Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Count-wheel noun The wheel in a clock which regulates the number of strokes.
Country club A club usually located in the suburbs or vicinity of a city or town and devoted mainly to outdoor sports.
Country cousin A relative from the country visiting the city and unfamiliar with city manners and sights.
Country seat (k?n"tr? s?t`). A dwelling in the country, used as a place of retirement from the city.
[ Prob. an adaptation of contradance
.] See Contradance .
He had introduced the English country-dance to the knowledge of the Dutch ladies.
; plural Countrymen
(- m e
n). 1. An inhabitant or native of a region. Shak. 2. One born in the same country with another; a compatriot; -- used with a possessive pronoun.
In perils of waters, in perils of robbers, in perils by mine own countrymen . 3. One who dwells in the country, as distinguished from a townsman or an inhabitant of a city; a rustic; a husbandman or farmer.
2 Cor. xi. 26.
A simple countryman that brought her figs.
Countryside noun A particular rural district; a country neighborhood. [ Eng.] W. Black. Blackmore.
; plural Countrywomen
(-w...m`...n). A woman born, or dwelling, in the country, as opposed to the city; a woman born or dwelling in the same country with another native or inhabitant. Shak.
; plural Counties
(-t...z). [ French comt...
, from Late Latin comitatus
. See Count
.] 1. An earldom; the domain of a count or earl.
[ Obsolete] 2. A circuit or particular portion of a state or kingdom, separated from the rest of the territory, for certain purposes in the administration of justice and public affairs; -- called also a shire . See Shire .
Every county , every town, every family, was in agitation. 3. A count; an earl or lord.
[ Obsolete] Shak. County commissioners
. See Commissioner .
-- County corporate
, a city or town having the privilege to be a county by itself, and to be governed by its own sheriffs and other magistrates, irrespective of the officers of the county in which it is situated; as London, York, Bristol, etc.
[ Eng.] Mozley & W.
-- County court
, a court whose jurisdiction is limited to county.
-- County palatine
, a county distinguished by particular privileges; -- so called a palatio (from the palace), because the owner had originally royal powers, or the same powers, in the administration of justice, as the king had in his palace; but these powers are now abridged. The counties palatine, in England, are Lancaster, Chester, and Durham.
-- County rates
, rates levied upon the county, and collected by the boards of guardians, for the purpose of defraying the expenses to which counties are liable, such as repairing bridges, jails, etc.
[ Eng.] -- County seat
, a county town
. [ U.S.] -- County sessions
, the general quarter sessions of the peace for each county, held four times a year.
[ Eng.] -- County town
, the town of a county, where the county business is transacted; a shire town.
[ French, from Latin colaphus
a cuff, Greek .............] A sudden stroke; an unexpected device or stratagem; -- a term used in various ways to convey the idea of promptness and force. Coup de grace
(k......" d e
gr...s") [ French], the stroke of mercy with which an executioner ends by death the sufferings of the condemned; hence, a decisive, finishing stroke.
-- Coup de main
(k......` d e
m...n`) [ French] (Mil.)
, a sudden and unexpected movement or attack.
-- Coup de soleil
(k......` d s...-l...l or -l..."y') [ French] (Medicine)
, a sunstroke. See Sunstroke .
-- Coup d'état
(k......" d...-t...") [ French] (Politics)
, a sudden, decisive exercise of power whereby the existing government is subverted without the consent of the people; an unexpected measure of state, more or less violent; a stroke of policy.
-- Coup d'œil
(kō` dẽl"). [ French] (a) A single view; a rapid glance of the eye; a comprehensive view of a scene; as much as can be seen at one view. (b) The general effect of a picture. (c) (Mil.) The faculty or the act of comprehending at a glance the weakness or strength of a military position, of a certain arrangement of troops, the most advantageous position for a battlefield, etc.
(kō) noun 1. A single roll of the wheel at roulette, or a deal at rouge et noir.
[ Cant] 2. Among some tribes of North American Indians, the act of striking or touching an enemy in warfare with the hand or at close quarters, as with a short stick, in such a manner as by custom to entitle the doer to count the deed an act of bravery; hence, any of various other deeds recognized by custom as acts of bravery or honor.
While the coup was primarily, and usually, a blow with something held in the hand, other acts in warfare which involved great danger to him who performed them were also reckoned coups by some tribes. G. B. Grinnell.
Among the Blackfeet the capture of a shield, bow, gun, war bonnet, war shirt, or medicine pipe was deemed a coup . G. B. Grinnell.
Coup intransitive verb To make a coup.
Woe to the Sioux if the Northern Cheyennes get a chance to coup ! F. Remington.
Coupable (kō"pȧ*b'l) adjective [ French] Culpable. [ Obsolete]
[ French, from coupé
, past participle of couper
to cut. See Coppice
.] 1. The front compartment of a French diligence; also, the front compartment (usually for three persons) of a car or carriage on British railways. 2. A four-wheeled close carriage for two persons inside, with an outside seat for the driver; -- so called because giving the appearance of a larger carriage cut off.
Coupe-gorge noun [ French, cut throat.] (Mil.) Any position giving the enemy such advantage that the troops occupying it must either surrender or be cut to pieces. Farrow.
[ French couper
to cut.] (Her.) Cut off smoothly, as distinguished from erased; -- used especially for the head or limb of an animal. See Erased .
[ French coupé, noun , properly past participle of couper to cut. Confer Coupé
.] A motion in dancing, when one leg is a little bent, and raised from the floor, and with the other a forward motion is made. Chambers.
[ French couple
, from Latin copula
a bond, band; co-
, to join. See Art
, and confer Copula
.] 1. That which joins or links two things together; a bond or tie; a coupler.
It is in some sort with friends as it is with dogs in couples ; they should be of the same size and humor .
I'll go in couples with her. 2. Two of the same kind connected or considered together; a pair; a brace.
of shepherds." Sir P. Sidney.
of drops" Addison.
of miles." Dickens.
of weeks." Carlyle.
Adding one to one we have the complex idea of a couple .
[ Ziba] met him with a couple of asses saddled. 3. A male and female associated together; esp., a man and woman who are married or betrothed.
2 Sam. xvi. 1.
Such were our couple , man and wife.
Fair couple linked in happy, nuptial league. 4. (Architecture) See Couple- close . 5. (Electricity) One of the pairs of plates of two metals which compose a voltaic battery; -- called a voltaic couple or galvanic couple . 6. (Mech.) Two rotations, movements, etc., which are equal in amount but opposite in direction, and acting along parallel lines or around parallel axes.
» The effect of a couple
of forces is to produce a rotation. A couple
of rotations is equivalent to a motion of translation.
Couple transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Coupled
(k?p"'ld); present participle & verbal noun Coupling
(-l?ng).] [ French coupler
, from Latin copulare
. See Couple
, and confer Copulate
] 1. To link or tie, as one thing to another; to connect or fasten together; to join.
Huntsman, I charge thee, tender well my hounds, . . . 2. To join in wedlock; to marry.
And couple Clowder with the deep-mouthed brach.
A parson who couples all our beggars.
Couple intransitive verb To come together as male and female; to copulate. [ Obsolete] Milton. Bacon.
Couple-beggar noun One who makes it his business to marry beggars to each other. Swift.
; plural Couple-closes
(-kl..."s...z). 1. (Her.) A diminutive of the chevron, containing one fourth of its surface. Couple-closes are generally borne one on each side of a chevron, and the blazoning may then be either a chevron between two couple-closes or chevron cottised. 2. (Architecture) A pair of rafters framed together with a tie fixed at their feet, or with a collar beam.
[ Confer Old French couplement
.] Union; combination; a coupling; a pair.
[ Obsolete] Shak.
And forth together rode, a goodly couplement .
Coupler noun One who couples; that which couples, as a link, ring, or shackle, to connect cars. Coupler of an organ , a contrivance by which any two or more of the ranks of keys, or keys and pedals, are connected so as to act together when the organ is played.
[ French couplet
, dim. of couple
. See Couple
] Two taken together; a pair or couple; especially two lines of verse that rhyme with each other.
A sudden couplet rushes on your mind.
Coupling noun 1. The act of bringing or coming together; connection; sexual union. 2. (Machinery) A device or contrivance which serves to couple or connect adjacent parts or objects; as, a belt coupling , which connects the ends of a belt; a car coupling , which connects the cars in a train; a shaft coupling , which connects the ends of shafts. Box coupling
, Chain coupling
. See under Box , Chain.
-- Coupling box
, a coupling shaped like a journal box, for clamping together the ends of two shafts, so that they may revolve together.
-- Coupling pin
, a pin or bolt used in coupling or joining together railroad cars, etc.
[ French, from couper
to cut, cut off. See Coppice
.] 1. (Com.) A certificate of interest due, printed at the bottom of transferable bonds (state, railroad, etc.), given for a term of years, designed to be cut off and presented for payment when the interest is due; an interest warrant. 2. A section of a ticket, showing the holder to be entitled to some specified accomodation or service, as to a passage over a designated line of travel, a particular seat in a theater, or the like.
Coupstick (kō"stĭk`) noun [ Coup + stick .] A stick or switch used among some American Indians in making or counting a coup.
Coupure noun [ French, from couper to cut.] (Fort.) A passage cut through the glacis to facilitate sallies by the besieged. Wilhelm.
(kŭr"aj; 48) noun
[ Middle English corage
heart, mind, will, courage, Old French corage
, F. courage
, from a Late Latin derivative of Latin cor
heart. See Heart
.] 1. The heart; spirit; temper; disposition.
So priketh hem nature in here corages .
My lord, cheer up your spirits; our foes are nigh, 2. Heart; inclination; desire; will.
and this soft courage makes your followers faint.
[ Obsolete] Chaucer.
I'd such a courage to do him good. 3. That quality of mind which enables one to encounter danger and difficulties with firmness, or without fear, or fainting of heart; valor; boldness; resolution.
The king-becoming graces . . .
Devotion, patience, courage , fortitude,
I have no relish of them.
Courage that grows from constitution often forsakes a man when he has occasion for it. Syn.
-- Heroism; bravery; intrepidity; valor; gallantry; daring; firmness; hardihood; boldness; dauntlessness; resolution. See Heroism
. -- Courage
is that firmness of spirit and swell of soul which meets danger without fear. Bravery
is daring and impetuous courage, like that of one who has the reward continually in view, and displays his courage in daring acts. Fortitude
has often been styled "passive courage," and consist in the habit of encountering danger and enduring pain with a steadfast and unbroken spirit. Valor
is courage exhibited in war, and can not be applied to single combats; it is never used figuratively. Intrepidity
is firm, unshaken courage. Gallantry
is adventurous courage, which courts danger with a high and cheerful spirit. A man may show courage
, or intrepidity
in the common pursuits of life, as well as in war. Valor
, and gallantry
are displayed in the contest of arms. Valor
belongs only to battle; bravery
may be shown in single combat; gallantry
may be manifested either in attack or defense; but in the latter case, the defense is usually turned into an attack.
Courage transitive verb To inspire with courage.
Paul writeth unto Timothy . . . to courage him.
[ French courageux
.] Possessing, or characterized by, courage; brave; bold.
With this victory, the women became most courageous and proud, and the men waxed . . . fearful and desperate. Syn.
-- Gallant; brave; bold; daring; valiant; valorous; heroic; intrepid; fearless; hardy; stout; adventurous; enterprising. See Gallant
Courageously adverb In a courageous manner.
Courageousness noun The quality of being courageous; courage.
[ French, present participle of courir
to run, Latin currere
. Confer Current
.] (Her.) Represented as running; -- said of a beast borne in a coat of arms.
Courant noun [ French courante , from courant , present participle ]
1. A piece of music in triple time; also, a lively dance; a coranto. 2. A circulating gazette of news; a newspaper.
Couranto noun A sprightly dance; a coranto; a courant.
Courap noun (Medicine) A skin disease, common in India, in which there is perpetual itching and eruption, esp. of the groin, breast, armpits, and face.
[ French courbe
, from Latin curvus
. See Curve
] Curved; rounded.
Her neck is short, her shoulders courb .
Courb intransitive verb
[ French courber
. See Curs
.] To bend; to stop; to bow.
Then I courbed on my knees.
[ French courbaril
, from a South American word.] See Animé , noun
[ Confer Kerchief
.] A square piece of linen used formerly by women instead of a cap; a kerchief.
[ Scot.] [ Written also curch
[ French courrier
, from courre
, to run, Latin currere
. See Course
.] 1. A messenger sent with haste to convey letters or dispatches, usually on public business.
The wary Bassa . . . by speedy couriers , advertised Solyman of the enemy's purpose. 2. An attendant on travelers, whose business it is to make arrangements for their convenience at hotels and on the way.
Courlan noun (Zoology) A South American bird, of the genus Aramus , allied to the rails.
[ French cours
, Latin cursus, from currere
to run. See Current
.] 1. The act of moving from one point to another; progress; passage.
And when we had finished our course from Tyre, we came to Ptolemais. 2. The ground or path traversed; track; way.
Acts xxi. 7.
The same horse also run the round course at Newmarket. 3. Motion, considered as to its general or resultant direction or to its goal; line progress or advance.
A light by which the Argive squadron steers
Their silent course to Ilium's well known shore.
Westward the course of empire takes its way. 4. Progress from point to point without change of direction; any part of a progress from one place to another, which is in a straight line, or on one direction; as, a ship in a long voyage makes many courses ; a course measured by a surveyor between two stations; also, a progress without interruption or rest; a heat; as, one course of a race. 5. Motion considered with reference to manner; or derly progress; procedure in a certain line of thought or action; as, the course of an argument.
The course of true love never did run smooth. 6. Customary or established sequence of events; recurrence of events according to natural laws.
By course of nature and of law.
Day and night, 7. Method of procedure; manner or way of conducting; conduct; behavior.
Seedtime and harvest, heat and hoary frost,
Shall hold their course .
My lord of York commends the plot and the general course of the action.
By perseverance in the course prescribed.
You hold your course without remorse. 8. A series of motions or acts arranged in order; a succession of acts or practices connectedly followed; as, a course of medicine; a course of lectures on chemistry. 9. The succession of one to another in office or duty; order; turn.
He appointed . . . the courses of the priests 10. That part of a meal served at one time, with its accompaniments.
2 Chron. viii. 14.
He [ Goldsmith] wore fine clothes, gave dinners of several courses , paid court to venal beauties. 11. (Architecture) A continuous level range of brick or stones of the same height throughout the face or faces of a building. Gwilt. 12. (Nautical) The lowest sail on any mast of a square-rigged vessel; as, the fore course , main course , etc. 13. plural (Physiol.) The menses. In course
, in regular succession.
- - Of course
, by consequence; as a matter of course; in regular or natural order.
-- In the course of
, at same time or times during.
" In the course of
human events." T. Jefferson. Syn.
-- Way; road; route; passage; race; series; succession; manner; method; mode; career; progress.
Course transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Coursed
(k?rst)); present participle & verbal noun Coursing
.] 1. To run, hunt, or chase after; to follow hard upon; to pursue.
We coursed him at the heels. 2. To cause to chase after or pursue game; as, to course greyhounds after deer. 3. To run through or over.
The bounding steed courses the dusty plain.
Course intransitive verb
1. To run as in a race, or in hunting; to pursue the sport of coursing; as, the sportsmen coursed over the flats of Lancashire. 2. To move with speed; to race; as, the blood courses through the veins. Shak.
1. Hunted; as, a coursed hare. 2. Arranged in courses; as, coursed masonry.
[ French coursier
.] 1. One who courses or hunts.
leash is a leathern thong by which . . . a courser leads his greyhound. 2. A swift or spirited horse; a racer or a war horse; a charger.
[ Poetic.] Pope. 3. (Zoology) A grallatorial bird of Europe (Cursorius cursor) , remarkable for its speed in running. Sometimes, in a wider sense, applied to running birds of the Ostrich family.