Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Cumber transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Cumbered (-b?rd); present participle & verbal noun Cumbering .] [ Middle English combren , cumbren ,OF. combrer to hinder, from Late Latin cumbrus a heap, from Latin cumulus ; confer Sanskrit ...... to increase, grow strong. Confer Cumulate .] To rest upon as a troublesome or useless weight or load; to be burdensome or oppressive to; to hinder or embarrass in attaining an object, to obstruct or occupy uselessly; to embarrass; to trouble.

Why asks he what avails him not in fight,
And would but cumber and retard his flight?
Dryden.

Martha was cumbered about much serving.
Luke x. 40.

Cut it down; why cumbereth it the ground?
Luke xiii. 7.

The multiplying variety of arguments, especially frivolous ones, . . . but cumbers the memory.
Locke.

Cumber noun [ Confer encombre hindrance, impediment. See Cuber, v. ] Trouble; embarrassment; distress. [ Obsolete] [ Written also comber .]

A place of much distraction and cumber .
Sir H. Wotton.

Sage counsel in cumber .
Sir W. Scott.

Cumbersome (k...m"b...r-s...m) adjective
1. Burdensome or hindering, as a weight or drag; embarrassing; vexatious; cumbrous.

To perform a cumbersome obedience.
Sir. P. Sidney.

2. Not easily managed; as, a cumbersome contrivance or machine.

He holds them in utter contempt, as lumbering, cumbersome , circuitous.
I. Taylor.

-- Cum"ber*some*ly , adverb -- Cum"ber*some*ness , noun

Cumbrance noun Encumbrance. [ Obsolete]

Extol not riches then, the toil of fools,
The wise man's cumbrance , if not snare.
Milton.

Cumbrian adjective Pertaining to Cumberland, England, or to a system of rocks found there.

Cumbrian system (Geol.) , the slate or graywacke system of rocks, now included in the Cambrian or Silurian system; -- so called because most prominent at Cumberland.

Cumbrous adjective
1. Rendering action or motion difficult or toilsome; serving to obstruct or hinder; burdensome; clogging.

He sunk beneath the cumbrous weight.
Swift.

That cumbrous and unwieldy style which disfigures English composition so extensively.
De Quincey.

2. Giving trouble; vexatious. [ Obsolete]

A clud of cumbrous gnats.
Spenser.

-- Cum"brous*ly , adverb -- Cum"brous*ness , noun

Cumene noun [ From Cumin .] (Chemistry) A colorless oily hydrocarbon, C 6 H 5 .C 3 H 7 , obtained by the distillation of cuminic acid; -- called also cumol .

Cumfrey noun (Botany) See Comfrey .

Cumic adjective (Chemistry) See Cuming .

Cumidine noun [ From Cumin .] (Chemistry) A strong, liquid, organic base, C 3 H 7 . C 6 H 4 .NH 2 , homologous with aniline.

Cumin noun [ Middle English comin , Anglo-Saxon cymen , from Latin cuminum , Greek .....................; of Semitic origin, confer Arabic kamm...n , Hebrew kamm...n ; confer Old French comin , French cumin . Confer Kummel .] (Botany) A dwarf umbelliferous plant, somewhat resembling fennel ( Cuminum Cyminum ), cultivated for its seeds, which have a bitterish, warm taste, with an aromatic flavor, and are used like those of anise and caraway. [ Written also cummin .]

Rank-smelling rue, and cumin good for eyes.
Spenser.

Black cumin (Botany) , a plant ( Nigella sativa ) with pungent seeds, used by the Afghans, etc.

Cuminic adjective Pertaining to, or derived from, cumin, or from oil of caraway; as, cuminic acid.

Cuminic acid (Chemistry) , white crystalline substance, C 3 H 7 . C 6 H 4 .CO 2 H, obtained from oil of caraway.

Cuminil n . A substance, analogous to benzil, obtained from oil of caraway.

Cuminol noun [ Cuminic + Latin ole um.] A liquid, C 3 H 7 .C 6 H 4 .CHO, obtained from oil of caraway; -- called also cuminic aldehyde .

Cummerbund noun [ Written also kummerbund , cummerband , etc.] [ Hind. kamarband , from Persian Kamar loins + band fastening.] A sash for the waist; a girdle. [ India]

Cummin noun Same as Cumin .

Ye pay tithe of mint, and cummin .
Matt. xxiii. 23.

Cumquat noun (Botany) See Kumquat .

Cumshaw noun [ Chin. kom-tsie .] A present or bonus; -- originally applied to that paid on ships which entered the port of Canton. S. Wells Williams.

Cumshaw transitive verb To give or make a present to.

Cumu-cirro-stratus noun (Meteor.) Nimbus, or rain cloud. See Nimbus , and Cloud .

Cumulate transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Cumulated (-l?`t?d); present participle & verbal noun Cumulating (-l?`t?ng).] [ Latin cumulatus , past participle of cumulare to heap up, from cumulus a heap. See Cumber .] To gather or throw into a heap; to heap together; to accumulate.

Shoals of shells, bedded and cumulated heap upon heap.
Woodward.

Cumulation noun [ Confer French cumulation .] The act of heaping together; a heap. See Accumulation .

Cumulatist noun One who accumulates; one who collects. [ R.]

Cumulative adjective [ Confer French cumulatif .]


1. Composed of parts in a heap; forming a mass; aggregated. "As for knowledge which man receiveth by teaching, it is cumulative , not original." Bacon

2. Augmenting, gaining, or giving force, by successive additions; as, a cumulative argument, i. e. , one whose force increases as the statement proceeds.

The argument . . . is in very truth not logical and single, but moral and cumulative .
Trench.

3. (Law) (a) Tending to prove the same point to which other evidence has been offered; -- said of evidence. (b) Given by same testator to the same legatee; -- said of a legacy. Bouvier. Wharton.

Cumulative action (Medicine) , that action of certain drugs, by virtue of which they produce, when administered in small doses repeated at considerable intervals, the same effect as if given in a single large dose. -- Cumulative poison , a poison the action of which is cumulative. -- Cumulative vote or system of voting (Politics) , that system which allows to each voter as many votes as there are persons to be voted for, and permits him to accumulate these votes upon one person, or to distribute them among the candidates as he pleases.

Cumulose adjective [ From Cumulus .] Full of heaps.

Cumulostratus noun (Meteor.) A form of cloud. See Cloud .

Cumulus noun ; plural Cumuli (-l...). [ Latin , a heap. See Cumber .] (Meteor.) One of the four principal forms of clouds. See Cloud .

Cun transitive verb [ See Cond .] To con (a ship). [ Obsolete]

Cun transitive verb [ See 1st Con .] To know. See Con . [ Obsolete]

Cunabula noun plural [ Latin , a cradle, earliest abode, from cunae cradle.]
1. The earliest abode; original dwelling place; originals; as, the cunabula of the human race.

2. (Bibliography) The extant copies of the first or earliest printed books, or of such as were printed in the 15th century.

Cunctation noun [ Latin cunctatio , from cunctari , past participle cunctatus , to delay.] Delay; procrastination. [ R.] Carlyle.

Cunctative adjective Slow; tardy; dilatory; causing delay.

Cunctator noun [ Latin , lit., a delayer; -- applied as a surname to Q. Fabius Maximus.] One who delays or lingers. [ R.]

Cunctipotent adjective [ Latin cunctipotens ; cunctus all + potens powerful.] All-powerful; omnipotent. [ R] "God cunctipotent ." Neale (Trans. Rhythm of St. Bernard).

Cund (kŭnd) transitive verb [ See Cond .] To con (a ship). [ Obsolete]

Cundurango noun (Medicine) The bark of a South American vine ( Gonolobus Condurango ) of the Milkweed family. It has been supposed, but erroneously, to be a cure for cancer. [ Written also condurango .]

Cuneal (k?"n?-a]/> l), [ Latin cuneus a wege. See Coin .] Relating to a wedge; wedge-shaped.

Cuneate adjective [ Latin cuneatus , from cuneus a wege See Coin .] Wedge-shaped ; (Botany) , wedge-shaped, with the point at the base; as, a cuneate leaf.

Cuneatic adjective Cuneiform. " Cuneatic decipherment." Sayce.

Cuneiform adjective [ Latin cuneus a wedge + -form : confer French cunei-forme . See Coin .]
1. Wedge-shaped; as, a cuneiform bone; -- especially applied to the wedge-shaped or arrowheaded characters of ancient Persian and Assyrian inscriptions. See Arrowheaded .

2. Pertaining to, or versed in, the ancient wedge-shaped characters, or the inscriptions in them. "A cuneiform scholar." Rawlinson.

Cuneiform, Cuniform noun
1. The wedge-shaped characters used in ancient Persian and Assyrian inscriptions. I. Taylor (The Alphabet).

2. (Anat.) (a) One of the three tarsal bones supporting the first, second third metatarsals. They are usually designated as external, middle, and internal, or ectocuniform , mesocuniform , and entocuniform , respectively. (b) One of the carpal bones usually articulating with the ulna; -- called also pyramidal and ulnare .

Cunette (ku*nĕt") noun [ French] (Fort.) A drain trench, in a ditch or moat; -- called also cuvette .

Cunner noun [ Confer Conner .] (Zoology) (a) A small edible fish of the Atlantic coast ( Ctenolabrus adspersus ); -- called also chogset , burgall , blue perch , and bait stealer . [ Written also conner .] (b) A small shellfish; the limpet or patella.

Cunning (kŭn"nĭng) adjective [ Anglo-Saxon cunnan to know, to be able. See 1st Con , Can .]
1. Knowing; skillful; dexterous. "A cunning workman." Ex. xxxviii. 23.

"Tis beauty truly blent, whose red and white
Nature's own sweet and cunning hand laid on.
Shak.

Esau was a cunning hunter.
Gen xxv. 27.

2. Wrought with, or exhibiting, skill or ingenuity; ingenious; curious; as, cunning work.

Over them Arachne high did lift
Her cunning web.
Spenser.

3. Crafty; sly; artful; designing; deceitful.

They are resolved to be cunning ; let others run the hazard of being sincere.
South.

4. Pretty or pleasing; as, a cunning little boy. [ Colloq. U.S.] Barlett.

Syn. -- Cunning , Artful , Sly , Wily , Crafty . -- These epithets agree in expressing an aptitude for attaining some end by peculiar and secret means. Cunning is usually low; as, a cunning trick. Artful is more ingenious and inventive; as, an artful device. Sly implies a turn for what is double or concealed; as, sly humor; a sly evasion. Crafty denotes a talent for dexterously deceiving; as, a crafty manager. Wily describes a talent for the use of stratagems; as, a wily politician. "A cunning man often shows his dexterity in simply concealing. An artful man goes further, and exerts his ingenuity in misleading. A crafty man mingles cunning with art, and so shapes his actions as to lull suspicions. The young may be cunning , but the experienced only can be crafty . Slyness is a vulgar kind of cunning; the sly man goes cautiously and silently to work. Wiliness is a species of cunning or craft applicable only to cases of attack and defense." Crabb.

Cunning noun [ Anglo-Saxon cunnung trial, or Icelandic kunnandi knowledge. See Cunning , adjective ]
1. Knowledge; art; skill; dexterity. [ Archaic]

Let my right hand forget her cunning .
Ps. cxxxvii. 5.

A carpenter's desert
Stands more in cunning than in power.
Chapman.

2. The faculty or act of using stratagem to accomplish a purpose; fraudulent skill or dexterity; deceit; craft.

Discourage cunning in a child; cunning is the ape of wisdom.
Locke.

We take cunning for a sinister or crooked wisdom.
Bacon.

Cunningly adverb In a cunning manner; with cunning.

Cunningman noun A fortune teller; one who pretends to reveal mysteries. [ Obsolete] Hudibras.

Cunningness noun Quality of being cunning; craft.

Cup (kŭp) noun [ Anglo-Saxon cuppe , Late Latin cuppa cup; confer Latin cupa tub, cask; confer also Greek ky`ph hut, Sanskrit kūpa pit, hollow, OSlav. kupa cup. Confer Coop , Cupola , Cowl a water vessel, and Cob , Coif , Cop .]
1. A small vessel, used commonly to drink from; as, a tin cup , a silver cup , a wine cup ; especially, in modern times, the pottery or porcelain vessel, commonly with a handle, used with a saucer in drinking tea, coffee, and the like.

2. The contents of such a vessel; a cupful.

Give me a cup of sack, boy.
Shak.

3. plural Repeated potations; social or excessive indulgence in intoxicating drinks; revelry.

Thence from cups to civil broils.
Milton.

4. That which is to be received or indured; that which is allotted to one; a portion.

O my Father, if it be possible, let this cup pass from me.
Matt. xxvi. 39.

5. Anything shaped like a cup; as, the cup of an acorn, or of a flower.

The cowslip's golden cup no more I see.
Shenstone.

6. (Medicine) A cupping glass or other vessel or instrument used to produce the vacuum in cupping.

Cup and ball , a familiar toy of children, having a cup on the top of a piece of wood to which, a ball is attached by a cord; the ball, being thrown up, is to be caught in the cup; bilboquet. Milman. -- Cup and can , familiar companions. -- Dry cup , Wet cup (Medicine) , a cup used for dry or wet cupping . See under Cupping . -- To be in one's cups , to be drunk.

Cup transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Cupped (kŭpt); present participle & verbal noun Cupping .]
1. To supply with cups of wine. [ R.]

Cup us, till the world go round.
Shak.

2. (Surg.) To apply a cupping apparatus to; to subject to the operation of cupping. See Cupping .

3. (Mech.) To make concave or in the form of a cup; as, to cup the end of a screw.

Cup shake (Forestry) A shake or fissure between the annual rings of a tree, found oftenest near the roots.