Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Debilitant adjective [ Latin debilitants , present participle] (Medicine) Diminishing the energy of organs; reducing excitement; as, a debilitant drug.
Debilitate transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Debilitated
; present participle & verbal noun Debilitating
.] [ Latin debilitatus
, past participle of debilitare
to debilitate, from debilis
. See Debility
.] To impair the strength of; to weaken; to enfeeble; as, to debilitate the body by intemperance.
Various ails debilitate the mind. Jenyns.
The debilitated frame of Mr. Bertram was exhausted by this last effort. Sir W. Scott.
Debilitation noun [ Latin debilitatio : confer French débilitation .] The act or process of debilitating, or the condition of one who is debilitated; weakness.
[ Latin debilitas
, from debilis
weak, probably from de-
able: confer French débilité
. See Able
] The state of being weak; weakness; feebleness; languor.
The inconveniences of too strong a perspiration, which are debility , faintness, and sometimes sudden death. Arbuthnot. Syn.
. An infirmity
belongs, for the most part, to particular members, and is often temporary, as of the eyes, etc. Debility
is more general, and while it lasts impairs the ordinary functions of nature. Imbecility
attaches to the whole frame, and renders it more or less powerless. Debility
may be constitutional or may be the result or superinduced causes; Imbecility
is always constitutional; infirmity
is accidental, and results from sickness or a decay of the frame. These words, in their figurative uses, have the same distinctions; we speak of infirmity
of will, debility
of body, and an Imbecility
which affects the whole man; but Imbecility
is often used with specific reference to feebleness of mind.
[ Latin debitum
what is due, debt, from debere
to owe: confer French débit
. See Debt
.] A debt; an entry on the debtor (Dr.) side of an account; -- mostly used adjectively; as, the debit side of an account.
Debit transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Debited
; present participle & verbal noun Debiting
.] 1. To charge with debt; -- the opposite of, and correlative to, credit ; as, to debit a purchaser for the goods sold. 2. (Bookkeeping) To enter on the debtor (Dr.) side of an account; as, to debit the amount of goods sold.
[ Latin See Debtor
.] A debtor.
[ Obsolete] Shak.
Debituminization noun The act of depriving of bitumen.
Debituminize transitive verb To deprive of bitumen.
Déblai noun [ French] (Fort.) The cavity from which the earth for parapets, etc. (remblai), is taken.
[ Middle English debonere
, Old French de bon aire
, of good descent or lineage, excellent, debonair, French débonnaire
of (L. de
) + bon
good (L. bonus
) + aire
. See Air
, and Bounty
, and confer Bonair
.] Characterized by courteousness, affability, or gentleness; of good appearance and manners; graceful; complaisant.
Was never prince so meek and debonair . Spenser.
Debonairity noun [ Old French debonaireté , French débonnaireté .] Debonairness. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Debonairly adverb Courteously; elegantly.
Debonairness noun The quality of being debonair; good humor; gentleness; courtesy. Sterne.
Debosh transitive verb [ Old form of debauch .] To debauch. [ Obsolete] "A deboshed lady." Beau. & Fl.
Deboshment noun Debauchment. [ Obsolete]
Debouch intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Debouched
; present participle & verbal noun Debouching
.] [ French déboucher
; prefix dé-
) + boucher
to stop up, from bouche
mouth, from Latin bucca
the cheek. Confer Disembogue
.] To march out from a wood, defile, or other confined spot, into open ground; to issue.
Battalions debouching on the plain. Prescott.
Debouch intransitive verb (Geology) To issue; -- said of a stream passing from a gorge out into an open valley or a plain.
[ French] A place for exit; an outlet; hence, a market for goods.
The débouchés were ordered widened to afford easy egress. The Century.
Débouchure noun [ French] The outward opening of a river, of a valley, or of a strait.
Débris noun [ French, from prefix dé- (L. dis ) + briser to break, shatter; perhaps of Celtic origin.]
1. (Geol.) Broken and detached fragments, taken collectively; especially, fragments detached from a rock or mountain, and piled up at the base. 2. Rubbish, especially such as results from the destruction of anything; remains; ruins.
[ Confer Old French debruisier
to shatter, break. Confer Bruise
.] (Her.) Surmounted by an ordinary; as, a lion is debruised when a bend or other ordinary is placed over it, as in the cut.
The lion of England and the lilies of France without the baton sinister, under which, according to the laws of heraldry, they where debruised in token of his illegitimate birth. Macaulay.
[ Middle English dette
, French dette
, Late Latin debita
, from Latin debitus
owed, past participle of debere
to owe, prop., to have on loan; de-
to have. See Habit
, and confer Debit
.] 1. That which is due from one person to another, whether money, goods, or services; that which one person is bound to pay to another, or to perform for his benefit; thing owed; obligation; liability.
Your son, my lord, has paid a soldier's debt . Shak.
When you run in debt , you give to another power over your liberty. Franklin. 2. A duty neglected or violated; a fault; a sin; a trespass.
"Forgive us our debts
." Matt. vi. 12. 3. (Law) An action at law to recover a certain specified sum of money alleged to be due. Burrill. Bond debt
, Book debt
, etc. See under Bond , Book , etc.
-- Debt of nature
Debted p. adjective Indebted; obliged to.
I stand debted to this gentleman. Shak.
Debtee noun (Law) One to whom a debt is due; creditor; -- correlative to debtor . Blackstone.
Debtless adjective Free from debt. Chaucer.
[ Middle English dettur
, Old French detor
, French débiteur
, from Latin debitor
, from debere
to owe. See Debt
.] One who owes a debt; one who is indebted; -- correlative to creditor .
[ I 'll] bring your latter hazard back again, Shak.
And thankfully rest debtor for the first.
In Athens an insolvent debtor became slave to his creditor. Mitford.
Debtors for our lives to you. Tennyson.
Debulliate intransitive verb [ Prefix dé- + Latin bullire to boil.] To boil over. [ Obsolete]
[ See Debulliate
.] A bubbling or boiling over.
[ Obsolete] Bailey.
Deburse transitive verb & i. [ Prefix de + Latin bursa purse.] To disburse. [ Obsolete] Ludlow.
Debuscope noun [ From the inventor, Debus , a French optician + -scope .] (Opt.) A modification of the kaleidoscope; -- used to reflect images so as to form beautiful designs.
[ French début
, prop., the first cast or throw at play, from but
aim, mark. See Butt
an end.] A beginning or first attempt; hence, a first appearance before the public, as of an actor or public speaker.
; fem. Dé`bu`tante"
[ French, present participle of débuter
to have the first throw, to make one's début
. See Début
.] A person who makes his (or her) first appearance before the public.
[ Confer Ten
.] A prefix, from Greek de`ka , signifying ten ; specifically (Metric System) , a prefix signifying the weight or measure that is ten times the principal unit.
Decacerata noun plural
[ New Latin , from Greek de`ka
ten + ke`ras
a horn.] (Zoology) The division of Cephalopoda which includes the squids, cuttlefishes, and others having ten arms or tentacles; -- called also Decapoda . [ Written also Decacera .] See Dibranchiata .
Decachord, Decachordon noun [ Greek deka`chordos tenstringed; de`ka ten + chordj` a string.]
1. An ancient Greek musical instrument of ten strings, resembling the harp. 2. Something consisting of ten parts. W. Watson.
[ Latin decacuminare
to cut off the top. See Cacuminate
.] Having the point or top cut off.
[ Obsolete] Bailey.
Decad noun A decade.
Averill was a decad and a half his elder. Tennyson.
Decadal adjective Pertaining to ten; consisting of tens.
[ French décade
, Latin decas
, from Greek ..., from de`ka
ten. See Ten
.] A group or division of ten; esp., a period of ten years; a decennium; as, a decade of years or days; a decade of soldiers; the second decade of Livy.
[ Written also decad
During this notable decade of years. Gladstone.
Decadence, Decadency noun
[ Late Latin decadentia
; Latin de-
to fall: confer French décadence
. See Decay
.] A falling away; decay; deterioration; declension. "The old castle, where the family lived in their decadence ." Sir W. Scott.
Decadent adjective Decaying; deteriorating.
Decadent noun One that is decadent, or deteriorating; esp., one characterized by, or exhibiting, the qualities of those who are degenerating to a lower type; -- specif. applied to a certain school of modern French writers.
The decadents and æsthetes, and certain types of realists. C. Latin Dana.
The business men of a great State allow their State to be represented in Congress by " decadents ". The Century.
Decadist noun A writer of a book divided into decades; as, Livy was a decadist . [ R.]
Decagon noun [ Prefix deca- + Greek ... a corner or angle: confer French décagone .] (Geom.) A plane figure having ten sides and ten angles; any figure having ten angles. A regular decagon is one that has all its sides and angles equal.
Decagonal adjective Pertaining to a decagon; having ten sides.
Decagram, Decagramme noun
[ French décagramme
; Greek de`ka
ten + French gramme
. See Gram
.] A weight of the metric system; ten grams, equal to about 154.32 grains avoirdupois.
Decagynia noun plural [ New Latin , from Greek de`ka ten + ... a woman, a female.] (Botany) A Linnæan order of plants characterized by having ten styles.
Decagynian, Deccagynous adjective [ Confer French décagyne .] (Botany) Belonging to the Decagynia; having ten styles.
Decahedral adjective Having ten sides.