Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Counter-paly adjective [ French contre-palé .] (Her.) Paly, and then divided fesswise, so that each vertical piece is cut into two, having the colors used alternately or counterchanged . Thus the escutcheon in the illustration may also be blazoned paly of six per fess counterchanged argent and azure .

Countercurrent adjective Running in an opposite direction.

Countercurrent noun A current running in an opposite direction to the main current.

Counterdraw (koun`tẽr*dra") transitive verb [ imperfect Counterdrew (- dru"); past participle Counterdrawn (-dr?n"); present participle & verbal noun Counterdrawing .] To copy, as a design or painting, by tracing with a pencil on oiled paper, or other transparent substance.

Counterfaisance noun See Counterfesance . [ Obsolete]

Counterfeit adjective [ French contrefait , past participle of contrefaire to counterfeit; contre (L. contra ) + faire to make, from Latin facere . See Counter , adverb , and Fact .]


1. Representing by imitation or likeness; having a resemblance to something else; portrayed.

Look here upon this picture, and on this-
The counterfeit presentment of two brothers.
Shak.

2. Fabricated in imitation of something else, with a view to defraud by passing the false copy for genuine or original; as, counterfeit antiques; counterfeit coin. "No counterfeit gem." Robinson (More's Utopia).

3. Assuming the appearance of something; false; spurious; deceitful; hypocritical; as, a counterfeit philanthropist. "An arrant counterfeit rascal." Shak.

Syn. -- Forged; fictitious; spurious; false.

Counterfeit noun
1. That which resembles or is like another thing; a likeness; a portrait; a counterpart.

Thou drawest a counterfeit
Best in all Athens.
Shak.

Even Nature's self envied the same,
And grudged to see the counterfeit should shame
The thing itself.
Spenser.

2. That which is made in imitation of something, with a view to deceive by passing the false for the true; as, the bank note was a counterfeit .

Never call a true piece of gold a counterfeit .
Shak.

Some of these counterfeits are fabricated with such exquisite taste and skill, that it is the achievement of criticism to distinguish them from originals.
Macaulay.

3. One who pretends to be what he is not; one who personates another; an impostor; a cheat.

I fear thou art another counterfeit ;
And yet, in faith, thou bear'st thee like a king.
Shak.

Counterfeit transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Counterfeited ; present participle & verbal noun Counterfeiting .]
1. To imitate, or put on a semblance of; to mimic; as, to counterfeit the voice of another person.

Full well they laughed with counterfeited glee
At all his jokes, for many a joke had he.
Goldsmith.

2. To imitate with a view to deceiving, by passing the copy for that which is original or genuine; to forge; as, to counterfeit the signature of another, coins, notes, etc.

Counterfeit intransitive verb
1. To carry on a deception; to dissemble; to feign; to pretend.

The knave counterfeits well; a good knave.
Shak.

2. To make counterfeits.

Counterfeiter noun
1. One who counterfeits; one who copies or imitates; especially, one who copies or forges bank notes or coin; a forger.

The coin which was corrupted by counterfeiters .
Camden.

2. One who assumes a false appearance or semblance; one who makes false pretenses.

Counterfeiters of devotion.
Sherwood.

Counterfeitly adverb By forgery; falsely.

Counterfesance noun [ Old French contrefaisance , from contrefaire . See Counterfeit , adjective ] The act of forging; forgery. [ Obsolete] [ Written also counterfaisance .]

Counterfleury adjective [ French contrefleuri .] (Her.) Counterflory.

Counterflory adjective [ See Counterfleury .] (Her.) Adorned with flowers (usually fleurs-de-lis) so divided that the tops appear on one side and the bottoms on the others; -- said of any ordinary.

Counterfoil (-foil) noun [ Counter- + foil a leaf.]


1. That part of a tally, formerly in the exchequer, which was kept by an officer in that court, the other, called the stock , being delivered to the person who had lent the king money on the account; -- called also counterstock . [ Eng.]

2. The part of a writing (as the stub of a bank check) in which are noted the main particulars contained in the corresponding part, which has been issued.

Counterforce noun An opposing force.

Counterfort noun
1. (Fort.) A kind of buttress of masonry to strengthen a revetment wall.

2. A spur or projection of a mountain. Imp. Dict.

Countergage (-gāj`) noun (Carp.) An adjustable gage, with double points for transferring measurements from one timber to another, as the breadth of a mortise to the place where the tenon is to be made. Knight.

Counterglow noun (Astron.) An exceedingly faint roundish or somewhat oblong nebulous light near the ecliptic and opposite the sun, best seen during September and October, when in the constellations Sagittarius and Pisces. Its cause is not yet understood. Called also Gegenschein .

Counterguard (koun"tẽr*gärd`) noun (Fort.) A low outwork before a bastion or ravelin, consisting of two lines of rampart parallel to the faces of the bastion, and protecting them from a breaching fire.

Counterirritant noun , Coun"ter*ir`ri*ta"tion noun See Counter irritant , etc., under Counter , adjective

Counterirritate transitive verb (Medicine) To produce counter irritation in; to treat with one morbid process for the purpose of curing another.

Counterjumper noun A salesman in a shop; a shopman; -- used contemptuously. [ Slang]

Counterlath noun (Building) (a) A batten laid lengthwise between two rafters to afford a bearing for laths laid crosswise. (b) Any lath laid without actual measurement between two gauged laths. (c) Any of a series of laths nailed to the timbers to raise the sheet lathing above their surface to afford a key for plastering. (d) One of many laths used in preparing one side of a partition or framed wall, when the other side has been covered in and finished.

Counterman (koun"tẽr*m a n) noun ; plural Countermen (- m e n). A man who attends at the counter of a shop to sell goods. [ Eng.]

Countermand (koun`tẽr*mȧnd") transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Countermanded ; present participle & verbal noun Countermanding .] [ French contremander ; contre (L. contra ) + mander to command, from Latin mandare . Confer Mandate .]
1. To revoke (a former command); to cancel or rescind by giving an order contrary to one previously given; as, to countermand an order for goods.

2. To prohibit; to forbid. [ Obsolete]

Avicen countermands letting blood in choleric bodies.
Harvey.

3. To oppose; to revoke the command of.

For us to alter anything, is to lift ourselves against God; and, as it were, to countermand him.
Hooker.

Countermand (koun"tẽr*mȧnd) noun A contrary order; revocation of a former order or command.

Have you no countermand for Claudio yet,
But he must die to-morrow?
Shak.

Countermandable adjective Capable of being countermanded; revocable. Bacon.

Countermarch intransitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Countermarched (-m?rcht"); present participle & verbal noun Countermarching .] (Mil.) To march back, or to march in reversed order.

The two armies marched and countermarched , drew near and receded.
Macaulay.

Countermarch noun
1. A marching back; retrocession.

2. (Mil.) An evolution by which a body of troops change front or reverse the direction of march while retaining the same men in the front rank; also, a movement by which the rear rank becomes the front one, either with or without changing the right to the left.

3. A change of measures; alteration of conduct.

Such countermarches and retractions as we do not willingly impute to wisdom.
T. Burnet.

Countermark noun
1. A mark or token added to those already existing, in order to afford security or proof; as, an additional or special mark put upon a package of goods belonging to several persons, that it may not be opened except in the presence of all; a mark added to that of an artificer of gold or silver work by the Goldsmiths' Company of London, to attest the standard quality of the gold or silver; a mark added to an ancient coin or medal, to show either its change of value or that it was taken from an enemy.

2. (Far.) An artificial cavity made in the teeth of horses that have outgrown their natural mark, to disguise their age.

Countermark (koun`tẽr*märk") transitive verb To apply a countermark to; as, to countermark silverware; to countermark a horse's teeth.

Countermine (koun"tẽr*mīn`) noun [ Counter- + mine underground gallery: confer French contermine .]
1. (Mil.) An underground gallery excavated to intercept and destroy the mining of an enemy.

2. A stratagem or plot by which another sratagem or project is defeated.

Thinking himself contemned, knowing no countermine against contempt but terror.
Sir P. Sidney.

Countermine (koun`tẽr*mīn") transitive verb [ Confer French contreminer .] [ imperfect & past participle Countermined ; present participle & verbal noun Countermining .]
1. (Mil.) To oppose by means of a countermine; to intercept with a countermine.

2. To frustrate or counteract by secret measures.

Countermine intransitive verb To make a countermine or counterplot; to plot secretly.

'Tis hard for man to countermine with God.
Chapman.

Countermove transitive verb & i. To move in a contrary direction to.

Countermove noun Coun"ter*move`ment (-m e nt). A movement in opposition to another.

Countermure noun [ Counter- + mure : confer French contremur .] (Fort.) A wall raised behind another, to supply its place when breached or destroyed. [ R.] Confer Contramure . Knolles.

Countermure transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Countermured (-m?rd"); present participle & verbal noun Countermuring .] [ Confer French contremurer .] To fortify with a wall behind another wall. [ R.] Kyd.

Counternatural adjective Contrary to nature. [ R.] Harvey.

Counterpane noun [ See Counterpoint , corrupted into counter pane , from the employment of pane- shaped figures in these coverlets. ] A coverlet for a bed, -- originally stitched or woven in squares or figures.

On which a tissue counterpane was cast.
Drayton.

Counterpane noun [ Old French contrepan a pledge, security; contre + pan a skirt, also, a pawn or gage, French pan a skirt. See Pane , and confer Pawn .] (O. Law) A duplicate part or copy of an indenture, deed, etc., corresponding with the original; -- now called counterpart .

Read, scribe; give me the counterpane .
B. Jonson.

Counterpart noun
1. A part corresponding to another part; anything which answers, or corresponds, to another; a copy; a duplicate; a facsimile.

In same things the laws of Normandy agreed with the laws of England, so that they seem to be, as it were, copies or counterparts one of another.
Sir M. Hale.

2. (Law) One of two corresponding copies of an instrument; a duplicate.

3. A person who closely resembles another.

4. A thing may be applied to another thing so as to fit perfectly, as a seal to its impression; hence, a thing which is adapted to another thing, or which supplements it; that which serves to complete or complement anything; hence, a person or thing having qualities lacking in another; an opposite.

O counterpart
Of our soft sex, well are you made our lords.
Dryden.

Counterpassant adjective [ Counter- + passant : confer French contrepassant .] (Her.) Passant in opposite directions; -- said of two animals.

Counterplead transitive verb To plead the contrary of; to plead against; to deny.

Counterplot transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Counterplotted ; present participle & verbal noun Counterplotting .] To oppose, as another plot, by plotting; to attempt to frustrate, as a stratagem, by stratagem.

Every wile had proved abortive, every plot had been counterplotted .
De Quinsey.

Counterplot noun A plot or artifice opposed to another. L'Estrange.

Counterpoint noun [ Counter- + point .] An opposite point [ Obsolete] Sir E. Sandys.

Counterpoint noun [ French contrepoint ; confer Italian contrappunto . Confer Contrapuntal .] (Mus.) (a) The setting of note against note in harmony; the adding of one or more parts to a given canto fermo or melody . (b) The art of polyphony, or composite melody, i. e. , melody not single, but moving attended by one or more related melodies. (c) Music in parts; part writing; harmony; polyphonic music. See Polyphony .

Counterpoint , an invention equivalent to a new creation of music.
Whewell.

Counterpoint noun [ Old French contrepoincte , corruption of earlier counstepointe , countepointe , French courtepointe , from Latin culcita cushion, mattress (see Quilt , and confer Cushion ) + puncta , fem. past participle of pungere to prick (see Point ). The word properly meant a stitched quilt, with the colors broken one into another.] A coverlet; a cover for a bed, often stitched or broken into squares; a counterpane. See 1st Counterpane .

Embroidered coverlets or counterpoints of purple silk.
Sir T. North.