Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Deck transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Decked
; present participle & verbal noun Decking
.] [ Dutch dekken
to cover; akin to English thatch
. See Thatch
.] 1. To cover; to overspread.
To deck with clouds the uncolored sky. Milton. 2. To dress, as the person; to clothe; especially, to clothe with more than ordinary elegance; to array; to adorn; to embellish.
Deck thyself now with majesty and excellency. Job xl. 10.
And deck my body in gay ornaments. Shak.
The dew with spangles decked the ground. Dryden. 3. To furnish with a deck, as a vessel.
[ Dutch dek
. See Deck
] 1. The floorlike covering of the horizontal sections, or compartments, of a ship. Small vessels have only one deck; larger ships have two or three decks.
» The following are the more common names of the decks of vessels having more than one. Berth deck (Navy)
, a deck next below the gun deck, where the hammocks of the crew are swung.
-- Boiler deck (River Steamers)
, the deck on which the boilers are placed.
-- Flush deck
, any continuous, unbroken deck from stem to stern.
-- Gun deck (Navy)
, a deck below the spar deck, on which the ship's guns are carried. If there are two gun decks, the upper one is called the main deck , the lower, the lower gun deck ; if there are three, one is called the middle gun deck .
, that portion of the deck next below the spar deck which is between the mainmast and the cabin.
-- Hurricane deck (River Steamers, etc.)
, the upper deck, usually a light deck, erected above the frame of the hull.
-- Orlop deck
, the deck or part of a deck where the cables are stowed, usually below the water line.
-- Poop deck
, the deck forming the roof of a poop or poop cabin, built on the upper deck and extending from the mizzenmast aft.
, the part of the upper deck abaft the mainmast, including the poop deck when there is one.
-- Spar deck
. (a) Same as the upper deck. (b) Sometimes a light deck fitted over the upper deck.
-- Upper deck
, the highest deck of the hull, extending from stem to stern. 2. (arch.) The upper part or top of a mansard roof or curb roof when made nearly flat. 3. (Railroad) The roof of a passenger car. 4. A pack or set of playing cards.
The king was slyly fingered from the deck . Shak. 5. A heap or store.
Who . . . hath such trinkets Massinger. Between decks
Ready in the deck .
. See under Between .
-- Deck bridge (Railroad Engineering)
, a bridge which carries the track upon the upper chords; -- distinguished from a through bridge , which carries the track upon the lower chords, between the girders.
-- Deck curb (Architecture)
, a curb supporting a deck in roof construction.
-- Deck floor (Architecture)
, a floor which serves also as a roof, as of a belfry or balcony.
-- Deck hand
, a sailor hired to help on the vessel's deck, but not expected to go aloft.
-- Deck molding (Architecture)
, the molded finish of the edge of a deck, making the junction with the lower slope of the roof.
-- Deck roof (Architecture)
, a nearly flat roof which is not surmounted by parapet walls.
-- Deck transom (Shipbuilding)
, the transom into which the deck is framed.
-- To clear the decks (Nautical)
, to remove every unnecessary incumbrance in preparation for battle; to prepare for action.
-- To sweep the deck (Card Playing)
, to clear off all the stakes on the table by winning them.
Deck noun (Aëronautics) A main aëroplane surface, esp. of a biplane or multiplane.
Deckel noun (Paper Making) Same as Deckle .
1. One who, or that which, decks or adorns; a coverer; as, a table decker . 2. A vessel which has a deck or decks; -- used esp. in composition; as, a single- decker ; a three- decker .
Deckle (dĕk"k'l) noun [ Confer German deckel cover, lid.] (Paper Making) A separate thin wooden frame used to form the border of a hand mold, or a curb of India rubber or other material which rests on, and forms the edge of, the mold in a paper machine and determines the width of the paper. [ Spelt also deckel , and dekle .]
Deckle edge The rough, untrimmed edge of paper left by the deckle; also, a rough edge in imitation of this.
Deckle-edged adjective Having a deckle edge; as, deckle-edged paper; a deckle-edged book.
Declaim intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Declaimed
; present participle & verbal noun Declaiming
.] [ Latin declamare
to cry out: confer French déclamer
. See Claim
.] 1. To speak rhetorically; to make a formal speech or oration; to harangue; specifically, to recite a speech, poem, etc., in public as a rhetorical exercise; to practice public speaking; as, the students declaim twice a week. 2. To speak for rhetorical display; to speak pompously, noisily, or theatrically; to make an empty speech; to rehearse trite arguments in debate; to rant.
Grenville seized the opportunity to declaim on the repeal of the stamp act. Bancroft.
Declaim transitive verb
1. To utter in public; to deliver in a rhetorical or set manner. 2. To defend by declamation; to advocate loudly. [ Obsolete] " Declaims his cause." South.
Declaimant noun A declaimer. [ R.]
Declaimer noun One who declaims; an haranguer.
[ Latin declamatio
, from declamare
: confer French déclamation
. See Declaim
.] 1. The act or art of declaiming; rhetorical delivery; haranguing; loud speaking in public; especially, the public recitation of speeches as an exercise in schools and colleges; as, the practice declamation by students.
The public listened with little emotion, but with much civility, to five acts of monotonous declamation . Macaulay. 2. A set or harangue; declamatory discourse. 3. Pretentious rhetorical display, with more sound than sense; as, mere declamation .
Declamator noun [ Latin ] A declaimer. [ R.] Sir T. Elyot.
Declamatory adjective [ Latin declamatorius : confer French déclamatoire .]
1. Pertaining to declamation; treated in the manner of a rhetorician; as, a declamatory theme. 2. Characterized by rhetorical display; pretentiously rhetorical; without solid sense or argument; bombastic; noisy; as, a declamatory way or style.
Declarable adjective Capable of being declared. Sir T. Browne.
Declarant noun [ Confer French déclarant , present participle of déclarer .] (Law) One who declares. Abbott.
[ French déclaration
, from Latin declaratio
, from declarare
. See Declare
.] 1. The act of declaring, or publicly announcing; explicit asserting; undisguised token of a ground or side taken on any subject; proclamation; exposition; as, the declaration of an opinion; a declaration of war, etc. 2. That which is declared or proclaimed; announcement; distinct statement; formal expression; avowal.
Declarations of mercy and love . . . in the Gospel. Tillotson. 3. The document or instrument containing such statement or proclamation; as, the Declaration of Independence (now preserved in Washington).
In 1776 the Americans laid before Europe that noble Declaration , which ought to be hung up in the nursery of every king, and blazoned on the porch of every royal palace. Buckle. 4. (Law) That part of the process or pleadings in which the plaintiff sets forth in order and at large his cause of complaint; the narration of the plaintiff's case containing the count, or counts. See Count , noun , 3. Declaration of Independence
. (Amer. Hist.) See under Independence .
-- Declaration of rights
. (Eng. Hist) See Bill of rights , under Bill .
-- Declaration of trust (Law)
, a paper subscribed by a grantee of property, acknowledging that he holds it in trust for the purposes and upon the terms set forth. Abbott.
[ Latin declarativus
, from declarare
: confer French déclaratif
.] Making declaration, proclamation, or publication; explanatory; assertive; declaratory.
The "vox populi," so declarative on the same side. Swift.
Declaratively adverb By distinct assertion; not impliedly; in the form of a declaration.
The priest shall expiate it, that is, declaratively . Bates.
Declarator noun [ Latin , an announcer.] (Scots Law) A form of action by which some right or interest is sought to be judicially declared.
Declaratorily adverb In a declaratory manner.
Declaratory adjective [ Confer French déclaratoire .] Making declaration, explanation, or exhibition; making clear or manifest; affirmative; expressive; as, a clause declaratory of the will of the legislature. Declaratory act (Law) , an act or statute which sets forth more clearly, and declares what is, the existing law.
Declare transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Declared
; present participle & verbal noun Declaring
.] [ French déclarer
, from Latin declarare
to make clear, clarus
, clear, bright. See Clear
.] 1. To make clear; to free from obscurity.
[ Obsolete] "To declare
this a little." Boyle. 2. To make known by language; to communicate or manifest explicitly and plainly in any way; to exhibit; to publish; to proclaim; to announce.
This day I have begot whom I declare Milton.
My only Son.
The heavens declare the glory of God. Ps. xix. 1. 3. To make declaration of; to assert; to affirm; to set forth; to avow; as, he declares the story to be false.
I the Lord . . . declare things that are right. Isa. xlv. 19. 4. (Com.) To make full statement of, as goods, etc., for the purpose of paying taxes, duties, etc. To declare off
, to recede from an agreement, undertaking, contract, etc.; to renounce.
-- To declare one's self
, to avow one's opinion; to show openly what one thinks, or which side he espouses.
Declare intransitive verb 1. To make a declaration, or an open and explicit avowal; to proclaim one's self; -- often with for or against ; as, victory declares against the allies.
Like fawning courtiers, for success they wait, Dryden. 2. (Law) To state the plaintiff's cause of action at law in a legal form; as, the plaintiff declares in trespass.
And then come smiling, and declare for fate.
Declaredly adverb Avowedly; explicitly.
Declaredness noun The state of being declared.
Declarement noun Declaration. [ Obsolete]
Declarer noun One who makes known or proclaims; that which exhibits. Udall.
Declass transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Declassed
; present participle & verbal noun Declassing
.] [ Confer French déclasser
.] To remove from a class; to separate or degrade from one's class. North Am. Rev.
[ Apparently corrupted from French déclinaison
, from Latin declinatio
, from declinare
. See Decline
, and confer Declination
.] 1. The act or the state of declining; declination; descent; slope.
The declension of the land from that place to the sea. T. Burnet. 2. A falling off towards a worse state; a downward tendency; deterioration; decay; as, the declension of virtue, of science, of a state, etc.
Seduced the pitch and height of all his thoughts Shak. 3. Act of courteously refusing; act of declining; a declinature; refusal; as, the declension of a nomination. 4. (Gram.) (a) Inflection of nouns, adjectives, etc., according to the grammatical cases. (b) The form of the inflection of a word declined by cases; as, the first or the second declension of nouns, adjectives, etc. (c) Rehearsing a word as declined.
To base declension .
» The nominative was held to be the primary and original form, and was likened to a perpendicular line; the variations, or oblique
cases, were regarded as fallings (hence called casus
, cases, or fallings) from the nominative or perpendicular; and an enumerating of the various forms, being a sort of progressive descent from the noun's upright form, was called a declension
. Harris. Declension of the needle
, declination of the needle.
Declensional adjective Belonging to declension.
Declensional and syntactical forms. M. Arnold.
[ Confer French déclinable
. See Decline
.] Capable of being declined; admitting of declension or inflection; as, declinable parts of speech.
Declinal adjective Declining; sloping.
[ Latin declinatus
, past participle of declinare
. See Decline
.] Bent downward or aside; (Botany) bending downward in a curve; declined.
[ Latin declinatio
a bending aside, an avoiding: confer French déclination
a decadence. See Declension
.] 1. The act or state of bending downward; inclination; as, declination of the head. 2. The act or state of falling off or declining from excellence or perfection; deterioration; decay; decline.
of monarchy." Bacon.
Summer . . . is not looked on as a time Waller. 3. The act of deviating or turning aside; oblique motion; obliquity; withdrawal.
Of declination or decay.
The declination of atoms in their descent. Bentley.
Every declination and violation of the rules. South. 4. The act or state of declining or refusing; withdrawal; refusal; averseness.
The queen's declination from marriage. Stow. 5. (Astron.) The angular distance of any object from the celestial equator, either northward or southward. 6. (Dialing) The arc of the horizon, contained between the vertical plane and the prime vertical circle, if reckoned from the east or west, or between the meridian and the plane, reckoned from the north or south. 7. (Gram.) The act of inflecting a word; declension. See Decline , transitive verb , 4. Angle of declination
, the angle made by a descending line, or plane, with a horizontal plane.
-- Circle of declination
, a circle parallel to the celestial equator.
-- Declination compass (Physics)
, a compass arranged for finding the declination of the magnetic needle.
-- Declination of the compass
, the horizontal angle which the magnetic needle makes with the true north-and-south line.
[ Confer French déclinateur
. See Decline
.] 1. An instrument for taking the declination or angle which a plane makes with the horizontal plane. 2. A dissentient.
[ R.] Bp. Hacket.
Declinatory adjective [ Late Latin declinatorius , from Latin declinare : confer French déclinatoire .] Containing or involving a declination or refusal, as of submission to a charge or sentence. Blackstone. Declinatory plea (O. Eng. Law) , the plea of sanctuary or of benefit of clergy, before trial or conviction; -- now abolished.
Declinature noun The act of declining or refusing; as, the declinature of an office.
Decline intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Declined
; present participle & verbal noun Declining
.] [ Middle English declinen
to bend down, lower, sink, decline (a noun), French décliner
to decline, refuse, from Latin declinare
to turn aside, inflect (a part of speech), avoid; de-
to incline; akin to English lean
. See Lean
, intransitive verb
] 1. To bend, or lean downward; to take a downward direction; to bend over or hang down, as from weakness, weariness, despondency, etc.; to condescend.
He . . . would decline even to the lowest of his family. Lady Hutchinson.
Disdaining to decline , Byron.
Slowly he falls, amidst triumphant cries.
The ground at length became broken and declined rapidly. Sir W. Scott. 2. To tend or draw towards a close, decay, or extinction; to tend to a less perfect state; to become diminished or impaired; to fail; to sink; to diminish; to lessen; as, the day declines ; virtue declines ; religion declines ; business declines .
That empire must decline Waller.
Whose chief support and sinews are of coin.
And presume to know . . . Shak. 3. To turn or bend aside; to deviate; to stray; to withdraw; as, a line that declines from straightness; conduct that declines from sound morals.
Who thrives, and who declines .
Yet do I not decline from thy testimonies. Ps. cxix. 157. 4. To turn away; to shun; to refuse; -- the opposite of accept or consent ; as, he declined , upon principle.
Decline transitive verb 1. To bend downward; to bring down; to depress; to cause to bend, or fall.
In melancholy deep, with head declined . Thomson.
And now fair Phoebus gan decline in haste Spenser. 2. To cause to decrease or diminish.
His weary wagon to the western vale.
[ Obsolete] "You have declined
his means." Beau. & Fl.
He knoweth his error, but will not seek to decline it. Burton. 3. To put or turn aside; to turn off or away from; to refuse to undertake or comply with; reject; to shun; to avoid; as, to decline an offer; to decline a contest; he declined any participation with them.
Could I Massinger. 4. (Gram.) To inflect, or rehearse in order the changes of grammatical form of; as, to decline a noun or an adjective.
Decline this dreadful hour?
» Now restricted to such words as have case inflections; but formerly it was applied both to declension and conjugation.
After the first declining of a noun and a verb. Ascham. 5. To run through from first to last; to repeat like a schoolboy declining a noun.
[ R.] Shak.
[ French déclin
. See Decline
, intransitive verb
] 1. A falling off; a tendency to a worse state; diminution or decay; deterioration; also, the period when a thing is tending toward extinction or a less perfect state; as, the decline of life; the decline of strength; the decline of virtue and religion.
Their fathers lived in the decline of literature. Swift. 2. (Medicine) That period of a disorder or paroxysm when the symptoms begin to abate in violence; as, the decline of a fever. 3. A gradual sinking and wasting away of the physical faculties; any wasting disease, esp. pulmonary consumption; as, to die of a decline . Dunglison. Syn.
marks the first stage in a downward progress; decay
indicates the second stage, and denotes a tendency to ultimate destruction; consumption
marks a steady decay from an internal exhaustion of strength. The health may experience a decline
from various causes at any period of life; it is naturally subject to decay
with the advance of old age; consumption
may take place at almost any period of life, from disease which wears out the constitution. In popular language decline
is often used as synonymous with consumption
. By a gradual decline
, states and communities lose their strength and vigor; by progressive decay
, they are stripped of their honor, stability, and greatness; by a consumption
of their resources and vital energy, they are led rapidly on to a completion of their existence.
Declined adjective Declinate.
Decliner noun He who declines or rejects.
A studious decliner of honors. Evelyn.
Declinometer noun [ Decline + -meter .] (Physics) An instrument for measuring the declination of the magnetic needle.
Declinous adjective Declinate.
Declivitous, Declivous adjective Descending gradually; moderately steep; sloping; downhill.
; plural Declivities
. [ Latin declivitas
, from declivis
sloping, downhill; de
a slope, a hill; akin to clinare
to incline: confer French déclivité
. See Decline
.] 1. Deviation from a horizontal line; gradual descent of surface; inclination downward; slope; -- opposed to acclivity , or ascent; the same slope, considered as descending , being a declivity , which, considered as ascending , is an acclivity . 2. A descending surface; a sloping place.
Commodious declivities and channels for the passage of the waters. Derham.
Decoct transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Decocted
; present participle & verbal noun Decocting
.] [ Latin decoctus
, past participle of decoquere
to boil down; de-
to cook, boil. See Cook
to decoct.] 1. To prepare by boiling; to digest in hot or boiling water; to extract the strength or flavor of by boiling; to make an infusion of. 2. To prepare by the heat of the stomach for assimilation; to digest; to concoct. 3. To warm, strengthen, or invigorate, as if by boiling.
[ R.] " Decoct
their cold blood." Shak.
Decoctible adjective Capable of being boiled or digested.
[ French décoction
, Latin decoctio
.] 1. The act or process of boiling anything in a watery fluid to extract its virtues.
In decoction . . . it either purgeth at the top or settleth at the bottom. Bacon. 2. An extract got from a body by boiling it in water.
If the plant be boiled in water, the strained liquor is called the decoction of the plant. Arbuthnot.
In pharmacy decoction is opposed to infusion, where there is merely steeping. Latham.