|Crop Crop transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Cropped
(kr?pt); present participle & verbal noun Cropping
.] 1. To cut off the tops or tips of; to bite or pull off; to browse; to pluck; to mow; to reap.
I will crop off from the top of his young twigs a tender one. 2. Fig.: To cut off, as if in harvest.
Ezek. xvii. 22.
Death . . . . crops the growing boys. 3. To cause to bear a crop; as, to crop a field.
Crop Crop intransitive verb To yield harvest. To crop out . (a) (Geol.) To appear above the surface, as a seam or vein, or inclined bed, as of coal. (b) To come to light; to be manifest; to appear; as, the peculiarities of an author crop out . -- To crop up , to sprout; to spring up. "Cares crop up in villas." Beaconsfield.
Crop-ear Crop"-ear` noun A person or animal whose ears are cropped.
Crop-eared Crop"-eared` adjective Having the ears cropped.
Crop-tailed Crop"-tailed` adjective Having the tail cropped.
Cropful Crop"ful adjective Having a full crop or belly; satiated. Milton.
Cropper Crop"per (krŏp"pẽr) noun 1. One that crops. 2. A variety of pigeon with a large crop; a pouter. 3. (Mech.) A machine for cropping, as for shearing off bolts or rod iron, or for facing cloth. 4. A fall on one's head when riding at full speed, as in hunting; hence, a sudden failure or collapse. [ Slang.]
Cropsick Crop"sick` adjective Sick from excess in eating or drinking. [ Obsolete] " Cropsick drunkards." Tate. -- Crop"sick`ness , noun [ Obsolete] Whitlock.
Croquante Cro`quante" noun [ French] A brittle cake or other crisp pastry. Cross transitive verb -- To cross a check (Eng. Banking) , to draw two parallel transverse lines across the face of a check, with or without adding between them the words "and company", with or without the words "not negotiable", or to draw the transverse lines simply, with or without the words "not negotiable" (the check in any of these cases being crossed generally ). Also, to write or print across the face of a check the name of a banker, with or without the words "not negotiable" (the check being then crossed specially ). A check crossed generally is payable only when presented through a bank; one crossed specially, only when presented through the bank mentioned.
Croquet Cro·quet" noun [ From French; confer Walloon croque blow, fillip. French croquet a crisp biscuit, croquer to crunch, from croc a crackling sound, of imitative origin. Croquet then properly meant a smart tap on the ball.] 1. An open-air game in which two or more players endeavor to drive wooden balls, by means of mallets, through a series of hoops or arches set in the ground according to some pattern. 2. The act of croqueting.
Croquet Cro·quet" transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Croqueted (-k?d); present participle & verbal noun Croqueting (-k?"?ng).] In the game of croquet, to drive away an opponent's ball, after putting one's own in contact with it, by striking one's own ball with the mallet.
Croquette Cro·quette" noun [ French, from croquer to crunch.] (Cookery) A ball of minced meat, fowl, rice, or other ingredients, highly seasoned, and fried.
Crore Crore (krōr) noun [ Hind. karor , Sanskrit koti .] Ten millions; as, a crore of rupees (which is nearly $5,000,000). [ East Indies] Malcolm.
Crosier Cro"sier noun [ Middle English rocer , croser , croyser , from croce crosier, Old French croce , croche , F. crosse , from Late Latin crocea , crocia , from the same German or Celtic sourse as French croc hook; akin to English crook .] The pastoral staff of a bishop (also of an archbishop, being the symbol of his office as a shepherd of the flock of God. » The true shape of the crosier was with a hooked or curved top; the archbishop's staff alone bore a cross instead of a crook, and was of exceptional, not of regular form. Skeat.
Crosiered Cro"siered adjective Bearing a crosier.
Croslet Cros"let noun See Crosslet .
(krŏs; 115) noun
[ Middle English crois
; the former from Old French crois
, F. croix
, from Latin crux
; the second is perhaps directly from Prov. cros
. from the same Latin crux
; confer Icelandic kross
. Confer Crucial
.] 1. A gibbet, consisting of two pieces of timber placed transversely upon one another, in various forms, as a T , or +, with the horizontal piece below the upper end of the upright, or as an X . It was anciently used in the execution of criminals.
Nailed to the cross 2. The sign or mark of the cross, made with the finger, or in ink, etc., or actually represented in some material; the symbol of Christ's death; the ensign and chosen symbol of Christianity, of a Christian people, and of Christendom.
By his own nation.
The custom of making the sign of the cross with the hand or finger, as a means of conferring blessing or preserving from evil, is very old.
Before the cross has waned the crescent's ray.
Sir W. Scott.
Tis where the cross is preached. 3. Affiction regarded as a test of patience or virtue; trial; disappointment; opposition; misfortune.
Heaven prepares a good man with crosses . 4. A piece of money stamped with the figure of a cross, also, that side of such a piece on which the cross is stamped; hence, money in general.
I should bear no cross if I did bear you; for I think you have no money in your purse. 5. An appendage or ornament or anything in the form of a cross; a badge or ornamental device of the general shape of a cross; hence, such an ornament, even when varying considerably from that form; thus, the Cross of the British Order of St. George and St. Michael consists of a central medallion with seven arms radiating from it. 6. (Architecture) A monument in the form of a cross, or surmounted by a cross, set up in a public place; as, a market cross ; a boundary cross ; Charing Cross in London.
Dun-Edin's Cross , a pillared stone, 7. (Her.) A common heraldic bearing, of which there are many varieties. See the Illustration, above. 8. The crosslike mark or symbol used instead of a signature by those unable to write.
Rose on a turret octagon.
Sir W. Scott.
Five Kentish abbesses . . . .subscribed their names and crosses . 9. Church lands.
[ Ireland] [ Obsolete] Sir J. Davies. 10. A line drawn across or through another line. 11.
Hence: A mixing of breeds or stock, especially in cattle breeding; or the product of such intermixture; a hybrid of any kind.
Toning down the ancient Viking into a sort of a cross between Paul Jones and Jeremy Diddler. 12. (Surveying) An instrument for laying of offsets perpendicular to the main course. 13. (Mech.) A pipe-fitting with four branches the axes of which usually form's right angle. Cross and pile
, a game with money, at which it is put to chance whether a coin shall fall with that side up which bears the cross, or the other, which is called pile , or reverse ; the game called heads or tails .
-- Cross bottony or bottoné
. See under Bottony .
-- Cross estoilé (Her.)
. a cross, each of whose arms is pointed like the ray of a star; that is, a star having four long points only.
-- Cross of Calvary
. See Calvary , 3.
-- Southern cross
. (Astron.) See under Southern .
-- To do a thing on the cross
, to act dishonestly; -- opposed to acting on the square .
[ Slang] -- To take up the cross
, to bear troubles and afflictions with patience from love to Christ.
(krŏs) adjective 1. Not parallel; lying or falling athwart; transverse; oblique; intersecting.
The cross refraction of the second prism. 2. Not accordant with what is wished or expected; interrupting; adverse; contrary; thwarting; perverse.
Sir I. Newton.
fortune." Jer. Taylor.
The cross and unlucky issue of my design.
The article of the resurrection seems to lie marvelously cross to the common experience of mankind.
We are both love's captives, but with fates so cross , 3. Characterized by, or in a state of, peevishness, fretfulness, or ill humor; as, a cross man or woman.
One must be happy by the other's loss.
He had received a cross answer from his mistress. 4. Made in an opposite direction, or an inverse relation; mutually inverse; interchanged; as, cross interrogatories; cross marriages, as when a brother and sister marry persons standing in the same relation to each other. Cross action (Law)
, an action brought by a party who is sued against the person who has sued him, upon the same subject matter, as upon the same contract. Burrill.
-- Cross aisle (Architecture)
, a transept; the lateral divisions of a cruciform church.
-- Cross axle
. (a) (Machinery) A shaft, windlass, or roller, worked by levers at opposite ends, as in the copperplate printing press. (b) A driving axle, with cranks set at an angle of 90Â° with each other.
-- Cross bedding (Geol.)
, oblique lamination of horizontal beds.
-- Cross bill
. See in the Vocabulary.
-- Cross bitt
. Same as Crosspiece .
-- Cross bond
, a form of bricklaying, in which the joints of one stretcher course come midway between those of the stretcher courses above and below, a course of headers and stretchers intervening. See Bond , noun , 8.
-- Cross breed
. See in the Vocabulary.
-- Cross breeding
. See under Breeding .
-- Cross buttock
, a particular throw in wrestling; hence, an unexpected defeat or repulse. Smollet.
-- Cross country
, across the country; not by the road.
-- Cross fertilization
, the fertilization of the female products of one physiological individual by the male products of another, -- as the fertilization of the ovules of one plant by pollen from another. See Fertilization .
-- Cross file
, a double convex file, used in dressing out the arms or crosses of fine wheels.
-- Cross fire (Mil.)
, lines of fire, from two or more points or places, crossing each other.
-- Cross forked
. (Her.) See under Forked .
-- Cross frog
. See under Frog .
-- Cross furrow
, a furrow or trench cut across other furrows to receive the water running in them and conduct it to the side of the field.
-- Cross handle
, a handle attached transversely to the axis of a tool, as in the augur. Knight.
-- Cross lode (Mining)
, a vein intersecting the true or principal lode.
-- Cross purpose
. See Cross-purpose , in the Vocabulary.
-- Cross reference
, a reference made from one part of a book or register to another part, where the same or an allied subject is treated of.
-- Cross sea (Nautical)
, a chopping sea, in which the waves run in contrary directions.
-- Cross stroke
, a line or stroke across something, as across the letter t .
-- Cross wind
, a side wind; an unfavorable wind.
-- Cross wires
, fine wires made to traverse the field of view in a telescope, and moved by a screw with a graduated head, used for delicate astronomical observations; spider lines. Fixed cross wires are also used in microscopes, etc. Syn.
-- Fretful; peevish. See Fretful
Cross Cross preposition Athwart; across.
[ Archaic or Colloq.]
A fox was taking a walk one night cross a village. To go cross lots
, to go across the fields; to take a short cut.
Cross Cross transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Crossed
(kr?st; 115); present participle & verbal noun Crossing
.] 1. To put across or athwart; to cause to intersect; as, to cross the arms. 2. To lay or draw something, as a line, across; as, to cross the letter t . 3. To pass from one side to the other of; to pass or move over; to traverse; as, to cross a stream.
A hunted hare . . . crosses and confounds her former track. 4. To pass, as objects going in an opposite direction at the same time.
"Your kind letter crossed
mine." J. D. Forbes. 5. To run counter to; to thwart; to obstruct; to hinder; to clash or interfere with.
In each thing give him way; cross him in nothing.
An oyster may be crossed in love. 6. To interfere and cut off; to debar.
To cross me from the golden time I look for. 7. To make the sign of the cross upon; -- followed by the reflexive pronoun; as, he crossed himself. 8. To cancel by marking crosses on or over, or drawing a line across; to erase; -- usually with out , off , or over ; as, to cross out a name. 9. To cause to interbreed; -- said of different stocks or races; to mix the breed of. To cross one's path
, to oppose one's plans. Macaulay.
Cross Cross intransitive verb 1. To lie or be athwart. 2. To move or pass from one side to the other, or from place to place; to make a transit; as, to cross from New York to Liverpool. 3. To be inconsistent.
Men's actions do not always cross with reason. 4. To interbreed, as races; to mix distinct breeds.
Sir P. Sidney.
If two individuals of distinct races cross , a third is invariably produced different from either.
Cross-armed Cross"-armed` adjective With arms crossed.
Cross-banded Cross"-band`ed adjective A term used when a narrow ribbon of veneer is inserted into the surface of any piece of furniture, wainscoting, etc., so that the grain of it is contrary to the general surface.
Cross-bearer Cross"-bear`er noun (R. C. Ch.) A subdeacon who bears a cross before an archbishop or primate on solemn occasions.
Cross-birth Cross"-birth` (-bẽrth`) noun (Medicine) Any preternatural labor, in which the body of the child lies across the pelvis of the mother, so that the shoulder, arm, or trunk is the part first presented at the mouth of the uterus.
Cross-bun Cross"-bun` (-bŭn`) noun A bun or cake marked with a cross, and intended to be eaten on Good Friday.
Cross-buttock Cross"-but`tock noun (Wrestling) A throw in which the wrestler turns his left side to his opponent, places his left leg across both legs of his opponent, and pulls him forward over his hip; hence, an unexpected defeat or repulse.
Cross-crosslet Cross`-cross"let noun (Her.) A cross having the three upper ends crossed, so as to from three small crosses.
Cross-days Cross"-days` noun plural (Eccl.) The three days preceding the Feast of the Ascension.
Cross-examination Cross"-ex·am`i·na"tion noun (Law) The interrogating or questioning of a witness by the party against whom he has been called and examined. See Examination .
Cross-examine Cross"-ex·am"ine transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Cross-examined (-?nd); present participle & verbal noun Cross-examining .] (Law) To examine or question, as a witness who has been called and examined by the opposite party. "The opportunity to cross-examine the witnesses." Kent.
Cross-examiner Cross"-ex·am"in·er noun One who cross-examines or conducts a crosse- examination.
Cross-eye Cross"-eye` noun See Strabismus .
Cross-eyed Cross"-eyed` adjective Affected with strabismus; squint-eyed; squinting.
Cross-fertilize Cross"-fer"ti·lize transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Cross-fertilized ; present participle & verbal noun Cross-fertilizing .] (Botany) To fertilize, as the stigmas of a flower or plant, with the pollen from another individual of the same species.
Cross-garnet Cross"-gar`net noun A hinge having one strap perpendicular and the other strap horizontal giving it the form of an Egyptian or T cross.
Cross-pawl Cross"-pawl` noun (Shipbuilding) Same as Cross-spale .
Cross-purpose Cross"-pur`pose noun 1. A counter or opposing purpose; hence, that which is inconsistent or contradictory. Shaftesbury. 2. plural A conversational game, in which questions and answers are made so as to involve ludicrous combinations of ideas. Pepys. To be at cross-purposes , to misunderstand or to act counter to one another without intending it; -- said of persons.
Cross-question Cross"-ques`tion transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Cross- questioned (-ch?nd) present participle & verbal noun Cross-questioning .] To cross-examine; to subject to close questioning.
Cross-reading Cross"-read`ing noun The reading of the lines of a newspaper directly across the page, instead of down the columns, thus producing a ludicrous combination of ideas.
Cross-spale Cross"-spale` noun [ See Spale & Spall .] (Shipbuilding) One of the temporary wooden braces, placed horizontally across a frame to hold it in position until the deck beams are in; a cross-pawl.
Cross-springer Cross"-spring`er noun (Architecture) One of the ribs in a groined arch, springing from the corners in a diagonal direction. [ See Illustr . of Groined vault .]
Cross-staff Cross"-staff` noun 1. An instrument formerly used at sea for taking the altitudes of celestial bodies. 2. A surveyor's instrument for measuring offsets.
Cross-stitch Cross"-stitch` noun A form of stitch, where the stitches are diagonal and in pairs, the thread of one stitch crossing that of the other. "Tent and cross-stitch ." Sir W. Scott. -- Cross"-stitch` , transitive verb & i.
Cross-stone Cross"-stone` noun (Min.) See Harmotome , and Staurotide .
Cross-tail Cross"-tail` noun (Steam Engine) A bar connecting the ends of the side rods or levers of a backaction or side-lever engine.
Cross-tie Cross"-tie` noun (Railroad) A sleeper supporting and connecting the rails, and holding them in place.
Cross-tining Cross"-tin`ing noun (Agriculture) A mode of harrowing crosswise, or transversely to the ridges. Crabb.
Cross-vaulting Cross"-vault`ing noun (Architecture) Vaulting formed by the intersection of two or more simple vaults.
Cross-week Cross"-week` noun Rogation week, when the cross was borne in processions.
Typ a word and hit `Search`.
The most recent searches on Encyclo. Between brackets you will find the number of results and number of related results.
• apprentice indenture (1)
• Pan Arabic (1)
• Red grouse (6)
• Flavia and Her Artists (1)
• Nitrometer (4)
• Lengthily (5)
• Akibaranger (1)
• espressobrownie (1)
• Aasvogel (2)
• Eulamprotes (1)
• Back derivation (1)
• Disinter (7)
• Uriel (8)
• Sabratha (2)
• bacha nagma (1)
• Agamassan (2)
• Vespa luctuosa (1)
• ramus tentorii (2)
• Ecchi (6)
• Ungrasped (3)
• Bab el Bahr Hotel (1)
• Jana Bach (1)
• Gonzalo Condarco (1)
• Chilla katna (1)