Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Counter-roll noun [ Confer Control .] (O. Eng. Law) A duplicate roll (record or account) kept by an officer as a check upon another officer's roll. Burrill.

» As a verb this word is contracted into control . See Control .

Counter-salient adjective (Her.) Leaping from each other; -- said of two figures on a coat of arms.

Counterpoise transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Counterpoised (-poizd`); present participle & verbal noun Counterpoising .] [ Middle English countrepesen , counterpeisen , F. contrepeser . See Counter , adverb , and Poise , transitive verb ]
1. To act against with equal weight; to equal in weight; to balance the weight of; to counterbalance.

Weights, counterpoising one another.
Sir K. Digby.

2. To act against with equal power; to balance.

So many freeholders of English will be able to beard and counterpoise the rest.
Spenser.

Counterpoise noun [ Middle English countrepese , Old French contrepois , F. contrepods . See Counter , adv ., and Poise , noun ]
1. A weight sufficient to balance another, as in the opposite scale of a balance; an equal weight.

Fastening that to our exact balance, we put a metalline counterpoise into the opposite scale.
Boyle.

2. An equal power or force acting in opposition; a force sufficient to balance another force.

The second nobles are a counterpoise to the higher nobility, that they grow not too potent.
Bacon.

3. The relation of two weights or forces which balance each other; equilibrium; equiponderance.

The pendulous round eart, with balanced air,
In counterpoise .
Milton.

Counterpole noun The exact opposite.

The German prose offers the counterpole to the French style.
De Quincey.

Counterponderate transitive verb To equal in weight; to counterpoise; to equiponderate.

Counterprove transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Counterproved (-pr??vd"); present participle & verbal noun Counterproving .] To take a counter proof of, or a copy in reverse, by taking an impression directly from the face of an original. See Counter proof , under Counter .

counterrevolutionary, counter-revolutionary adj. marked by opposition or antipathy to revolution; as, ostracized for his counterrevolutionary tendencies. Opposite of revolutionary .
[ WordNet 1.5]

Counterrolment noun A counter account. See Control . [ Obsolete] Bacon.

Counterscale noun Counterbalance; balance, as of one scale against another. [ Obsolete] Howell.

Counterscarf noun [ Counter- + scarp : confer French contrescarpe .] (Fort.) The exterior slope or wall of the ditch; -- sometimes, the whole covered way, beyond the ditch, with its parapet and glacis; as, the enemy have lodged themselves on the counterscarp .

Counterseal transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Countersealed (-s?ld"); present participle & verbal noun Countersealing .] To seal or ratify with another or others. Shak.

Countersecure transitive verb To give additional security to or for. Burke.

Countershaft noun (Machinery) An intermediate shaft; esp., one which receives motion from a line shaft in a factory and transmits it to a machine.

Countersign transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Countersigned (-s?nd`); present participle & verbal noun Countersigning .] [ Counter- + sign : confer F. contresigner .] To sign on the opposite side of (an instrument or writing); hence, to sign in addition to the signature of a principal or superior, in order to attest the authenticity of a writing.

Countersign adjective
1. The signature of a secretary or other officer to a writing signed by a principal or superior, to attest its authenticity.

2. (Mil.) A private signal, word, or phrase, which must be given in order to pass a sentry; a watchword.

Countersink (koun"tẽr*sĭnk`; 277) transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Countersunk (-sŭnk`); present participle & verbal noun Countersinking .]
1. To chamfer or form a depression around the top of (a hole in wood, metal, etc.) for the reception of the head of a screw or bolt below the surface, either wholly or in part; as, to countersink a hole for a screw.

2. To cause to sink even with or below the surface; as, to countersink a screw or bolt into woodwork.

Countersink noun
1. An enlargement of the upper part of a hole, forming a cavity or depression for receiving the head of a screw or bolt.

» In the United States a flaring cavity formed by chamfering the edges of a round hole is called a countersink , while a cylindrical flat-bottomed enlargement of the mouth of the hole is usually called a conterbore .

2. A drill or cutting tool for countersinking holes.

Counterstand (-st...nd`) noun Resistance; opposition; a stand against.

Making counterstand to Robert Guiscard.
Longfellow.

Counterstep noun A contrary method of procedure; opposite course of action.

Counterstock noun See Counterfoil .

Counterstroke noun A stroke or blow in return. Spenser.

Countersunk past participle & adjective from Countersink .
1. Chamfered at the top; -- said of a hole.

2. Sunk into a chamfer; as, a countersunk bolt.

3. Beveled on the lower side, so as to fit a chamfered countersink; as, a countersunk nailhead.

Countersway (-swā`) noun A swaying in a contrary direction; an opposing influence. [ Obsolete]

A countersway of restraint, curbing their wild exorbitance.
Milton.

Counterterm noun A term or word which is the opposite of, or antithesis to, another; an antonym; -- the opposite of synonym ; as, "foe" is the counterterm of "friend". C. J. Smith.

Countertime noun
1. (Man.) The resistance of a horse, that interrupts his cadence and the measure of his manege, occasioned by a bad horseman, or the bad temper of the horse.

2. Resistance; opposition. [ Obsolete]

Give not shus the countertime to fate.
Dryden.

Countertrippant adjective (Her.) Trippant in opposite directions. See Trippant .

Countertripping adjective (Her.) Same as Countertrippant .

Counterturn (-t...rn`) noun The critical moment in a play, when, contrary to expectation, the action is embroiled in new difficulties. Dryden.

Countervail transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Countervailed (-v?ld); present participle & verbal noun Countervailing .] [ Old French contrevaloir ; contre (L. contra ) + valoir to avail, from Latin valere to be strong, avail. See Vallant .] To act against with equal force, power, or effect; to thwart or overcome by such action; to furnish an equivalent to or for; to counterbalance; to compensate.

Upon balancing the account, the profit at last will hardly countervail the inconveniences that go allong with it.
L'Estrange.

Countervail noun Power or value sufficient to obviate any effect; equal weight, strength, or value; equivalent; compensation; requital. [ Obsolete]

Surely, the present pleasure of a sinful act is a poor countervail for the bitterness of the review.
South.

Countervallation noun (Fort.) See Contravallation .

Counterview noun
1. An opposite or opposing view; opposition; a posture in which two persons front each other.

Within the gates of hell sat Death and Sin,
In counterview .
Milton

M. Peisse has ably advocated the counterview in his preface and appendix.
Sir W. Hamilton.

2. A position in which two dissimilar things illustrate each other by opposition; contrast.

I have drawn some lines of Linger's character, on purpose to place it in counterview , or contrast with that of the other company.
Swift.

Countervote (koun`tẽr*vōt") transitive verb To vote in opposition to; to balance or overcome by voting; to outvote. Dr. J. Scott.

Counterwait (koun`tẽr*wāt") transitive verb To wait or watch for; to be on guard against. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.

Counterweigh (-wā") transitive verb To weigh against; to counterbalance.

Counterwheel (-hwēl") transitive verb (Mil.) To cause to wheel or turn in an opposite direction.

Counterwork (-wûrk") transitive verb To work in opposition to; to counteract.

That counterworks each folly and caprice.
Pope.

Countess noun ; plural Countesses (-...s). [ French comtesse . See Count a nobleman.] The wife of an earl in the British peerage, or of a count in the Continental nobility; also, a lady possessed of the same dignity in her own right. See the Note under Count .

Countinghouse (kount"?ng-hous`), Count"ing*room` (kount"?ng-r??m`) noun [ See Count , v. ] The house or room in which a merchant, trader, or manufacturer keeps his books and transacts business.

Countless adjective Incapable of being counted; not ascertainable; innumerable.

Countor noun [ From Count , transitive verb (in sense 4).] (O. Eng. Law) An advocate or professional pleader; one who counted for his client, that is, orally pleaded his cause. [ Obsolete] Burrill.

Countour noun [ See 2d Counter .] A merchant's office; a countinghouse. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.

Countre- (koun"ter-). Same as prefix Counter- . [ Obsolete]

Countreplete transitive verb [ Countre- + plete to plead.] To counterplead. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.

Countretaille noun [ French contretaille ; contre (L. contra ) + taille cut. See Tally .] A counter tally; correspondence (in sound). [ Obsolete]

At the countretaille , in return. Chaucer.

Countrified p. adjective Having the appearance and manners of a rustic; rude.

As being one who took no pride,
And was a deal too countrified .
Lloyd.

Countrify transitive verb To give a rural appearance to; to cause to appear rustic. Lamb.

Country noun ; plural Countries (-tr...z). [ French contrée , Late Latin contrata , from Latin contra over against, on the opposite side. Confer Counter , adverb , Contra .]
1. A tract of land; a region; the territory of an independent nation; (as distinguished from any other region, and with a personal pronoun) the region of one's birth, permanent residence, or citizenship.

Return unto thy country , and to thy kindred.
Gen. xxxxii. 9.

I might have learned this by my last exile,
that change of countries cannot change my state.
Stirling.

Many a famous realm
And country , whereof here needs no account
Milton.

2. Rural regions, as opposed to a city or town.

As they walked, on their way into the country .
Mark xvi. 12 (Rev. Ver. ).

God made the covatry , and man made the town.
Cowper.

Only very great men were in the habit of dividing the year between town and country .
Macaulay.

3. The inhabitants or people of a state or a region; the populace; the public. Hence: (a) One's constituents. (b) The whole body of the electors of state; as, to dissolve Parliament and appeal to the country .

All the country in a general voice
Cried hate upon him.
Shak.

4. (Law) (a) A jury, as representing the citizens of a country. (b) The inhabitants of the district from which a jury is drawn.

5. (Mining.) The rock through which a vein runs.

Conclusion to the country . See under Conclusion . -- To put, or throw, one's self upon the country , to appeal to one's constituents; to stand trial before a jury.

Country adjective
1. Pertaining to the regions remote from a city; rural; rustic; as, a country life; a country town; the country party, as opposed to city.

2. Destitute of refinement; rude; unpolished; rustic; not urbane; as, country manners.

3. Pertaining, or peculiar, to one's own country.

She, bowing herself towards him, laughing the cruel tyrant to scorn, spake in her country language.
2 Macc. vii. 27.

Country bank (Banking) A national bank not in a reserve city. [ Colloq., U. S.]