Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Co-une transitive verb [ Latin co- + unus one.] To combine or unite. [ Obsolete] " Co-uned together." Feltham.

Co-unite transitive verb To unite. [ Obsolete]

Co-unite adjective United closely with another. [ Obsolete]

Cotyledonal adjective Of, pertaining to, or resembling, a cotyledon.

Cotyledonary adjective Having a cotyledon; tufted; as, the cotyledonary placenta of the cow.

Cotyledonous adjective Of or pertaining to a cotyledon or cotyledons; having a seed lobe.

Cotyliform adjective [ Cotyle + -form .] (Zoology) Shaped like a cotyle or a cup.

Cotyligerous adjective [ Cotyle + -gerous .] (Zoology) Having cotyles.

Cotyloid adjective [ Cotyle + -oid ] (Anat.) (a) Shaped like a cup; as, the cotyloid cavity, which receives the head of the thigh bone. (b) Pertaining to a cotyloid cavity; as, the cotyloid ligament, or notch.

Coucal noun [ Prob. native name.] (Zoology) A large, Old World, ground cuckoo of the genus Centropus , of several species.

Couch (kouch) transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Couched (koucht); present participle & verbal noun Couching .] [ French coucher to lay down, lie down, Old French colchier , from Latin collocare to lay, put, place; col- + locare to place, from locus place. See Locus .]


1. To lay upon a bed or other resting place.

Where unbruised youth, with unstuffed brain,
Does couch his limbs, there golden sleep doth reign.
Shak.

2. To arrange or dispose as in a bed; -- sometimes followed by the reflexive pronoun.

The waters couch themselves as may be to the center of this globe, in a spherical convexity.
T. Burnet.

3. To lay or deposit in a bed or layer; to bed.

It is at this day in use at Gaza, to couch potsherds, or vessels of earth, in their walls.
Bacon.

4. (Paper Making) To transfer (as sheets of partly dried pulp) from the wire cloth mold to a felt blanket, for further drying.

5. To conceal; to include or involve darkly.

There is all this, and more, that lies naturally couched under this allegory.
L'Estrange.

6. To arrange; to place; to inlay. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.

7. To put into some form of language; to express; to phrase; -- used with in and under .

A well- couched invective.
Milton.

I had received a letter from Flora couched in rather cool terms.
Blackw. Mag.

8. (Medicine) To treat by pushing down or displacing the opaque lens with a needle; as, to couch a cataract.

To couch a spear or lance , to lower to the position of attack; to place in rest.

He stooped his head, and couched his spear ,
And spurred his steed to full career.
Sir W. Scott.

To couch malt , to spread malt on a floor. Mortimer.

Couch intransitive verb
1. To lie down or recline, as on a bed or other place of rest; to repose; to lie.

Where souls do couch on flowers, we 'll hand in hand.
Shak.

If I court moe women, you 'll couch with moe men.
Shak.

2. To lie down for concealment; to hide; to be concealed; to be included or involved darkly.

We 'll couch in the castle ditch, till we see the light of our fairies.
Shak.

The half-hidden, hallf-revealed wonders, that yet couch beneath the words of the Scripture.
I. Taylor.

3. To bend the body, as in reverence, pain, labor, etc.; to stoop; to crouch. [ Obsolete]

An aged squire
That seemed to couch under his shield three-square.
Spenser.

Couch noun [ French couche , Old French colche , culche , from colchier . See Couch , transitive verb ]
1. A bed or place for repose or sleep; particularly, in the United States, a lounge.

Gentle sleep . . . why liest thou with the vile
In loathsome beds, and leavest the kingly couch ?
Shak.

Like one that wraps the drapery of his couch
About him, and lies down to pleasant dreams.
Bryant.

2. Any place for repose, as the lair of a beast, etc.

3. A mass of steeped barley spread upon a floor to germinate, in malting; or the floor occupied by the barley; as, couch of malt.

4. (Painting & Gilding) A preliminary layer, as of color, size, etc.

Couch grass (gr?s`). (Botany) See Quitch grass .

Couchancy noun State of lying down for repose. [ R.]

Couchant (kouch" a nt) adjective [ French, present participle of coucher . See Couch , transitive verb ]
1. Lying down with head erect; squatting.

2. (Her.) Lying down with the head raised, which distinguishes the posture of couchant from that of dormant , or sleeping; -- said of a lion or other beast.

Couchant and levant (Law) , rising up and lying down; -- said of beasts, and indicating that they have been long enough on land, not belonging to their owner, to lie down and rise up to feed, -- such time being held to include a day and night at the least. Blackstone.

Couché adjective [ French, past participle of coucher . See Couch , transitive verb ] (Her.) (a) Not erect; inclined; -- said of anything that is usually erect, as an escutcheon. (b) Lying on its side; thus, a chevron couché is one which emerges from one side of the escutcheon and has its apex on the opposite side, or at the fess point.

Couched (koucht) adjective (Her.) Same as Couch... .

Couchee noun [ French couch...e a sleeping place from coucher . See Couch , transitive verb ] A reception held at the time of going to bed, as by a sovereign or great prince. [ Obsolete] Dryden.
The duke's levees and couchees were so crowded that the antechambers were full.
Bp. Burnet.

Coucher noun
1. One who couches.

2. (Paper Manuf.) One who couches paper.

3. [ Confer Latin collectarius .] (O. Eng. Law) (a) A factor or agent resident in a country for traffic. Blount. (b) The book in which a corporation or other body registers its particular acts. [ Obsolete] Cowell.

Couching noun
1. (Medicine) The operation of putting down or displacing the opaque lens in cataract.

2. Embroidering by laying the materials upon the surface of the foundation, instead of drawing them through.

Couchless adjective Having no couch or bed.

Coudee noun [ French coud...e , from coude elbow.] A measure of length; the distance from the elbow to the end of the middle finger; a cubit.

Cougar noun [ French couguar , from the native name in the South American dialects, cuguacuara , cuguacuarana .] (Zoology) An American feline quadruped ( Felis concolor ), resembling the African panther in size and habits. Its color is tawny, without spots; hence writers often called it the American lion . Called also puma , panther , mountain lion , and catamount . See Puma .

Cough intransitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Coughed (k?ft); present participle & verbal noun Coughing .] [ Confer Dutch kuchen , Middle High German k...chen to breathe, German keuchen to pant, and English chincough , the first part of which is probably akin to cough ; confer also English choke .] To expel air, or obstructing or irritating matter, from the lungs or air passages, in a noisy and violent manner.

Cough transitive verb
1. To expel from the lungs or air passages by coughing; -- followed by up ; as, to cough up phlegm.

2. To bring to a specified state by coughing; as, he coughed himself hoarse.

To cough down , to silence or put down (an objectionable speaker) by simulated coughing.

Cough noun [ Cg. D. kuch . See Cough , intransitive verb ]
1. A sudden, noisy, and violent expulsion of air from the chest, caused by irritation in the air passages, or by the reflex action of nervous or gastric disorder, etc.

2. The more or less frequent repetition of coughing, constituting a symptom of disease.

Stomach cough , Ear cough , cough due to irritation in the stomach or ear.

Cougher noun One who coughs.

Couhage noun (Botany) See Cowhage .

Could imperfect of Can . [ Old French coude . The l was inserted by mistake, under the influence of should and would .] Was, should be, or would be, able, capable, or susceptible. Used as an auxiliary, in the past tense or in the conditional present.

Coulee noun [ French coulée , from couler to run or flow.] A stream ; (Geol.) a stream of lava. Also, in the Western United States, the bed of a stream, even if dry, when deep and having inclined sides; distinguished from a cañon , which has precipitous sides.

Couleur noun [ French]
1. Color; -- chiefly used in a few French phrases, as couler de rose , color of rose; and hence, adjectively, rose-colored; roseate.

2. A suit of cards, as hearts or clubs; -- used in some French games.

Coulisse noun [ French, from couler to flow, glide.]
1. A piece of timber having a groove in which something glides.

2. One of the side scenes of the stage in a theater, or the space included between the side scenes.

Coulisse noun
1. A fluting in a sword blade.

2. The outside stock exchange, or "curb market," of Paris. [ French Use]

Couloir noun [ French, a strainer.]
1. A deep gorge; a gully.

2. (Hydraul. Engin.) A dredging machine for excavating canals, etc.

Coulomb noun [ From Coulomb , a French physicist and electrican.] (Physics) The standard unit of quantity in electrical measurements. It is the quantity of electricity conveyed in one second by the current produced by an electro-motive force of one volt acting in a circuit having a resistance of one ohm, or the quantity transferred by one ampère in one second. Formerly called weber .

Coulomb meter (Electricity) Any instrument by which electricity can be measured in coulombs.

Coulomb's law (Physics) The law that the force exerted between two electric or magnetic charges is directly proportional to the product of the charges and inversely to the square of the distance between them.

Coulter (kōl"tẽr) noun Same as Colter .

Coulterneb (-nĕb`) noun (Zoology) The puffin.

Coulure noun [ French, prop., a dropping.] (Hort.) A disease affecting grapes, esp. in California, manifested by the premature dropping of the fruit.

Coumaric adjective Relating to, derived from, or like, the Dipterix odorata , a tree of Guiana.

Coumaric acid (Chemistry) , one of a series of aromatic acids, related to cinnamic acid, the most important of which is a white crystalline substance, HO.C 6 H 4 .C 2 H 2 .CO 2 H, obtained from the tonka bean, sweet clover, etc., and also produced artificially.

Coumarin (kō"mȧ*rĭn) noun [ French, from coumarou , a tree of Guiana.] (Chemistry) The concrete essence of the tonka bean, the fruit of Dipterix (formerly Coumarouna) odorata and consisting essentially of coumarin proper, which is a white crystalline substance, C 9 H 6 O 2 , of vanilla-like odor, regarded as an anhydride of coumaric acid, and used in flavoring. Coumarin in also made artificially.

Coumarou noun [ See Coumarin .] (Botany) The tree ( Dipteryx odorata ) which bears the tonka bean; also, the bean itself.

Council (koun"sĭl) noun [ French concile , from Latin concilium ; con- + calare to call, akin to Greek ......... to call, and English hale , v., haul . Confer Conciliate . This word is often confounded with counsel , with which it has no connection.]


1. An assembly of men summoned or convened for consultation, deliberation, or advice; as, a council of physicians for consultation in a critical case.

2. A body of man elected or appointed to constitute an advisory or a legislative assembly; as, a governor's council ; a city council .

An old lord of the council rated me the other day.
Shak.

3. Act of deliberating; deliberation; consultation.

Satan . . . void of rest,
His potentates to council called by night.
Milton.

O great in action and in council wise.
Pope.

Aulic council . See under Aulic . -- Cabinet council . See under Cabinet . -- City council , the legislative branch of a city government, usually consisting of a board of aldermen and common council, but sometimes otherwise constituted. -- Common council . See under Common . -- Council board , Council table , the table round which a council holds consultation; also, the council itself in deliberation. -- Council chamber , the room or apartment in which a council meets. -- Council fire , the ceremonial fire kept burning while the Indians hold their councils. [ U.S.] Bartlett. -- Council of war , an assembly of officers of high rank, called to consult with the commander in chief in regard to measures or importance or nesessity. -- Ecumenical council (Eccl.) , an assembly of prelates or divines convened from the whole body of the church to regulate matters of doctrine or discipline. -- Executive council , a body of men elected as advisers of the chief magistrate, whether of a State or the nation. [ U.S.] -- Legislative council , the upper house of a legislature, usually called the senate . -- Privy council . See under Privy . [ Eng.]

Syn. -- Assembly; meeting; congress; diet; parliament; convention; convocation; synod.

Councilist noun One who belongs to a council; one who gives an opinion. [ Obsolete]

I will in three months be an expert counsilist .
Milton.

Councilman (koun"sĭl*m a n) noun ; plural Councilmen (- m e n). A member of a council, especially of the common council of a city; a councilor.

Councilor noun A member of a council. [ Written also councillor .]

» The distinction between councilor , a member of a council, and counselor , one who gives counsel, was not formerly made, but is now very generally recognized and observed.

Counsel (koun"sĕl) noun [ Middle English conseil , F. conseil , from Latin consilium , from the root of consulere to consult, of uncertain origin. Confer Consult , Consul .]
1. Interchange of opinions; mutual advising; consultation.

All the chief priest and elders of the people took counsel against Jesus, to put him to death.
Matt. xxvii. 1.

2. Examination of consequences; exercise of deliberate judgment; prudence.

They all confess, therefore, in the working of that first cause, that counsel is used.
Hooker.

3. Result of consultation; advice; instruction.

I like thy counsel ; well hast thou advised.
Shak.

It was ill counsel had misled the girl.
Tennyson.

4. Deliberate purpose; design; intent; scheme; plan.

The counsel of the Lord standeth forever.
Ps. xxxiii. 11.

The counsels of the wicked are deceit.
Prov. xii. 5.

5. A secret opinion or purpose; a private matter.

Thilke lord . . . to whom no counsel may be hid.
Gower.

6. One who gives advice, especially in legal matters; one professionally engaged in the trial or management of a cause in court; also, collectively, the legal advocates united in the management of a case; as, the defendant has able counsel .

The King found his counsel as refractory as his judges.
Macaulay.

» In some courts a distinction is observed between the attorney and the counsel in a cause, the former being employed in the management of the more mechanical parts of the suit, the latter in attending to the pleadings, managing the cause at the trial, and in applying the law to the exigencies of the case during the whole progress of the suit. In other courts the same person can exercise the powers of each. See Attorney . Kent.

In counsel , in secret. [ Obsolete] Chaucer. -- To keep counsel , or To keep one's own counsel , to keep one's thoughts, purposes, etc., undisclosed.

The players can not keep counsel : they 'll tell all.
Shak.

Syn. -- Advice; consideration; consultation; purpose; scheme; opinion.

Counsel transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Counseled (-sĕld) or Counselled ; present participle & verbal noun Counseling or Counselling .] [ Middle English conseilen , counseilen , F. conseiller , from Latin consiliari , from consilium counsel.]
1. To give advice to; to advice, admonish, or instruct, as a person.

Good sir, I do in friendship counsel you
To leave this place.
Shak.

2. To advise or recommend, as an act or course.

They who counsel war.
Milton.

Thus Belial, with words clothed in reason's garb,
Counseled ignoble ease and peaceful sloth.
Milton.