Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Deathward adverb Toward death.
Deathwatch noun 1. (Zoology) (a) A small beetle ( Anobium tessellatum and other allied species). By forcibly striking its head against woodwork it makes a ticking sound, which is a call of the sexes to each other, but has been imagined by superstitious people to presage death. (b) A small wingless insect, of the family Psocidæ , which makes a similar but fainter sound; -- called also deathtick .
She is always seeing apparitions and hearing deathwatches . Addison.
I did not hear the dog howl, mother, or the deathwatch beat. Tennyson. 2. The guard set over a criminal before his execution.
Deaurate adjective [ Latin deauratus , past participle of deaurare to gild; de- + aurum gold.] Gilded. [ Obsolete]
Deaurate transitive verb To gild. [ Obsolete] Bailey.
Deauration noun Act of gilding. [ Obsolete]
Deave transitive verb
[ See Deafen
.] To stun or stupefy with noise; to deafen.
Debacchate intransitive verb [ Latin debacchatus , past participle of debacchari to rage; de- + bacchari to rage like a bacchant.] To rave as a bacchanal. [ R.] Cockeram.
Debacchation noun [ Latin debacchatio .] Wild raving or debauchery. [ R.] Prynne.
Debacle noun [ French débâcle , from débâcler to unbar, break loose; prefix dé- (prob. = Latin dis ) + bâcler to bolt, from Latin baculum a stick.] (Geol.) A breaking or bursting forth; a violent rush or flood of waters which breaks down opposing barriers, and hurls forward and disperses blocks of stone and other débris.
Debacle noun A sudden breaking up or breaking loose; a violent dispersion or disruption; impetuous rush; outburst.
Debar transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Debarred
; present participle & verbal noun Debarring
.] [ Prefix de-
.] To cut off from entrance, as if by a bar or barrier; to preclude; to hinder from approach, entry, or enjoyment; to shut out or exclude; to deny or refuse; -- with from , and sometimes with of .
Yet not so strictly hath our Lord imposed Milton.
Labor, as to debar us when we need
Their wages were so low as to debar them, not only from the comforts but from the common decencies of civilized life. Buckle.
Debarb transitive verb [ Prefix de- + Latin barba beard.] To deprive of the beard. [ Obsolete] Bailey.
Debark transitive verb & i.
[ imperfect & past participle Debarked
; present participle & verbal noun Debarking
.] [ French débarquer
; prefix dé-
) + barque
. See Bark
the vessel, and confer Disbark
.] To go ashore from a ship or boat; to disembark; to put ashore.
Debarkation noun Disembarkation.
The debarkation , therefore, had to take place by small steamers. U. S. Grant.
Debarment noun Hindrance from approach; exclusion.
Debarrass transitive verb
[ Confer French débarrasser
. See Embarrass
.] To disembarrass; to relieve.
Debase transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Debased
; present participle & verbal noun Debasing
.] [ Prefix de-
. See Base
, and confer Abase
.] To reduce from a higher to a lower state or grade of worth, dignity, purity, station, etc.; to degrade; to lower; to deteriorate; to abase; as, to debase the character by crime; to debase the mind by frivolity; to debase style by vulgar words.
The coin which was adulterated and debased . Hale.
It is a kind of taking God's name in vain to debase religion with such frivolous disputes. Hooker.
And to debase the sons, exalts the sires. Pope. Syn.
-- To abase; degrade. See Abase
Debased adjective (Her.) Turned upside down from its proper position; inverted; reversed.
Debasement noun The act of debasing or the state of being debased. Milton.
Debaser noun One who, or that which, debases.
Debasingly adverb In a manner to debase.
[ Confer Old French debatable
. See Debate
.] Liable to be debated; disputable; subject to controversy or contention; open to question or dispute; as, a debatable question. The Debatable Land
, a tract of land between the Esk and the Sark, claimed by both England and Scotland; the Batable Ground.
Debate transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Debated
; present participle & verbal noun Debating
.] [ Old French debatre
, French débattre
; Latin de
to beat. See Batter
, transitive verb
, and confer Abate
.] 1. To engage in combat for; to strive for.
Volunteers . . . thronged to serve under his banner, and the cause of religion was debated with the same ardor in Spain as on the plains of Palestine. Prescott. 2. To contend for in words or arguments; to strive to maintain by reasoning; to dispute; to contest; to discuss; to argue for and against.
A wise council . . . that did debate this business. Shak.
Debate thy cause with thy neighbor himself. Prov. xxv. 9. Syn.
-- To argue; discuss; dispute; controvert. See Argue
, and Discuss
Debate intransitive verb 1. To engage in strife or combat; to fight.
[ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Well could he tourney and in lists debate . Spenser. 2. To contend in words; to dispute; hence, to deliberate; to consider; to discuss or examine different arguments in the mind; -- often followed by on or upon .
He presents that great soul debating upon the subject of life and death with his intimate friends. Tatler.
[ French débat
, from débattre
. See Debate
, transitive verb
] 1. A fight or fighting; contest; strife.
On the day of the Trinity next ensuing was a great debate . . . and in that murder there were slain . . . fourscore. R. of Gloucester.
But question fierce and proud reply Sir W. Scott. 2. Contention in words or arguments; discussion for the purpose of elucidating truth or influencing action; strife in argument; controversy; as, the debates in Parliament or in Congress.
Gave signal soon of dire debate .
Heard, noted, answer'd, as in full debate . Pope. 3. Subject of discussion.
Statutes and edicts concerning this debate . Milton.
Debateful adjective Full of contention; contentious; quarrelsome. [ Obsolete] Spenser.
Debatefully adverb With contention. [ Obsolete]
[ Confer Old French debatement
a beating.] Controversy; deliberation; debate.
A serious question and debatement with myself. Milton.
Debater noun One who debates; one given to argument; a disputant; a controvertist.
Debate where leisure serves with dull debaters . Shak.
Debating noun The act of discussing or arguing; discussion. Debating society or club , a society or club for the purpose of debate and improvement in extemporaneous speaking.
Debatingly adverb In the manner of a debate.
Debauch transitive verb & i.
[ imperfect & past participle Debauched
; present participle & verbal noun Debauching
.] [ French débaucher
, probably originally, to entice away from the workshop; prefix dé-
) + Old French bauche
, hut, confer French bauge
lair of a wild boar; probably from G. or Icelandic , confer Icelandic bālkr
. See Balk
] To lead away from purity or excellence; to corrupt in character or principles; to mar; to vitiate; to pollute; to seduce; as, to debauch one's self by intemperance; to debauch a woman; to debauch an army.
Learning not debauched by ambition. Burke.
A man must have got his conscience thoroughly debauched and hardened before he can arrive to the height of sin. South.
Her pride debauched her judgment and her eyes. Cowley.
[ Confer French débauche
.] 1. Excess in eating or drinking; intemperance; drunkenness; lewdness; debauchery.
The first physicians by debauch were made. Dryden. 2. An act or occasion of debauchery.
Silenus, from his night's debauch , Cowley.
Fatigued and sick.
Debauched adjective Dissolute; dissipated. "A coarse and debauched look." Ld. Lytton.
Debauchedly adverb In a profligate manner.
Debauchedness noun The state of being debauched; intemperance. Bp. Hall.
[ French débauché
, properly past participle of débaucher
. See Debauch
, transitive verb
] One who is given to intemperance or bacchanalian excesses; a man habitually lewd; a libertine.
Debaucher noun One who debauches or corrupts others; especially, a seducer to lewdness.
; plural Debaucheries 1. Corruption of fidelity; seduction from virtue, duty, or allegiance.
The republic of Paris will endeavor to complete the debauchery of the army. Burke. 2. Excessive indulgence of the appetites; especially, excessive indulgence of lust; intemperance; sensuality; habitual lewdness.
Oppose . . . debauchery by temperance. Sprat.
Debauchment noun The act of corrupting; the act of seducing from virtue or duty.
Debauchness noun Debauchedness. [ Obsolete]
Debeige noun [ French de of + beige the natural color of wool.] A kind of woolen or mixed dress goods. [ Written also debage .]
Debel transitive verb
[ Confer French débeller
. See Debellate
.] To conquer.
[ Obsolete] Milton.
Debellate transitive verb [ Latin debellatus , past participle of debellare to subdue; de- + bellum war.] To subdue; to conquer in war. [ Obsolete] Speed.
Debellation noun [ Late Latin debellatio .] The act of conquering or subduing. [ Obsolete]
Debenture noun [ Latin debentur they are due, from debere to owe; confer French debentur . So called because these receipts began with the words Debentur mihi .]
1. A writing acknowledging a debt; a writing or certificate signed by a public officer, as evidence of a debt due to some person; the sum thus due. 2. A customhouse certificate entitling an exporter of imported goods to a drawback of duties paid on their importation. Burrill. It is applied in England to deeds of mortgage given by railway companies for borrowed money; also to municipal and other bonds and securities for money loaned.
Debenture noun Any of various instruments issued, esp. by corporations, as evidences of debt. Such instruments (often called debenture bonds ) are generally, through not necessarily, under seal, and are usually secured by a mortgage or other charge upon property; they may be registered or unregistered. A debenture secured by a mortgage on specific property is called a mortgage debenture ; one secured by a floating charge (which see), a floating debenture ; one not secured by any charge a naked debenture . In general the term debenture in British usage designates any security issued by companies other than their shares, including, therefore, what are in the United States commonly called bonds . When used in the United States debenture generally designates an instrument secured by a floating charge junior to other charges secured by fixed mortgages, or, specif., one of a series of securities secured by a group of securities held in trust for the benefit of the debenture holders.
Debenture stock (Finance) The debt or series of debts, collectively, represented by a series of debentures; a debt secured by a trust deed of property for the benefit of the holders of shares in the debt or of a series of debentures. By the terms of much debenture stock the holders are not entitled to demand payment until the winding up of the company or default in payment; in the winding up of the company or default in payment; in the case of railway debentures, they cannot demand payment of the principal, and the debtor company cannot redeem the stock, except by authority of an act of Parliament. [ Eng.]
Debentured adjective Entitled to drawback or debenture; as, debentured goods.
[ Latin debilis
: confer French débile
. See Debility
[ Obsolete] Shak.