Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Crow-quill noun A quill of the crow, or a very fine pen made from such a quill.

Crow-silk noun (Botany) A filamentous fresh-water alga ( Conferva rivularis of Linnaeus, Rhizoclonium rivulare of Kutzing).

Crow-trodden adjective Marked with crow's-feet, or wrinkles, about the eyes. [ Poetic]

Do I look as if I were crow-trodden ?
Beau. & FL.

Crow's-foot noun ; plural Crow's-feet (-fēt`).


1. plural The wrinkles that appear, as the effect of age or dissipation, under and around the outer corners of the eyes. Tennyson.

2. (Mil.) A caltrop. [ Written also crowfoot .]

3. (Architecture) Same as Bird's- mouth . [ U.S.]

Crow's-nest noun (Nautical) A box or perch near the top of a mast, esp. in whalers, to shelter the man on the lookout.

Crowbar noun A bar of iron sharpened at one end, and used as a lever.

Crowberry noun (Botany) A heathlike plant of the genus Empetrum , and its fruit, a black, scarcely edible berry; - - also called crakeberry .

Crowd (kroud) transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Crowded ; present participle & verbal noun Crowding .] [ Middle English crouden , cruden , Anglo-Saxon cr...dan ; confer D. kruijen to push in a wheelbarrow.]
1. To push, to press, to shove. Chaucer.

2. To press or drive together; to mass together. " Crowd us and crush us." Shak.

3. To fill by pressing or thronging together; hence, to encumber by excess of numbers or quantity.

The balconies and verandas were crowded with spectators, anxious to behold their future sovereign.
Prescott.

4. To press by solicitation; to urge; to dun; hence, to treat discourteously or unreasonably. [ Colloq.]

To crowd out , to press out; specifically, to prevent the publication of; as, the press of other matter crowded out the article. -- To crowd sail (Nautical) , to carry an extraordinary amount of sail, with a view to accelerate the speed of a vessel; to carry a press of sail.

Crowd intransitive verb
1. To press together or collect in numbers; to swarm; to throng.

The whole company crowded about the fire.
Addison.

Images came crowding on his mind faster than he could put them into words.
Macaulay.

2. To urge or press forward; to force one's self; as, a man crowds into a room.

Crowd noun [ Anglo-Saxon croda . See Crowd , transitive verb ]
1. A number of things collected or closely pressed together; also, a number of things adjacent to each other.

A crowd of islands.
Pope.

2. A number of persons congregated or collected into a close body without order; a throng.

The crowd of Vanity Fair.
Macaulay.

Crowds that stream from yawning doors.
Tennyson.

3. The lower orders of people; the populace; the vulgar; the rabble; the mob.

To fool the crowd with glorious lies.
Tennyson.

He went not with the crowd to see a shrine.
Dryden.

Syn. -- Throng; multitude. See Throng .

Crowd noun [ W. crwth ; akin to Gael. cruit . Perh. named from its shape, and akin to Greek kyrto`s curved, and E. curve . Confer Rote .] An ancient instrument of music with six strings; a kind of violin, being the oldest known stringed instrument played with a bow. [ Written also croud , crowth , cruth , and crwth .]

A lackey that . . . can warble upon a crowd a little.
B. Jonson.

Crowd transitive verb To play on a crowd; to fiddle. [ Obsolete] "Fiddlers, crowd on." Massinger.

Crowder noun One who plays on a crowd; a fiddler. [ Obsolete] "Some blind crowder ." Sir P. Sidney.

Crowder noun One who crowds or pushes.

Crowdy noun A thick gruel of oatmeal and milk or water; food of the porridge kind. [ Scot.]

Crowflower noun (Botany) A kind of campion; according to Gerarde, the Lychnis Flos-cuculi .

Crowfoot noun
1. (Botany) The genus Ranunculus , of many species; some are common weeds, others are flowering plants of considerable beauty.

2. (Nautical) A number of small cords rove through a long block, or euphroe, to suspend an awning by.

3. (Mil.) A caltrop. [ Written also crow's-foot .]

4. (Well Boring) A tool with a side claw for recovering broken rods, etc. Raymond.

Crowkeeper noun A person employed to scare off crows; hence, a scarecrow. [ Obsolete]

Scaring the ladies like a crowkeeper .
Shak.

Crown (kr?n), past participle of Crow . [ Obsolete]

Crown (kroun) noun [ Middle English corone , coroun , crune , croun , Old French corone , corune , F. couronne , from Latin corona crown, wreath; akin to Greek korw`nh anything curved, crown; confer also Latin curvus curved, English curve , curb , Gael. cruinn round, W. crwn . Confer Cornice , Corona , Coroner , Coronet .]
1. A wreath or garland, or any ornamental fillet encircling the head, especially as a reward of victory or mark of honorable distinction; hence, anything given on account of, or obtained by, faithful or successful effort; a reward. "An olive branch and laurel crown ." Shak.

They do it to obtain a corruptible crown ; but we an incorruptible.
1 Cor. ix. 25.

Be thou faithful unto death, and I will give thee a crown of life.
Rev. ii. 10.

2. A royal headdress or cap of sovereignty, worn by emperors, kings, princes, etc.

» Nobles wear coronets ; the triple crown of the pope is usually called a tiara . The crown of England is a circle of gold with crosses, fleurs-de-lis, and imperial arches, inclosing a crimson velvet cap, and ornamented with thousands of diamonds and precious stones.

3. The person entitled to wear a regal or imperial crown; the sovereign; -- with the definite article.

Parliament may be dissolved by the demise of the crown .
Blackstone.

Large arrears of pay were due to the civil and military servants of the crown .
Macaulay.

4. Imperial or regal power or dominion; sovereignty.

There is a power behind the crown greater than the crown itself.
Junius.

5. Anything which imparts beauty, splendor, honor, dignity, or finish.

The hoary head is a crown of glory, if it be found in the way of righteousness.
Prov. xvi. 31.

A virtuous woman is a crown to her husband.
Prov. xvi. 4.

6. Highest state; acme; consummation; perfection.

Mutual love, the crown of all our bliss.
Milton.

7. The topmost part of anything; the summit.

The steepy crown of the bare mountains.
Dryden.

8. The topmost part of the head (see Illust. of Bird .); that part of the head from which the hair descends toward the sides and back; also, the head or brain.

From toe to crown he'll fill our skin with pinches.
Shak.

Twenty things which I set down:
This done, I twenty more-had in my crown .
Bunyan.

9. The part of a hat above the brim.

10. (Anat.) The part of a tooth which projects above the gum; also, the top or grinding surface of a tooth.

11. (Architecture) The vertex or top of an arch; -- applied generally to about one third of the curve, but in a pointed arch to the apex only.

12. (Botany) Same as Corona .

13. (Nautical) (a) That part of an anchor where the arms are joined to the shank. (b) The rounding, or rounded part, of the deck from a level line. (c) plural The bights formed by the several turns of a cable. Totten.

14. The upper range of facets in a rose diamond.

15. The dome of a furnace.

16. (Geom.) The area inclosed between two concentric perimeters.

17. (Eccl.) A round spot shaved clean on the top of the head, as a mark of the clerical state; the tonsure.

18. A size of writing paper. See under Paper .

19. A coin stamped with the image of a crown; hence,a denomination of money; as, the English crown , a silver coin of the value of five shillings sterling, or a little more than $1.20; the Danish or Norwegian crown , a money of account, etc., worth nearly twenty-seven cents.

20. An ornaments or decoration representing a crown; as, the paper is stamped with a crown .

Crown of aberration (Astron.) , a spurious circle around the true circle of the sun. -- Crown antler (Zoology) , the topmost branch or tine of an antler; also, an antler having a cuplike top, with tines springing from the rim. -- Crown bar , one of the bars which support the crown sheet of steam-boiler furnace. -- Crown glass . See under Glass . -- Crown imperial . (Botany) See in the Vocabulary. -- Crown jewels , the jewels appertaining to the sovereign while wearing the crown. [ Eng.] "She pawned and set to sale the crown jewels ." Milton. -- Crown land , land belonging to the crown, that is, to the sovereign. -- Crown law , the law which governs criminal prosecutions. [ Eng.] -- Crown lawyer , one employed by the crown, as in criminal cases. [ Eng.] -- Crown octavo . See under Paper . -- Crown office . See in the Vocabulary. -- Crown paper . See under Paper . -- Crown piece . See in the Vocabulary. -- Crown Prince , the heir apparent to a crown or throne. -- Crown saw . See in the Vocabulary. -- Crown scab (Far.) , a cancerous sore formed round the corners of a horse's hoof. -- Crown sheet , the flat plate which forms the top of the furnace or fire box of an internally fired steam boiler. -- Crown shell . (Zoology) See Acorn-shell . -- Crown side . See Crown office . -- Crown tax (Eccl. Hist.) , a golden crown, or its value, which was required annually from the Jews by the king of Syria, in the time of the Maccabees. 1 Macc. x. 20. -- Crown wheel . See in the Vocabulary. -- Crown work . See in the Vocabulary. -- Pleas of the crown (Engl. law) , criminal actions.

Crown (kroun) transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Crowned (kround); present participle & verbal noun Crowning .] [ Middle English coronen , corunen , crunien , crounien , Old French coroner , F. couronner , from Latin coronare , from corona a crown. See Crown , noun ]
1. To cover, decorate, or invest with a crown; hence, to invest with royal dignity and power.

Her who fairest does appear,
Crown her queen of all the year.
Dryden.

Crown him, and say, "Long live our emperor."
Shak.

2. To bestow something upon as a mark of honor, dignity, or recompense; to adorn; to dignify.

Thou . . . hast crowned him with glory and honor.
Ps. viii. 5.

3. To form the topmost or finishing part of; to complete; to consummate; to perfect.

Amidst the grove that crowns yon tufted hill.
Byron.

One day shall crown the alliance.
Shak.

To crown the whole, came a proposition.
Motley.

4. (Mech.) To cause to round upward; to make anything higher at the middle than at the edges, as the face of a machine pulley.

5. (Mil.) To effect a lodgment upon, as upon the crest of the glacis, or the summit of the breach.

To crown a knot (Nautical) , to lay the ends of the strands over and under each other.

Crown colony A colony of the British Empire not having an elective magistracy or a parliament, but governed by a chief magistrate (called Governor) appointed by the Crown, with executive councilors nominated by him and not elected by the people.

Crown office (?f`f?s; 115). (Eng. Law) The criminal branch of the Court of King's or Queen's Bench, commonly called the crown side of the court, which takes cognizance of all criminal cases. Burrill.

Crown side (s?d`). See Crown office .

Crown wheel (hw?l`). [ Named from its resemblance to a crown .] (Machinery) A wheel with cogs or teeth set at right angles to its plane; -- called also a contrate wheel or face wheel .

Crown-imperial noun (Botany) A spring-blooming plant ( Fritillaria imperialis ) of the Lily family, having at the top of the stalk a cluster of pendent bell-shaped flowers surmounted with a tuft of green leaves.

Crown-post noun Same as King-post .

Crown-saw noun [ From its supposed resemblance to a crown .] (Mech.) A saw in the form of a hollow cylinder, with teeth on the end or edge, and operated by a rotative motion.

» The trephine was the first of the class of crownsaws. Knight.

Crowned (kround) past participle & adjective
1. Having or wearing a crown; surmounted, invested, or adorned, with a crown, wreath, garland, etc.; honored; rewarded; completed; consummated; perfected. " Crowned with one crest." Shak. " Crowned with conquest." Milton.

With surpassing glory crowned .
Milton.

2. Great; excessive; supreme. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.

Crowner noun
1. One who, or that which, crowns. Beau. & FL.

2. [ Confer Coroner .] A coroner. [ Prov. Eng. or Scot.]

Crownet noun [ See Crown , Coronet .]


1. A coronet. [ R.] P. Whitehead.

2. The ultimate end and result of an undertaking; a chief end. [ Obsolete]

O this false soul of Egypt! this grave charm . . . .
Whose bosom was my crownet , my chief end.
Shak.

Crownland noun [ German kronland .] In Austria-Hungary, one of the provinces, or largest administrative divisions of the monarchy; as, the crownland of Lower Austria.

Crownless adjective Without a crown.

Crownlet noun A coronet. [ Poetic] Sir W. Scott.

Crownpiece noun (a) A piece or part which passes over the head, as in a bridle. (b) A coin [ In sense (b) properly crown piece .] See Crown , 19.

Crownwork noun (Fort.) A work consisting of two or more bastioned fronts, with their outworks, covering an enceinte, a bridgehead, etc., and connected by wings with the main work or the river bank.

Crows noun plural ; sing. Crow . (Ethnol.) A tribe of Indians of the Dakota stock, living in Montana; -- also called Upsarokas .

Crowstep noun (Architecture) See Corriestep .

Crowstone noun (Architecture) The top stone of the gable end of a house. Halliwell.

Crowth (krouth) noun An ancient musical instrument. See 4th Crowd .

Crowtoe (krō"tō`) noun (Botany)
1. The Lotus corniculatus . Dr. Prior.

2. An unidentified plant, probably the crowfoot. "The tufted crowtoe ." Milton.

Croydon noun [ From Croydon , England.]
1. A kind of carriage like a gig, orig. of wicker-work.

2. A kind of cotton sheeting; also, a calico.

Croylstone (kroil"stōn`) noun (Min.) Crystallized cawk, in which the crystals are small.

Croys (krois) noun See Cross , noun [ Obsolete] Chaucer.

Croze noun [ Confer Cross , and Crosier .] A cooper's tool for making the grooves for the heads of casks, etc.; also, the groove itself.

Crozier noun See Crosier .

Croziered adjective Crosiered.

Crucial adjective [ French crucial , from Latin crux , crucis , cross, torture. See Cross .]
1. Having the form of a cross; appertaining to a cross; cruciform; intersecting; as, crucial ligaments; a crucial incision.

2. Severe; trying or searching, as if bringing to the cross; decisive; as, a crucial test.

Crucian carp (-sh a n k?rp`). [ Confer Swedish karussa , German karausche , F. carousse , - assin , corassin , Late Latin coracinus , Greek ............... a sort of fish.] (Zoology) A kind of European carp ( Carasius vulgaris ), inferior to the common carp; -- called also German carp .

» The gibel or Prussian carp is now generally considered a variety of the crucian carp, or perhaps a hybrid between it and the common carp.