Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Curculio noun ; plural Curculios (-...z). [ Latin , a grain weevil.] (Zoology) One of a large group of beetles ( Rhynchophora ) of many genera; -- called also weevils , snout beetles , billbeetles , and billbugs . Many of the species are very destructive, as the plum curculio, the corn, grain, and rice weevils, etc.

Curculionidous adjective (Zoology) Pertaining to the Curculionideæ , or weevil tribe.

Curcuma noun [ Confer F., Italian , & Spanish curcuma ; all from Arabic kurkum . Confer Turmeric .] (Botany) A genus of plants of the order Scitamineæ , including the turmeric plant ( Curcuma longa ).

Curcuma paper . (Chemistry) See Turmeric paper , under Turmeric .

Curcumin noun (Chemistry) The coloring principle of turmeric, or curcuma root, extracted as an orange yellow crystalline substance, C 14 H 14 O 4 , with a green fluorescence.

» It possesses acid properties and with alkalies forms brownish salts. This change in color from yellow to brown is the characteristic reaction of tumeric paper. See Turmeric paper , under Turmeric .

Curd (kûrd) noun [ Of Celtic origin; confer Gael. gruth , Ir, gruth , cruth , curd, cruthaim I milk.] [ Sometimes written crud .]
1. The coagulated or thickened part of milk, as distinguished from the whey, or watery part. It is eaten as food, especially when made into cheese.

Curds and cream, the flower of country fare.
Dryden.

2. The coagulated part of any liquid.

3. The edible flower head of certain brassicaceous plants, as the broccoli and cauliflower.

Broccoli should be cut while the curd , as the flowering mass is termed, is entire.
R. Thompson.

Cauliflowers should be cut for use while the head, or curd , is still close and compact.
F. Burr.

Curd transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Curded ; present participle & verbal noun Curding .] To cause to coagulate or thicken; to cause to congeal; to curdle.

Does it curd thy blood
To say I am thy mother?
Shak.

Curd intransitive verb To become coagulated or thickened; to separate into curds and whey Shak.

Curdiness noun The state of being curdy.

Curdle intransitive verb [ From Curd .] [ Sometimes written crudle and cruddle .]
1. To change into curd; to coagulate; as, rennet causes milk to curdle . Thomson.

2. To thicken; to congeal.

Then Mary could feel her heart's blood curdle cold.
Southey.

Curdle transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Curdled (-d'ld); present participle & verbal noun Curdling (-dl?ng).]
1. To change into curd; to cause to coagulate. "To curdle whites of eggs" Boyle.

2. To congeal or thicken.

My chill blood is curdled in my veins.
Dryden.

Curdless adjective Destitute of curd.

Curdy adjective Like curd; full of curd; coagulated. "A curdy mass." Arbuthnot.

Cure > (kūr) noun [ OF, cure care, F., also, cure, healing, cure of souls, Latin cura care, medical attendance, cure; perhaps akin to cavere to pay heed, English cution . Cure is not related to care .]
1. Care, heed, or attention. [ Obsolete]

Of study took he most cure and most heed.
Chaucer.

Vicarages of great cure , but small value.
Fuller.

2. Spiritual charge; care of soul; the office of a parish priest or of a curate; hence, that which is committed to the charge of a parish priest or of a curate; a curacy; as, to resign a cure ; to obtain a cure .

The appropriator was the incumbent parson, and had the cure of the souls of the parishioners.
Spelman.

3. Medical or hygienic care; remedial treatment of disease; a method of medical treatment; as, to use the water cure .

4. Act of healing or state of being healed; restoration to health from disease, or to soundness after injury.

Past hope! past cure ! past help.
Shak.

I do cures to-day and to-morrow.
Luke xii. 32.

5. Means of the removal of disease or evil; that which heals; a remedy; a restorative.

Cold, hunger, prisons, ills without a cure .
Dryden.

The proper cure of such prejudices.
Bp. Hurd.

Cure transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Cured (kūrd); present participle & verbal noun Curing .] [ Old French curer to take care, to heal, F., only, to cleanse, Latin curare to take care, to heal, from cura . See Cure ,.]
1. To heal; to restore to health, soundness, or sanity; to make well; -- said of a patient.

The child was cured from that very hour.
Matt. xvii. 18.

2. To subdue or remove by remedial means; to remedy; to remove; to heal; -- said of a malady.

To cure this deadly grief.
Shak.

Then he called his twelve disciples together, and gave them power . . . to cure diseases.
Luke ix. 1.

3. To set free from (something injurious or blameworthy), as from a bad habit.

I never knew any man cured of inattention.
Swift.

4. To prepare for preservation or permanent keeping; to preserve, as by drying, salting, etc.; as, to cure beef or fish; to cure hay.

Cure intransitive verb
1. To pay heed; to care; to give attention. [ Obsolete]

2. To restore health; to effect a cure.

Whose smile and frown, like to Achilles' spear,
Is able with the change to kill and cure .
Shak.

3. To become healed.

One desperate grief cures with another's languish.
Shak.

Curé (ku`ra") noun [ French, from Late Latin curatus . See Curate .] A curate; a pardon.

Cureall noun A remedy for all diseases, or for all ills; a panacea.

Cureless adjective Incapable of cure; incurable.

With patience undergo
A cureless ill, since fate will have it so.
Dryden.

Curer noun
1. One who cures; a healer; a physician.

2. One who prepares beef, fish, etc., for preservation by drying, salting, smoking, etc.

Curette (ku*rĕt") noun [ French, from curer to cleanse.] (Medicine) A scoop or ring with either a blunt or a cutting edge, for removing substances from the walls of a cavity, as from the eye, ear, or womb.

Curette transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Curetted ; present participle & verbal noun Curetting .] (Medicine) To scrape with a curette.

Curfew (kûr"fū) noun [ Middle English courfew , curfu , from Old French cuevrefu , covrefeu , French couvre-feu ; covrir to cover + feu fire, from Latin focus fireplace, hearth. See Cover , and Focus .]
1. The ringing of an evening bell, originally a signal to the inhabitants to cover fires, extinguish lights, and retire to rest, -- instituted by William the Conqueror; also, the bell itself.

He begins at curfew , and walks till the first cock.
Shak.

The village curfew , as it tolled profound.
Campbell.

2. A utensil for covering the fire. [ Obsolete]

For pans, pots, curfews , counters and the like.
Bacon.

Curia noun ; plural Curle (-...). [ Latin ]
1. (Rom. Antiq.) (a) One of the thirty parts into which the Roman people were divided by Romulus. (b) The place of assembly of one of these divisions. (c) The place where the meetings of the senate were held; the senate house.

2. (Middle Ages) The court of a sovereign or of a feudal lord; also; his residence or his household. Burrill.

3. (Law) Any court of justice.

4. The Roman See in its temporal aspects, including all the machinery of administration; -- called also curia Romana .

Curial adjective Of or pertaining to the papal curia; as, the curial etiquette of the Vatican. -- noun A member of a curia, esp. of that of Rome or the later Italian sovereignties.

Curialism noun The view or doctrine of the ultramontane party in the Latin Church. Gladstone.

Curialist noun One who belongs to the ultramontane party in the Latin Church. Shipley.

Curialistic adjective [ Latin curialis belonging to the imperial court, from curia , Late Latin , also, counselors and retinue of a king.]
1. Pertaining to a court.

2. Relating or belonging to the ultramontane party in the Latin Church.

Curiality noun [ Confer Late Latin curialitas courtesy, from curialis .] The privileges, prerogatives, or retinue of a court. [ Obsolete] Bacon.

Curiet noun A cuirass. [ Obsolete] Spenser.

Curing (k?r"?ng), p. adjective & verbal noun of Cure .

Curing house , a building in which anything is cured; especially, in the West Indies, a building in which sugar is drained and dried.

Curio noun ; plural Curios (-...z). [ Abbreviation of curiosity .] Any curiosity or article of virtu.

The busy world, which does not hunt poets as collectors hunt for curios .
F. Harrison.

Curiologic adjective [ Greek kyriologiko`s speaking literally (applied to curiologic hieroglyphics); ky`rios authoritative, proper + lo`gos word, thought. Confer Cyriologic .] Pertaining to a rude kind of hieroglyphics, in which a thing is represented by its picture instead of by a symbol.

Curiosity (kū`rĭ*ŏs"ĭ*tȳ) noun ; plural Curiosities (- tĭz). [ Middle English curiouste , curiosite , Old French curioseté , curiosité , French curiosité , from Latin curiositas , from curiosus . See Curious , and confer Curio .]
1. The state or quality or being curious; nicety; accuracy; exactness; elaboration. [ Obsolete] Bacon.

When thou wast in thy gilt and thy perfume, they mocked thee for too much curiosity .
Shak.

A screen accurately cut in tapiary work . . . with great curiosity .
Evelin.

2. Disposition to inquire, investigate, or seek after knowledge; a desire to gratify the mind with new information or objects of interest; inquisitiveness. Milton.

3. That which is curious, or fitted to excite or reward attention.

We took a ramble together to see the curiosities of this great town.
Addison.

There hath been practiced also a curiosity , to set a tree upon the north side of a wall, and, at a little hieght, to draw it through the wall, etc.
Bacon.

Curioso noun ; plural Curiosos (- z...z or -s...z). [ Italian See Curious .] A virtuoso.

Curious adjective [ Old French curios , curius , French curieux , Latin curiosus careful, inquisitive, from cura care. See Cure .]
1. Difficult to please or satisfy; solicitous to be correct; careful; scrupulous; nice; exact. [ Obsolete]

Little curious in her clothes.
Fuller.

How shall we,
If he be curious , work upon his faith?
Beau. & Fl.

2. Exhibiting care or nicety; artfully constructed; elaborate; wrought with elegance or skill.

To devise curious works.
Ex. xxxv. 32

His body couched in a curious bed.
Shak.

3. Careful or anxious to learn; eager for knowledge; given to research or inquiry; habitually inquisitive; prying; -- sometimes with after or of .

It is a pity a gentleman so very curious after things that were elegant and beautiful should not have been as curious as to their origin, their uses, and their natural history.
Woodward.

4. Exciting attention or inquiry; awakening surprise; inviting and rewarding inquisitiveness; not simple or plain; strange; rare. "A curious tale" Shak.

A multitude of curious analogies.
Macaulay.

Many a quaint and curious volume of forgotten lore.
E. A. Poe.

Abstruse investigations in recondite branches of learning or sciense often bring to light curious results.
C. J. Smith.

Curious arts , magic. [ Obsolete]

Many . . . which used curious arts brought their books together, and burned them.
Acts xix. 19.

Syn. -- Inquisitive; prying. See Inquisitive .

Curiously adverb In a curious manner.

Curiousness noun
1. Carefulness; painstaking. [ Obsolete]

My father's care
With curiousness and cost did train me up.
Massinger.

2. The state of being curious; exactness of workmanship; ingenuity of contrivance.

3. Inquisitiveness; curiosity.

Curl (kûrl) transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Curled (kûrld); present participle & verbal noun Curling .] [ Akin to Dutch krullen , Danish krölle , dial. Swedish krulla to curl, crisp; possibly akin to English crook . Confer Curl , noun , Cruller .]
1. To twist or form into ringlets; to crisp, as the hair.

But curl their locks with bodkins and with braid.
Cascoigne.

2. To twist or make onto coils, as a serpent's body.

Of his tortuous train,
Curled many a wanton wreath in sight of Eve.
Milton.

3. To deck with, or as with, curls; to ornament.

Thicker than the snaky locks
That curled Megæra.
Milton.

Curling with metaphors a plain intention.
Herbert.

4. To raise in waves or undulations; to ripple.

Seas would be pools without the brushing air
To curl the waves.
Dryden.

5. (Hat Making) To shape (the brim) into a curve.

Curl intransitive verb
1. To contract or bend into curls or ringlets, as hair; to grow in curls or spirals, as a vine; to be crinkled or contorted; to have a curly appearance; as, leaves lie curled on the ground.

Thou seest it [ hair] will not curl by nature.
Shak.

2. To move in curves, spirals, or undulations; to contract in curving outlines; to bend in a curved form; to make a curl or curls. " Cirling billows." Dryden.

Then round her slender waist he curled .
Dryden.

Curling smokes from village tops are seen.
Pope.

Gayly curl the waves before each dashing prow.
Byron.

He smiled a king of sickly smile, and curled up on the floor.
Bret Harte.

3. To play at the game called curling . [ Scot.]

Curl (kûrl) noun [ Akin to Dutch krul , Danish krölle . See Curl , v. ]
1. A ringlet, especially of hair; anything of a spiral or winding form.

Under a coronet, his flowing hair
In curls on either cheek played.
Milton.

2. An undulating or waving line or streak in any substance, as wood, glass, etc.; flexure; sinuosity.

If the glass of the prisms . . . be without those numberless waves or curls which usually arise from the sand holes.
Sir I. Newton.

3. A disease in potatoes, in which the leaves, at their first appearance, seem curled and shrunken.

Blue curls . (Botany) See under Blue .

Curled (kûrld) adjective Having curls; curly; sinuous; wavy; as, curled maple (maple having fibers which take a sinuous course).

Curled hair (Com.) , the hair of the manes and tails of horses, prepared for upholstery purposes. McElrath.

Curledness noun State of being curled; curliness.

Curler (-ẽr) noun
1. One who, or that which, curls.

2. A player at the game called curling . Burns.

Curlew (kûr"lū) noun [ French courlieu , corlieu , courlis ; perhaps of imitative origin, but confer Old French corlieus courier; Latin currere to run + levis light.] (Zoology) A wading bird of the genus Numenius , remarkable for its long, slender, curved bill.

» The common European curlew is N. arquatus . The long-billed ( N. longirostris ), the Hudsonian ( N. Hudsonicus ), and the Eskimo curlew ( N. borealis , are American species. The name is said to imitate the note of the European species.

Curlew Jack (Zoology) the whimbrel or lesser curlew. -- Curlew sandpiper (Zoology) , a sandpiper ( Tringa ferruginea, or subarquata ), common in Europe, rare in America, resembling a curlew in having a long, curved bill. See Illustation in Appendix.

Curliness noun State of being curly.

Curling noun
1. The act or state of that which curls; as, the curling of smoke when it rises; the curling of a ringlet; also, the act or process of one who curls something, as hair, or the brim of hats.

2. A scottish game in which heavy weights of stone or iron are propelled by hand over the ice towards a mark.

Curling . . . is an amusement of the winter, and played on the ice, by sliding from one mark to another great stones of 40 to 70 pounds weight, of a hemispherical form, with an iron or wooden handle at top. The object of the player is to lay his stone as near to the mark as possible, to guard that of his partner, which has been well laid before, or to strike off that of his antagonist.
Pennant (Tour in Scotland. 1772).

Curling irons , Curling tong , an instrument for curling the hair; -- commonly heated when used.

Curlingly adverb With a curl, or curls.

Curly adjective Curling or tending to curl; having curls; full of ripples; crinkled.

Curlycue noun [ Confer French caracole .] Some thing curled or spiral,, as a flourish made with a pen on paper, or with skates on the ice; a trick; a frolicsome caper. [ Sometimes written carlicue .] [ Colloq. U.S.]

To cut a curlycue , to make a flourish; to cut a caper.

I gave a flourishing about the room and cut a curlycue with my right foot.
McClintock.

Curmudgeon noun [ Middle English cornmudgin , where -mudgin is probably from Old French muchier , mucier , French musser to hide; of uncertain origin; confer Middle English muchares skulking thieves, English miche , micher .] An avaricious, grasping fellow; a miser; a niggard; a churl.

A gray-headed curmudgeon of a negro.
W. Irving.