Webster's Dictionary, 1913
(kŭt"ŏf`; 115) noun 1. That which cuts off or shortens, as a nearer passage or road. 2. (Machinery) (a) The valve gearing or mechanism by which steam is cut off from entering the cylinder of a steam engine after a definite point in a stroke, so as to allow the remainder of the stroke to be made by the expansive force of the steam already let in. See Expansion gear , under Expansion . (b) Any device for stopping or changing a current, as of grain or water in a spout.
Cut-out (kŭt"out`) noun (a) (Telegraphy) A species of switch for changing the current from one circuit to another, or for shortening a circuit. (b) (Electricity) A device for breaking or separating a portion of circuit.
Cutaway (kŭt"ȧ*wā`) adjective Having a part cut off or away; having the corners rounded or cut away. Cutaway coat , a coat whose skirts are cut away in front so as not to meet at the bottom.
(kŭch; 224) noun See Catechu .
Cutch noun (Zoology) See Cultch .
Cutchery (kŭch"ẽr*ȳ) noun [ Hind. kachahri .] A hindoo hall of justice. Malcom.
Cute (kūt) adjective [ An abbrev. of acute .] Clever; sharp; shrewd; ingenious; cunning. [ Colloq.]
Cuteness noun Acuteness; cunning. [ Colloq.]
Cutgrass (kŭt"grȧs`). A grass with leaves having edges furnished with very minute hooked prickles, which form a cutting edge; one or more species of Leersia .
[ Latin cuticula
, dim. of cutis
skin; akin to English hide
skin of an animal.] 1. (Anat.) The scarfskin or epidermis. See Skin . 2. (Botany) The outermost skin or pellicle of a plant, found especially in leaves and young stems. 3. A thin skin formed on the surface of a liquid.
Cuticular (ku*tĭk"u*lẽr) adjective Pertaining to the cuticle, or external coat of the skin; epidermal.
Cutin (kū"tĭn) noun [ Latin cutis skin, outside.] (Botany) The substance which, added to the material of a cell wall, makes it waterproof, as in cork.
Cutinization noun (Botany) The conversion of cell walls into a material which repels water, as in cork.
Cutinize transitive verb & i. To change into cutin.
; plural Cutlasses
(- ĕz). [ French coutelas
(cf. Italian coltellaccio
), augm. from Latin cultellus
a small knife, dim. of culter
knife. See Colter
, and confer Curtal ax
.] A short, heavy, curving sword, used in the navy. See Curtal ax . Cutlass fish
, a peculiar, long, thin, marine fish ( Trichiurus lepturus ) of the southern United States and West Indies; -- called also saber fish , silver eel , and, improperly, swordfish .
[ Middle English coteler
, French coutelier
, Late Latin cultellarius
, from Latin cultellus
. See Cutlass
.] One who makes or deals in cutlery, or knives and other cutting instruments.
Cutlery (kŭt"lẽr*ȳ) noun
1. The business of a cutler. 2. Edged or cutting instruments, collectively.
[ French côtelette
, prop., little rib, dim. of côte
rib, from Latin costa
. See Coast
.] A piece of meat, especially of veal or mutton, cut for broiling.
, [ Confer Cuttle
a knife.] The art of making edged tools or cutlery.
[ Obsolete] Milton.
Cutose (kū"tōs) noun [ Latin cutis skin.] (Chemistry) A variety of cellulose, occuring as a fine transparent membrane covering the aerial organs of plants, and forming an essential ingredient of cork; by oxidation it passes to suberic acid.
(kŭt"pûrs`) noun One who cuts purses for the sake of stealing them or their contents (an act common when men wore purses fastened by a string to their girdles); one who steals from the person; a pickpocket
To have an open ear, a quick eye, and a nimble hand, is necessary for a cutpurse .
Cutter noun Cutter bar . (Machinery) (a) A bar which carries a cutter or cutting tool, as in a boring machine. (b) The bar to which the triangular knives of a harvester are attached. -- Cutter head (Machinery) , a rotating head, which itself forms a cutter, or a rotating stock to which cutters may be attached, as in a planing or matching machine. Knight.
1. One who cuts; as, a stone cutter ; a die cutter ; esp., one who cuts out garments. 2. That which cuts; a machine or part of a machine, or a tool or instrument used for cutting, as that part of a mower which severs the stalk, or as a paper cutter . 3. A fore tooth; an incisor. Ray. 4. (Nautical) (a) A boat used by ships of war. (b) A fast sailing vessel with one mast, rigged in most essentials like a sloop. A cutter is narrower end deeper than a sloop of the same length, and depends for stability on a deep keel, often heavily weighted with lead. (c) A small armed vessel, usually a steamer, in the revenue marine service; -- also called revenue cutter . 5. A small, light one-horse sleigh. 6. An officer in the exchequer who notes by cutting on the tallies the sums paid. 7. A ruffian; a bravo; a destroyer. [ Obsolete] 8. A kind of soft yellow brick, used for facework; -- so called from the facility with which it can be cut.
Cutthroat noun One who cuts throats; a murderer; an assassin.
Cutthroat adjective Murderous; cruel; barbarous.
Cutting (kŭt"tĭng) noun
1. The act or process of making an incision, or of severing, felling, shaping, etc. 2. Something cut, cut off, or cut out, as a twig or scion cut off from a stock for the purpose of grafting or of rooting as an independent plant; something cut out of a newspaper; an excavation cut through a hill or elsewhere to make a way for a railroad, canal, etc.; a cut.
1. Adapted to cut; as, a cutting tool. 2. Chilling; penetrating; sharp; as, a cutting wind. 3. Severe; sarcastic; biting; as, a cutting reply.
Cuttingly adverb In a cutting manner.
[ Old French cultel
, from Latin cultellus
. See Cutlass
.] A knife.
[ Obsolete] Bale.
Cuttle (kŭt"t'l), Cut"tle*fish` (- fĭsh`) noun [ Middle English codule , Anglo-Saxon cudele ; akin to German kuttelfish ; confer German kötel , Dutch keutel , dirt from the guts, German kuttel bowels, entrails. Anglo-Saxon cwiþ womb, Goth. qiþus belly, womb.]
1. (Zoology) A cephalopod of the genus Sepia , having an internal shell, large eyes, and ten arms furnished with denticulated suckers, by means of which it secures its prey. The name is sometimes applied to dibranchiate cephalopods generally. » It has an ink bag , opening into the siphon, from which, when pursued, it throws out a dark liquid that clouds the water, enabling it to escape observation. 2. A foul-mouthed fellow. "An you play the saucy cuttle with me." Shak.
Cuttle bone (bōn`). The shell or bone of cuttlefishes, used for various purposes, as for making polishing powder, etc.
Cuttoo plate (k?t-t??" pl?t`). A hood over the end of a wagon wheel hub to keep dirt away from the axle.
[ Confer Ir. & Gael. cut
a short tail, cutach
bobtailed. See Cut
.] Short; as, a cutty knife; a cutty sark.
Cutty noun [ Scotch.]
1. A short spoon. 2. A short tobacco pipe. Ramsay. 3. A light or unchaste woman. Sir W. Scott.
Cuttystool (-stōl`) noun
1. A low stool. [ Scot.] 2. A seat in old Scottish churches, where offenders were made to sit, for public rebuke by the minister.
Cutwal (kŭt"wal) noun [ Persian kotwāl .] The chief police officer of a large city. [ East Indies]
(kŭt"wa`tẽr) noun (Nautical) 1. The fore part of a ship's prow, which cuts the water. 2. A starling or other structure attached to the pier of a bridge, with an angle or edge directed up stream, in order better to resist the action of water, ice, etc.; the sharpened upper end of the pier itself. 3. (Zoology) A sea bird of the Atlantic ( Rhynchops nigra ); -- called also black skimmer , scissorsbill , and razorbill . See Skimmer .
Cutwork (kŭt"wûrk`) noun (Fine Arts) An ancient term for embroidery, esp. applied to the earliest form of lace, or to that early embroidery on linen and the like, from which the manufacture of lace was developed.
Cutworm noun (Zoology) A caterpillar which at night eats off young plants of cabbage, corn, etc., usually at the ground. Some kinds ascend fruit trees and eat off the flower buds. During the day, they conceal themselves in the earth. The common cutworms are the larvæ of various species of Agrotis and related genera of noctuid moths.
Cuvette noun [ French, dim. of cuve a tub.]
1. A pot, bucket, or basin, in which molten plate glass is carried from the melting pot to the casting table. 2. (Fort.) A cunette.
Cyamelide (si*ăm"e*lĭd or -līd; 104) noun (Chemistry) A white amorphous substance, regarded as a polymeric modification of isocyanic acid.
Cyamellone (si*ăm"ĕl*lōn) noun (Chem) A complex derivative of cyanogen, regarded as an acid, and known chiefly in its salts; -- called also hydromellonic acid .
[ Confer French cuanate
. See Cyanic
.] (Chemistry) A salt of cyanic acid. Ammonium cyanate (Chemistry)
, a remarkable white crystalline substance, NH 4 .O.CN, which passes, on standing, to the organic compound, urea, CO.(NH 2 ) 2 .
Cyanean adjective [ Greek kya`neos dark blue.] Having an azure color. Pennant.
[ Greek ky`anos
a dark blue substance: confer French cyanique
. Confer Kyanite
.] 1. Pertaining to, or containing, cyanogen. 2. Of or pertaining to a blue color. Cyanic acid (Chemistry)
, an acid, HOCN, derived from cyanogen, well known in its salts, but never isolated in the free state.
-- Cyanic colors (Botany)
, those colors (of flowers) having some tinge of blue; -- opposed to xanthic colors . A color of either series may pass into red or white, but not into the opposing color. Red and pure white are more common among flowers of cyanic tendency than in those of the other class.
[ Confer French cyanide
. See Cyanic
.] (Chemistry) A compound formed by the union of cyanogen with an element or radical.
[ See Cyanic
.] (Chemistry) The blue coloring matter of flowers; -- called also anthokyan and anthocyanin .
Cyanine noun (Chemistry) One of a series of artificial blue or red dyes obtained from quinoline and lepidine and used in calico printing.