Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Deafness noun Nervous deafness , a variety of deafness dependent upon morbid change in some portion of the nervous system, especially the auditory nerve.
1. Incapacity of perceiving sounds; the state of the organs which prevents the impression which constitute hearing; want of the sense of hearing. 2. Unwillingness to hear; voluntary rejection of what is addressed to the understanding.
[ Middle English del
, part, Anglo-Saxon dǣl
; akin to Old Saxon dēl
, D. & Danish deel
, German theil
, Icelandic deild
, Swedish del
, Goth. dails
. √65. Confer 3d Dole
.] 1. A part or portion; a share; hence, an indefinite quantity, degree, or extent, degree, or extent; as, a deal of time and trouble; a deal of cold.
Three tenth deals [ parts of an ephah] of flour. Num. xv. 9.
As an object of science it [ the Celtic genius] may count for a good deal . . . as a spiritual power. M. Arnold.
She was resolved to be a good deal more circumspect. W. Black.
» It was formerly limited by some
, never a
, a thousand
, etc.; as, some deal
; but these are now obsolete or vulgar. In general, we now qualify the word with great
, and often use it adverbially, by
being understood; as, a great deal
of time and pains; a great
better or worse; that is, better by
a great deal, or by a great part or difference. 2. The process of dealing cards to the players; also, the portion disturbed.
The deal , the shuffle, and the cut. Swift. 3. Distribution; apportionment.
[ Colloq.] 4. An arrangement to attain a desired result by a combination of interested parties; -- applied to stock speculations and political bargains.
[ Slang] 5.
[ Prob. from Dutch deel
a plank, threshing floor. See Thill
.] The division of a piece of timber made by sawing; a board or plank; particularly, a board or plank of fir or pine above seven inches in width, and exceeding six feet in length. If narrower than this, it is called a batten ; if shorter, a deal end .
» Whole deal
is a general term for planking one and one half inches thick. 6. Wood of the pine or fir; as, a floor of deal . Deal tree
, a fir tree. Dr. Prior.
Deal transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Dealt
(dĕlt); present participle & verbal noun Dealing
.] [ Middle English delen
, Anglo-Saxon dǣlan
, from dǣl
share; akin to Old Saxon dēlian
, Dutch deelen
, German theilen
, Icelandic deila
, Swedish dela
, Danish dele
, Goth. dailjan
. See Deal
] 1. To divide; to separate in portions; hence, to give in portions; to distribute; to bestow successively; -- sometimes with out .
Is it not to deal thy bread to the hungry? Is. lviii. 7.
And Rome deals out her blessings and her gold. Tickell.
The nightly mallet deals resounding blows. Gay.
Hissing through the skies, the feathery deaths were dealt . Dryden. 2. Specifically: To distribute, as cards, to the players at the commencement of a game; as, to deal the cards; to deal one a jack.
Deal intransitive verb 1. To make distribution; to share out in portions, as cards to the players. 2. To do a distributing or retailing business, as distinguished from that of a manufacturer or producer; to traffic; to trade; to do business; as, he deals in flour.
They buy and sell, they deal and traffic. South.
This is to drive to wholesale trade, when all other petty merchants deal but for parcels. Dr. H. More. 3. To act as an intermediary in business or any affairs; to manage; to make arrangements; -- followed by between or with .
Sometimes he that deals between man and man, raiseth his own credit with both, by pretending greater interest than he hath in either. Bacon. 4. To conduct one's self; to behave or act in any affair or towards any one; to treat.
If he will deal clearly and impartially, . . . he will acknowledge all this to be true. Tillotson. 5. To contend (with); to treat (with), by way of opposition, check, or correction; as, he has turbulent passions to deal with. To deal by
, to treat, either well or ill; as, to deal well by servants.
"Such an one deals
not fairly by
his own mind." Locke.
-- To deal in
. (a) To have to do with; to be engaged in; to practice; as, they deal in political matters. (b) To buy and sell; to furnish, as a retailer or wholesaler; as, they deal in fish.
-- To deal with
. (a) To treat in any manner; to use, whether well or ill; to have to do with; specifically, to trade with.
" Dealing with
witches." Shak. (b) To reprove solemnly; to expostulate with.
The deacons of his church, who, to use their own phrase, " dealt with him" on the sin of rejecting the aid which Providence so manifestly held out. Hawthorne.
Return . . . and I will deal well with thee. Gen. xxxii. 9.
Dealbate transitive verb
[ Latin dealbatus
, past participle of dealbare
. See Daub
.] To whiten.
[ Obsolete] Cockeram.
Dealbation noun [ Latin dealbatio : confer French déalbation .] Act of bleaching; a whitening. [ Obsolete]
1. One who deals; one who has to do, or has concern, with others; esp., a trader, a trafficker, a shopkeeper, a broker, or a merchant; as, a dealer in dry goods; a dealer in stocks; a retail dealer . 2. One who distributes cards to the players.
Dealfish noun [ From deal a long, narrow plank.] (Zoology) A long, thin fish of the arctic seas ( Trachypterus arcticus ).
Dealing noun The act of one who deals; distribution of anything, as of cards to the players; method of business; traffic; intercourse; transaction; as, to have dealings with a person. Double dealing , insincere, treacherous dealing; duplicity. -- Plain dealing , fair, sincere, honorable dealing; honest, outspoken expression of opinion.
Dealth noun Share dealt. [ Obsolete]
Deambulate intransitive verb [ Latin deambulare , deambulatum ; de- + ambulare to walk.] To walk abroad. [ Obsolete] Cockeram.
Deambulation noun [ Latin deambulatio .] A walking abroad; a promenading. [ Obsolete] Sir T. Elyot.
Deambulatory adjective [ Confer Late Latin deambulator a traveler.] Going about from place to place; wandering; of or pertaining to a deambulatory. [ Obsolete] " Deambulatory actors." Bp. Morton.
Deambulatory noun [ Latin deambulatorium .] A covered place in which to walk; an ambulatory.
[ Middle English dene
, Old French deien
, French doyen
, eldest of a corporation, a dean, Latin decanus
the chief of ten, one set over ten persons, e. g.
, over soldiers or over monks, from decem
ten. See Ten
, and confer Decemvir
.] 1. A dignitary or presiding officer in certain ecclesiastical and lay bodies; esp., an ecclesiastical dignitary, subordinate to a bishop. Dean of cathedral church
, the chief officer of a chapter; he is an ecclesiastical magistrate next in degree to bishop, and has immediate charge of the cathedral and its estates.
-- Dean of peculiars
, a dean holding a preferment which has some peculiarity relative to spiritual superiors and the jurisdiction exercised in it.
[ Eng.] -- Rural dean
, one having, under the bishop, the especial care and inspection of the clergy within certain parishes or districts of the diocese. 2. The collegiate officer in the universities of Oxford and Cambridge, England, who, besides other duties, has regard to the moral condition of the college. Shipley. 3. The head or presiding officer in the faculty of some colleges or universities. 4. A registrar or secretary of the faculty in a department of a college, as in a medical, or theological, or scientific department.
[ U.S.] 5. The chief or senior of a company on occasion of ceremony; as, the dean of the diplomatic corps; -- so called by courtesy. Cardinal dean
, the senior cardinal bishop of the college of cardinals at Rome. Shipley.
-- Dean and chapter
, the legal corporation and governing body of a cathedral. It consists of the dean, who is chief, and his canons or prebendaries.
-- Dean of arches
, the lay judge of the court of arches.
-- Dean of faculty
, the president of an incorporation or barristers; specifically, the president of the incorporation of advocates in Edinburgh.
-- Dean of guild
, a magistrate of Scotch burghs, formerly, and still, in some burghs, chosen by the Guildry, whose duty is to superintend the erection of new buildings and see that they conform to the law.
-- Dean of a monastery
, Monastic dean
, a monastic superior over ten monks.
-- Dean's stall
. See Decanal stall , under Decanal .
; plural Deaneries 1. The office or the revenue of a dean. See the Note under Benefice , noun , 3. 2. The residence of a dean. Shak. 3. The territorial jurisdiction of a dean.
Each archdeaconry is divided into rural deaneries , and each deanery is divided into parishes. Blackstone.
Deanship noun The office of a dean.
I dont't value your deanship a straw. Swift.
[ Compar. Dearer
(-ẽr); superl. Dearest
(-ĕst).] [ Middle English dere
, Anglo-Saxon deóre
; akin to Old Saxon diuri
, Dutch duur
, Old High German tiuri
, German theuer
, Icelandic dȳrr
, Dan. & Swedish dyr
. Confer Darling
.] 1. Bearing a high price; high-priced; costly; expensive.
The cheapest of us is ten groats too dear . Shak. 2. Marked by scarcity or dearth, and exorbitance of price; as, a dear year. 3. Highly valued; greatly beloved; cherished; precious.
"Hear me, dear
Neither count I my life dear unto myself. Acts xx. 24.
And the last joy was dearer than the rest. Pope.
Dear as remember'd kisses after death. Tennyson. 4. Hence, close to the heart; heartfelt; present in mind; engaging the attention. (a) Of agreeable things and interests.
[ I'll] leave you to attend him: some dear cause Shak.
Will in concealment wrap me up awhile.
His dearest wish was to escape from the bustle and glitter of Whitehall. Macaulay. (b) Of disagreeable things and antipathies.
In our dear peril. Shak.
Would I had met my dearest foe in heaven Shak.
Or ever I had seen that day.
Dear noun A dear one; lover; sweetheart.
That kiss I carried from thee, dear . Shak.
Dear adverb Dearly; at a high price.
If thou attempt it, it will cost thee dear . Shak.
Dear transitive verb To endear. [ Obsolete] Shelton.
Dear-bought adjective Bought at a high price; as, dear-bought experience.
Dear-loved adjective Greatly beloved. Shak.
Dearborn noun A four-wheeled carriage, with curtained sides.
Deare variant of Dere , transitive verb & noun
Dearie noun Same as Deary . Dickens.
Dearling noun A darling. [ Obsolete] Spenser.
Dearly adverb 1. In a dear manner; with affection; heartily; earnestly; as, to love one dearly . 2. At a high rate or price; grievously.
He buys his mistress dearly with his throne. Dryden. 3. Exquisitely.
[ Obsolete] Shak.
[ Anglo-Saxon derne
, hidden, secret. Confer Derne
.] Secret; lonely; solitary; dreadful.
[ Obsolete] Shak.
[ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Dearn transitive verb Same as Darn .
Dearness noun 1. The quality or state of being dear; costliness; excess of price.
The dearness of corn. Swift. 2. Fondness; preciousness; love; tenderness.
The dearness of friendship. Bacon.
[ Middle English derthe
, from dere
. See Dear
.] Scarcity which renders dear; want; lack; specifically, lack of food on account of failure of crops; famine.
There came a dearth over all the land of Egypt. Acts vii. 11.
He with her press'd, she faint with dearth . Shak.
Dearth of plot, and narrowness of imagination. Dryden.
Dearticulate transitive verb To disjoint.
[ See Derworth
[ Obsolete] Piers Plowman.
Deary noun A dear; a darling. [ Familiar]
Deas noun See Dais .
[ Middle English deth
, Anglo-Saxon deáð
; akin to Old Saxon dōð
, Dutch dood
, German tod
, Icelandic dauði
, Swedish & Danish död
, Goth. dauþus
; from a verb meaning to die
. See Die
, intransitive verb
, and confer Dead
.] 1. The cessation of all vital phenomena without capability of resuscitation, either in animals or plants.
» Local death
is going on at all times and in all parts of the living body, in which individual cells and elements are being cast off and replaced by new; a process essential to life. General death
is of two kinds; death of the body as a whole ( somatic
death), and death of the tissues. By the former is implied the absolute cessation of the functions of the brain, the circulatory and the respiratory organs; by the latter the entire disappearance of the vital actions of the ultimate structural constituents of the body. When death takes place, the body as a whole dies first, the death of the tissues sometimes not occurring until after a considerable interval. Huxley. 2. Total privation or loss; extinction; cessation; as, the death of memory.
The death of a language can not be exactly compared with the death of a plant. J. Peile. 3. Manner of dying; act or state of passing from life.
A death that I abhor. Shak.
Let me die the death of the righteous. Num. xxiii. 10. 4. Cause of loss of life.
Swiftly flies the feathered death . Dryden.
He caught his death the last county sessions. Addison. 5. Personified: The destroyer of life, -- conventionally represented as a skeleton with a scythe.
Death ! great proprietor of all. Young.
And I looked, and behold a pale horse; and his name that sat on him was Death . Rev. vi. 8. 6. Danger of death.
oft." 2 Cor. xi. 23. 7. Murder; murderous character.
Not to suffer a man of death to live. Bacon. 8. (Theol.) Loss of spiritual life.
To be carnally minded is death . Rom. viii. 6. 9. Anything so dreadful as to be like death.
It was death to them to think of entertaining such doctrines. Atterbury.
And urged him, so that his soul was vexed unto death . Judg. xvi. 16.
is much used adjectively and as the first part of a compound, meaning, in general, of
or pertaining to death
or presaging death
; as, death
bed or death
blow or death
blow, etc. Black death
. See Black death , in the Vocabulary.
-- Civil death
, the separation of a man from civil society, or the debarring him from the enjoyment of civil rights, as by banishment, attainder, abjuration of the realm, entering a monastery, etc. Blackstone.
-- Death adder
. (Zoology) (a) A kind of viper found in South Africa ( Acanthophis tortor ); -- so called from the virulence of its venom. (b) A venomous Australian snake of the family Elapidæ , of several species, as the Hoplocephalus superbus and Acanthopis antarctica .
-- Death bell
, a bell that announces a death.
The death bell thrice was heard to ring. Mickle.
-- Death candle
, a light like that of a candle, viewed by the superstitious as presaging death.
-- Death damp
, a cold sweat at the coming on of death.
-- Death fire
, a kind of ignis fatuus supposed to forebode death.
And round about in reel and rout, Coleridge.
The death fires danced at night.
-- Death grapple
, a grapple or struggle for life.
-- Death in life
, a condition but little removed from death; a living death.
[ Poetic] "Lay lingering out a five years' death in life
- - Death knell
, a stroke or tolling of a bell, announcing a death.
-- Death rate
, the relation or ratio of the number of deaths to the population.
At all ages the death rate is higher in towns than in rural districts. Darwin.
-- Death rattle
, a rattling or gurgling in the throat of a dying person.
-- Death's door
, the boundary of life; the partition dividing life from death.
-- Death stroke
, a stroke causing death.
-- Death throe
, the spasm of death.
-- Death token
, the signal of approaching death.
-- Death warrant
. (a) (Law) An order from the proper authority for the execution of a criminal. (b) That which puts an end to expectation, hope, or joy.
-- Death wound
. (a) A fatal wound or injury. (b) (Nautical) The springing of a fatal leak.
-- Spiritual death (Scripture)
, the corruption and perversion of the soul by sin, with the loss of the favor of God.
-- The gates of death
, the grave.
Have the gates of death been opened unto thee? Job xxxviii. 17.
-- The second death
, condemnation to eternal separation from God. Rev. ii. 11.
-- To be the death of
, to be the cause of death to; to make die.
"It was one who should be the death of
both his parents." Milton. Syn.
applies to the termination of every form of existence, both animal and vegetable; the other words only to the human race. Decease
is the term used in law for the removal of a human being out of life in the ordinary course of nature. Demise
was formerly confined to decease of princes, but is now sometimes used of distinguished men in general; as, the demise
of Mr. Pitt. Departure
are peculiarly terms of Christian affection and hope. A violent death
is not usually called a decease
implies a friendly taking leave of life. Release
implies a deliverance from a life of suffering or sorrow.
Death's-head noun A naked human skull as the emblem of death; the head of the conventional personification of death.
I had rather be married to a death's-head with a bone in his mouth. Shak. Death's-head moth (Zoology)
, a very large European moth ( Acherontia atropos ), so called from a figure resembling a human skull on the back of the thorax; -- called also death's-head sphinx .
Death's-herb noun The deadly nightshade ( Atropa belladonna ). Dr. Prior.
Deathbed noun The bed in which a person dies; hence, the closing hours of life of one who dies by sickness or the like; the last sickness.
That often-quoted passage from Lord Hervey in which the Queen's deathbed is described. Thackeray.
Deathbird noun (Zoology) Tengmalm's or Richardson's owl ( Nyctale Tengmalmi ); -- so called from a superstition of the North American Indians that its note presages death.
Deathblow noun A mortal or crushing blow; a stroke or event which kills or destroys.
The deathblow of my hope. Byron.
Deathful adjective 1. Full of death or slaughter; murderous; destructive; bloody.
These eyes behold Pope. 2. Liable to undergo death; mortal.
The deathful scene.
The deathless gods and deathful earth. Chapman.
Deathfulness noun Appearance of death. Jer. Taylor.
Deathless adjective Not subject to death, destruction, or extinction; immortal; undying; imperishable; as, deathless beings; deathless fame.
Deathlike adjective 1. Resembling death.
A deathlike slumber, and a dead repose. Pope. 2. Deadly.
[ Obsolete] " Deathlike
Deathliness noun The quality of being deathly; deadliness. Southey.
Deathly adjective Deadly; fatal; mortal; destructive.
Deathly adverb Deadly; as, deathly pale or sick.
Deathsman noun An executioner; a headsman or hangman. [ Obsolete] Shak.