Webster's Dictionary, 1913

Search Webster
Word starts with Word or meaning contains
Crare noun [ Old French craier , creer , croyer , ship of war, Late Latin craiera , creyera , perhaps from German krieger warrior, or Dutch krijger .] A slow unwieldy trading vessel. [ Obsolete] [ Written also crayer , cray , and craie .] Shak.

Crase transitive verb [ See Craze .] To break in pieces; to crack. [ Obsolete] "The pot was crased ." Chaucer.

Crash (krăsh> ) transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Crashed (krăsht); present participle & verbal noun Crashing .] [ Middle English crashen , the same word as crasen to break, English craze . See Craze .] To break in pieces violently; to dash together with noise and violence. [ R.]

He shakt his head, and crasht his teeth for ire.

Crash intransitive verb
1. To make a loud, clattering sound, as of many things falling and breaking at once; to break in pieces with a harsh noise.

Roofs were blazing and walls crashing in every part of the city.

2. To break with violence and noise; as, the chimney in falling crashed through the roof.

Crash noun
1. A loud, sudden, confused sound, as of many things falling and breaking at once.

The wreck of matter and the crash of worlds.

2. Ruin; failure; sudden breaking down, as of a business house or a commercial enterprise.

Crash noun [ Latin crassus coarse. See Crass .] Coarse, heavy, narrow linen cloth, used esp. for towels.

Crashing noun The noise of many things falling and breaking at once.

There shall be . . . a great crashing from the hills.
Zeph. i. 10.

Crasis noun [ Late Latin , temperament, from Greek ............, from ............ to mix.]
1. (Medicine) A mixture of constituents, as of the blood; constitution; temperament.

2. (Gram.) A contraction of two vowels (as the final and initial vowels of united words) into one long vowel, or into a diphthong; synæresis; as, cogo for coago .

Craspedota noun plural [ New Latin , from Greek ............ to be bordered or edged.] (Zoology) The hydroid or naked-eyed medusæ. See Hydroidea .

Craspedote adjective (Zoology) Of or pertaining to the Craspedota.

Crass adjective [ Latin crassus thick, fat, gross, probably orig., closely woven. See Grease animal fat, and confer Crate , Hurdle .] Gross; thick; dense; coarse; not elaborated or refined. " Crass and fumid exhalations." Sir. T. Browne. " Crass ignorance" Cudworth.

Crassament (kr?s"s?-m e nt), Cras`sa*men"tum (-m?n"t?m) noun [ Latin crassamentum , from crassare to make thick. See Crass , adjective ] A semisolid mass or clot, especially that formed in coagulation of the blood.

Crassiment noun See Crassament .

Crassitude noun [ Latin crassitudo .] Grossness; coarseness; thickness; density. Bacon.

Crassness noun Grossness. [ Obsolete] Glanvill.

Crastination noun [ Latin crastinus of to-morrow, from cras to-morrow.] Procrastination; a putting off till to-morrow. [ Obsolete]

Cratch noun [ Middle English cracche , crecche , French crèche crib, manger, from Old High German krippa , krippea , German krippe crib. See Crib .] A manger or open frame for hay; a crib; a rack. [ Obsolete]

Begin from first where He encradled was,
In simple cratch , wrapt in a wad of hay.

Cratch cradle , a representation of the figure of the cratch, made upon the fingers with a string; cat's cradle; -- called also scratch cradle .

Crate noun [ Latin cratis hurdle; perhaps akin to E. cradle . See Hurdle , and confer Crate a framework.]
1. A large basket or hamper of wickerwork, used for the transportation of china, crockery, and similar wares.

2. A box or case whose sides are of wooden slats with interspaces, -- used especially for transporting fruit.

Crate transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Crated ; present participle & verbal noun Crating .] To pack in a crate or case for transportation; as, to crate a sewing machine; to crate peaches.

Crater noun [ Latin crater , cratera , a mixing vessel, the mouth of a volcano, Greek krath`r , from keranny`nai to mix; confer Sanskrit çrī to mix, çir to cook, çrā to cook. Confer Grail , in Holy Grail .]
1. The basinlike opening or mouth of a volcano, through which the chief eruption comes; similarly, the mouth of a geyser, about which a cone of silica is often built up.

2. (Mil.) The pit left by the explosion of a mine.

3. (Astron.) A constellation of the southen hemisphere; -- called also the Cup .

Crateriform adjective [ Latin cratera + -form .] (Botany) Having the form of a shallow bowl; -- said of a corolla.

Craterous adjective Pertaining to, or resembling, a crater. [ R.] R. Browning.

Cratægus noun [ New Latin , from Greek krataigo`s .] (Botany) A genus of small, hardy trees, including the hawthorn, much used for ornamental purposes.

Craunch transitive verb & i. [ imperfect & past participle Craunched (kr?ncht); present participle & verbal noun Craunching .] [ See Crunch .] To crush with the teeth; to chew with violence and noise; to crunch. Swift.

Cravat noun [ French cravate , from Cravate a Croat, an inhabitant of Croatia, one of a body of Austrian troops, from whom, in 1636, this article of dress was adopted in France.] A neckcloth; a piece of silk, fine muslin, or other cloth, worn by men about the neck.

While his wig was combed and his cravat tied.

Cravatted adjective Wearing a cravat.

The young men faultlessly appointed, handsomely cravatted .

Crave (krāv) transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Craved (krāvd); p pr. & verbal noun Craving .] [ Anglo-Saxon crafian ; akin to Icelandic krefja , Swedish kräfva , Dan. kræve .]
1. To ask with earnestness or importunity; to ask with submission or humility; to beg; to entreat; to beseech; to implore.

I crave your honor's pardon.

Joseph . . . went in boldly unto Pilate, and craved the body of Jesus.
Mark xv. 43.

2. To call for, as a gratification; to long for; hence, to require or demand; as, the stomach craves food.

His path is one that eminently craves weary walking.
Edmund Gurney.

Syn. -- To ask; seek; beg; beseech; implore; entreat; solicit; request; supplicate; adjure.

Crave intransitive verb To desire strongly; to feel an insatiable longing; as, a craving appetite.

Once one may crave for love.

Craven adjective [ Middle English cravant , cravaunde , Old French cravant... struck down, past participle of cravanter , crevanter , to break, crush, strike down, from an assumed Late Latin crepantare , from Latin crepans , present participle of crepare to break, crack, rattle. Confer Crevice , Crepitate .] Cowardly; fainthearted; spiritless. "His craven heart." Shak.

The poor craven bridegroom said never a word.
Sir. W. Scott.

In craven fear of the sarcasm of Dorset.

Craven noun [ Formerly written also cravant and cravent .] A recreant; a coward; a weak-hearted, spiritless fellow. See Recreant , noun

King Henry . Is it fit this soldier keep his oath?
Fluellen . He is a craven and a villain else.

Syn. -- Coward; poltroon; dastard.

Craven transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Cravened (-v'nd); present participle & verbal noun Cravening .] To make recreant, weak, spiritless, or cowardly. [ Obsolete]

There is a prohibition so divine,
That cravens my weak hand.

Craver noun One who craves or begs.

Craving noun Vehement or urgent desire; longing for; beseeching.

A succession of cravings and satiety.

-- Crav"ing*ly , adverb -- Crav"ing*ness , noun

Craw (kra) noun [ Akin to Dutch kraag neck, collar, G. kragen , Swedish kräfva craw, Dan. kro , and possibly to Greek ............ (E. bronchus ), or bro`chqos throat. √25. Confer Crag neck.] (Zoology) (a) The crop of a bird. (b) The stomach of an animal.

Crawfish (kra"fĭsh`), Cray"fish` (krā"fĭsh`) , noun ; plural -fishes or -fish . [ Corrupted from Middle English crevis , creves , Old French crevice , F. écrevisse , from Old High German krebiz crab, G. krebs . See Crab . The ending -fish arose from confusion with English fish .] (Zoology) Any crustacean of the family Astacidæ , resembling the lobster, but smaller, and found in fresh waters. Crawfishes are esteemed very delicate food both in Europe and America. The North American species are numerous and mostly belong to the genus Cambarus . The blind crawfish of the Mammoth Cave is Cambarus pellucidus . The common European species is Astacus fluviatilis .

Crawford (kra"fẽrd) noun A Crawford peach; a well-known freestone peach, with yellow flesh, first raised by Mr. William Crawford , of New Jersey.

Crawl (kral) intransitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Crawled (krald); present participle & verbal noun Crawling .] [ Danish kravle , or Icelandic krafla , to paw, scrabble with the hands; akin to Swedish kräla to crawl; confer LG. krabbeln , D. krabbelen to scratch.]
1. To move slowly by drawing the body along the ground, as a worm; to move slowly on hands and knees; to creep.

A worm finds what it searches after only by feeling, as it crawls from one thing to another.

2. Hence, to move or advance in a feeble, slow, or timorous manner.

He was hardly able to crawl about the room.

The meanest thing that crawl'd beneath my eyes.

3. To advance slowly and furtively; to insinuate one's self; to advance or gain influence by servile or obsequious conduct.

Secretly crawling up the battered walls.

Hath crawled into the favor of the king.

Absurd opinions crawl about the world.

4. To have a sensation as of insect creeping over the body; as, the flesh crawls . See Creep , intransitive verb , 7.

Crawl (kral) noun The act or motion of crawling; slow motion, as of a creeping animal.

Crawl noun [ Confer Kraal .] A pen or inclosure of stakes and hurdles on the seacoast, for holding fish.

Crawl stroke (Swimming) A racing stroke, in which the swimmer, lying flat on the water with face submerged, takes alternate overhand arm strokes while moving his legs up and down alternately from the knee.

Crawler (kral"ẽr) noun One who, or that which, crawls; a creeper; a reptile.

Crawly (kral"ȳ) adjective Creepy. [ Colloq.]

Cray (krā), Cray"er (-ẽr) , noun See Crare . [ Obsolete]

Crayfish (krā"fĭsh) noun (Zoology) See Crawfish .

Crayon noun [ French, a crayon, a lead pencil ( crayon Conté Conté's pencil, i. e. , one made a black compound invented by Conté), from craie chalk, Latin creta ; said to be, properly, Cretan earth, from Creta the island Crete. Confer Cretaceous .]
1. An implement for drawing, made of clay and plumbago, or of some preparation of chalk, usually sold in small prisms or cylinders.

Let no day pass over you . . . without giving some strokes of the pencil or the crayon .

» The black crayon gives a deeper black than the lead pencil. This and the colored crayons are often called chalks . The red crayon is also called sanguine . See Chalk , and Sanguine .

2. A crayon drawing.

3. (Electricity) A pencil of carbon used in producing electric light.

Crayon board , cardboard with a surface prepared for crayon drawing. -- Crayon drawing , the act or art of drawing with crayons; a drawing made with crayons.

Crayon transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Crayoned (-?nd); present participle & verbal noun Crayoning .] [ Confer F. crayonner .] To sketch, as with a crayon; to sketch or plan.

He soon afterwards composed that discourse, conformably to the plan which he had crayoned out.

Craze (krāz) transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Crazed (krāzd); present participle & verbal noun Crazing .] [ Middle English crasen to break, from Scand., perhaps through Old French ; confer Swedish krasa to crackle, slå i kras , to break to pieces, French écraser to crush, from the Scand. Confer Crash .]
1. To break into pieces; to crush; to grind to powder. See Crase .

God, looking forth, will trouble all his host, And craze their chariot wheels.

2. To weaken; to impair; to render decrepit. [ Obsolete]

Till length of years,
And sedentary numbness, craze my limbs.

3. To derange the intellect of; to render insane.

Any man . . . that is crazed and out of his wits.

Grief hath crazed my wits.

Craze intransitive verb
1. To be crazed, or to act or appear as one that is crazed; to rave; to become insane.

She would weep and he would craze .

2. To crack, as the glazing of porcelain or pottery.

Craze noun
1. Craziness; insanity.

2. A strong habitual desire or fancy; a crotchet.

It was quite a craze with him [ Burns] to have his Jean dressed genteelly.
Prof. Wilson.

3. A temporary passion or infatuation, as for same new amusement, pursuit, or fashion; as, the bric-a-brac craze ; the æsthetic craze .

Various crazes concerning health and disease.
W. Pater.

Craze noun (Ceramics) A crack in the glaze or enamel such as is caused by exposure of the pottery to great or irregular heat.