Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Culminate (kŭl"mĭ*nāt) intransitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Culminated (-nā`t&eucr;d); present participle & verbal noun Culminating (-nā`tĭng.] [ Latin cuimen top or ridge. See Column .]
1. To reach its highest point of altitude; to come to the meridian; to be vertical or directly overhead.

As when his beams at noon
Culminate from the equator.
Milton.

2. To reach the highest point, as of rank, size, power, numbers, etc.

The reptile race culminated in the secondary era.
Dana.

The house of Burgundy was rapidly culminating .
Motley.

Culminate (kŭl"mĭ*nat) adjective Growing upward, as distinguished from a lateral growth; -- applied to the growth of corals. Dana.

Culmination noun [ Confer French culmination ]
1. The attainment of the highest point of altitude reached by a heavenly body; passage across the meridian; transit.

2. Attainment or arrival at the highest pitch of glory, power, etc.

Culpa (kŭl"pȧ) noun [ Latin ] (Law) Negligence or fault, as distinguishable from dolus (deceit, fraud), which implies intent, culpa being imputable to defect of intellect, dolus to defect of heart. Wharton.

Culpability noun ; plural Culpabilities (-t...z). [ Confer French culpabilité .] The state of being culpable.

Culpable adjective [ Middle English culpable , coulpable , coupable , French coupable , formerly also coupable , formerly also coulpable , culpable , from Latin culpabilis , from culpare to blame, from culpa fault.]


1. Deserving censure; worthy of blame; faulty; immoral; criminal. State Trials (1413).

If he acts according to the best reason he hath, he is not culpable , though he be mistaken in his measures.
Sharp.

2. Guilty; as, culpable of a crime. [ Obsolete] Spenser.

-- Cul"pa*ble*ness , noun -- Cul"pa*bly , adverb

Culpatory adjective Expressing blame; censuring; reprehensory; inculpating.

Adjectives . . . commonly used by Latian authors in a culpatory sense.
Walpole.

Culpe (kŭlp) noun [ French coulpe , from Latin culpa .] Blameworthiness. [ Obsolete]

Banished out of the realme . . . without culpe .
E. Hall.

Culpon (kŭl"pŏn) noun [ See Coupon .] A shred; a fragment; a strip of wood. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.

Culprit (kŭl"prĭt) noun [ Prob. corrupted for culpate , from Law Latin culpatus the accused, past participle of Latin culpare to blame. See Culpable .]
1. One accused of, or arraigned for, a crime, as before a judge.

An author is in the condition of a culprit ; the public are his judges.
Prior.

2. One quilty of a fault; a criminal.

Culrage (kŭl"raj) noun [ Middle English culrage , culrache ; probably from French cul the buttok + F. & English rage ; French curage .] (Botany) Smartweed ( Polygonum Hydropiper ).

Cult (kŭlt) n . [ French culte , Latin cultus care, culture, from colere to cultivate. Confer Cultus .]
1. Attentive care; homage; worship.

Every one is convinced of the reality of a better self, and of the cult or homage which is due to it.
Shaftesbury.

2. A system of religious belief and worship.

That which was the religion of Moses is the ceremonial or cult of the religion of Christ.
Coleridge.

Cultch (kŭlch; 224) noun [ Etymol. uncertain.] Empty oyster shells and other substances laid down on oyster grounds to furnish points for the attachment of the spawn of the oyster. [ Also written cutch .]

Cultch noun
1. Young or seed oysters together with the shells and other objects to which they are usually attached.

2. Rubbish; débris; refuse.

Culter (kŭl"tẽr) noun [ Latin ] A colter. See Colter .

Cultirostral (-tĭ*rŏs"tr a l) adjective [ See Cultirostres .] (Zoology) Having a bill shaped like the colter of a plow, or like a knife, as the heron, stork, etc.

Cultirostres (-trēz) noun plural [ New Latin , from Latin culter colter of a plow, knife + rostrum bill.] (Zoology) A tribe of wading birds including the stork, heron, crane, etc.

Cultivable adjective [ Confer French cultivable .] Capable of being cultivated or tilled. Todd.

Cultivatable adjective Cultivable.

Cultivate transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Cultivated (-v?`t?d); present participle & verbal noun Cultivating (-v?`- t?ng).] [ Late Latin cultivatus , past participle of cultivare to cultivate, from cultivus cultivated, from Latin cultus , past participle of colere to till, cultivate. Confer Colony .]
1. To bestow attention, care, and labor upon, with a view to valuable returns; to till; to fertilize; as, to cultivate soil.

2. To direct special attention to; to devote time and thought to; to foster; to cherish.

Leisure . . . to cultivate general literature.
Wordsworth.

3. To seek the society of; to court intimacy with.

I ever looked on Lord Keppel as one of the greatest and best men of his age; and I loved and cultivated him accordingly.
Burke.

4. To improve by labor, care, or study; to impart culture to; to civilize; to refine.

To cultivate the wild, licentious savage.
Addison.

The mind of man hath need to be prepared for piety and virtue; it must be cultivated to the end.
Tillotson.

5. To raise or produce by tillage; to care for while growing; as, to cultivate corn or grass.

Cultivation noun [ Confer French cultivation .]
1. The art or act of cultivating; improvement for agricultural purposes or by agricultural processes; tillage; production by tillage.

2. Bestowal of time or attention for self-improvement or for the benefit of others; fostering care.

3. The state of being cultivated; advancement in physical, intellectual, or moral condition; refinement; culture.

Italy . . . was but imperfectly reduced to cultivation before the irruption of the barbarians.
Hallam.

Cultivator noun [ Confer French cultivateur .]


1. One who cultivates; as, a cultivator of the soil; a cultivator of literature. Whewell.

2. An agricultural implement used in the tillage of growing crops, to loosen the surface of the earth and kill the weeds; esp., a triangular frame set with small shares, drawn by a horse and by handles.

» In a broader signification it includes any complex implement for pulverizing or stirring the surface of the soil, as harrows, grubbers, horse hoes, etc.

Cultrate adjective [ Latin cultratus knife-shaped, from culter , cultri , knife.] (Bot. & Zoology) Sharp-edged and pointed; shaped like a pruning knife, as the beak of certain birds.

Cultriform adjective [ Latin culter , cultri , knife + -form .] (Bot. & Zoology) Shaped like a pruning knife; cultrate.

Cultrivorous adjective [ Latin culter , cultri , knife + vorare to devour.] Devouring knives; swallowing, or pretending to swallow, knives; -- applied to persons who have swallowed, or have seemed to swallow, knives with impunity. Dunglison.

Culturable adjective Capable of, or fit for, being cultivated; capable or becoming cultured. London Spectator.

Cultural adjective Of or pertaining to culture.

Culture noun [ French culture , Latin cultura , from colere to till, cultivate; of uncertain origin. Confer Colony .]
1. The act or practice of cultivating, or of preparing the earth for seed and raising crops by tillage; as, the culture of the soil.

2. The act of, or any labor or means employed for, training, disciplining, or refining the moral and intellectual nature of man; as, the culture of the mind.

If vain our toil
We ought to blame the culture , not the soil.
Pepe.

3. The state of being cultivated; result of cultivation; physical improvement; enlightenment and discipline acquired by mental and moral training; civilization; refinement in manners and taste.

What the Greeks expressed by their paidei`a , the Romans by their humanitas , we less happily try to express by the more artificial word culture .
J. C. Shairp.

The list of all the items of the general life of a people represents that whole which we call its culture .
Tylor.

Culture fluid , a fluid in which the germs of microscopic organisms are made to develop, either for purposes of study or as a means of modifying their virulence.

Culture transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Cultured (-t?rd; 135); present participle & verbal noun Culturing .] To cultivate; to educate.

They came . . . into places well inhabited and cultured .
Usher.

Culture noun
1. (Biol.) (a) The cultivation of bacteria or other organisms in artificial media or under artificial conditions. (b) The collection of organisms resulting from such a cultivation.

» The word is used adjectively with the above senses in many phrases, such as: culture medium , any one of the various mixtures of gelatin, meat extracts, etc., in which organisms cultivated; culture flask , culture oven , culture tube , gelatin culture , plate culture , etc.

2. (Cartography) Those details of a map, collectively, which do not represent natural features of the area delineated, as names and the symbols for towns, roads, houses, bridges, meridians, and parallels.

Culture features (Surv.) The artificial features of a district as distinguished from the natural.

Culture myth A myth accounting for the discovery of arts and sciences or the advent of a higher civilization, as in the Prometheus myth.

Cultured adjective
1. Under culture; cultivated. " Cultured vales." Shenstone.

2. Characterized by mental and moral training; disciplined; refined; well-educated.

The sense of beauty in nature, even among cultured people, is less often met with than other mental endowments.
I. Taylor.

The cunning hand and cultured brain.
Whittier.

Cultureless adjective Having no culture.

Culturist noun
1. A cultivator.

2. One who is an advocate of culture.

The culturists , by which term I mean not those who esteem culture (as what intelligent man does not...) but those its exclusive advocates who recommend it as the panacea for all the ills of humanity, for its effects in cultivating the whole man.
J. C. Shairp

Cultus noun sing. & plural ; E. plural Cultuses (-...z). [ Latin , cultivation, culture. See Cult .] Established or accepted religious rites or usages of worship; state of religious development. Confer Cult , 2.

Cultus adjective [ See Cultus cod .] Bad, worth less; no good. [ Northwestern U. S.]

"A bad horse, cultus [ no good] !" he said, beating it with his whip.
F. H. Balch.

Cultus cod (k?d`). [ Chinook cultus of little worth.] (Zoology) See Cod , and Buffalo cod , under Buffalo .

Culver noun [ Anglo-Saxon culfre , perhaps from Latin columba .] A dove. " Culver in the falcon's fist." Spenser.

Culver noun [ Abbrev. from Culverin .] A culverin.

Falcon and culver on each tower
Stood prompt their deadly hail to shower.
Sir W. Scott.

Culver's physic or Cul"ver's root` [ So called after a Dr. Culver , who used it.] (Botany) The root of a handsome erect herb ( Leptandra, syn. Veronica, Virginica ) common in most moist woods of North America , used as an active cathartic and emetic; also, the plant itself.

Culverhouse (-hous`) noun A dovecote.

Culverin noun [ French coulevrine , prop. fem. of couleuvrin like a serpent, from couleuvre adder, from Latin coluber , colubra .] A long cannon of the 16th century, usually an 18-pounder with serpent-shaped handles.

Trump, and drum, and roaring culverin .
Macaulay.

Culverkey noun
1. A bunch of the keys or samaras of the ash tree. Wright.

2. An English meadow plant, perhaps the columbine or the bluebell squill ( Scilla nutans ). [ Obsolete]

A girl cropping culverkeys and cowslips to make garlands.
Walton.

Culvert noun [ Prob. from Old French coulouere , French couloir , channel, gutter, gallery, from couler to flow. See Cullis .] A transverse drain or waterway of masonry under a road, railroad, canal, etc.; a small bridge.

Culvertail noun (Carp.) Dovetail.

Culvertailed adjective United or fastened by a dovetailed joint.

Cumacea noun plural [ New Latin ] (Zoology) An order of marine Crustacea, mostly of small size.

Cumbent adjective [ Confer Recumbent , Covey .] Lying down; recumbent. J. Dyer.