per day, must work to be entitled to a day's pay.
Day lily (lĭl`ȳ). (Botany) (a) A genus of plants ( Hemerocallis ) closely resembling true lilies, but having tuberous rootstocks instead of bulbs. The common species have long narrow leaves and either yellow or tawny-orange flowers. (b) A genus of plants ( Funkia ) differing from the last in having ovate veiny leaves, and large white or blue flowers.
Day-coal (dā"kōl`) noun (Mining) The upper stratum of coal, as nearest the light or surface.
Day-labor noun Labor hired or performed by the day. Milton.
Day-laborer noun One who works by the day; -- usually applied to a farm laborer, or to a workman who does not work at any particular trade. Goldsmith.
Day-net (-nĕt`) noun A net for catching small birds.
Day-peep (-pēp`) noun The dawn. [ Poetic] Milton.
(-stär`) noun 1. The morning star; the star which ushers in the day.
A dark place, until the day dawn, and the day- star arise in your hearts. 2 Peter i. 19. 2. The sun, as the orb of day.
So sinks the day-star in the ocean bed, Milton.
And yet anon repairs his drooping head,
And tricks his beams, and with new-spangled ore
Flames in the forehead of the morning sky.
(dī"ăks) noun plural (Ethnol.) See Dyaks .
Daybook (dā"bok`) noun A journal of accounts; a primary record book in which are recorded the debts and credits, or accounts of the day, in their order, and from which they are transferred to the journal.
Daybreak (dā"brāk`) noun The time of the first appearance of light in the morning.
(-drēm`) noun A vain fancy speculation; a reverie; a castle in the air; unfounded hope.
Mrs. Lambert's little daydream was over. Thackeray.
Daydreamer noun One given to daydreams.
Dayflower (-flou`ẽr) noun (Botany) A genus consisting mostly of tropical perennial herbs ( Commelina ), having ephemeral flowers.
(dā"flī`) noun (Zoology) A neuropterous insect of the genus Ephemera and related genera, of many species, and inhabiting fresh water in the larval state; the ephemeral fly; -- so called because it commonly lives but one day in the winged or adult state. See Ephemeral fly , under Ephemeral .
Daylight (-līt) noun
1. The light of day as opposed to the darkness of night; the light of the sun, as opposed to that of the moon or to artificial light. 2. plural The eyes. [ Prov. Eng.] Wright.
Daymaid (-mad`) noun A dairymaid. [ Obsolete]
Daymare (dā"mâr`) noun [ Day + mare incubus.] (Medicine) A kind of incubus which occurs during wakefulness, attended by the peculiar pressure on the chest which characterizes nightmare. Dunglison.
[ From day
in the sense of day fixed for trial
.] An umpire or arbiter; a mediator.
Neither is there any daysman betwixt us. Job ix. 33.
(dā"sprĭng`) noun The beginning of the day, or first appearance of light; the dawn; hence, the beginning. Milton.
The tender mercy of our God; whereby the dayspring from on high hath visited us. Luke i. 78.
Daytime (-tīm`) noun The time during which there is daylight, as distinguished from the night.
Daywoman (-wom` a n) noun A dairymaid. [ Obsolete]
(dāz) transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Dazed
(dāzd); present participle & verbal noun Dazing
.] [ Middle English dasen
, probably from Icelandic dasask
to become weary, a reflexive verb; confer Swedish dasa
to lie idle, and OD. daesen
to be foolish, insane, daes
, Dutch dwaas
, foolish, insane, Anglo-Saxon dwǣs
, stupid. √71. Confer Dizzy
.] To stupefy with excess of light; with a blow, with cold, or with fear; to confuse; to benumb.
While flashing beams do daze his feeble eyen. Spenser.
Such souls, Sir H. Taylor.
Whose sudden visitations daze the world.
He comes out of the room in a dazed state, that is an odd though a sufficient substitute for interest. Dickens.
1. The state of being dazed; as, he was in a daze . [ Colloq.] 2. (Mining) A glittering stone.
Dazzle transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Dazzled
; present participle & verbal noun Dazzling
.] [ Freq. of daze
.] 1. To overpower with light; to confuse the sight of by brilliance of light.
Those heavenly shapes Milton.
Will dazzle now the earthly, with their blaze
An unreflected light did never yet Sir H. Taylor. 2. To bewilder or surprise with brilliancy or display of any kind.
Dazzle the vision feminine.
and drove back his enemies." Shak.
Dazzle intransitive verb 1. To be overpoweringly or intensely bright; to excite admiration by brilliancy.
Ah, friend! to dazzle , let the vain design. Pope. 2. To be overpowered by light; to be confused by excess of brightness.
An overlight maketh the eyes dazzle . Bacon.
I dare not trust these eyes; Dryden.
They dance in mists, and dazzle with surprise.
Dazzle noun A light of dazzling brilliancy.
Dazzlement noun Dazzling flash, glare, or burst of light. Donne.
Dazzlingly adverb In a dazzling manner.
De- A prefix from Latin de down, from, away; as in de bark, de cline, de cease, de duct, de camp. In words from the French it is equivalent to Latin dis- apart, away; or sometimes to de . Confer Dis- . It is negative and opposite in de range, de form, de stroy, etc. It is intensive in de prave, de spoil, de clare, de solate, etc.