Webster's Dictionary, 1913
[ Latin , from crepare
to crack.] (Medicine) (a) The noise produced by a sudden discharge of wind from the bowels. (b) Same as Crepitation , 2.
Crepon noun [ French] A thin stuff made of the finest wool or silk, or of wool and silk.
(krĕpt), imperfect & past participle of Creep .
Crepuscle (kre*pŭs"s'l), Cre*pus"cule (kre*pŭs"kul) noun [ Latin crepusculum , from creper dusky, dark: confer F. crépuscule .] Twilight. Bailey.
[ Confer French crépusculaire
.] 1. Pertaining to twilight; glimmering; hence, imperfectly clear or luminous.
This semihistorical and crepuscular period. 2. (Zoology) Flying in the twilight or evening, or before sunrise; -- said certain birds and insects.
Sir G. C. Lewis.
Others feed only in the twilight, as bats and owls, and are called crepuscular .
Crepusculine (-lĭn) adjective Crepuscular. [ Obsolete] Sprat.
[ See Crescent
.] Increase; enlargement.
And toward the moon's attractive crescence bend.
Crescendo adjective & adverb
[ Italian , from crescere
to increase. See Crescent
.] (Mus.) With a constantly increasing volume of voice; with gradually increasing strength and fullness of tone; -- a direction for the performance of music, indicated by the mark, or by writing the word on the score.
Crescendo noun (Mus.) (a) A gradual increase in the strength and fullness of tone with which a passage is performed. (b) A passage to be performed with constantly increasing volume of tone.
[ Middle English cressent
, crescent (in sense 1), Old French creissant
increasing, French croissant
, present participle of croître
, Old French creistre
, from Latin crescere
to increase, v. incho.; akin to creare
to create. See Create
, and confer Accrue
.] 1. The increasing moon; the moon in her first quarter, or when defined by a concave and a convex edge; also, applied improperly to the old or decreasing moon in a like state. 2. Anything having the shape of a crescent or new moon. 3. A representation of the increasing moon, often used as an emblem or badge
; as: (a) A symbol of Artemis, or Diana. (b) The ancient symbol of Byzantium or Constantinople.
Hence: (c) The emblem of the Turkish Empire, adopted after the taking of Constantinople.
The cross of our faith is replanted, 4. Any one of three orders of knighthood; the first instituted by Charles I., king of Naples and Sicily, in 1268; the second by René of Anjou, in 1448; and the third by the Sultan Selim III., in 1801, to be conferred upon foreigners to whom Turkey might be indebted for valuable services. Brande & C. 5. (Her.) The emblem of the increasing moon with horns directed upward, when used in a coat of arms; -- often used as a mark of cadency to distinguish a second son and his descendants.
The pale, dying crescent is daunted.
nt) adjective 1. Shaped like a crescent.
Astarte, queen of heaven, with crescent horns. 2. Increasing; growing.
O, I see the crescent promise of my spirit hath not set.
Crescent transitive verb
1. To form into a crescent, or something resembling a crescent. [ R.] Anna Seward. 2. To adorn with crescents.
Crescentic (krĕs*sĕn"tĭk) adjective Crescent-shaped. " Crescentic lobes." R. Owen.
Crescentwise (krĕs"s e nt*wīz`) adverb In the form of a crescent; like a crescent. Tennyson.
[ Latin crescere
to increase.] Increasing; growing.
Unseen, yet crescive in his faculty.
[ From Creosote
.] (Chemistry) Any one of three metameric substances, CH 3 .C 6 H 4 .OH, homologous with and resembling phenol. They are obtained from coal tar and wood tar, and are colorless, oily liquids or solids. [ Called also cresylic acid .]
Cresorcin noun (Chemistry) Same as Isorcin .
; plural Cresses
(krĕs"ĕz). [ Middle English ces
, Anglo-Saxon cresse
; akin to Dutch kers
, German kresse
, Danish karse
, Swedish krasse
, and possibly also to Old High German chresan
to creep.] (Botany) A plant of various species, chiefly cruciferous. The leaves have a moderately pungent taste, and are used as a salad and antiscorbutic.
» The garden cress, called also peppergrass
, is the Lepidium sativum
; the water cress is the Nasturtium officinale
. Various other plants are sometimes called cresses
To strip the brook with mantling cresses spread. Bitter cress
. See under Bitter .
-- Not worth a cress
, or " not worth a kers ." a common old proverb, now turned into the meaningless " not worth a curse ." Skeat.
Cresselle noun [ French crécelle rattle.] (Eccl.) A wooden rattle sometimes used as a substitute for a bell, in the Roman Catholic church, during the latter part of Holy Week, or the last week of Lent.
[ Old French crasset
, sort of lamp or torch; perhaps of Dutch or German origin, and akin to English cruse
, French creuset
crucible, E. crucible
.] 1. An open frame or basket of iron, filled with combustible material, to be burned as a beacon; an open lamp or firrepan carried on a pole in nocturnal processions.
Starry lamps and blazing cressets , fed
With naphtha and asphaltus.
As a cresset true that darts its length 2. (Coopering) A small furnace or iron cage to hold fire for charring the inside of a cask, and making the staves flexible. Knight.
Of beamy luster from a tower of strength.
(krĕs"ȳ) adjective Abounding in cresses.
The cressy islets white in flower.
[ Old French creste
, French crête
, Latin crista
.] 1. A tuft, or other excrescence or natural ornament, growing on an animal's head; the comb of a cock; the swelling on the head of a serpent; the lengthened feathers of the crown or nape of bird, etc. Darwin.
[ Attack] his rising crest , and drive the serpent back. 2. The plume of feathers, or other decoration, worn on a helmet; the distinctive ornament of a helmet, indicating the rank of the wearer; hence, also, the helmet.
Stooping low his lofty crest .
Sir W. Scott.
And on his head there stood upright 3. (Her.) A bearing worn, not upon the shield, but usually above it, or separately as an ornament for plate, liveries, and the like. It is a relic of the ancient cognizance. See Cognizance , 4. 4. The upper curve of a horse's neck.
A crest , in token of a knight.
Throwing the base thong from his bending crest . 5. The ridge or top of a wave.
Like wave with crest of sparkling foam. 6. The summit of a hill or mountain ridge. 7. The helm or head, as typical of a high spirit; pride; courage.
Sir W. Scott.
Now the time is come 8. (Architecture) The ornamental finishing which surmounts the ridge of a roof, canopy, etc.
That France must vail her lofty plumed crest .
The finials of gables and pinnacles are sometimes called crests . 9. (Engineering) The top line of a slope or embankment. Crest tile
, a tile made to cover the ridge of a roof, fitting upon it like a saddle.
-- Interior crest (Fort.)
, the highest line of the parapet.
Crest transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Crested
; present participle & verbal noun Cresting
.] 1. To furnish with, or surmount as, a crest; to serve as a crest for.
His legs bestrid the ocean, his reared arm
Crested the world.
Mid groves of clouds that crest the mountain's brow. 2. To mark with lines or streaks, like, or regarded as like, waving plumes.
Like as the shining sky in summer's night, . . .
Is crested with lines of fiery light.
Crest (krĕst) intransitive verb To form a crest.
(krĕst"ĕd) adjective 1. Having a crest.
But laced crested helm. 2. (Zoology) Having a crest of feathers or hair upon the head.
bird." Dryden. 3. (Bott.) Bearing any elevated appendage like a crest, as an elevated line or ridge, or a tuft. Gray.
Crestfallen adjective 1. With hanging head; hence, dispirited; dejected; cowed.
Let it make thee crestfullen ; 2. Having the crest, or upper part of the neck, hanging to one side; -- said of a horse.
Ay, and allay this thy abortive pride.
Cresting noun (Architecture) An ornamental finish on the top of a wall or ridge of a roof.
Crestless adjective Without a crest or escutcheon; of low birth. " Crestless yeomen." Shak.
[ From Creosote
.] (Chemistry) Pertaining to, or derived from, cresol, creosote, etc. Cresylic acid
. (Chemistry) See Cresol .
[ Latin cretaceus
, from creta
chalk. See Crayon
.] Having the qualities of chalk; abounding with chalk; chalky; as, cretaceous rocks and formations. See Chalk . Cretaceous acid
, an old name for carbonic acid.
-- Cretaceous formation (Geol.)
, the series of strata of various kinds, including beds of chalk, green sand, etc., formed in the Cretaceous period; -- called also the chalk formation . See the Diagram under Geology .
-- Cretaceous period (Geol.)
, the time in the latter part of the Mesozoic age during which the Cretaceous formation was deposited.
Cretaceous adjective Also Cre*tac"ic (Geol.) Of, pertaining to, or designating, the period of time following the Jurassic and preceding the Eocene.
Cretaceously adverb In a chalky manner; as chalk.
Cretan (krē"t a n) adjective Pertaining to Crete, or Candia. -- noun A native or inhabitant of Crete or Candia.
Crete (krēt) noun [ Latin Cres , Cretis .] A Cretan
n) adjective & noun See Cretan .
Cretic (krē"tĭk) noun [ Latin Creticus (sc. pes foot), Greek Kritiko`s (sc. poy`s foot), prop., a Cretan (metrical) foot.] (Gr. & Lat. Pros.) A poetic foot, composed of one short syllable between two long ones (- ⌣ -). Bentley.
Creticism (-tĭ*sĭz'm) noun Falsehood; lying; cretism.
Cretin (krē"tĭn) noun [ French crétin ; of uncertain origin.] One afflicted with cretinism.
Cretinism (krē"tĭn*ĭz'm) noun [ French crétinisme .] A condition of endemic or inherited idiocy, accompanied by physical degeneracy and deformity (usually with goiter), frequent in certain mountain valleys, esp. of the Alps.
Cretinous (-ŭs) adjective Having the characteristics of a cretin. " Cretinous stupefaction." Ruskin.
Cretism (krē"tĭz'm) noun [ Greek ............... lying, from ............... to act like a Cretan, that is, to lie. "The Cretians are always liars." Titus i. 12. ] A Cretan practice; lying; a falsehood.
Cretonne noun [ French, gr. Creton , its first manufacturer.]
1. A strong white fabric with warp of hemp and weft of flax. 2. A fabric with cotton warp and woolen weft. 3. A kind of chintz with a glossy surface.
Cretose adjective [ Latin cretosus , from creta chalk.] Chalky; cretaceous. [ Obsolete] Ash.
(kroit"sẽr) noun See Kreutzer .
Creux noun [ French, adj. , hollow, noun , a hollow.] Used in English only in the expression en creux . Thus, engraving en creux is engraving in intaglio, or by sinking or hollowing out the design.
[ Prob. of same origin as cavally
. See Cavally
.] (Zoology) (a) The cavally or jurel.
, and Jurel
. (b) The pompano ( Trachynotus Carolinus ).
[ French See Crevice
.] 1. A deep crevice or fissure, as in embankment; one of the clefts or fissure by which the mass of a glacier is divided. 2. A breach in the levee or embankment of a river, caused by the pressure of the water, as on the lower Mississippi.
[ Confer Creut
.] A crucible or melting pot; a cruset. Crabb.
[ Middle English crevace
. F. crevasse
, from crever
to break, burst, from Latin crepare
to crack,break. Confer Craven
.] A narrow opening resulting from a split or crack or the separation of a junction; a cleft; a fissure; a rent.
Behind the moldering wainscot, shrieked,
Or from the crevice peered about.
Crevice transitive verb To crack; to flaw. [ R.] Sir H. Wotton.