Webster's Dictionary, 1913
[ Latin cubitum
; elbow, ell, cubit, from (because the elbow serves for leaning upon) cubare
to lie down, recline; confer Greek ky`biton
to bend, stoop, kyfo`s
bent, stooping, humpbacked. Confer Incumbent
.] 1. (Anat.) The forearm; the ulna, a bone of the arm extending from elbow to wrist.
[ Obsolete] 2. A measure of length, being the distance from the elbow to the extremity of the middle finger.
» The cubit varies in length in different countries, the Roman cubit being 17,47 inches, the Greek 18,20, the Hebrew somewhat longer, and the English 18 inches.
Cubital adjective [ Latin cubitalis .]
1. Of or pertaining to the cubit or ulna; as, the cubital nerve; the cubital artery; the cubital muscle. 2. Of the length of a cubit. Sir. T. Browne.
Cubital noun A sleeve covering the arm from the elbow to the hand. Crabb.
Cubited adjective Having the measure of a cubit.
Cubless adjective Having no cubs. Byron.
Cubo-octahedral adjective Presenting a combination of a cube and an octahedron.
Cubo-octahedron noun (Crystallog.) A combination of a cube and octahedron, esp. one in which the octahedral faces meet at the middle of the cubic edges.
Cuboid adjective [ Cube + -oid : confer Greek ..........] (Anat.) Cube- shaped, or nearly so; as, the cuboid bone of the foot. -- noun (Anat.) The bone of the tarsus, which, in man and most mammals, supports the metatarsals of the fourth and fifth toes.
Cuboidal adjective (Anat.) Cuboid.
[ Spanish , from native name.] See Coca .
Cucking stool (k...k"...ng st......l`). [ Confer Anglo-Saxon scealfingstōl , a word of similar meaning, allied to scealfor a diver, mergus avis; or possibly from French coquine a hussy, slut, jade, f. of coquin , Middle English cokin , a rascal; or confer Icelandic k...ka to dung, k...kr dung, the name being given as to a disgracing or infamous punishment.] A kind of chair formerly used for punishing scolds, and also dishonest tradesmen, by fastening them in it, usually in front of their doors, to be pelted and hooted at by the mob, but sometimes to be taken to the water and ducked; -- called also a castigatory , a tumbrel , and a trebuchet ; and often, but not so correctly, a ducking stool . Sir. W. Scott.
[ Middle English kukeweld
, from Old French coucoul
, the last syllable being modified by the Middle English suffix -wold
); confer French cocu
a cuckold, formerly also, a cuckoo, and Latin cuculus
a cuckoo. The word alludes to the habit of the female cuckoo, who lays her eggs in the nests of other birds, to be hatched by them.] 1. A man whose wife is unfaithful; the husband of an adulteress. Shak. 2. (Zoology) (a) A West Indian plectognath fish ( Ostracion triqueter ). (b) The cowfish.
Cuckold transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Cuckolded
; present participle & verbal noun Cuckolding
.] To make a cuckold of, as a husband, by seducing his wife, or by her becoming an adulteress. Shak.
Cuckold's knot (k?k"?ldz n?t`). (Nautical) A hitch or knot, by which a rope is secured to a spar, the two parts of the rope being crossed and seized together; -- called also cuckold's neck . Ham. Nav. Encyc.
Cuckoldize transitive verb To cuckold. Dryden.
Cuckoldly adjective Having the qualities of a cuckold; mean-spirited; sneaking. Shak.
Cuckoldom noun The state of a cuckold; cuckolds, collectively. Addison.
Cuckoldry noun The state of being a cuckold; the practice of making cuckolds.
Cuckoo noun [ Middle English coccou , cukkow , F. coucou , probably of imitative origin; confer Latin cuculus , Greek ............, Sanskrit k...ki...a , German kuckuk , Dutch koekoek .] (Zoology) A bird belonging to Cuculus , Coccyzus , and several allied genera, of many species. » The European cuckoo ( Cuculus canorus ) builds no nest of its own, but lays its eggs in the nests of other birds, to be hatched by them. The American yellow-billed cuckoo ( Coccyzus Americanus ) and the black-billed cuckoo ( C. erythrophthalmus ) build their own nests. Cuckoo bee (Zool.) , a bee, parasitic in the larval stage in the nests of other bees, feeding either upon their food or larvae. They belong to the genera Nomada , Melecta , Epeolus , and others. - - Cuckoo clock , a clock so constructed that at the time for striking it gives forth sounds resembling the cry of the cuckoo. -- Cuckoo dove (Zoology) , a long-tailed pigeon of the genus Macropygia . Many species inhabit the East Indies. -- Cuckoo fish (Zoology) , the European red gurnard ( Trigla cuculus ). The name probably alludes to the sound that it utters. -- Cuckoo falcon (Zoology) , any falcon of the genus Baza . The genus inhabits Africa and the East Indies. -- Cuckoo maid (Zoology) , the wryneck; -- called also cuckoo mate . -- Cuckoo ray (Zoology) , a British ray ( Raia miraletus ). -- Cuckoo spit , or Cuckoo spittle . (a) A frothy secretion found upon plants, exuded by the larvae of certain insects, for concealment; -- called also toad spittle and frog spit . (b) (Zoology) A small hemipterous insect, the larva of which, living on grass and the leaves of plants, exudes this secretion. The insects belong to Aphrophora , Helochara , and allied genera. -- Ground cuckoo , the chaparral cock.
Cuckoobud noun (Botany) A species of Ranunculus ( R. bulbosus ); -- called also butterflower , buttercup , kingcup , goldcup . Shak.
Cuckooflower noun (Botany) A species of Cardamine ( C. pratensis ), or lady's smock. Its leaves are used in salads. Also, the ragged robin ( Lychnis Flos-cuculi ).
Cuckoopint noun (Botany) A plant of the genus Arum ( A. maculatum ); the European wake-robin.
Cucquean noun [ Cucko ld + quean .] A woman whose husband is unfaithful to her. [ Obsolete]
Cucujo noun [ Native name.] (Zoology) The fire beetle of Mexico and the West Indies.
(k?"k?l-l?t or k?-k?l"l?t), Cu"cul*la`ted
(-l?`t?d or -l?-t?d) adjective
[ Late Latin cullatus
, from Latin cucullus
a cap, hood. See Cowl
a hood.] 1. Hooded; cowled; covered, as with a hood. Sir T. Browne. 2. (Botany) Having the edges toward the base rolled inward, as the leaf of the commonest American blue violet. 3. (Zoology) (a) Having the prothorax elevated so as to form a sort of hood, receiving the head, as in certain insects. (b) Having a hoodlike crest on the head, as certain birds, mammals, and reptiles.
; plural Cuculli
. [ Latin , a hood.] 1. (Botany) A hood-shaped organ, resembling a cowl or monk's hood, as certain concave and arched sepals or petals. 2. (Zoology) A color marking or structure on the head somewhat resembling a hood.
Cuculoid adjective [ Latin cuculus a cuckoo + -oid .] (Zoology) Like or belonging to the cuckoos ( Cuculidæ ).
[ Middle English cucumer
, from Latin cucmis
, gen. cucumeris
; confer Old French cocombre
.] (Botany) A creeping plant, and its fruit, of several species of the genus Cucumis , esp. Cucumis sativus , the unripe fruit of which is eaten either fresh or picked. Also, similar plants or fruits of several other genera. See below. Bitter cucumber (Botany)
, the Citrullus or Cucumis Colocynthis . See Colocynth .
-- Cucumber beetle. (Zoology) (a) A small, black flea- beetle ( Crepidodera cucumeris ), which destroys the leaves of cucumber, squash, and melon vines. (b) The squash beetle.
-- Cucumber tree
. (a) A large ornamental or shade tree of the genus Magnolia (M. acuminata) , so called from a slight resemblance of its young fruit to a small cucumber. (b) An East Indian plant ( Averrhoa Bilimbi ) which produces the fruit known as bilimbi.
-- Jamaica cucumber
, Jerusalem cucumber
, the prickly-fruited gherkin ( Cucumis Anguria ).
-- Snake cucumber
, a species ( Cucumis flexuosus ) remarkable for its long, curiously-shaped fruit.
-- Squirting cucumber
, a plant ( Ecbalium Elaterium ) whose small oval fruit separates from the footstalk when ripe and expels its seeds and juice with considerable force through the opening thus made. See Elaterium .
-- Star cucumber
, a climbing weed ( Sicyos angulatus ) with prickly fruit.
Cucumiform adjective [ Latin cucumis cucumber + -form .] Having the form of a cucumber; having the form of a cylinder tapered and rounded at the ends, and either straight or curved.
Cucumis noun [ Latin , cucumber.] (Botany) A genus of plants including the cucumber, melon, and same kinds of gourds.
[ Latin cucurbita
a gourd: confer French cucurbite
. See Gourd
.] (Chemistry) A vessel or flask for distillation, used with, or forming part of, an alembic; a matrass; -- originally in the shape of a gourd, with a wide mouth. See Alembic .
Cucurbitaceous (-bĭ*tā"shŭs) adjective [ Confer French cucurbitacé .] (Botany) Of, pertaining to, or resembling, a family of plants of which the cucumber, melon, and gourd are common examples.
Cucurbitive adjective Having the shape of a gourd seed; -- said of certain small worms.
[ Anglo-Saxon cudu
, of uncertain origin; cf, German köder
bait, Icelandic kviðr
womb, Goth. qiþus
. Confer Quid
.] 1. That portion of food which is brought up into the mouth by ruminating animals from their first stomach, to be chewed a second time.
Whatsoever parteth the hoof, and is cloven-footed, and cheweth the cud , among the beasts, that shall ye eat. 2. A portion of tobacco held in the mouth and chewed; a quid.
Levit. xi. 3
[ Low] 3. The first stomach of ruminating beasts. Crabb. To chew the cud
, to ruminate; to meditate; used with of ; as, to chew the cud of bitter memories.
Chewed the thrice turned cud of wrath.
Cudbear noun [ Also cudbeard , corrupted from the name of Dr. Cuthbert Gordon, a Scotchman, who first brought it into notice.]
1. A powder of a violet red color, difficult to moisten with water, used for making violet or purple dye. It is prepared from certain species of lichen, especially Lecanora tartarea . Ure. 2. (Botany) A lichen ( Lecanora tartarea ), from which the powder is obtained.
[ For sense 1, confer Scot. cuddy
an ass; for sense 2, see 3d Cuddy
.] 1. A clown; a low rustic; a dolt.
The slavering cudden , propped upon his staff. 2. (Zoology) The coalfish. See 3d Cuddy .
(kŭd"d'l) intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Cuddled
(-d'ld); present participle & verbal noun Cuddling
(- dlĭng).] [ Prob. for couthle
, from couth
known; confer Middle English kuþþen
to cuddle, or cuðlechen
to make friends with. See Couth
.] To lie close or snug; to crouch; to nestle.
She cuddles low beneath the brake;
Nor would she stay, nor dares she fly.
Cuddle transitive verb To embrace closely; to fondle. Forby.
Cuddle noun A close embrace.
[ See Cudden
. ] 1. An ass; esp., one driven by a huckster or greengrocer.
[ Scot.] 2.
Hence: A blockhead; a lout. Hood. 3. (Mech.) A lever mounted on a tripod for lifting stones, leveling up railroad ties, etc. Knight.
Cuddy noun [ Prob. a contraction from Dutch kajuit cabin: confer French cahute hut.] (Nautical) A small cabin: also, the galley or kitchen of a vessel.
Cuddy noun [ Scot.; confer Gael. cudaig , cudainn , or English cuttlefish , or cod , codfish .] (Zoöl) The coalfish ( Pollachius carbonarius ). [ Written also cudden .]
[ Middle English kuggel
; confer German keule
club (with a round end), kugel
ball, or perhaps W. cogyl
cudgel, or Dutch cudse
, cudgel.] A staff used in cudgel play, shorter than the quarterstaff, and wielded with one hand; hence, any heavy stick used as a weapon.
He getteth him a grievous crabtree cudgel and . . . falls to rating of them as if they were dogs. Cudgel play
, a fight or sportive contest with cudgels.
-- To cross the cudgels
, to forbear or give up the contest; -- a phrase borrowed from the practice of cudgel players, who lay one cudgel over another when the contest is ended.
-- To take up cudgels for
, to engage in a contest in behalf of (some one or something).
Cudgel transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Cudgeled
(-...ld); present participle & verbal noun Cudgeling
.] To beat with a cudgel.
An he here, I would cudgel him like a dog. To cudgel one's brains
, to exercise one's wits.
Cudgeler noun One who beats with a cudgel. [ Written also cudgeller .]
Cudweed noun [ Apparently from cud + weed , but perhaps a corruption of cottonweed ; or of cut weed , so called from its use as an application to cuts and chafings.] (Botany) A small composite plant with cottony or silky stem and leaves, primarily a species of Gnaphalium , but the name is now given to many plants of different genera, as Filago , Antennaria , etc.; cottonweed.
[ Old French coue
, French queue
, from Latin coda
, tail. Confer Caudal
.] 1. The tail; the end of a thing; especially, a tail-like twist of hair worn at the back of the head; a queue. 2. The last words of a play actor's speech, serving as an intimation for the next succeeding player to speak; any word or words which serve to remind a player to speak or to do something; a catchword.
When my cue comes, call me, and I will answer. 3. A hint or intimation.
Give them [ the servants] their cue to attend in two lines as he leaves the house. 4. The part one has to perform in, or as in, a play.
Were it my cue to fight, I should have known it 5. Humor; temper of mind.
Without a prompter.
[ Colloq.] Dickens. 6. A straight tapering rod used to impel the balls in playing billiards.
Cue transitive verb To form into a cue; to braid; to twist.
[ From q
, an abbreviation for quadrans
a farthing.] A small portion of bread or beer; the quantity bought with a farthing or half farthing.
[ Obsolete] » The term was formerly current in the English universities, the letter q
being the mark in the buttery books to denote such a portion. Nares.
Hast thou worn
Gowns in the university, tossed logic,
Sucked philosophy, eat cues ?
[ Spanish cuerpo
, from Latin corpus
body. See Corpse
.] The body. In cuerpo
, without full dress, so that the shape of the Body is exposed; hence, naked or uncovered.
Exposed in cuerpo to their rage.