Webster's Dictionary, 1913
; plural Dainties
. [ Middle English deinie
, Old French deintié
delicacy, orig., dignity, honor, from Latin dignitas
, from dignus
worthy. See Deign
, and confer Dignity
.] 1. Value; estimation; the gratification or pleasure taken in anything.
I ne told no deyntee of her love. Chaucer. 2. That which is delicious or delicate; a delicacy.
That precious nectar may the taste renew Beau. & Fl. 3. A term of fondness.
Of Eden's dainties , by our parents lost.
[ Poetic] B. Jonson. Syn.
. These words are here compared as denoting articles of food. The term delicacy
as applied to a nice article of any kind, and hence to articles of food which are particularly attractive. Dainty
is stronger, and denotes some exquisite article of cookery. A hotel may be provided with all the delicacies
of the season, and its table richly covered with dainties
These delicacies Milton.
I mean of taste, sight, smell, herbs, fruits, and flowers,
Walks and the melody of birds.
[ A table] furnished plenteously with bread, Cowper.
And dainties , remnants of the last regale.
[ Compar. Daintier
; superl. Daintiest
.] 1. Rare; valuable; costly.
Full many a deynté horse had he in stable. Chaucer.
» Hence the proverb " dainty maketh dearth
," i. e.
, rarity makes a thing dear or precious. 2. Delicious to the palate; toothsome.
Dainty bits Shak. 3. Nice; delicate; elegant, in form, manner, or breeding; well-formed; neat; tender.
Make rich the ribs.
Those dainty limbs which nature lent Milton.
For gentle usage and soft delicacy.
I would be the girdle. Tennyson. 4. Requiring dainties. Hence: Overnice; hard to please; fastidious; squeamish; scrupulous; ceremonious.
About her dainty , dainty waist.
Thew were a fine and dainty people. Bacon.
And let us not be dainty of leave-taking, Shak. To make dainty
But shift away.
, to assume or affect delicacy or fastidiousness.
Ah ha, my mistresses! which of you all Shak.
Will now deny to dance? She that makes dainty ,
She, I'll swear, hath corns.
Daïra noun [ Turk. daire circuit department, from Arabic daïrah circle.] Any of several valuable estates of the Egyptian khedive or his family. The most important are the Da"i*ra Sa"ni*eh or Sa"ni*yeh , and the Da"i*ra Khas"sa , administered by the khedive's European bondholders, and known collectively as the Daira , or the Daira estates .
; plural Dairies
(-rĭz). [ Middle English deierie
, from deie
, maid; of Scand. origin; confer Icelandic deigja
maid, dairymaid, Swedish deja
, orig., a baking maid, from Icelandic deig
. √66. See Dough
.] 1. The place, room, or house where milk is kept, and converted into butter or cheese.
What stores my dairies and my folds contain. Dryden. 2. That department of farming which is concerned in the production of milk, and its conversion into butter and cheese.
Grounds were turned much in England either to feeding or dairy ; and this advanced the trade of English butter. Temple. 3. A dairy farm.
[ R.] » Dairy
is much used adjectively or in combination; as, dairy
house or dairy
Dairying noun The business of conducting a dairy.
Dairymaid noun A female servant whose business is the care of the dairy.
; plural Dairymen A man who keeps or takes care of a dairy.
; plural Dairywomen A woman who attends to a dairy.
[ Middle English deis
, table, dais, Old French deis
table, French dais
a canopy, Latin discus
a quoit, a dish (from the shape), Late Latin , table, from Greek ...
a quoit, a dish. See Dish
.] 1. The high or principal table, at the end of a hall, at which the chief guests were seated; also, the chief seat at the high table.
[ Obsolete] 2. A platform slightly raised above the floor of a hall or large room, giving distinction to the table and seats placed upon it for the chief guests. 3. A canopy over the seat of a person of dignity.
[ Obsolete] Shiply.
Daisied adjective Full of daisies; adorned with daisies.
The grass all deep and daisied . G. Eliot.
; plural Daisies
(-zĭz). [ Middle English dayesye
, Anglo-Saxon dæges-eáge
day's eye, daisy. See Day
, and Eye
.] (Botany) (a) A genus of low herbs ( Bellis ), belonging to the family Compositæ. The common English and classical daisy is B. perennis , which has a yellow disk and white or pinkish rays. (b) The whiteweed ( Chrysanthemum Leucanthemum ), the plant commonly called daisy in North America; -- called also oxeye daisy . See Whiteweed .
» The word daisy
is also used for composite plants of other genera, as Erigeron
, or fleabane. Michaelmas daisy (Botany)
, any plant of the genus Aster, of which there are many species.
-- Oxeye daisy (Botany)
, the whiteweed. See Daisy (b) .
Dak (dak or däk) noun [ Hind. dāk .] Post; mail; also, the mail or postal arrangements; -- spelt also dawk , and dauk . [ India] Dak boat , a mail boat. Percy Smith. -- Dak bungalow , a traveler's rest- house at the end of a dak stage. -- To travel by dak , to travel by relays of palanquins or other carriage, as fast as the post along a road.
Daker hen [ Perh . fr . W. crecial the daker hen; crec a sharp noise ( creg harsh, hoarse, crechian to scream) + iar hen; or confer Dutch duiken to dive, plunge.] (Zoology) The corncrake or land rail.
Daker, Dakir noun
[ See Dicker
.] (O. Eng. & Scots Law) A measure of certain commodities by number, usually ten or twelve, but sometimes twenty; as, a daker of hides consisted of ten skins; a daker of gloves of ten pairs. Burrill.
Dakota group (Geol.) A subdivision at the base of the cretaceous formation in Western North America; -- so named from the region where the strata were first studied.
Dakotas noun pl .; sing. Dacota (Ethnol.) An extensive race or stock of Indians, including many tribes, mostly dwelling west of the Mississippi River; -- also, in part, called Sioux . [ Written also Dacotahs .]
Dal noun [ Hind.] Split pulse, esp. of Cajanus Indicus . [ East Indies]
[ Italian , from the sign.] (Mus.) A direction to go back to the sign ... and repeat from thence to the close. See Segno .
[ Anglo-Saxon dæl
; akin to LG., D., Swedish , Dan., Old Saxon , & Goth. dal
, Icelandic dalr
, Old High German tal
, German thal
, and perhaps to Greek qo`los
a rotunda, Sanskrit dhāra
depth. Confer Dell
.] 1. A low place between hills; a vale or valley.
Where mountaines rise, umbrageous dales descend. Thomson. 2. A trough or spout to carry off water, as from a pump. Knight.
; plural Dalesmen One living in a dale; -- a term applied particularly to the inhabitants of the valleys in the north of England, Norway, etc. Macaulay.
Dalf imperfect of Delve .
[ Obsolete] Chaucer.
(dălz) noun plural
[ French dalle
a tube, gutter, trough.] A rapid, esp. one where the channel is narrowed between rock walls.
[ Northwestern U. S. & Canada]
The place below, where the compressed river wound like a silver thread among the flat black rocks, was the far-famed Dalles of the Columbia. F. H. Balch.
[ From Dally
.] 1. The act of dallying, trifling, or fondling; interchange of caresses; wanton play.
Look thou be true, do not give dalliance Shak.
Too much the rein.
O, the dalliance and the wit, Tennyson. 2. Delay or procrastination. Shak. 3. Entertaining discourse.
The flattery and the strife!
[ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Dallier noun One who fondles; a trifler; as, dalliers with pleasant words. Asham.
Dallop (dăl"lŏp) noun [ Etymol. unknown.] A tuft or clump. [ Obsolete] Tusser.
(-lȳ) intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Dallied
(-lĭd); present participle & verbal noun Dallying
.] [ Middle English dalien
; confer Icelandic pylja
to talk, German dallen
, to trifle, talk nonsense, OSw. tule
a droll or funny man; or Anglo-Saxon dol
foolish, English dull
.] 1. To waste time in effeminate or voluptuous pleasures, or in idleness; to fool away time; to delay unnecessarily; to tarry; to trifle.
We have trifled too long already; it is madness to dally any longer. Calamy.
We have put off God, and dallied with his grace. Barrow. 2. To interchange caresses, especially with one of the opposite sex; to use fondling; to wanton; to sport.
Not dallying with a brace of courtesans. Shak.
Our aerie . . . dallies with the wind. Shak.
Dally transitive verb To delay unnecessarily; to while away.
Dallying off the time with often skirmishes. Knolles.
Dalmania noun [ From Dalman , the geologist.] (Paleon.) A genus of trilobites, of many species, common in the Upper Silurian and Devonian rocks.
Dalmatian adjective Of or pertaining to Dalmatia. Dalmatian dog (Zoology) , a carriage dog, shaped like a pointer, and having black or bluish spots on a white ground; the coach dog.
Dalmatica noun , Dal*mat"ic noun [ Late Latin dalmatica : confer French dalmatique .]
1. (R. C. Ch.) A vestment with wide sleeves, and with two stripes, worn at Mass by deacons, and by bishops at pontifical Mass; -- imitated from a dress originally worn in Dalmatia. 2. A robe worn on state ocasions, as by English kings at their coronation.
Daltonian noun One afflicted with color blindness.
Daltonism noun Inability to perceive or distinguish certain colors, esp. red; color blindness. It has various forms and degrees. So called from the chemist Dalton , who had this infirmity. Nichol.
[ Middle English dame
mistress, lady; also, mother, dam. See Dame
.] 1. A female parent; -- used of beasts, especially of quadrupeds; sometimes applied in contempt to a human mother.
Our sire and dam , now confined to horses, are a relic of this age (13th century) . . . . Dame is used of a hen; we now make a great difference between dame and dam . T. Latin K. Oliphant.
The dam runs lowing up and down, Shak. 2. A king or crowned piece in the game of draughts.
Looking the way her harmless young one went.
Dam noun [ Akin to OLG., D., & Danish dam , G. & Swedish damm , Icelandic dammr , and Anglo-Saxon fordemman to stop up, Goth. Faúrdammjan .] Dam plate (Blast Furnace) , an iron plate in front of the dam, to strengthen it.
1. A barrier to prevent the flow of a liquid; esp., a bank of earth, or wall of any kind, as of masonry or wood, built across a water course, to confine and keep back flowing water. 2. (Metal.) A firebrick wall, or a stone, which forms the front of the hearth of a blast furnace.
Dam transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Dammed
(dămd); present participle & verbal noun Damming
.] 1. To obstruct or restrain the flow of, by a dam; to confine by constructing a dam, as a stream of water; -- generally used with in or up .
I'll have the current in this place dammed up. Shak.
A weight of earth that dams in the water. Mortimer. 2. To shut up; to stop up; to close; to restrain.
The strait pass was dammed Shak. To dam out
With dead men hurt behind, and cowards.
, to keep out by means of a dam.
(dăm"aj; 48) noun
[ Old French damage
, French dommage
, from assumed Late Latin damnaticum
, from Latin damnum
damage. See Damn
.] 1. Injury or harm to person, property, or reputation; an inflicted loss of value; detriment; hurt; mischief.
He that sendeth a message by the hand of a fool cutteth off the feet and drinketh damage . Prov. xxvi. 6.
Great errors and absurdities many commit for want of a friend to tell them of them, to the great damage both of their fame and fortune. Bacon. 2. plural (Law) The estimated reparation in money for detriment or injury sustained; a compensation, recompense, or satisfaction to one party, for a wrong or injury actually done to him by another.
» In common-law actions, the jury are the proper judges of damages. Consequential damage
. See under Consequential .
-- Exemplary damages (Law)
, damages imposed by way of example to others.
- - Nominal damages (Law)
, those given for a violation of a right where no actual loss has accrued.
-- Vindictive damages
, those given specially for the punishment of the wrongdoer. Syn.
-- Mischief; injury; harm; hurt; detriment; evil; ill. See Mischief
Damage transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Damaged
; present participle & verbal noun Damaging
.] [ Confer Old French damagier
. See Damage
] To occasion damage to the soundness, goodness, or value of; to hurt; to injure; to impair.
He . . . came up to the English admiral and gave him a broadside, with which he killed many of his men and damaged the ship. Clarendon.
Damage (dăm"aj) intransitive verb To receive damage or harm; to be injured or impaired in soundness or value; as, some colors in cloth damage in sunlight.
[ Old French damage
+ French faisant
doing, present participle See Feasible
.] (Law) Doing injury; trespassing, as cattle. Blackstone.
[ Confer Old French damageable
, French dommageable
for sense 2.] 1. Capable of being injured or impaired; liable to, or susceptible of, damage; as, a damageable cargo. 2. Hurtful; pernicious.
That it be not damageable unto your royal majesty. Hakluyt.
(dä"mȧn) noun (Zoology) A small herbivorous mammal of the genus Hyrax . The species found in Palestine and Syria is Hyrax Syriacus ; that of Northern Africa is H. Brucei ; -- called also ashkoko , dassy , and rock rabbit . See Cony , and Hyrax .
Damara noun [ The name is supposed to be from Hottentot dama vanquished.] A native of Damaraland, German Southwest Africa. The Damaras include an important and warlike Bantu tribe, and the Hill Damaras , who are Hottentots and mixed breeds hostile to the Bantus.
[ Latin Damascenus
of Damascus, from Damascus
the city, Greek Damasko`s
. See Damask
, and confer Damaskeen
.] Of or relating to Damascus.
s*sēn) noun A kind of plum, now called damson . See Damson .
s*sēn") transitive verb Same as Damask , or Damaskeen , transitive verb
"Cast and damascened
[ Latin ] A city of Syria. Damascus blade
, a sword or scimiter, made chiefly at Damascus, having a variegated appearance of watering, and proverbial for excellence.
-- Damascus iron
, or Damascus twist
, metal formed of thin bars or wires of iron and steel elaborately twisted and welded together; used for making gun barrels, etc., of high quality, in which the surface, when polished and acted upon by acid, has a damask appearance.
-- Damascus steel
. See Damask steel , under Damask , adjective
Damascus steel See Damask steel , under Damask .