Webster's Dictionary, 1913
[ Confer Control
.] (O. Eng. Law) A duplicate roll (record or account) kept by an officer as a check upon another officer's roll. Burrill.
» As a verb this word is contracted into control
. See Control
Counter-salient adjective (Her.) Leaping from each other; -- said of two figures on a coat of arms.
Counterpoise transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Counterpoised
(-poizd`); present participle & verbal noun Counterpoising
.] [ Middle English countrepesen
, F. contrepeser
. See Counter
, and Poise
, transitive verb
] 1. To act against with equal weight; to equal in weight; to balance the weight of; to counterbalance.
Weights, counterpoising one another. 2. To act against with equal power; to balance.
Sir K. Digby.
So many freeholders of English will be able to beard and counterpoise the rest.
[ Middle English countrepese
, Old French contrepois
, F. contrepods
. See Counter
., and Poise
] 1. A weight sufficient to balance another, as in the opposite scale of a balance; an equal weight.
Fastening that to our exact balance, we put a metalline counterpoise into the opposite scale. 2. An equal power or force acting in opposition; a force sufficient to balance another force.
The second nobles are a counterpoise to the higher nobility, that they grow not too potent. 3. The relation of two weights or forces which balance each other; equilibrium; equiponderance.
The pendulous round eart, with balanced air,
In counterpoise .
Counterpole noun The exact opposite.
The German prose offers the counterpole to the French style.
Counterponderate transitive verb To equal in weight; to counterpoise; to equiponderate.
Counterprove transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Counterproved
(-pr??vd"); present participle & verbal noun Counterproving
.] To take a counter proof of, or a copy in reverse, by taking an impression directly from the face of an original. See Counter proof , under Counter .
counterrevolutionary, counter-revolutionary adj. marked by opposition or antipathy to revolution; as, ostracized for his counterrevolutionary tendencies. Opposite of revolutionary .
[ WordNet 1.5]
Counterrolment noun A counter account. See Control .
[ Obsolete] Bacon.
Counterscale noun Counterbalance; balance, as of one scale against another. [ Obsolete] Howell.
Counterscarf noun [ Counter- + scarp : confer French contrescarpe .] (Fort.) The exterior slope or wall of the ditch; -- sometimes, the whole covered way, beyond the ditch, with its parapet and glacis; as, the enemy have lodged themselves on the counterscarp .
Counterseal transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Countersealed
(-s?ld"); present participle & verbal noun Countersealing
.] To seal or ratify with another or others. Shak.
Countersecure transitive verb To give additional security to or for. Burke.
Countershaft noun (Machinery) An intermediate shaft; esp., one which receives motion from a line shaft in a factory and transmits it to a machine.
Countersign transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Countersigned
(-s?nd`); present participle & verbal noun Countersigning
.] [ Counter-
: confer F. contresigner
.] To sign on the opposite side of (an instrument or writing); hence, to sign in addition to the signature of a principal or superior, in order to attest the authenticity of a writing.
1. The signature of a secretary or other officer to a writing signed by a principal or superior, to attest its authenticity. 2. (Mil.) A private signal, word, or phrase, which must be given in order to pass a sentry; a watchword.
(koun"tẽr*sĭnk`; 277) transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Countersunk
(-sŭnk`); present participle & verbal noun Countersinking
.] 1. To chamfer or form a depression around the top of (a hole in wood, metal, etc.) for the reception of the head of a screw or bolt below the surface, either wholly or in part; as, to countersink a hole for a screw. 2. To cause to sink even with or below the surface; as, to countersink a screw or bolt into woodwork.
1. An enlargement of the upper part of a hole, forming a cavity or depression for receiving the head of a screw or bolt. » In the United States a flaring cavity formed by chamfering the edges of a round hole is called a countersink , while a cylindrical flat-bottomed enlargement of the mouth of the hole is usually called a conterbore . 2. A drill or cutting tool for countersinking holes.
(-st...nd`) noun Resistance; opposition; a stand against.
Making counterstand to Robert Guiscard.
Counterstep noun A contrary method of procedure; opposite course of action.
Counterstroke noun A stroke or blow in return. Spenser.
Countersunk past participle & adjective
. 1. Chamfered at the top; -- said of a hole. 2. Sunk into a chamfer; as, a countersunk bolt. 3. Beveled on the lower side, so as to fit a chamfered countersink; as, a countersunk nailhead.
(-swā`) noun A swaying in a contrary direction; an opposing influence.
A countersway of restraint, curbing their wild exorbitance.
Counterterm noun A term or word which is the opposite of, or antithesis to, another; an antonym; -- the opposite of synonym ; as, "foe" is the counterterm of "friend". C. J. Smith.
Countertime noun 1. (Man.) The resistance of a horse, that interrupts his cadence and the measure of his manege, occasioned by a bad horseman, or the bad temper of the horse. 2. Resistance; opposition.
Give not shus the countertime to fate.
Countertrippant adjective (Her.) Trippant in opposite directions. See Trippant .
Counterturn (-t...rn`) noun The critical moment in a play, when, contrary to expectation, the action is embroiled in new difficulties. Dryden.
Countervail transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Countervailed
(-v?ld); present participle & verbal noun Countervailing
.] [ Old French contrevaloir
) + valoir
to avail, from Latin valere
to be strong, avail. See Vallant
.] To act against with equal force, power, or effect; to thwart or overcome by such action; to furnish an equivalent to or for; to counterbalance; to compensate.
Upon balancing the account, the profit at last will hardly countervail the inconveniences that go allong with it.
Countervail noun Power or value sufficient to obviate any effect; equal weight, strength, or value; equivalent; compensation; requital.
Surely, the present pleasure of a sinful act is a poor countervail for the bitterness of the review.
Counterview noun 1. An opposite or opposing view; opposition; a posture in which two persons front each other.
Within the gates of hell sat Death and Sin,
In counterview .
M. Peisse has ably advocated the counterview in his preface and appendix. 2. A position in which two dissimilar things illustrate each other by opposition; contrast.
Sir W. Hamilton.
I have drawn some lines of Linger's character, on purpose to place it in counterview , or contrast with that of the other company.
Countervote (koun`tẽr*vōt") transitive verb To vote in opposition to; to balance or overcome by voting; to outvote. Dr. J. Scott.
Counterwait (koun`tẽr*wāt") transitive verb To wait or watch for; to be on guard against. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Counterweigh (-wā") transitive verb To weigh against; to counterbalance.
Counterwheel (-hwēl") transitive verb (Mil.) To cause to wheel or turn in an opposite direction.
(-wûrk") transitive verb To work in opposition to; to counteract.
That counterworks each folly and caprice.
; plural Countesses
(-...s). [ French comtesse
. See Count
a nobleman.] The wife of an earl in the British peerage, or of a count in the Continental nobility; also, a lady possessed of the same dignity in her own right. See the Note under Count .
[ See Count
] The house or room in which a merchant, trader, or manufacturer keeps his books and transacts business.
Countless adjective Incapable of being counted; not ascertainable; innumerable.
[ From Count
, transitive verb
(in sense 4).] (O. Eng. Law) An advocate or professional pleader; one who counted for his client, that is, orally pleaded his cause.
[ Obsolete] Burrill.
[ See 2d Counter
.] A merchant's office; a countinghouse.
[ Obsolete] Chaucer.
(koun"ter-). Same as prefix Counter- .
Countreplete transitive verb [ Countre- + plete to plead.] To counterplead. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.
[ French contretaille
) + taille
cut. See Tally
.] A counter tally; correspondence (in sound).
[ Obsolete] At the countretaille
, in return. Chaucer.
Countrified p. adjective Having the appearance and manners of a rustic; rude.
As being one who took no pride,
And was a deal too countrified .
Countrify transitive verb To give a rural appearance to; to cause to appear rustic. Lamb.
; plural Countries
(-tr...z). [ French contrée
, Late Latin contrata
, from Latin contra
over against, on the opposite side. Confer Counter
.] 1. A tract of land; a region; the territory of an independent nation; (as distinguished from any other region, and with a personal pronoun) the region of one's birth, permanent residence, or citizenship.
Return unto thy country , and to thy kindred.
Gen. xxxxii. 9.
I might have learned this by my last exile,
that change of countries cannot change my state.
Many a famous realm 2. Rural regions, as opposed to a city or town.
And country , whereof here needs no account
As they walked, on their way into the country .
Mark xvi. 12 (Rev. Ver. ).
God made the covatry , and man made the town.
Only very great men were in the habit of dividing the year between town and country . 3. The inhabitants or people of a state or a region; the populace; the public. Hence: (a) One's constituents. (b) The whole body of the electors of state; as, to dissolve Parliament and appeal to the country .
All the country in a general voice 4. (Law) (a) A jury, as representing the citizens of a country. (b) The inhabitants of the district from which a jury is drawn. 5. (Mining.) The rock through which a vein runs. Conclusion to the country
Cried hate upon him.
. See under Conclusion .
-- To put, or throw, one's self upon the country
, to appeal to one's constituents; to stand trial before a jury.
Country adjective 1. Pertaining to the regions remote from a city; rural; rustic; as, a country life; a country town; the country party, as opposed to city. 2. Destitute of refinement; rude; unpolished; rustic; not urbane; as, country manners. 3. Pertaining, or peculiar, to one's own country.
She, bowing herself towards him, laughing the cruel tyrant to scorn, spake in her country language.
2 Macc. vii. 27.
Country bank (Banking) A national bank not in a reserve city. [ Colloq., U. S.]