Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Deed adjective Dead. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.
[ Anglo-Saxon d...d
; akin to Old Saxon dād
, D. & Danish daad
, German thai
, Swedish dåd
, Goth. d...ds
; from the root of do
. See Do
, transitive verb
] 1. That which is done or effected by a responsible agent; an act; an action; a thing done; -- a word of extensive application, including, whatever is done, good or bad, great or small.
And Joseph said to them, What deed is this which ye have done? Gen. xliv. 15.
We receive the due reward of our deeds . Luke xxiii. 41.
Would serve his kind in deed and word. Tennyson. 2. Illustrious act; achievement; exploit.
Whose deeds some nobler poem shall adorn. Dryden. 3. Power of action; agency; efficiency.
To be, both will and deed , created free. Milton. 4. Fact; reality; -- whence we have indeed . 5. (Law) A sealed instrument in writing, on paper or parchment, duly executed and delivered, containing some transfer, bargain, or contract.
» The term is generally applied to conveyances of real estate, and it is the prevailing doctrine that a deed must be signed as well as sealed, though at common law signing was formerly not necessary. Blank deed
, a printed form containing the customary legal phraseology, with blank spaces for writing in names, dates, boundaries, etc. 6. Performance; -- followed by of .
[ Obsolete] Shak. In deed
, in fact; in truth; verily. See Indeed .
Deed transitive verb To convey or transfer by deed; as, he deeded all his estate to his eldest son. [ Colloq. U. S.]
Deed poll (Law) A deed of one part, or executed by only one party, and distinguished from an indenture by having the edge of the parchment or paper cut even, or polled as it was anciently termed, instead of being indented. Burrill.
Deedful adjective Full of deeds or exploits; active; stirring. [ R.] "A deedful life." Tennyson.
Deedless adjective Not performing, or not having performed, deeds or exploits; inactive.
Deedless in his tongue. Shak.
Deedy adjective Industrious; active. [ R.] Cowper.
(dēm) transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Deemed
(dēmd); present participle & verbal noun Deeming
.] [ Middle English demen
to judge, condemn, Anglo-Saxon dēman
, from dōm
doom; akin to OFries. dēma
, Old Saxon adōmian
, Dutch doemen
, Old High German tuommen
, Icelandic dæma
, Swedish dömma
, Danish dömme
, Goth. dōmjan
. See Doom
, and confer Doom
] 1. To decide; to judge; to sentence; to condemn.
Claudius . . . Was demed for to hang upon a tree. Chaucer. 2. To account; to esteem; to think; to judge; to hold in opinion; to regard.
For never can I deem him less him less than god. Dryden.
Deem intransitive verb 1. To be of opinion; to think; to estimate; to opine; to suppose.
And deemest thou as those who pore, Emerson. 2. To pass judgment.
With aged eyes, short way before?
[ Obsolete] Spenser.
Deem noun Opinion; judgment. [ Obsolete] Shak.
; i. e., doomster. Confer Dempster
.] A judge in the Isle of Man who decides controversies without process. Cowell.
[ Compar. Deeper
; superl. Deepest
.] [ Middle English dep
, Anglo-Saxon deóp
; akin to Dutch diep
, German tief
, Icelandic djūpr
, Swedish diup
, Danish dyb
, Goth. diups
; from the root of English dip
. See Dip
.] 1. Extending far below the surface; of great perpendicular dimension (measured from the surface downward, and distinguished from high , which is measured upward); far to the bottom; having a certain depth; as, a deep sea.
The water where the brook is deep . Shak. 2. Extending far back from the front or outer part; of great horizontal dimension (measured backward from the front or nearer part, mouth, etc.); as, a deep cave or recess or wound; a gallery ten seats deep ; a company of soldiers six files deep .
Shadowing squadrons deep . Milton.
Safely in harbor Shak. 3. Low in situation; lying far below the general surface; as, a deep valley. 4. Hard to penetrate or comprehend; profound; -- opposed to shallow or superficial ; intricate; mysterious; not obvious; obscure; as, a deep subject or plot.
Is the king's ship in the deep nook.
Speculations high or deep . Milton.
A question deep almost as the mystery of life. De Quincey.
O Lord, . . . thy thoughts are very deep . Ps. xcii. 5. 5. Of penetrating or far-reaching intellect; not superficial; thoroughly skilled; sagacious; cunning.
Deep clerks she dumbs. Shak. 6. Profound; thorough; complete; unmixed; intense; heavy; heartfelt; as, deep distress; deep melancholy; deep horror.
sleep." Gen. ii. 21.
poverty." 2 Cor. viii. 2.
An attitude of deep respect. Motley. 7. Strongly colored; dark; intense; not light or thin; as, deep blue or crimson. 8. Of low tone; full-toned; not high or sharp; grave; heavy.
The bass of heaven's deep organ. Milton. 9. Muddy; boggy; sandy; -- said of roads. Chaucer.
The ways in that vale were very deep . Clarendon. A deep line of operations (Military)
, a long line.
-- Deep mourning (Costume)
, mourning complete and strongly marked, the garments being not only all black, but also composed of lusterless materials and of such fashion as is identified with mourning garments.
Deep adverb To a great depth; with depth; far down; profoundly; deeply.
Deep -versed in books, and shallow in himself. Milton.
Drink deep , or taste not the Pierian spring. Pope.
, in its usual adverbial senses, is often prefixed to an adjective; as, deep
-voiced, " deep
Deep noun 1. That which is deep, especially deep water, as the sea or ocean; an abyss; a great depth.
Courage from the deeps of knowledge springs. Cowley.
The hollow deep of hell resounded. Milton.
Blue Neptune storms, the bellowing deeps resound. Pope. 2. That which is profound, not easily fathomed, or incomprehensible; a moral or spiritual depth or abyss.
Thy judgments are a great deep . Ps. xxxvi. 6. Deep of night
, the most quiet or profound part of night; dead of night.
The deep of night is crept upon our talk. Shak.
Deep-fet adjective Deeply fetched or drawn. [ Obsolete] " Deep-fet groans." Shak.
Deep-laid adjective Laid deeply; formed with cunning and sagacity; as, deep-laid plans.
Deep-mouthed adjective Having a loud and sonorous voice. " Deep-mouthed dogs." Dryden.
Deep-read adjective Profoundly book- learned. "Great writers and deep-read men." L'Estrange.
Deep-sea adjective Of or pertaining to the deeper parts of the sea; as, a deep-sea line ( i. e. , a line to take soundings at a great depth); deep- sea lead; deep-sea soundings, explorations, etc.
Deep-waisted adjective (Nautical) Having a deep waist, as when, in a ship, the poop and forecastle are much elevated above the deck.
Deepen transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Deepened
; present participle & verbal noun Deepening
.] 1. To make deep or deeper; to increase the depth of; to sink lower; as, to deepen a well or a channel.
It would . . . deepen the bed of the Tiber. Addison. 2. To make darker or more intense; to darken; as, the event deepened the prevailing gloom.
You must deepen your colors. Peacham. 3. To make more poignant or affecting; to increase in degree; as, to deepen grief or sorrow. 4. To make more grave or low in tone; as, to deepen the tones of an organ.
Deepens the murmur of the falling floods. Pope.
Deepen intransitive verb To become deeper; as, the water deepens at every cast of the lead; the plot deepens .
His blood-red tresses deepening in the sun. Byron.
Deeply adverb 1. At or to a great depth; far below the surface; as, to sink deeply . 2. Profoundly; thoroughly; not superficially; in a high degree; intensely; as, deeply skilled in ethics.
He had deeply offended both his nobles and people. Bacon.
He sighed deeply in his spirit. Mark viii. 12. 3. Very; with a tendency to darkness of color.
The deeply red juice of buckthorn berries. Boyle. 4. Gravely; with low or deep tone; as, a deeply toned instrument. 5. With profound skill; with art or intricacy; as, a deeply laid plot or intrigue.
Deepness noun 1. The state or quality of being deep, profound, mysterious, secretive, etc.; depth; profundity; -- opposed to shallowness .
Because they had no deepness of earth. Matt. xiii. 5. 2. Craft; insidiousness.
[ R.] J. Gregory.
(dēr) noun sing. & plural
[ Middle English der
, animal, wild animal, Anglo-Saxon deór
; akin to Dutch dier
, OFries. diar
, German thier
, Icelandic dȳr
, Danish dyr
, Swedish djur
, Goth. dius
; of unknown origin. √71.] 1. Any animal; especially, a wild animal.
[ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Mice and rats, and such small deer . Shak.
The camel, that great deer . Lindisfarne MS. 2. (Zoology) A ruminant of the genus Cervus , of many species, and of related genera of the family Cervidæ . The males, and in some species the females, have solid antlers, often much branched, which are shed annually. Their flesh, for which they are hunted, is called venison .
» The deer hunted in England is Cervus elaphus
, called also stag
or red deer
; the fallow deer is C. dama
; the common American deer is C. Virginianus
; the blacktailed deer of Western North America is C. Columbianus
; and the mule deer of the same region is C. macrotis
. See Axis
, Fallow deer
, Mule deer
. » Deer
is much used adjectively, or as the first part of a compound; as, deer
like, etc. Deer mouse (Zoology)
, the white- footed mouse ( Hesperomys leucopus ) of America.
-- Small deer
, petty game, not worth pursuing; -- used metaphorically. (See citation from Shakespeare under the first definition, above.)
"Minor critics . . . can find leisure for the chase of such small deer
." G. P. Marsh.
Deer-neck noun A deerlike, or thin, ill-formed neck, as of a horse.
Deer's-tongue noun (Botany) A plant ( Liatris odoratissima ) whose fleshy leaves give out a fragrance compared to vanilla. Wood.
Deerberry noun (Botany) A shrub of the blueberry group ( Vaccinium stamineum ); also, its bitter, greenish white berry; -- called also squaw huckleberry .
Deergrass noun (Botany) An American genus ( Rhexia ) of perennial herbs, with opposite leaves, and showy flowers (usually bright purple), with four petals and eight stamens, -- the only genus of the order Melastomaceæ inhabiting a temperate clime.
Deerhound noun (Zoology) One of a large and fleet breed of hounds used in hunting deer; a staghound.
+ - let
.] (Zoology) A chevrotain. See Kanchil , and Napu .
Deerskin noun The skin of a deer, or the leather which is made from it. Hakluyt. Longfellow.
Deerstalker noun One who practices deerstalking.
Deerstalker noun A close- fitting hat, with a low crown, such as is worn in deerstalking; also, any stiff, round hat. [ Eng.]
Deerstalking noun The hunting of deer on foot, by stealing upon them unawares.
Dees noun plural Dice. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Dees noun A dais. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Deesis (de*ē"sĭs) noun [ New Latin , from Greek de`hsis supplication.] (Rhet.) An invocation of, or address to, the Supreme Being.
Deess (de"ĕs) noun [ French déesse , fem. of dieu god.] A goddess. [ Obsolete] Croft.
Deev noun (Hind. & Pers. Myth.) See Dev .
Defœdation noun Defedation. [ Obsolete]
(de*fās") transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Defaced
(-fāst"); present participle & verbal noun Defacing
.] [ Middle English defacen
to disfigure, efface, Old French desfacier
; Latin dis-
face. See Face
, and confer Efface
.] 1. To destroy or mar the face or external appearance of; to disfigure; to injure, spoil, or mar, by effacing or obliterating important features or portions of; as, to deface a monument; to deface an edifice; to deface writing; to deface a note, deed, or bond; to deface a record.
"This high face defaced
So by false learning is good sense defaced . Pope. 2.
[ Confer French défaire
.] To destroy; to make null.
[ Profane scoffing] doth . . . deface the reverence of religion. Bacon.
For all his power was utterly defaste [ defaced ]. Spenser. Syn.
-- See Efface
1. The act of defacing, or the condition of being defaced; injury to the surface or exterior; obliteration. 2. That which mars or disfigures. Bacon.
Defacer noun One who, or that which, defaces or disfigures.
Defail transitive verb
[ French défaillir
to fail; prefix dé-
) + faillir
. See Fail
, and confer Default
.] To cause to fail.
[ French défaillance
.] Failure; miscarriage.
Possibility of defailance in degree or continuance. Comber.
Defailure noun Failure. [ Obsolete] Barrow.
Defalcate transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Defalcated
; present participle & verbal noun Defalcating
.] [ Late Latin defalcatus
, past participle of defalcare
to deduct, orig., to cut off with a sickle; Latin de-
, a sickle. See Falchion
.] To cut off; to take away or deduct a part of; -- used chiefly of money, accounts, rents, income, etc.
To show what may be practicably and safely defalcated from them [ the estimates]. Burke.
Defalcate intransitive verb To commit defalcation; to embezzle money held in trust. "Some partner defalcating , or the like." Carlyle.
Defalcation noun [ Late Latin defalcatio : confer French défalcation .]
1. A lopping off; a diminution; abatement; deficit. Specifically: Reduction of a claim by deducting a counterclaim; set- off. Abbott. 2. That which is lopped off, diminished, or abated. 3. An abstraction of money, etc., by an officer or agent having it in trust; an embezzlement.
Defalcator noun A defaulter or embezzler. [ Modern]