Webster's Dictionary, 1913
[ From the city Damascus
, Latin Damascus
, Greek Damasko`s
, Hebrew Dammesq
, Arabic Daemeshq
; confer Hebrew d'meseq
damask; confer Italian damasco
, Spanish damasco
, French damas
. Confer Damascene
.] 1. Damask silk; silk woven with an elaborate pattern of flowers and the like.
"A bed of ancient damask
." W. Irving. 2. Linen so woven that a pattern in produced by the different directions of the thread, without contrast of color. 3. A heavy woolen or worsted stuff with a pattern woven in the same way as the linen damask; -- made for furniture covering and hangings. 4. Damask or Damascus steel; also, the peculiar markings or "water" of such steel. 5. A deep pink or rose color. Fairfax.
Damask adjective 1. Pertaining to, or originating at, the city of Damascus; resembling the products or manufactures of Damascus. 2. Having the color of the damask rose.
But let concealment, like a worm i' the bud, Shak. Damask color
Feed on her damask cheek.
, a deep rose-color like that of the damask rose.
-- Damask plum
, a small dark-colored plum, generally called damson .
-- Damask rose (Botany)
, a large, pink, hardy, and very fragrant variety of rose ( Rosa damascena ) from Damascus.
" Damask roses
have not been known in England above one hundred years." Bacon.
-- Damask steel
, or Damascus steel
, steel of the kind originally made at Damascus, famous for its hardness, and its beautiful texture, ornamented with waving lines; especially, that which is inlaid with damaskeening; -- formerly much valued for sword blades, from its great flexibility and tenacity.
Damask transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Damasked
; present participle & verbal noun Damasking
.] To decorate in a way peculiar to Damascus or attributed to Damascus; particularly: (a) with flowers and rich designs, as silk; (b) with inlaid lines of gold, etc., or with a peculiar marking or "water," as metal. See Damaskeen .
Mingled metal damasked o'er with gold. Dryde....
On the soft, downy bank, damasked with flowers. Milton.
Damaskeen, Damasken transitive verb
[ French damaschinare
. See Damascene
] To decorate, as iron, steel, etc., with a peculiar marking or "water" produced in the process of manufacture, or with designs produced by inlaying or incrusting with another metal, as silver or gold, or by etching, etc., to damask.
Damaskeening is is partly mosaic work, partly engraving, and partly carving. Ure.
[ Confer French damasquin
, adj., Italian damaschino
, Spanish damasquino
. See Damaskeen
.] A sword of Damask steel.
No old Toledo blades or damaskins . Howell (1641).
[ French damassé
, from damas
. See Damask
.] Woven like damask.
-- noun A damassé fabric, esp. one of linen.
[ French, from damas
. See Damask
.] A kind of modified damask or brocade.
Dambonite (-bo*nīt) noun [ Confer French dambonite .] (Chemistry) A white, crystalline, sugary substance obtained from an African caoutchouc.
Dambose (dăm"bōs) noun (Chemistry) A crystalline variety of fruit sugar obtained from dambonite.
[ French dame
, Late Latin domna
, from Latin domina
mistress, lady, fem. of dominus
master, ruler, lord; akin to domare
to tame, subdue. See Tame
, and confer Dam
a mother, Dan
.] 1. A mistress of a family, who is a lady; a woman in authority; especially, a lady.
Then shall these lords do vex me half so much, Shak. 2. The mistress of a family in common life, or the mistress of a common school; as, a dame's school.
As that proud dame , the lord protector's wife.
In the dame's classes at the village school. Emerson. 3. A woman in general, esp. an elderly woman. 4. A mother; -- applied to human beings and quadrupeds.
[ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Damewort noun (Botany) A cruciferrous plant ( Hesperis matronalis ), remarkable for its fragrance, especially toward the close of the day; -- called also rocket and dame's violet . Loudon.
Damiana noun [ New Latin ; of uncertain origin.] (Medicine) A Mexican drug, used as an aphrodisiac. » There are several varieties derived from different plants, esp. from a species of Turnera and from Bigelovia veneta . Wood & Bache.
Damianist noun (Eccl. Hist.) A follower of Damian, patriarch of Alexandria in the 6th century, who held heretical opinions on the doctrine of the Holy Trinity.
Dammar, Dammara noun [ Jav. & Malay. damar .] An oleoresin used in making varnishes; dammar gum; dammara resin. It is obtained from certain resin trees indigenous to the East Indies, esp. Shorea robusta and the dammar pine. Dammar pine , (Botany) , a tree of the Moluccas ( Agathis orientalis , or Dammara orientalis ), yielding dammar.
Dammara noun (Botany) A large tree of the order Coniferæ , indigenous to the East Indies and Australasia; -- called also Agathis . There are several species.
(dăm) transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Damned
dăm"nĕd); present participle & verbal noun Damning
dăm"nĭng).] [ Middle English damnen
dampnen (with excrescent p
), Old French damner
, French damner
, from Latin damnare
, to condemn, from damnum
damage, a fine, penalty. Confer Condemn
.] 1. To condemn; to declare guilty; to doom; to adjudge to punishment; to sentence; to censure.
He shall not live; look, with a spot I damn him. Shak. 2. (Theol.) To doom to punishment in the future world; to consign to perdition; to curse. 3. To condemn as bad or displeasing, by open expression, as by denuciation, hissing, hooting, etc.
You are not so arrant a critic as to damn them [ the works of modern poets] . . . without hearing. Pope.
Damn with faint praise, assent with civil leer, Pope.
And without sneering teach the rest to sneer.
is sometimes used interjectionally, imperatively, and intensively.
Damn intransitive verb To invoke damnation; to curse. "While I inwardly damn ." Goldsmith.
Damnability noun The quality of being damnable; damnableness. Sir T. More.
[ Latin damnabilis
, from damnare
: confer French damnable
. See Damn
.] 1. Liable to damnation; deserving, or for which one deserves, to be damned; of a damning nature.
A creature unprepared unmeet for death, Shak. 2. Odious; pernicious; detestable.
And to transport him in the mind he is,
Were damnable .
Begin, murderer; . . . leave thy damnable faces. Shak.
Damnableness noun The state or quality of deserving damnation; execrableness.
The damnableness of this most execrable impiety. Prynne.
1. In a manner to incur severe censure, condemnation, or punishment. 2. Odiously; detestably; excessively. [ Low]
[ French damnation
, Latin damnatio
, from damnare
. See Damn
.] 1. The state of being damned; condemnation; openly expressed disapprobation. 2. (Theol.) Condemnation to everlasting punishment in the future state, or the punishment itself.
How can ye escape the damnation of hell? Matt. xxiii. 33.
Wickedness is sin, and sin is damnation . Shak. 3. A sin deserving of everlasting punishment.
The deep damnation of his taking- off. Shak.
Damnatory (dăm"nȧ*to*rȳ) adjective [ Latin damnatorius , from damnator a condemner.] Dooming to damnation; condemnatory. " Damnatory invectives." Hallam.
Damned adjective 1. Sentenced to punishment in a future state; condemned; consigned to perdition. 2. Hateful; detestable; abominable.
But, O, what damned minutes tells he o'er Shak.
Who doats, yet doubts, suspects, yet strongly loves.
[ Latin damnificus
damage, loss + facere
to make. See Damn
.] Procuring or causing loss; mischievous; injurious.
Damnification noun [ Late Latin damnificatio .] That which causes damage or loss.
(dăm"nĭ*fī) transitive verb
[ Late Latin damnificare
, from Latin damnificus
: confer Old French damnefier
. See Damnific
.] To cause loss or damage to; to injure; to impair.
This work will ask as many more officials to make expurgations and expunctions, that the commonwealth of learning be not damnified . Milton.
Damning adjective That damns; damnable; as, damning evidence of guilt.
Damningness noun Tendency to bring damnation. "The damningness of them [ sins]." Hammond.
damnum noun [ Latin ] (law) Harm; detriment, either to character or property.
(-zĕl"lȧ), Da`moi`selle" (dȧ`mwä`zĕl") , noun See Damsel . [ Archaic]
Damourite (dăm"o*īt) noun [ Ater the French chemist Damour .] (Min.) A kind of Muscovite, or potash mica, containing water.
[ Akin to LG., D., & Danish damp
vapor, steam, fog, German dampf
, Icelandic dampi
, Swedish damb
dust, and to MNG. dimpfen
to smoke, imperfect dampf
.] 1. Moisture; humidity; fog; fogginess; vapor.
Night . . . with black air Milton. 2. Dejection; depression; cloud of the mind.
Accompanied, with damps and dreadful gloom.
Even now, while thus I stand blest in thy presence, Addison.
A secret damp of grief comes o'er my soul.
It must have thrown a damp over your autumn excursion. J. D. Forbes. 3. (Mining) A gaseous product, formed in coal mines, old wells, pints, etc. Choke damp
, a damp consisting principally of carbonic acid gas; -- so called from its extinguishing flame and animal life. See Carbonic acid , under Carbonic .
-- Damp sheet
, a curtain in a mine gallery to direct air currents and prevent accumulation of gas.
-- Fire damp
, a damp consisting chiefly of light carbureted hydrogen; -- so called from its tendence to explode when mixed with atmospheric air and brought into contact with flame.
[ Compar. Damper
; superl. Dampest
.] 1. Being in a state between dry and wet; moderately wet; moist; humid.
O'erspread with a damp sweat and holy fear. Dryden. 2. Dejected; depressed; sunk.
All these and more came flocking, but with looks Milton.
Downcast and damp .
Damp intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Damped
; present participle & verbal noun Damping
.] [ Middle English dampen
to choke, suffocate. See Damp
] 1. To render damp; to moisten; to make humid, or moderately wet; to dampen; as, to damp cloth. 2. To put out, as fire; to depress or deject; to deaden; to cloud; to check or restrain, as action or vigor; to make dull; to weaken; to discourage.
your tender hopes." Akenside.
Usury dulls and damps all industries, improvements, and new inventions, wherein money would be stirring if it were not for this slug. Bacon.
How many a day has been damped and darkened by an angry word! Sir J. Lubbock.
The failure of his enterprise damped the spirit of the soldiers. Macaulay.
Damp off To decay and perish through excessive moisture.
Dampen transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Dampened
; present participle & verbal noun Dampening
.] 1. To make damp or moist; to make slightly wet. 2. To depress; to check; to make dull; to lessen.
In a way that considerably dampened our enthusiasm. The Century.
Dampen intransitive verb To become damp; to deaden. Byron.
Damper noun That which damps or checks; as: (a) A valve or movable plate in the flue or other part of a stove, furnace, etc., used to check or regulate the draught of air. (b) A contrivance, as in a pianoforte, to deaden vibrations; or, as in other pieces of mechanism, to check some action at a particular time.
Nor did Sabrina's presence seem to act as any damper at the modest little festivities. W. Black.
Dampish adjective Moderately damp or moist. -- Damp"ish*ly , adverb -- Damp"ish*ness , noun
Dampne transitive verb To damn. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Dampness noun Moderate humidity; moisture; fogginess; moistness.
1. Somewhat damp. [ Obsolete] Drayton. 2. Dejected; gloomy; sorrowful. [ Obsolete] "Dispel dampy throughts." Haywards.
[ Middle English damosel
, damsel, from Old French damoisele
, gentlewoman, French demoiselle
young lady; confer Old French damoisel
young nobleman, French damoiseau
; from Late Latin domicella
, fem., domicellus
, masc., dim. from Latin domina
. See Dame
, and confer Demoiselle
.] 1. A young person, either male or female, of noble or gentle extraction; as, Damsel Pepin; Damsel Richard, Prince of Wales.
[ Obsolete] 2. A young unmarried woman; a girl; a maiden.
With her train of damsels she was gone, Dryden.
In shady walks the scorching heat to shun.
Sometimes a troop of damsels glad, . . . Tennyson. 3. (Milling) An attachment to a millstone spindle for shaking the hopper.
Goes by to towered Camelot.
[ Middle English damasin
the Damascus plum, from Latin Damascenus. See Damascene
.] A small oval plum of a blue color, the fruit of a variety of the Prunus domestica ; -- called also damask plum .
[ Middle English dan
, Old French danz
(prop. only nom.), dan
, master, from Latin dominus
. See Dame
.] A title of honor equivalent to master , or sir .
Old Dan Geoffry, in gently spright Spenser.
The pure wellhead of poetry did dwell.
What time Dan Abraham left the Chaldee land. Thomson.
Dan noun [ Etymol. uncertain.] (Mining) A small truck or sledge used in coal mines.
Danaide noun [ From the mythical Danaides , who were condemned to fill with water a vessel full of holes.] (Machinery) A water wheel having a vertical axis, and an inner and outer tapering shell, between which are vanes or floats attached usually to both shells, but sometimes only to one.
Danaite noun [ Named after J. Freeman Dana .] (Min.) A cobaltiferous variety of arsenopyrite.
Danalite noun [ Named after James Dwight Dana .] (Min.) A mineral occuring in octahedral crystals, also massive, of a reddish color. It is a silicate of iron, zinc manganese, and glucinum, containing sulphur.
Danburite noun (Min.) A borosilicate of lime, first found at Danbury , Conn. It is near the topaz in form. Dana.