Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Cranial adjective (Anat.) Of or pertaining to the cranium.
Cranioclasm noun [ Cranium + Greek ......... to break.] (Medicine) The crushing of a child's head, as with the cranioclast or craniotomy forceps in cases of very difficult delivery. Dunglison.
Cranioclast noun (Medicine) An instrument for crushing the head of a fetus, to facilitate delivery in difficult eases.
Craniofacial adjective Of or pertaining to the cranium and face; as, the craniofacial angle.
Craniognomy noun [ Cranium + Greek ............, ................ to know.] The science of the form and characteristics of the skull. [ R.]
Craniological adjective Of or pertaining to craniology.
Craniologist noun One proficient in craniology; a phrenologist.
Craniology noun [ Cranium + -logy .] The department of science (as of ethnology or archæology) which deals with the shape, size, proportions, indications, etc., of skulls; the study of skulls.
Craniometer noun [ Cranium + -meter .] An instrument for measuring the size of skulls.
Craniometric (-?-m?t"r?k), Cra`ni*o*met"ric*al (-r?-k a l) adjective Pertaining to craniometry.
Craniometry noun The art or act of measuring skulls.
Cranioscopist noun One skilled in, or who practices, cranioscopy.
It was found of equal dimension in a literary man whose skull puzzied the cranioscopists .
Cranioscopy noun [ Cranium + -scopy .] Scientific examination of the cranium.
Craniota noun plural [ New Latin , from cranium .] (Zoology) A comprehensive division of the Vertebrata, including all those that have a skull.
Craniotomy noun [ Cranium + Greek ............ to cut off.] (Medicine) The operation of opening the fetal head, in order to effect delivery.
(-...mz), Latin Crania
(-...). [ New Latin , from Greek ............; akin to ka`ra
head.] The skull of an animal; especially, that part of the skull, either cartilaginous or bony, which immediately incloses the brain; the brain case or brainpan. See Skull .
[ Middle English cranke
; akin to E. cringe
, and to crank
, the root meaning, probably, "to turn, twist." See Cringe
.] 1. (Machinery) A bent portion of an axle, or shaft, or an arm keyed at right angles to the end of a shaft, by which motion is imparted to or received from it; also used to change circular into reciprocating motion, or reciprocating into circular motion. See Bell crank . 2. Any bend, turn, or winding, as of a passage.
So many turning cranks these have, so many crooks. 3. A twist or turn in speech; a conceit consisting in a change of the form or meaning of a word.
Quips, and cranks , and wanton wiles. 4. A twist or turn of the mind; caprice; whim; crotchet; also, a fit of temper or passion.
[ Prov. Eng.]
Violent of temper; subject to sudden cranks . 5. A person full of crotchets; one given to fantastic or impracticable projects; one whose judgment is perverted in respect to a particular matter.
[ Colloq.] 6. A sick person; an invalid.
Thou art a counterfeit crank , a cheater. Crank axle (Machinery)
, a driving axle formed with a crank or cranks, as in some kinds of locomotives.
-- Crank pin (Machinery)
, the cylindrical piece which forms the handle, or to which the connecting rod is attached, at the end of a crank, or between the arms of a double crank.
-- Crank shaft
, a shaft bent into a crank, or having a crank fastened to it, by which it drives or is driven.
-- Crank wheel
, a wheel acting as a crank, or having a wrist to which a connecting rod is attached.
[ Anglo-Saxon cranc
weak ; akin to Icelandic krangr
, D. & German krank
sick, weak (cf. Dutch krengen
to careen). Confer Crank
] 1. Sick; infirm.
[ Prov. Eng.] 2. (Nautical) Liable to careen or be overset, as a ship when she is too narrow, or has not sufficient ballast, or is loaded too high, to carry full sail. 3. Full of spirit; brisk; lively; sprightly; overconfident; opinionated.
He who was, a little before, bedrid, . . . was now crank and lusty.
If you strong electioners did not think you were among the elect, you would not be so crank about it.
Crank intransitive verb
[ See Crank
] To run with a winding course; to double; to crook; to wind and turn.
See how this river comes me cranking in.
Crankbird noun (Zoology) A small European woodpecker ( Picus minor ).
Cranked adjective Formed with, or having, a bend or crank; as, a cranked axle.
Crankiness noun Crankness. Lowell.
Crankle transitive verb
[ Confer Crinkle
.] To break into bends, turns, or angles; to crinkle.
Old Veg's stream . . . drew her humid train aslope,
Crankling her banks.
Crankle intransitive verb To bend, turn, or wind.
Along the crankling path.
Crankle noun A bend or turn; a twist; a crinkle.
1. (Nautical) Liability to be overset; - - said of a ship or other vessel. 2. Sprightliness; vigor; health.
1. Full of spirit; crank. 2. Addicted to crotchets and whims; unreasonable in opinions; crotchety. [ Colloq.] 3. Unsteady; easy to upset; crank.
Crannied adjective Having crannies, chinks, or fissures; as, a crannied wall. Tennyson.
(kr?n"n?j) , noun
[ From Celtic; confer Gael. crann
a tree.] One of the stockaded islands in Scotland and Ireland which in ancient times were numerous in the lakes of both countries. They may be regarded as the very latest class of prehistoric strongholds, reaching their greatest development in early historic times, and surviving through the Middle Ages. See also Lake dwellings , under Lake . Encyc. Brit.
; plural Crannies
(- nĭz). [ French cran
notch, probably from Latin crena
(a doubful word).] 1. A small, narrow opening, fissure, crevice, or chink, as in a wall, or other substance.
In a firm building, the cavities ought not to be filled with rubbish, but with brick or stone fitted to the crannies .
He peeped into every cranny . 2. (Glass Making) A tool for forming the necks of bottles, etc.
Cranny intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Crannied
(-n?d); present participle & verbal noun Crannying
.] 1. To crack into, or become full of, crannies.
The ground did cranny everywhere. 2. To haunt, or enter by, crannies.
All tenantless, save to the crannying wind.
[ Perh. for cranky
. See Crank
] Quick; giddy; thoughtless.
[ Prov. Eng.] Halliwell.
Crantara noun [ Gael. cranntara .] The fiery cross, used as a rallying signal in the Highlands of Scotland.
[ Confer Dutch krans
, G. kranz
.] A garland carried before the bier of a maiden.
Yet here she is allowed her virgin crants , Her maiden strewments.
Crap (krăp) noun In the game of craps, a first throw of the dice in which the total is two, three, or twelve, in which case the caster loses.
Crap shooting Same as Craps .
Crapaud noun [ Written also crapawd , crapald , crepaud , etc.] [ French crapaud .]
1. A toad. [ Obsolete] 2. ( Pronounced krȧ`pō") As a proper name, Johnny Crapaud , or Crapaud , a nickname for a Frenchman.
Crapaudine adjective [ French, noun ] (Architecture) Turning on pivots at the top and bottom; -- said of a door.
Crapaudine noun [ French] (Far.) An ulcer on the coronet of a horse. Bailey.
[ French crêpe
, from Latin crispus
curled, crisped. See Crisp
.] A thin, crimped stuff, made of raw silk gummed and twisted on the mill. Black crape is much used for mourning garments, also for the dress of some clergymen.
A saint in crape is twice a saint in lawn. Crape myrtle (Botany)
, a very ornamental shrub ( Lagerströmia Indica ) from the East Indies, often planted in the Southern United States. Its foliage is like that of the myrtle, and the flower has wavy crisped petals.
-- Oriental crape
. See Canton crape .
Crape transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Craped
(krāpt); present participle & verbal noun Craping
.] [ French crêper
, from Latin crispare
to curl, crisp, from crispus
. See Crape
] To form into ringlets; to curl; to crimp; to friz; as, to crape the hair; to crape silk.
The hour for curling and craping the hair.
Crapefish noun Salted codfish hardened by pressure. Kane.
Crapnel noun A hook or drag; a grapnel.
Crappie noun (Zoology) A kind of fresh-water bass of the genus Pomoxys , found in the rivers of the Southern United States and Mississippi valley. There are several species. [ Written also croppie .]
[ See Graple
.] A claw.
Craps noun A gambling game with dice. [ Local, U.S.]
[ Latin crapula
intoxication.] Same as Crapulence .
Crapulence noun The sickness occasioned by intemperance; surfeit. Bailey.
Crapulent adjective [ Latin crapulentus , crapulosus : confer F. crapuleux .] Surcharged with liquor; sick from excessive indulgence in liquor; drunk; given to excesses. [ R.]
Crapy adjective Resembling crape.