﻿ Encyclo - Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913)

## Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Crystallizable (krĭs"t a l*lī`zȧ*b'l) adjective Capable of being crystallized; that may be formed into crystals.

Crystallization (krĭs`t a l*lĭ*zā"shŭn) noun [ Confer French cristallization .]
1. (Chem. & Min.) The act or process by which a substance in solidifying assumes the form and structure of a crystal, or becomes crystallized.

2. The body formed by crystallizing; as, silver on precipitation forms arborescent crystallizations .

» The systems of crystallization are the several classes to which the forms are mathematically referable. They are most simply described according to the relative lengths and inclinations of certain assumed lines called axes; but the real distinction is the degree of symmetry characterizing them. 1. The Isometric, or Monometric, system has the axes all equal, as in the cube, octahedron, etc. 2. The Tetragonal, or Dimetric, system has a varying vertical axis, while the lateral are equal, as in the right square prism. 3. The Orthorhombic, or Trimetric, system has the three axes unequal, as in the rectangular and rhombic prism. In this system, the lateral axes are called, respectively, macrodiagonal and brachydiagonal . -- The preceding are erect forms, the axes intersecting at right angles. The following are oblique. 4. The Monoclinic system , having one of the intersections oblique, as in the oblique rhombic prism. In this system, the lateral axes are called respectively, clinodiagonal and orthodiagonal . 5. The Triclinic system , having all the three intersections oblique, as in the oblique rhomboidal prism. There is also: 6. The Hexagonal system (one division of which is called Rhombohedral ), in which there are three equal lateral axes, and a vertical axis of variable length, as in the hexagonal prism and the rhombohedron.

» The Diclinic system , sometimes recognized, with two oblique intersections, is only a variety of the Triclinic .

Crystallize (krĭs"t a l*līz) transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Crystallized (-līzd); present participle & verbal noun Crystallizing .] [ Confer F. cristalliser . See Crystal .] To cause to form crystals, or to assume the crystalline form.

Crystallize intransitive verb To be converted into a crystal; to take on a crystalline form, through the action of crystallogenic or cohesive attraction.

Crystallogenic (-l?-j?n"?k), Crys`tal*lo*gen"ic*al (-?-k a l) adjective Pertaining to the production of crystals; crystal-producing; as, crystallogenic attraction.

Crystallogeny noun [ Greek kry`stallos crystal + root of gi`gnesqai to be born.] The science which pertains to the production of crystals.

Crystallographer (krĭs"t a l*lŏg"rȧ*fẽr) noun One who describes crystals, or the manner of their formation; one versed in crystallography.

Crystallographic (-l?-gr?f"?k), Crys`tal*lo*graph"ic*al (-?-k a l) adjective [ Confer French crystallographique .] Pertaining to crystallography.

Crystallographically adverb In the manner of crystallography.

Crystallography (krĭs"t a l*lŏg"rȧ*fȳ) noun [ Greek kry`stallos crystal + - graphy : confer F. cristallographie . See Crystal .]
1. The doctrine or science of crystallization, teaching the system of forms among crystals, their structure, and their methods of formation.

2. A discourse or treatise on crystallization.

Crystalloid (krĭs"t a l*loid) adjective [ Greek kry`stallos crystal + - oid .] Crystal-like; transparent like crystal.

Crystalloid noun
1. (Chemistry) A body which, in solution, diffuses readily through animal membranes, and generally is capable of being crystallized; -- opposed to colloid .

2. (Botany) One of the microscopic particles resembling crystals, consisting of protein matter, which occur in certain plant cells; -- called also protein crystal .

Crystallology (krĭs`t a l*lŏl"o*jȳ) noun [ Greek kry`stallos crystal + - logy .] The science of the crystalline structure of inorganic bodies.

Crystallomancy noun [ Greek kry`stallos crystal + -mancy .] Divination by means of a crystal or other transparent body, especially a beryl.

Crystallometry noun [ Greek kry`stallos crystal + -metry .] The art of measuring crystals.

Crystallurgy noun [ Greek kry`stallos crystal + 'e`rgon work.] Crystallization.

Ctenocyst (tē"no*sĭst) noun [ Greek ktei`s , kteno`s , comb + ky`stis bladder.] (Zoology) An organ of the Ctenophora, supposed to be sensory.

Ctenoid (tē"noid or tĕn"oid) adjective (Zoology) (a) Having a comblike margin, as a ctenoid scale . (b) Pertaining to the Ctenoidei. -- noun A ctenoidean.

Ctenoidean (te*noid"e* a n) adjective (Zoology) Relating to the Ctenoidei. -- noun One of the Ctenoidei.

Ctenoidei noun plural [ New Latin , from Greek ........., ............, comb + -oid .] (Zoology) A group of fishes, established by Agassiz, characterized by having scales with a pectinated margin, as in the perch. The group is now generally regarded as artificial.

Ctenophora noun plural [ New Latin , from Greek ........., ........., comb + ............ to carry.] (Zoology) A class of Cœlenterata, commonly ellipsoidal in shape, swimming by means of eight longitudinal rows of paddles. The separate paddles somewhat resemble combs.

Ctenophore noun (Zoology) One of the Ctenophora.

Ctenophoric adjective (Zoology) Of or pertaining to the Ctenophora.

Ctenostomata noun plural [ New Latin , from Greek ........., ........., comb + ............, -......... mouth.] (Zoology) A suborder of Bryozoa, usually having a circle of bristles below the tentacles.

Cub (kŭb) noun [ Confer Ir. cuib cub, whelp, young dog, Ir. & Gael. cu dog; akin to English hound .]
1. A young animal, esp. the young of the bear.

2. Jocosely or in contempt, a boy or girl, esp. an awkward, rude, ill-mannered boy.

O, thou dissembling cub ! what wilt thou be
When time hath sowed a grizzle on thy case?
Shak.

Cub transitive verb & i. [ imperfect & past participle Cubbed (kŭbd); present participle & verbal noun Cubbing .] To bring forth; -- said of animals, or in contempt, of persons. " Cubb'd in a cabin." Dryden.

Cub noun [ Confer Cub a young animal.]
1. A stall for cattle. [ Obsolete]

I would rather have such . . . .in cub or kennel than in my closet or at my table.
Landor.

2. A cupboard. [ Obsolete] Laud.

Cub transitive verb To shut up or confine. [ Obsolete] Burton.

Cuban adjective Of or pertaining to Cuba or its inhabitants. -- noun A native or an inhabitant of Cuba.

Cubation noun [ Latin cubatio , from cubare to lie down.] The act of lying down; a reclining. [ Obsolete]

Cubatory adjective [ Latin cubator he who lies down, from cubare .] Lying down; recumbent. [ R.]

Cubature noun [ Latin cubus cube: confer F. cubature . See Cube .] The process of determining the solid or cubic contents of a body.

Cubbridge-head noun (Nautical) A bulkhead on the forecastle and half deck of a ship.

Cubby noun [ See Cub a stall.] A snug or confined place.

Cubdrawn adjective Sucked by cubs. [ R.]

This night, wherein the cub-drawn bear would couch.
Shak.

Cube noun [ French cube , Latin cubus , from Greek ............ a cube, a cubical die.]
1. (Geom.) A regular solid body, with six equal square sides.

2. (Math.) The product obtained by taking a number or quantity three times as a factor; as, 4x4=16 , and 16x4=64 , the cube of 4.

Cube ore (Min.) , pharmacosiderite. It commonly crystallizes in cubes of a green color. -- Cube root . (Math.) , the number or quantity which, multiplied into itself, and then into the product, produces the given cube; thus, 3 is the cube root of 27, for 3x3x3 = 27 . -- Cube spar (Min.) , anhydrite; anhydrous calcium sulphate.

Cube transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Cubed (k?bd); present participle & verbal noun Cubing .] To raise to the third power; to obtain the cube of.

Cubeb noun [ French cub...be (cf. Italian cubebe , Pr., Spanish , Portuguese , & New Latin cubeba ), from Arabic kab...bat .] The small, spicy berry of a species of pepper ( Piper Cubeba ; in med. , Cubeba officinalis ), native in Java and Borneo, but now cultivated in various tropical countries. The dried unripe fruit is much used in medicine as a stimulant and purgative.

Cubebic adjective Pertaining to, or derived from, cubebs; as, cubebic acid (a soft olive-green resin extracted from cubebs).

Cubhood noun The state of being a cub. [ Jocose] "From cubhood to old age." W. B. Dawkins.

Cubic adjective [ Latin cubicus , Greek ...............: confer French cubique . See Cube .]
1. Having the form or properties of a cube; contained, or capable of being contained, in a cube.

2. (Crystallog.) Isometric or monometric; as, cubic cleavage. See Crystallization .

Cubic equation , an equation in which the highest power of the unknown quantity is a cube. -- Cubic foot , a volume equivalent to a cubical solid which measures a foot in each of its dimensions. -- Cubic number , a number produced by multiplying a number into itself, and that product again by the same number. See Cube . -- Cubical parabola (Geom.) , two curves of the third degree, one plane, and one on space of three dimensions.

Cubic noun (Geom.) A curve of the third degree.

Circular cubic . See under Circular .

Cubically adverb In a cubical method.

Cubicalness noun The quality of being cubical.

Cubicle noun [ Latin cubiculum .] A loding room; esp., a sleeping place partitioned off from a large dormitory.

Cubicular adjective [ Latin cubicularis , from cubiculum a sleeping room, from cubare to lie down.] Belonging to a chamber or bedroom. [ Obsolete] Howell.

Cubiform adjective Of the form of a cube.

Cubile noun [ Latin , bed.] The lowest course of stones in a building.

Cubilose noun [ Latin cubile bed, nest.] A mucilagenous secretion of certain birds found as the characteristic ingredient of edible bird's-nests.

Cubism (kū"bĭz'm) noun (Painting) A movement or phase in post-impressionism (which see, below). -- Cu"bist noun