Webster's Dictionary, 1913
, Latin Decahedra
. [ Prefix deca-
+ Greek 'e`dra
a seat, a base, from 'e`zesthai
to sit: confer French décaèdre
.] (Geom.) A solid figure or body inclosed by ten plane surfaces.
[ Written also, less correctly, decaedron
Decalcification noun The removal of calcareous matter.
Decalcify transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Decalcified
; present participle & verbal noun Decalcifying
.] To deprive of calcareous matter; thus, to decalcify bones is to remove the stony part, and leave only the gelatin.
Decalcomania, Decalcomanie noun [ French décalcomanie .] The art or process of transferring pictures and designs to china, glass, marble, etc., and permanently fixing them thereto.
Decaliter, Decalitre noun
[ French décalitre
; Greek de`ka
ten + French litre
. See Liter
.] A measure of capacity in the metric system; a cubic volume of ten liters, equal to about 610.24 cubic inches, that is, 2.642 wine gallons.
Decalog noun Decalogue.
Decalogist noun One who explains the decalogue. J. Gregory.
[ French décalogue
, Latin decalogus
, from Greek ...; de`ka
ten + ... speech, ... to speak, to say. See Ten
.] The Ten Commandments or precepts given by God to Moses on Mount Sinai, and originally written on two tables of stone.
Decameron noun [ Italian decamerone , from Greek de`ka ten + ... part; though quite generally supposed to be derived from ... day: confer French décaméron .] A celebrated collection of tales, supposed to be related in ten days; -- written in the 14th century, by Boccaccio, an Italian.
Decameter, Decametre noun
[ French décamètre
; Greek de`ka
ten + mètre
. See Meter
.] A measure of length in the metric system; ten meters, equal to about 393.7 inches.
Decamp intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Decamped
(?; 215); present participle & verbal noun Decamping
.] [ French décamper
; prefix dé-
) + camp
camp. See Camp
.] 1. To break up a camp; to move away from a camping ground, usually by night or secretly. Macaulay. 2. Hence, to depart suddenly; to run away; -- generally used disparagingly.
The fathers were ordered to decamp , and the house was once again converted into a tavern. Goldsmith.
Decampment noun [ Confer French décampement .] Departure from a camp; a marching off.
[ Confer French décanal
. See Dean
.] Pertaining to a dean or deanery.
His rectorial as well as decanal residence. Churton. Decanal side
, the side of the choir on which the dean's tall is placed.
-- Decanal stall
, the stall allotted to the dean in the choir, on the right or south side of the chancel. Shipley.
Decandria noun plural [ New Latin , from Greek de`ka ten + ..., ..., a man.] (Botany) A Linnæan class of plants characterized by having ten stamens.
Decandrian, Decandrous adjective [ Confer French décandre .] (Botany) Belonging to the Decandria; having ten stamens.
[ See Deca-
.] (Chemistry) A liquid hydrocarbon, C 10 H 22 , of the paraffin series, including several isomeric modifications.
Decangular adjective [ Prefix deca- + angular .] Having ten angles.
Decani adjective [ Latin , lit., of the dean.] Used of the side of the choir on which the dean's stall is placed; decanal; -- correlative to cantoris ; as, the decanal, or decani , side.
Decant transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Decanted
; present participle & verbal noun Decanting
.] [ French décanter
(cf. Italian decantare
), prop., to pour off from the edge of a vessel; prefix dé-
) + Old French cant
) edge, border, end. See Cant
an edge.] To pour off gently, as liquor, so as not to disturb the sediment; or to pour from one vessel into another; as, to decant wine.
Decantate transitive verb To decant. [ Obsolete]
Decantation noun [ Confer French décantation .] The act of pouring off a clear liquor gently from its lees or sediment, or from one vessel into another.
1. A vessel used to decant liquors, or for receiving decanted liquors; a kind of glass bottle used for holding wine or other liquors, from which drinking glasses are filled. 2. One who decants liquors.
Decaphyllous adjective [ Prefix deca- + Greek ... leaf: confer French décaphylle .] (Botany) Having ten leaves.
Decapitate transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Decapitated
; present participle & verbal noun Decapitating
.] [ Late Latin decapitatus
, past participle of decapitare
; Latin de-
head. See Chief
.] 1. To cut off the head of; to behead. 2. To remove summarily from office.
[ Colloq. U. S.]
Decapitation noun [ Late Latin decapitatio : confer French décapitation .] The act of beheading; beheading.
Decapod (dĕk"ȧ*pŏd) noun [ Confer French décapode .] (Zoology) A crustacean with ten feet or legs, as a crab; one of the Decapoda. Also used adjectively.
(de*kăp"o*dȧ) noun plural
[ New Latin , from Greek de`ka
ten + poy`s
, foot.] 1. (Zoology) The order of Crustacea which includes the shrimps, lobsters, crabs, etc.
» They have a carapace, covering and uniting the somites of the head and thorax and inclosing a gill chamber on each side, and usually have five (rarely six) pairs of legs. They are divided into two principal groups: Brachyura and Macrura. Some writers recognize a third (Anomura) intermediate between the others. 2. (Zoology) A division of the dibranchiate cephalopods including the cuttlefishes and squids. See Decacera .
Decapodal, Decapodous adjective (Zoology) Belonging to the decapods; having ten feet; ten-footed.
Decarbonate transitive verb To deprive of carbonic acid.
Decarbonization noun The action or process of depriving a substance of carbon.
Decarbonize transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Decarbonized
; present participle & verbal noun Decarbonizing
.] To deprive of carbon; as, to decarbonize steel; to decarbonize the blood. Decarbonized iron
. See Malleable iron .
-- Decarbonized steel
, homogenous wrought iron made by a steel process, as that of Bessemer; ingot iron.
Decarbonizer noun He who, or that which, decarbonizes a substance.
Decarburization noun The act, process, or result of decarburizing.
Decarburize transitive verb To deprive of carbon; to remove the carbon from.
Decard transitive verb To discard.
You have cast those by, decarded them. J. Fletcher.
Decardinalize transitive verb To depose from the rank of cardinal.
Decastere noun [ Latin décastère ; Greek de`ka ten + French stère a stere.] (Metric System) A measure of capacity, equal to ten steres, or ten cubic meters.
Decastich noun [ Prefix deca- + Greek sti`chos a row, a line of writing, a verse.] A poem consisting of ten lines.
Decastyle adjective [ Greek ...; de`ka ten + sty`los a column.] (Architecture) Having ten columns in front; -- said of a portico, temple, etc. -- noun A portico having ten pillars or columns in front.
Decasyllabic adjective [ Prefix deca- + syllabic : confer French décasyllabique , décasyllable .] Having, or consisting of, ten syllables.
[ See Deca-
.] In the modern Olympic Games, a composite contest consisting of a 100-meter run, a broad jump, putting the shot, a running high-jump, a 400-meter run, throwing the discus, a 100-meter hurdle race, pole vaulting, throwing the javelin, and a 1500-meter run.
Decatoic adjective (Chemistry) Pertaining to, or derived from, decane.
Decay intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Decayed
; present participle & verbal noun Decaying
.] [ Old French decaeir
, French déchoir
, to decline, fall, become less; Latin de-
to fall. See Chance
.] To pass gradually from a sound, prosperous, or perfect state, to one of imperfection, adversity, or dissolution; to waste away; to decline; to fail; to become weak, corrupt, or disintegrated; to rot; to perish; as, a tree decays ; fortunes decay ; hopes decay .
Ill fares the land, to hastening ills a prey, Goldsmith.
Where wealth accumulates and men decay .
Decay transitive verb 1. To cause to decay; to impair.
Infirmity, that decays the wise. Shak. 2. To destroy.
[ Obsolete] Shak.
Decay noun 1. Gradual failure of health, strength, soundness, prosperity, or of any species of excellence or perfection; tendency toward dissolution or extinction; corruption; rottenness; decline; deterioration; as, the decay of the body; the decay of virtue; the decay of the Roman empire; a castle in decay .
Perhaps my God, though he be far before, Herbert.
May turn, and take me by the hand, and more -
May strengthen my decays .
His [ Johnson's] failure was not to be ascribed to intellectual decay . Macaulay.
Which has caused the decay of the consonants to follow somewhat different laws. James Byrne. 2. Destruction; death.
[ Obsolete] Spenser. 3. Cause of decay.
He that plots to be the only figure among ciphers, is the decay of the whole age. Bacon. Syn.
-- Decline; consumption. See Decline
Decayed adjective Fallen, as to physical or social condition; affected with decay; rotten; as, decayed vegetation or vegetables; a decayed fortune or gentleman. -- De*cay"ed*ness noun
Decayer noun A causer of decay. [ R.]
[ Middle English deses
, French décès
, from Latin decessus
departure, death, from decedere
to depart, die; de-
to withdraw. See Cease
.] Departure, especially departure from this life; death.
His decease , which he should accomplish at Jerusalem. Luke ix. 31.
And I, the whilst you mourn for his decease , Spenser. Syn.
Will with my mourning plaints your plaint increase.
-- Death; departure; dissolution; demise; release. See Death
Decease intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Deceased
; present participle & verbal noun Deceasing
.] To depart from this life; to die; to pass away.
She's dead, deceased , she's dead. Shak.
When our summers have deceased . Tennyson.
Inasmuch as he carries the malignity and the lie with him, he so far deceases from nature. Emerson.
Deceased adjective Passed away; dead; gone. The deceased , the dead person.