Webster's Dictionary, 1913
; plural Craftsmen
n). One skilled in some trade or manual occupation; an artificer; a mechanic.
Craftsmanship noun The work of a craftsman.
Craftsmaster noun One skilled in his craft or trade; one of superior cunning.
In cunning persuasion his craftsmaster .
[ Anglo-Saxon cr...ftig
.] 1. Relating to, or characterized by, craft or skill; dexterous.
[ Obsolete] " Crafty
work." Piers Plowman. 2. Possessing dexterity; skilled; skillful.
A noble crafty man of trees. 3. Skillful at deceiving others; characterized by craft; cunning; wily.
"A pair of crafty
With anxious care and crafty wiles. Syn.
-- Skillful; dexterous; cunning; artful; wily; sly; fraudulent; deceitful; subtle; shrewd. See Cunning
[ W. craig
; akin to Gael. creag
, Corn. karak
, Armor. karrek
.] 1. A steep, rugged rock; a rough, broken cliff, or point of a rock, on a ledge.
From crag to crag the signal flew. 2. (Geol.) A partially compacted bed of gravel mixed with shells, of the Tertiary age.
Sir W. Scott.
[ A form of craw
: confer D. kraag
neck, collar, G. kragen
. See Craw
.] 1. The neck or throat
And bear the crag so stiff and so state. 2. The neck piece or scrag of mutton. Johnson.
(-gĕd) adjective Full of crags, or steep, broken rocks; abounding with prominences, points, and inequalities; rough; rugged.
Into its cragged rents descend.
Craggedness noun The quality or state of being cragged; cragginess.
Cragginess noun The state of being craggy.
Craggy (krăg"gȳ) adjective Full of crags; rugged with projecting points of rocks; as, the craggy side of a mountain. "The craggy ledge." Tennyson.
; plural Cragsmen
(- m e
n). One accustomed to climb rocks or crags; esp., one who makes a business of climbing the cliffs overhanging the sea to get the eggs of sea birds or the birds themselves.
(krā) noun See Crare .
(krāg" floun`dẽr). [ Scot. craig
a rock. See 1st Crag
.] (Zoology) The pole flounder.
[ See Creel
.] A creel or osier basket.
(krāk) transitive verb & i.
[ See Crack
.] 1. To cry out harshly and loudly, like the bird called crake . 2. To boast; to speak loudly and boastfully.
Each man may crake of that which was his own.
Mir. for Mag.
Crake noun A boast. See Crack , noun
[ Obsolete] Spenser.
[ Confer Icelandic krāka
raven, Swedish kråka
, Dan. krage
; perhaps of imitative origin. Confer Crow
.] (Zoology) Any species or rail of the genera Crex and Porzana ; -- so called from its singular cry. See Corncrake .
Craker noun One who boasts; a braggart. [ Obsolete] Old Play.
(krăm) transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Crammed
(krămd); present participle & verbal noun Cramming
.] [ Anglo-Saxon crammian
to cram; akin to Icelandic kremja
to squeeze, bruise, Swedish krama
to press. Confer Cramp
.] 1. To press, force, or drive, particularly in filling, or in thrusting one thing into another; to stuff; to crowd; to fill to superfluity; as, to cram anything into a basket; to cram a room with people.
Their storehouses crammed with grain.
He will cram his brass down our throats. 2. To fill with food to satiety; to stuff.
Children would be freer from disease if they were not crammed so much as they are by fond mothers.
Cram us with praise, and make us 3. To put hastily through an extensive course of memorizing or study, as in preparation for an examination; as, a pupil is crammed by his tutor.
As fat as tame things.
Cram intransitive verb 1. To eat greedily, and to satiety; to stuff.
Gluttony . . . . 2. To make crude preparation for a special occasion, as an examination, by a hasty and extensive course of memorizing or study.
Crams , and blasphemes his feeder.
1. The act of cramming. 2. Information hastily memorized; as, a cram from an examination. [ Colloq.] 3. (Weaving) A warp having more than two threads passing through each dent or split of the reed.
[ Confer Cramp
, difficult.] 1. A game in which one person gives a word, to which another finds a rhyme.
I saw in one corner . . . a cluster of men and women, diverting themselves with a game at crambo . I heard several double rhymes . . . which raised a great deal of mirth. 2. A word rhyming with another word.
His similes in order set Dumb crambo
And every crambo he could get.
, a game in which one party of players give a word which rhymes with another, which last to be guessed by the opposing party, who represent in dumb show what they think it to be.
Crammer (krăm"mẽr) noun One who crams; esp., one who prepares a pupil hastily for an examination, or a pupil who is thus prepared. Dickens.
Cramoisie, Cramoisy adjective
[ French cramoisi
crimson. See Crimson
A splendid seignior, magnificent in cramoisy velevet.
[ Middle English crampe
; akin to D. & Swedish kramp
, Danish krampe
, German krampf
(whence French crampe
), Icelandic krappr
strait, narrow, and to English crimp
; confer cram
. See Grape
.] 1. That which confines or contracts; a restraint; a shackle; a hindrance.
A narrow fortune is a cramp to a great mind.
Crippling his pleasures with the cramp of fear. 2. (Masonry) A device, usually of iron bent at the ends, used to hold together blocks of stone, timbers, etc.; a cramp iron. 3. (Carp.) A rectangular frame, with a tightening screw, used for compressing the joints of framework, etc. 4. A piece of wood having a curve corresponding to that of the upper part of the instep, on which the upper leather of a boot is stretched to give it the requisite shape. 5. (Medicine) A spasmodic and painful involuntary contraction of a muscle or muscles, as of the leg.
The cramp , divers nights, gripeth him in his legs. Cramp bone
Sir T. More.
, the patella of a sheep; -- formerly used as a charm for the cramp. Halliwell.
"He could turn cramp bones
into chess men." Dickens.
-- Cramp ring
, a ring formerly supposed to have virtue in averting or curing cramp, as having been consecrated by one of the kings of England on Good Friday.
Cramp transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Cramped
(kr...mt; 215); present participle & verbal noun Cramping
.] 1. To compress; to restrain from free action; to confine and contract; to hinder.
The mind my be as much cramped by too much knowledge as by ignorance. 2. To fasten or hold with, or as with, a cramp. 3.
Hence, to bind together; to unite.
The . . . fabric of universal justic is well cramped and bolted together in all its parts. 4. To form on a cramp; as, to cramp boot legs. 5. To afflict with cramp.
When the gout cramps my joints. To cramp the wheels of wagon
, to turn the front wheels out of line with the hind wheels, so that one of them shall be against the body of the wagon.
[ See Cramp
] Knotty; difficult.
Care being taken not to add any of the cramp reasons for this opinion.
Cramp noun (Medicine) A paralysis of certain muscles due to excessive use; as, writer's cramp ; milker's cramp , etc.
(?`rn). See Cramp , noun , 2.
[ See Cramp
] (Mil.) A cramp iron or cramp ring; a chape, as of a scabbard.
[ Written also crampit
Crampet noun One of the plates of iron, with attached spikes, forming a pair of crampoons ; hence (Curling) , an iron plate for a player to stand on when delivering the stones.
Crampfish noun (Zoology) The torpedo, or electric ray, the touch of which gives an electric shock. See Electric fish , and Torpedo .
(krăm"pĭt) noun (Mil.) See Crampet .
[ French See Crampoons
.] (Botany) An aërial rootlet for support in climbing, as of ivy.
[ French cramponné
. See Crampoons
.] (Her.) Having a cramp or square piece at the end; -- said of a cross so furnished.
(krăm*pōnz") noun plural
[ French crampon
, from Old High German chramph
crooked; akin to German krampf
cramp. See Cramp
, and confer Crampon
.] 1. A clutch formed of hooked pieces of iron, like double calipers, for raising stones, lumber, blocks of ice, etc. 2. Iron instruments with sharp points, worn on the shoes to assist in gaining or keeping a foothold.
1. Affected with cramp. 2. Productive of, or abounding in, cramps. "This crampy country." Howitt.
Cran (krăn), Crane (krān) , noun [ Scot., from Gael. crann .] A measure for fresh herrings, -- as many as will fill a barrel. [ Scot.] H. Miller.
[ See Crane
.] 1. The liberty of using a crane, as for loading and unloading vessels. 2. The money or price paid for the use of a crane.
; plural Cranberries
(- rĭz). [ So named from its fruit being ripe in the spring when the cranes
return. Dr. Prior.
] (Botany) A red, acid berry, much used for making sauce, etc.; also, the plant producing it (several species of Vaccinum or Oxycoccus .) The high cranberry or cranberry tree is a species of Viburnum ( V. Opulus ), and the other is sometimes called low cranberry or marsh cranberry to distinguish it.
Cranch transitive verb See Craunch .
Crandall (krăn"d a l) noun [ Prob. from Crandall , a proper name.] (Stonecutting) A kind of hammer having a head formed of a group of pointed steel bars, used for dressing ashlar, etc. -- transitive verb To dress with a crandall.
[ Anglo-Saxon cran
; akin to D. & LG. craan
, G. kranich
(this in sense 2), Greek ge`ranos
, Latin grus
, W. & Armor. garan
, OSlav. zeravĭ
, Lithuanian gerve
, Icelandic trani
, Swedish trana
, Danish trane
. √24. Confer Geranium
.] 1. (Zoology) A wading bird of the genus Grus , and allied genera, of various species, having a long, straight bill, and long legs and neck.
» The common European crane is Grus cinerea
. The sand-hill crane ( G. Mexicana
) and the whooping crane ( G. Americana
) are large American species. The Balearic or crowned crane is Balearica pavonina
. The name is sometimes erroneously applied to the herons and cormorants. 2. A machine for raising and lowering heavy weights, and, while holding them suspended, transporting them through a limited lateral distance. In one form it consists of a projecting arm or jib of timber or iron, a rotating post or base, and the necessary tackle, windlass, etc.; -- so called from a fancied similarity between its arm and the neck of a crane See Illust. of Derrick . 3. An iron arm with horizontal motion, attached to the side or back of a fireplace, for supporting kettles, etc., over a fire. 4. A siphon, or bent pipe, for drawing liquors out of a cask. 5. (Nautical) A forked post or projecting bracket to support spars, etc., -- generally used in pairs. See Crotch , 2. Crane fly (Zoology)
, a dipterous insect with long legs, of the genus Tipula .
-- Derrick crane
. See Derrick .
-- Gigantic crane
. (Zoology) See Adjutant , noun , 3.
-- Traveling crane
, Traveler crane
, Traversing crane (Machinery)
, a crane mounted on wheels; esp., an overhead crane consisting of a crab or other hoisting apparatus traveling on rails or beams fixed overhead, as in a machine shop or foundry.
-- Water crane
, a kind of hydrant with a long swinging spout, for filling locomotive tenders, water carts, etc., with water.
(krān) transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Craned
(krānd); present participle & verbal noun Craning
.] 1. To cause to rise; to raise or lift, as by a crane; -- with up .
What engines, what instruments are used in craning up a soul, sunk below the center, to the highest heavens.
An upstart craned up to the height he has. 2. To stretch, as a crane stretches its neck; as, to crane the neck disdainfully. G. Eliot.
crane intransitive verb to reach forward with head and neck, in order to see better; as, a hunter cranes forward before taking a leap. Beaconsfield. Thackeray.
The passengers eagerly craning forward over the bulwarks.
1. Any arm which swings about a vertical axis at one end, used for supporting a suspended weight. 2. (Zoology) The American blue heron ( Ardea herodias ). [ Local, U. S.]
1. (Botany) The geranium; -- so named from the long axis of the fruit, which resembles the beak of a crane. Dr. Prior. 2. (Surg.) A pair of long-beaked forceps.
Crania noun [ New Latin ] (Zoology) A genus of living Brachiopoda; -- so called from its fancied resemblance to the cranium or skull.